Should you use Flutter, React Native, or Xamarin? That depends on your project. Find out which framework is best for you in this comparison: Flutter vs. React Native vs. XamarinWhat is cross-platform development?
Cross-platform mobile app development allows you to build mobile applications for multiple platforms such as iOS and Android with just one technology stack.
This means that instead of creating multiple versions of your app, each written using the dedicated native language for each platform, you can write your code once and deploy it on several platforms at once.Cross-platform development advantages
There are several pros when it comes to cross-platform mobile app development compared to native mobile app development, including:
The most significant advantage of cross-platform development is having a single codebase that you can export to multiple operating systems.
Having a single shared codebase allows you to maintain the same look, feel, and experience across all platforms. All updates and fixes are also automatically reflected everywhere.
Instead of having separate teams with different skill sets working on multiple native versions of your app, you only need one team working on a shared codebase. This allows you to leverage smaller teams and quicker development time to save time and money.
Having your app published on multiple platforms allows you to increase your market reach without any added effort, consequently increasing your chances of getting more downloads and users.Cross-platform development disadvantages
While cross-platform development comes with many benefits that make it an optimal solution for many developers and companies, they come with a few drawbacks and some trade-offs including:
While cross-platform frameworks work on providing apps that are as close to native apps as possible, they still don’t integrate seamlessly with the respective platforms and have inconsistent communication between the native and non-native components, reducing the app’s speed and degrading performance.
Cross-platform development tools don’t have all the features offered by each different platform, so you might need to employ some workarounds. It may also take these frameworks some time to get up-to-date with the newest features and updates released by the platforms.
There are many native-only features and integrations available in each platform that are not available in cross-platform apps, which limits the user experience you can provide.Cross-platform mobile app development tools
There are many cross-platform mobile app development tools and frameworks available, including:
We will take a closer look at the first and arguably most popular three frameworks available right now: Flutter, React Native, and Xamarin.
Flutter is an open-source, cross-platform mobile application development framework created by Google in 2017. It’s the newest framework of the three and in short order has become one of the most popular frameworks among front-end devs.
Some of the reasons Flutter is currently one of the most loved cross-platform frameworks include:
Flutter poses a few challenges, especially being a new framework, including:
However, you can always write your own native code that accesses the needed feature, and Flutter will give you a bridge to use that feature from within your Dart code.
React Native is an open-source, cross-platform mobile app development framework created by Facebook in 2015.
Some of the pros of React Native include:
Unfortunately, React Native still has its pitfalls, including:
Xamarin is an open-source, cross-platform mobile app development framework that was founded in 2011, making it the oldest of the three.
Xamarin cross-platform mobile app development pros include:
However, as any cross-platform development framework, Xamarin does have its setbacks, including:
Now let’s look at how these cross-platform development tools compare to each other.
One of the most important factors you should consider when choosing a cross-platform development framework is app performance.
While React Native and Xamarin provide near-native app performances, some argue that Flutter’s performance is better because Dart code is compiled to a C-library, which means it’s close to the native code.
This improves communication speed and provides better performance.
However, it’s hard to benchmark performance as it depends on many factors and variables including device, code, app, and features being used.
With over 1.6 million developers across 120 countries, Xamarin has definitely developed quite the userbase over the years. However, this is largely due to the fact that it is one of the oldest frameworks out there.
Since its release, React Native has slowly but surely gained popularity, surpassing Xamarin in 2017.
According to the Stack Overflow Developer Survey 2019, Flutter ranked as the most loved framework out of the three, with 75.4 percent of users expressing interest in continuing to develop with Flutter.
React Native came in second with 62.5 percent, followed by Xamarin with only 48.3 percent.
The cross-platform tool development language is another crucial factor to consider when making your decision.
Xamarin uses .Net languages like C# and F#, which are common languages and can be used to write native platform code.
As a result, some APIs might not work, while others may have to be proxied by React Native.
Flutter uses Dart, which was also not invented for mobile apps. However, it is managed by Google, the same company that created Flutter.
While still relatively new, Dart is ranked as the 26th most popular programming language in the world.
