Edmond  Herzog

Edmond Herzog

1596471540

How Warped Spaces Can Actually Be Beneficial

Most people who have had some experience in the field of data science have heard of the Curse of Dimensionality. It describes a host of phenomena that arise when studying manipulating and analyzing data in high-dimensional spaces that don’t occur in low-dimensional spaces.

Consider, for instance, how the concept of distance is distorted in a high dimensional plane. The formula for distance between two points a and b defined by coordinates (_x, y, _…) each with n dimensions is as follows:

You can find a proof for the formula here.

When the formula is plotted, where x is the number of dimensions and y the distance between the origin and a point (1, 1, 1, …), one can see that distance gradually will inevitably peak, or, more likely, tend to one single value.

#data-science #ai #machine-learning #artificial-intelligence #mathematics

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How Warped Spaces Can Actually Be Beneficial

What is Warp Finance (WARP) | What is Warp Finance token | What is WARP token

The Warp Protocol’s primary objective is to create a novel use case for unused Liquidity Provider (LP) tokens by allowing them to be used as collateral for borrowing. So far, it wasn’t possible to effectively use your LP tokens and we want to unlock additional benefits of LP tokens for DeFi users. On Uniswap alone, there is currently $3.98 billion locked in LP tokens and our platform allows LPs to increase the capital efficiency of their liquidity or even modify their exposure.

How can you obtain Warp Tokens?

No WARP will be sold to investors. Warp tokens can only be earned by active participation and use of the Warp platform. We have several campaigns lined up for rewarding early users. Please refer to our Fair Launch Token section in the Litepaper.

Will there be a market for WARP?

Initially, the team will seed a Uniswap pool with 500 WARP and $25,000 worth of ETH at the start. Thereafter, we will incentivize users to generate markets for the Warp Tokens via our Liquidity Provider Reward Program. By staking Warp-related LP tokens into this pool, users can be rewarded with additional Warp Tokens

When will Warp Finance launch?

The initial withdrawal- and deposit-only phase of Warp Finance will be launching on the 2nd of December. For the first week, the borrowing functionality will not be enabled. Deposits will only seed the liquidity pool and earn rewards.

On the 9th of December, the borrowing functionality will be enabled.

Which stablecoins will I be able to deposit?

Users will be able to deposit DAI, USDC and USDT.

Are all LP tokens supported?

Initially, Warp Finance will support only Uniswap LP tokens for the following pairs: WBTC- ETH, ETH-USDC, ETH-USDT, ETH-DAI.

At later stages, Warp Finance will add support for Sushiswap LP tokens and potentially also Curve LP tokens.

Can I be liquidated on Warp?

Yes, the minimum collaterization ratio is 150%. Please refer to Technical Process for more information.

Are there any fees on Warp?

The Warp Protocol incorporates two types of transaction fees to support the platform:

  1. 0.5% fee on interest earned by lenders, which will be charged upon withdrawal of earnings by these lenders.
  2. 0.5% fee on the borrower’s stablecoin loan. This is charged as a surplus when a borrower repays their loan.

How do I obtain LP tokens for use as collateral on Warp?

Initially, the Warp platform will enable the depositing of liquidity provider (LP) tokens from Uniswap as collateral. Users can receive these LP tokens on Uniswap v2, accessed from uniswap.org. For more details on what LP tokens are please see here.

How do I input these LP tokens into Warp to receive a loan?

Using a web3 wallet, users will be able to deposit their LP tokens into the Warp Protocol’s platform. Users can deposit the four most common LP token pairs: (wBTC- ETH), (ETH-USDC), (ETH-USDT), (ETH-DAI). Warp is choosing to accept the most common LP token pairings to ensure that these tokens can be input into profitable yield farming and liquidity mining protocols. The collateralization ratio will be 150% over-collateralization, meaning that the collateral must be worth 50% more than the value of the loan.

What will the loan I receive from Warp look like?

In exchange for depositing the aforementioned assets into our platform, users will receive DAI, USDT, and USDC. This loan will be structured as a typical loan, and the interest rate will fluctuate based on the availability of the respective stablecoin within the liquidity pool.

What can I use this loan for?

