Flutter Dev

Flutter Dev

1633681177

Shouldly | A Simple, extensible BDD Assertion Library

shouldly

Shouldly is an assertion framework which focuses on giving great error messages when the assertion fails while being simple and terse.

shouldly allows you write more readable test assertions.

Features

  • Better test failure messages
  • More readable test code
  • Conjunction support (and)
  • Custom assertions

Better test failure messages

To get more contextual information

// Non-Shouldly
Expected: <18>
  Actual: <17>

// Shouldly
Subject int should be
  `18`
but was
  `17`

// more with Shouldly 😍
customer.age should be
  `18`
but was
  `17`
// Non-Shouldly
Expected: not null
  Actual: <null>

// Shouldly
Subject should not be null
// Non-Shouldly
Expected: some element <4>
  Actual: [1, 2, 3, 5]

// Non-Shouldly
myList
    [1, 2, 3, 5]
should contain
    4
but does not

Readability

More readable test code as an English sentence.

// without shouldly
expect(calculator.currentValue, 1);

// shouldly
calculator.currentValue.should.be(1);

You can mix up with Expected or Actual 🤔. But with shouldly there is no way to mix up.

// without shouldly
expect(playerCharacter.health, 100);
expect(100, playerCharacter.health);

// shouldly
playerCharacter.health.should.be(100);

Conjunctions

This is a real English sentence, is it not?

13.should.beOdd().and.beGreaterOrEqualThan(13);

participants.should.contain('Andrew').and.not.contain('Bobby');

Custom matchers

extension CustomNumAssertions on NumericAssertions {
  NumericAssertions get beNegative {
    if (subject >= 0) {
      throw ShouldlyTestFailureError('Number\n  should be negative');
    }
    return NumericAssertions(subject);
  }
}

Or more exotic matchers

test('Custom matchers', () {
  final bobby = Customer(
    isMarried: true,
    gender: Gender.male,
  );
  bobby.should.beMale.and.beMarried;

  final kate = Customer(
    isMarried: true,
    gender: Gender.female,
  );
  kate.should.beMarried.and.not.beMale;
});

Getting started

Simple add shouldly dependency into your project.

Usage

Booleans

test('false should be `false`', () {
  false.should.beFalse();
});

test('false should not be `true`', () {
  false.should.not.beTrue();
});

Numbers

test('Int should be type of `int`', () {
  10.should.beOfType<int>();
  10.should.beAssignableTo<num>();
});

Strings

test('should not start with substring', () {
  const str = 'Flutter';
  str.should.not.startWith('A');
});

Iterables

test('should contain', () {
  [1, 200, 3].should.contain(200);
});

test('should not contain', () {
  [1, 2, 4].should.not.contain(3);
});

test('with every element in collection is true for predicate', () {
  [3, 5, 7, 9].should.every((item) => item < 10);
});

test('with some elements in collection is true for predicate', () {
  [3, 5, 7, 9].should.any((item) => item > 8);
});

Maps

final subject = {
  'name': 'John',
  'age': 18,
};

test('should contain key', () {
  subject.should.containKey('name');
});

test('should contain key with exact value', () {
  subject.should.containKeyWithValue('age', 18);
});

Functions

test('should throw exact type of exception', () {
  throwExactException.should.throwException<CustomException>();
});

test('async function should throw exception', () async {
  await Should.throwAsync(() {
    Future.delayed(Duration(milliseconds: 100));
    throw Exception('test');
  });
});

test('async function should throw exact exception', () async {
  await Should.throwAsync<CustomException>(() {
    Future.delayed(Duration(milliseconds: 100));
    throw CustomException('custom exception test');
  });
});

test('should complete in a duration', () async {
  await Should.completeIn(
    Duration(seconds: 1),
    func: () => slowFunction(
      Duration(milliseconds: 900),
    ),
  );
});

Objects

test('should be not null', () {
  final obj = Object();
  obj.should.not.beNull();
});

test('should be null', () {
  const Object? obj = null;
  obj.should.beNull();
});

test('should be type of `int`', () {
  const obj = 1;
  obj.should.beOfType<int>();
});

test('should be assignable to `num`', () {
  const obj = 1;
  obj.should.beAssignableTo<num>();
});

Enums

test('should not be equal', () {
  seasons.spring.should.not.be(seasons.winter);
});

test('should not be type of', () {
  seasons.spring.should.not.beOfType<level>();
});

test('should be assignable to `Enum`', () {
  seasons.spring.should.beAssignableTo<Enum>();
});

More examples here

Writing Custom Matchers

extension CustomerExtension on Customer {
  CustomerAssertions get should => CustomerAssertions(this);
}

class CustomerAssertions extends BaseAssertions<Customer, CustomerAssertions> {
  CustomerAssertions(
    Customer? subject, {
    bool isReversed = false,
    String? subjectLabel,
  }) : super(subject, isReversed: isReversed, subjectLabel: subjectLabel);

