How to set up MariaDB SSL and secure connections from clients

How to set up MariaDB SSL and secure connections from clients

In this tutorial, I am going to give the instructions on how to set up MariaDB server with TLS/SSL, and how to establish secure connections from the console and PHP/Python scripts.

Iam looking to set up MariaDB SSL/TLS  (Secure Sockets Layer) and secure connections from MySQL client and PHP/Python application. How do I enable SSL for MariaDB server and client running on Linux or Unix-like system?

In this tutorial, I am going to give the instructions on how to set up MariaDB server with TLS/SSL, and how to establish secure connections  from the console and PHP/Python scripts. MariaDB is a database server that offers drop-in replacement functionality for MySQL server. MariaDB is built by some of the original authors of MySQL, with assistance from the broader community of Free and open-source software developers. In addition to the core functionality of MySQL, MariaDB offers a rich set of feature enhancements, including other storage engines, server optimizations, and patches.

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How to set up MariaDB SSL/TLS

Sample MySQL/MariaDB setup over SSL

I tested these instructions on RHEL/CentOS 7/8, Debian 9/10, Ubuntu 16.04/18.04/18.04 LTS, Arch Linux, and FreeBSD. However, it should work on other Linux distros too.

Step 1 – Install MariaDB

Type the command as per your Linux or Unix variant.

Install MariaDB server/client on Ubuntu/Debian Linux

Type the following apt-get command or apt command:

$ sudo apt-get install mariadb-server mariadb-client

Install MariaDB server/client on CentOS/RHEL/Fedora Linux

Type the following yum command:

$ sudo yum install mariadb-server mariadb

Fedora Linux user type the following dnf command :

$ sudo dnf install mariadb-server mariadb

Install MariaDB server/client on Arch Linux

Type the following pacman command:

$ sudo pacman -S mariadb

Install MariaDB server/client on FreeBSD unix

To install the port, run:

## cd /usr/ports/databases/mariadb100-server/ && make install clean

## cd /usr/ports/databases/mariadb100-client/ && make install clean

To add the binary package, enter:

## pkg install mariadb100-server mariadb100-client

Step 2 – Secure MariaDB

Type the following command:

$ mysql_secure_installation

Sample outputs:

Fig.01: Secure the MariaDB installation

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