Warp users can continue to restake/farm the stablecoins received from their loans, giving them the capacity to get leverage on their LP tokens, which they are able to receive back once they repay their loan. This can be performed on the platform of the user’s choosing, providing Warp users with a high degree of freedom, and the capacity to do with their loans as they please.

How do I receive my collateral back?

Users can receive the entirety of their LP token collateral back, in its original token type/form, once they successfully repay their loans. In this manner, users do not have to part ways with their LP token permanently, so long as they are able to repay their loan.

Instructions for Using Warp Finance

Navigate to Warp.Finance

You’ll see the markets page, docs page, and a button in the middle that allows for viewing the App, clearly labeled as App.

Markets Page = this is where users can get a global picture of the status of stable coin deposits and how many loans have been obtained.

Docs page = This is where users can read the Litepaper as well as get any FAQ’s answered such as where do users obtain LP tokens on Uniswap, how can users obtain LP tokens in a wallet, what type of collateral is accepted, and other ideas and other points about Warp Finance.

Apps page = This is the application that is Warp Finance. A user must first connect their wallet which is prompted in their MetaMask or corresponding browser-based wallet. Upon approving the connection the user can now interact with the Warp Finance app.

Create a team

You can create a team by clicking on “Create a team“ in the top left corner and inputting a team name.

Upon choosing your team name and confirming the transaction in your wallet, the team name becomes viewable at the top of the application and the address can be easily copied and sent to other users. Please note that the referral code will be taken from the Metamask account you’re connected with. If privacy is a concern, it is recommended that the team leader generates the team with a fresh wallet address.

The referral code is your address and is viewable through the below button.

Join a team

To join a team simply click on the "Join a Team“ button and enter the referral code. It’s not possible to join a team without entering the team creator’s referral code. Upon that, Metamask pops up and you simply have to confirm the transaction.

After you join a team all future deposits will count towards the team’s TVL. There are no subsequent actions required and it’s also not possible to change teams afterward.

Deposit LP tokens and stablecoins

1. You can deposit LP tokens on the borrower page. Once on the borrower page the user can then provide collateral.

Select the LP token of your choice and click **"**provide“. You can identify how much LP tokens are available for depositing by looking under the available column in the user interface on the borrower page.

First you have to click on “Approve spending” before you can click on “Provide” and deposit LP tokens. Each step requires a transaction in Metamask.

Once clicked, Metamask will pop up and you need to confirm the transaction to deposit the LP tokens.

Deposit stablecoins

The other part of Warp Finance is lending. You can earn money by providing stable coin loans to borrowers. You can choose which stablecoin you would like to provide, again depending on the presence of a stable coin in your wallet, and make your selection and deposit this stable coin. After depositing you can then very simply withdraw the stablecoin at any time.

After clicking on “Lend” a window pops up and you have to approve spending first before you’re able to lend your stable coins.

Each step requires a separate transaction in Metamask.

Withdraw LP tokens and stablecoins

To withdraw the LP tokens or stablecoins you merely have to click on “Withdraw“ on the correct section. LP tokens can be withdrawn on the borrower page and stablecoins under “Lender”.

Upon clicking “confirm“, the transaction is prompted to Metamask and requires confirmation. After that you can then view on Etherscan that the transaction has been confirmed.

Warp V2 Migration Guide

With the launch of Warp V2 users can now migrate their stablecoins and LP tokens to the new platform that enables them to lend USDT and borrowing.

If you currently have deposited stablecoins or LP tokens on Warp V1, click this link to migrate your tokens to the new platform: https://warp.finance/

Begin by navigating to https://warp.finance/connect and connecting your wallet. Once on the dashboard, you can click “Migrate to V2” and start the migration process.

Once on the migration site, you can either withdraw your funds, or continue exploring Warp by migrating into v2. Simply click on “Migrate” to start the migration.

Upon clicking “Migrate”, a modal pops up and you can confirm the migration of your currently deposited funds in V1.

After clicking on “Withdraw” Metamask requires your confirmation.

After successful transaction you can then click on “Approve” to approve v2 to migrate your tokens. Once again it is required to confirm the transaction in Metamask.

After successfully approving Warp V2, you can start depositing your funds into V2 and completing the migration process.

How to Borrow Stablecoins on Warp Finance

Borrowing:

You can borrow stablecoins on the borrower page. Once on the borrower page you have to provide collateral which is necessary to borrow stablecoins.