This gives an advantage to React Native and Xamarin, which both work with a familiar language that can help boost your productivity and save you from enduring a steep learning curve.
React Native offers some pre-built and partly adaptive components like buttons and text inputs.
However, most of these components aren’t really adaptive. If you need something a bit more advanced, you would have to build it yourself by recomposing these built-in components.
Flutter provides a more extensive library of components, which are called widgets. However, these pre-built components are non-adaptive.
The language offers widgets for both iOS and Android, but you have to switch between both manually as it doesn’t have components that automatically adjust their styles depending on the platform you’re running.
Xamarin.Forms offers a complete cross-platform UI toolkit consisting of native UI components for both platforms, which are compiled into platform-specific UI components.
You can also use Xamarin.iOS or Xamarin.Android for custom app UI and better performance.
Code reuse is what brings developers to cross-platform frameworks, so how much of the code written with each framework is actually reusable?
React Native allows you to write the code once and ship anywhere, but it also embraces platform differences.
This means that from time to time, you have to find out on which platform you’re running and load a different component or set of components depending on the platform you’re running.
Still, a considerable part of the codebase can still be reused.
Flutter’s codebase is more reusable as it allows you to define one UI widget tree and reuse the defined logic so you don’t have to do a lot of differentiation, which you can also still do if you need to.
Xamarin prides itself on allowing developers to reuse up to 96 percent of their C# code by leveraging the language.
Xamarin also offers forms components, making it better for code reuse than React Native and Flutter which share an average of 60–90 percent of codes.
While all three tools are free, open-source platforms, Xamarin is only free for individuals and small companies.
For large enterprises, single-user licenses start at $499 and go anywhere up to $2,999 for a Visual Studio Enterprise annual subscription.
While this might not be a problem for large enterprises, the costs can still add up, which could cause bigger companies to go with React Native or Flutter.
When choosing a framework, you should also consider its community support, especially if you’re new to it. This includes forums, documentation, tutorials, etc.
React Native has a pretty good amount of support out there. You can easily find a lot of learning material as well or developers on forums or QA sites like Stack Overflow to ask for support whenever you need any help.
Flutter is still relatively new, so it is yet to build a strong community like React Native. However, Google is investing heavily in it, and therefore it is expected to grow into a robust ecosystem in the future.
For Xamarin, support is quite limited. However, Microsoft provides some free Xamarin courses and learning paths to help you get started.Conclusion
When choosing a cross-platform development tool, there is no one-size-fits-all option.
All three frameworks have proven successful in building great mobile apps. Your specific needs and preferences determine which framework is best for you.
Currently, Flutter seems to be the most popular option as it excels in terms of performance. So if you’re new to the world of cross-platform development, Flutter might be the way to go for you.
However, you can’t rule React Native and Xamarin out just yet as they still excel in other areas.
At the end of the day, it all depends on what you’re building and what you hope to achieve. Any framework will have its pitfalls, but the one where the advantages heavily outweigh those setbacks would probably be the right choice for you.
In 2019, Flutter vs React Native vs Xamarin has been a burning question that is in the list of every app developer and app owner amid of developing an app. So, let’s take the deep-dive into the comparison of the latest cross-platform app development to choose the best one in 2019 and ahead!
Originally published by Sophia Martin at https://towardsdatascience.com
As every one of us assonant with one point in mobile app development — “The Platform Makes The Massive Difference“. There are numerous app development frameworks available like Flutter, Xamarin, and React Native in the market for the two famous Operating Systems used in mobile technology - Android and iOS. Often, the app owner finds it a little difficult to opt for which hybrid app development for Android and iOS.
So possibly if you have landed on this page, I assume you are at six and seven between the different frameworks and platforms.
While doing the homework, I come upon the most common queries of businesses and app developer that are pocketed below:
By the end of the blog, you will be sure to select among Xamarin vs React Native vs Flutter the right app development platform for your project. So, let’s take the deep-dive into the comparison of the latest cross-platform app development to choose the best one in 2019 and ahead!1. Xamarin Vs React Native Vs Flutter — Popularity Check (The Latest Trends By Google Analytics & Stack Overlay)
Synopsis: React Native is a popular choice as per the Google Trends in comparison to Xamarin and Flutter.