You can then click any stablecoin you like and click “Borrow”

Upon clicking “Borrow”, a modal pops up that lets you then type in how much you would like to borrow, view your borrower limit while making this selection, as well as the interest rate for this loan.

Upon clicking “Borrow”, the transaction is prompted to Metamask and requires confirmation. You can then view on Etherscan that the transaction has been confirmed. The borrower limit at this point would be reduced and the collateral locked until either more collateral was provided or a loan was repaid. The repayment is settled in the same stablecoin that you borrowed.

Repayment:

To repay, you have to click on “Repay” and type in the amount that you would like to repay at this time and the amount due factors in an interest rate which is viewable on the borrower page.

Upon entering the amount you would like to repay and clicking on “Repay”, Metamask pops up and you need to confirm the transaction.

How to stake borrower and lender tokens

Once you lent or borrowed stable coins from the LP tokens you provided, you’ll receive W-DAI-B, W-USDC-B, W-USDT-B, W-sUSD-B, W-DAI, W-USDC, W-USDT or W-sUSD tokens and are eligible to stake these on the platform to earn WARP tokens.

Navigate to “Rewards” and you’ll be able to see the staking platform.

If you want to stake your borrower and lender tokens, click on “Stake” of your chosen token and a modal pops up that lets you then type in how much you would like to stake.

Upon clicking “Stake”, the transaction is prompted to Metamask and requires confirmation. You can then view on Etherscan that the transaction has been confirmed. The unstaking is settled in the same token that you staked.

How to claim WARP after redeeming your IOU tokens

A user must navigate to the Warp.Finance UI with the wallet that contains their IOU tokens.

Notice: There will be a six-month vesting period for Warp’s IOU Tokens. Upon TGE, users are able to obtain 1/6th of their proportional share of Warp tokens. From this point onwards, users are able to redeem their Portal IOU tokens for Warp Tokens before the end of this vesting period. If users wait until the vesting period ends to redeem their Portal IOU tokens for Warp Tokens, the users will receive their full proportional share of the tokens allocated to the Portal IOU tokens. However, if users redeem partway through the vesting period, they will redeem the tokens that have vested thus far, but forfeit their remaining tokens.

As such, users who wait until the end of the vesting period will be eligible to obtain the forfeited share of tokens of early redeemers. Meaning, the remaining users who redeem later obtain the tokens forfeited by other users for vesting early.

Upon authorizing the contract, you are able to insert the amount of IOUs and claim Warp. This process requires 2 separate transactions.

The user then must “lock” their IOUs. The IOU becomes locked in the smart contract after this transaction is executed, and can no longer be withdrawn. At this point, the user has 2 options. Either, they can continue locking their IOUs to make them eligible for the WARP tokens that other users have forfeited by not waiting for full vesting, or they can click “Claim.”

As a result long term supporters will earn a larger share of Warp from this redemption program. For further clarification, if a user wants to be eligible for the shares that users have forfeited they MUST lock their IOU tokens in Warp Finance.

After successful transaction you are able to claim your Warp tokens.

Upon clicking on “Claim” a modal pops up that let’s you chose the amount you would like to claim or donate to the white hat hackers that helped Warp. You can then view on Etherscan that the transaction has been confirmed.

Congratulations! You successfully claimed your WARP tokens and can trade these or participate in the Warp geyser! The WARP token is currently tradeable on Uniswap and got listed at the implied WARP price based on the IOU which was $277.

How to provide liquidity and participate in the Warp Liquidity Rush program

First you need to navigate to https://app.uniswap.org/, click the “Connect to a wallet” button in the right top corner and then your Metamask will allow you to authorize which address you would like to use for Uniswap.

Navigate to “Pool” and then click on “Add liquidity” to provide liquidity for the WARP/ETH pair on Uniswap.

Click on “Select a Token” afterwards and paste in the contract address of WARP: 0xed40834a13129509a89be39a9be9c0e96a0ddd71

Once you’ve done that, you are ready to provide liquidity to the WARP/ETH pool. After entering your preferred amount of tokens you first need to Approve Warp before you are able to click the supply button. Finally after clicking on the supply button your liquidity of Warp and ETH will be added to the pool and in exchange you will receive liquidity pool tokens that represent your overall share of the liquidity pool. You also need these tokens to participate in the Warp Liquidity Rush program.