The cross-platform app development framework is popular as it allows to run the same code on varied development platforms. After every half-year, the position fluctuates and a new one pops up. But, React Native and Xamarin have been a popular choice in the race for quite a long.
# Stats 1 According to the Stack Overflow survey:
React Native is the most loved choice followed by Xamarin. Without any doubt, React Native has gained immense popularity since its inception. The drift occurred between August 2015 to September 2016 and it sailed well through the gigantic waves.
#Stats 2 The Untold Story Of Google Analytics says:
React Native was far behind Xamarin in the most popular choices till 2017.
But with exponential growth, React native urged to come back in the competitive world with advancements and has made it to the topmost position in the list of the cross-app development framework. Moreover, with the pool of professionals and experienced cross-app developers, India is popularly known for the place to hire mobile app developers for your project.
Although, it is clear that React Native is the most loved and downloaded platform in 2019. But, it is not about just being the best here, there are a lot of other factors that decide the best framework, especially for the app development solutions.2. Xamarin Vs React Native Vs Flutter — A Quick Sneak From History To Introduction
Before we dive deep into the specific details of their design, library, and tools, let’s have a quick rundown of what is Xamarin, React Native and Flutter.
This cross-platform app development framework relies on the C# programming language that performs wonder for well-known platforms — Android, iOS, and Windows.
It has its own specific gadgets that are particularly drawn with its own rendering motors. They are tangible, dynamic, and alluring. Its architecture is based on nowadays popular choice “Reactive Programming”.3. Xamarin Vs React Native Vs Flutter — Top Use Cases
The cross-platform app development is the first choice among the best mobile app development companies in India. Without any doubt, cross-platform is reinventing the app development landscape exponentially.
These platforms are used by numerous organizations from big B’s to startup in the digital space.
Now, it’s time to look at some popular mobile apps that are established on cross-platform app development approach React Native Vs Flutter Vs Xamarin:
React Native: A colossal number of apps are using React Native from hot new startups to established companies. Curious to see what an app can accomplish with React Native, check out on the below apps.
Xamarin 7 years of existence has grown into 1.6 million developers across 120 countries with Microsoft acquiring it to make it a part of its visual studio environment.
Being a versatile mobile app development platform, Xamarin accelerates in almost all niches developers worked on. Below are some of the top apps used in various categories.
A sci-fi based action RPG that welcomes you to wield an extraordinary weapon to fight against a futuristic city.
It is a fund raising platform with motive of creating good things around 164 countries and raising $ 3.3 billion for the cause they are supporting.
The world bank survey application expands its capabilities on digital devices and mobile. Basically, it consists of a mobile app, a survey tool, server software for data collection and survey management.
The biggest challenge for the World Bank team was to create on-device data storage that consists of question lists, survey data, etc. Developing the app in Xamarin and visual studio, World Bank managed to build an app to organize surveys on various mobile platforms confidentially.Flutter:
Flutter is the top choice for the best mobile app development companies in India, Google and developers around the world too.
Here in, I have clutched apps made with Flutter:
It helps you keep your Google Ads campaign running smoothly irrespective of where your business takes you.
“ Google Greentea “ is an internal customer management app widely used by Google sales to offer rich visualization for keeping a track of the sales target.
Benchmarked as the world’s biggest online commerce company, used Flutter to create and curate an ever-lasting app experience for Android and iOS app with 50M+ downloads.4. Xamarin Vs React Native Vs Flutter — Performance Analysis
Flutter ranks top among the list with 75.4% and React Native following with 62.5% among the most loved Framework.
Something to not wear a cold-shoulder is that React Native has been in the race for a long duration and a huge number of mobile applications are developed on it from the past few years. Whereas, Flutter is just a year old and has been the talk of the digital space, its performance bespoke.
From the technical perspective, Xamarin with native libraries wrapped in DOT.NET for cross-platform app development. Adding on, Xamarin can leverage all native and the latest API’s access to utilize the lurking potential in Xamarin apps such as ARKit for iOS and Android-Multi Windows.
Developing a user community as well as providing direct brace and direct communication with customers is the right ingredient to see how big the pie is. Especially I am talking about the fanatics who spend their life online.
So, to start with let’s take in account Xamarin Vs React Native.
Whereas, according To Google Trends, the most searched cross-platform mobile app development are Xamarin and React Native with a subtle difference. While React Native was mostly searched in China, Vietnam, Hong-Kong, and Israel, and Xamarin was the top-choice in Saudi Arabia, Mexico, South Africa, and Italy.
The biggest event “Flutter Live” took place in December 2018, aiming to grow rapidly and solve all the common issues with the right resources.6. Xamarin Vs React Native Vs Flutter — The Diameter Of Framework
Model View View Model is useful for developing different processes with the same code base whereas, Model View Controller can define the difference between presentation and application logic, therefore, accelerating the app development process. So, if you are an ASP.NET wizard then this is your thing.
For a clear vision, Flutter core engine takes upto 2.7 MB+ space of the framework and app code which makes app binaries a bit heavy in size.
Lately, there are numerous packages available for Flutter, including HTTP request, image processing tools, various network protocol clients, WebSocket connections, embedded databases as well as push notifications to sensors and cameras.7. Xamarin Vs React Native Vs Flutter — Research Curve
The process of stage setting for the developers to utilize the new framework does take time. It needs lots of configuration of software installation and similarly have to be sure the technology have proper documentation to get user up and running.
However, the Xamarin getting started guide for Android and iOS describes the onboarding process for new developers as it is solely dependent on Visual Studio. So, if the developer isn’t from the Microsoft backdrop, it probably means a larger learning curve to get acquainted with Visual Studio and learning Xamarin SDK.
Once the Flutter doctor command is contented, you can move up for the next flutter app. When the setup is done, you can walk to a new flutter app through CLI easily.
Nevertheless, Xamarin vs Flutter vs React Native in 2019 conclude a neck to neck competition to the two most talked technologies of town. Besides this, the graph is a crystal representation of the diminishing trend.8. Xamarin Vs React Native Vs Flutter — Tangibility
As an option, the mobile applications developer creates bespoke UI for each platform with a 70–80% shared code.
Its one of the most tangible libraries out there, but using it rightly is the biggest challenge.
Quit the contrary, Flutter doesn’t need a powerful machine.
And, while we are talking about Flexibility, we should not forget “Hot Reloads”. One of its great kinds of Flutter things is a hot reload. Developers can see the changes they have made to the code at the same instant.
It just takes seconds to see the change, the team quickly add on features, fix the bugs and experiment. Thus, no more lag time to see the changes you have made.
In The End… What I have concluded after in-depth research and comprehensive reading about Xamarin vs Flutter vs React Native comparison are wrapped in below 4 mentioned points.
React Native in the current scenario has steady growth, impeccable code structure, and great community support with a good adoption base for developers.
Flutter has great potential for mobile app development.
Xamarin code written in C# can be ported to iPhone and Android app development both without any hassle.
Xamarin and React Native offers the best diameter of a framework, learning graph and marks the top place in the popular choices for mobile app development technologies.
Hopefully, after finish reading the exclusive comparison analysis, you must be clear about Xamarin Vs Flutter Vs React Native — which framework is right for you.
Thanks for reading ❤
If you liked this post, share it with all of your programming buddies!
However, React Native vs Flutter has been most talked framework since Flutter made entry into this battle. In this blog, we will compare the top three frameworks Flutter vs Ionic vs react native and find out which one is best for your business need.
We are leading ecommerce mobile application development company. Hire our ecommerce mobile app developer for your custom Ecommerce project at competitive rates. **Know about [Top ECommerce Mobile App Development...
We are leading ecommerce mobile application development company. Hire our ecommerce mobile app developer for your custom Ecommerce project at competitive rates.
Know about Top ECommerce Mobile App Development Company