After you successfully supplied liquidity, navigate on Warp.Finance to “Liquidity Mining” and you’ll see the Warp geyser to stake your LP tokens and earn additional Warp tokens.

Click on “Stake” and a modal pops up that lets you authorize your transaction. After successfully authorizing you are able to stake your LP tokens in the geyser. This process requires 2 separate transactions.

Of course you can withdraw your tokens at any time minus any fees by clicking on “Unstake”.

Congratulations! You are now participating in the Warp Liquidity Rush program!

Looking for more information…

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#blockchain #bitcoin #warp finance #warp

Work Nomic

1619018024

Worknomic - Best Office Space for Rent/Leased in Sector 63 Noida

At Worknomic coworking space, we provide the basic amenities like high-speed internet, a cafeteria, opera-terrace gym, meeting rooms, seminar and event rooms, storage space, thinking pods, and many more. We provide access to coworkers so they can customize their spacer as per their choice and requirements.

#best coworking space in noida #best leased space in noida #coworking space for the freelancers in noida #best coworking space in noida #worknomic

Agnes  Sauer

Agnes Sauer

1594893360

How Warped Spaces Can Actually Be Beneficial

Most people who have had some experience in the field of data science have heard of the Curse of Dimensionality. It describes a host of phenomena that arise when studying manipulating and analyzing data in high-dimensional spaces that don’t occur in low-dimensional spaces.

Consider, for instance, how the concept of distance is distorted in a high dimensional plane. The formula for distance between two points a and b defined by coordinates (_x, y, _…) each with n dimensions is as follows:

Image for post

You can find a proof for the formula here.

When the formula is plotted, where x is the number of dimensions and y the distance between the origin and a point (1, 1, 1, …), one can see that distance gradually will inevitably peak, or, more likely, tend to one single value.

Image for post

Graphed in Desmos.

This is evidence of the nature of distance in high-dimensional spaces — as dimensionality increases, the importance, or value, of any single one-dimensional line diminishes, as can be seen with the diminishing returns on the y-axis. This is to be expected, considering how quickly volume and the possibilities of points grows as dimensionality increases.

This is also the reason why a hypersphere’s volume tends towards zero as the dimensionality increases — since a sphere is defined as consisting of all points that are one radius’ distance in Euclidean distance away from a center point, the number of dimensions increases but the distance gradually tapers off. Hence, however, unintuitive it may seem, as dimensionality tends towards infinity, a hypersphere’s volume will tend towards zero, while the hypercube it is inscribed in will continue growing (or stay constant, if the side length is 1).

Let us consider a hypercube in two dimensions (a square) with side lengths of five units. There are, then 5² = 25 units. A similar hypercube in three dimensions (a cube) has 125 units. From there, it skyrockets. The power of exponents is really very incredible — just within ten dimensions, the hypercube already has a hypervolume of 9,765,625 units. Adding an addition dimension to a space expands the current space by a huge magnitude, so it should be no surprise that a miniscule one-dimensional distance has diminishing value.

#data-science #ai #data analysis

Edmond  Herzog

Edmond Herzog

1596471540

How Warped Spaces Can Actually Be Beneficial

Most people who have had some experience in the field of data science have heard of the Curse of Dimensionality. It describes a host of phenomena that arise when studying manipulating and analyzing data in high-dimensional spaces that don’t occur in low-dimensional spaces.

Consider, for instance, how the concept of distance is distorted in a high dimensional plane. The formula for distance between two points a and b defined by coordinates (_x, y, _…) each with n dimensions is as follows:

You can find a proof for the formula here.

When the formula is plotted, where x is the number of dimensions and y the distance between the origin and a point (1, 1, 1, …), one can see that distance gradually will inevitably peak, or, more likely, tend to one single value.

#data-science #ai #machine-learning #artificial-intelligence #mathematics

Space Science with Python - Space Maps

Introduction
In our last tutorials we computed the position and velocity vectors of different celestial objects. We determined the apparent angular distance between objects (so called phase-angle) and worked on some small projects using Python and the NASA library SPICE (using the SPICE wrapper spiceypy).

#space-science-with-python #science #space #programming #pyhton