  CustomerAssertions get beMarried {
    if (isReversed) {
      if (subject!.isMarried) {
        throw ShouldlyTestFailure('Customer should not be married');
      }
    } else {
      if (!subject!.isMarried) {
        throw ShouldlyTestFailure('Customer should be married');
      }
    }
    return CustomerAssertions(subject);
  }

  CustomerAssertions get beMale {
    if (isReversed) {
      if (subject!.gender == Gender.male) {
        throw ShouldlyTestFailure('Customer should be female');
      }
    } else {
      if (subject!.gender != Gender.male) {
        throw ShouldlyTestFailure('Customer should be male');
      }
    }

    return CustomerAssertions(subject);
  }

  @override
  CustomerAssertions copy(
    Customer? subject, {
    bool isReversed = false,
    String? subjectLabel,
  }) =>
      CustomerAssertions(
        subject,
        isReversed: isReversed,
        subjectLabel: subjectLabel,
      );
}

Contributing

We accept the following contributions:

  • Reporting issues
  • Fixing bugs
  • More tests
  • More class integrations (Streams? Futures?)
  • Improving documentation and comments

Maintainers

Use this package as a library

Depend on it

Run this command:

With Dart:

 $ dart pub add shouldly

With Flutter:

 $ flutter pub add shouldly

This will add a line like this to your package's pubspec.yaml (and run an implicit dart pub get):

dependencies:
  shouldly: ^0.1.2

Alternatively, your editor might support dart pub get or flutter pub get. Check the docs for your editor to learn more.

Import it

Now in your Dart code, you can use:

import 'package:shouldly/shouldly.dart';

example/README.md

Examples

Note that this example folder is split into various examples:

 

Download Details:
 

Author: AndrewPiterov
Download Link: Download The Source Code
Official Website: https://github.com/AndrewPiterov/shouldly 
License: MIT License

#flutter 

What is GEEK

Buddha Community

Shouldly | A Simple, extensible BDD Assertion Library
Samanta  Moore

Samanta Moore

1623861240

What is Assertion in Java? How to use Assertion in Java

Table of Contents

What is Assertion in Java?

The assertion in Java is used to ensure the correctness of any program’s assumptions as the assertion is assumed to be true when it is executed. The Java Virtual Machine throws an error named AssertionError if the assertion is false. The assertion in Java has found its application mainly for testing purposes. Boolean expressions are used along with assertion statements. An assertion is a statement, and the ‘asset’ keyword is used to carry out an assertion in Java.

#full stack development #assertion in java #assertion in java #assertion in java #what is assertion in java #how to use assertion in java

Flutter Dev

Flutter Dev

1633681177

Shouldly | A Simple, extensible BDD Assertion Library

shouldly

Shouldly is an assertion framework which focuses on giving great error messages when the assertion fails while being simple and terse.

shouldly allows you write more readable test assertions.

Features

  • Better test failure messages
  • More readable test code
  • Conjunction support (and)
  • Custom assertions

Better test failure messages

To get more contextual information

// Non-Shouldly
Expected: <18>
  Actual: <17>

// Shouldly
Subject int should be
  `18`
but was
  `17`

// more with Shouldly 😍
customer.age should be
  `18`
but was
  `17`
// Non-Shouldly
Expected: not null
  Actual: <null>

// Shouldly
Subject should not be null
// Non-Shouldly
Expected: some element <4>
  Actual: [1, 2, 3, 5]

// Non-Shouldly
myList
    [1, 2, 3, 5]
should contain
    4
but does not

Readability

More readable test code as an English sentence.

// without shouldly
expect(calculator.currentValue, 1);

// shouldly
calculator.currentValue.should.be(1);

You can mix up with Expected or Actual 🤔. But with shouldly there is no way to mix up.

// without shouldly
expect(playerCharacter.health, 100);
expect(100, playerCharacter.health);

// shouldly
playerCharacter.health.should.be(100);

Conjunctions

This is a real English sentence, is it not?

13.should.beOdd().and.beGreaterOrEqualThan(13);

participants.should.contain('Andrew').and.not.contain('Bobby');

Custom matchers

extension CustomNumAssertions on NumericAssertions {
  NumericAssertions get beNegative {
    if (subject >= 0) {
      throw ShouldlyTestFailureError('Number\n  should be negative');
    }
    return NumericAssertions(subject);
  }
}

Or more exotic matchers

test('Custom matchers', () {
  final bobby = Customer(
    isMarried: true,
    gender: Gender.male,
  );
  bobby.should.beMale.and.beMarried;

  final kate = Customer(
    isMarried: true,
    gender: Gender.female,
  );
  kate.should.beMarried.and.not.beMale;
});

Getting started

Simple add shouldly dependency into your project.

Usage

Booleans

test('false should be `false`', () {
  false.should.beFalse();
});

test('false should not be `true`', () {
  false.should.not.beTrue();
});

Numbers

test('Int should be type of `int`', () {
  10.should.beOfType<int>();
  10.should.beAssignableTo<num>();
});

Strings

test('should not start with substring', () {
  const str = 'Flutter';
  str.should.not.startWith('A');
});

Iterables

test('should contain', () {
  [1, 200, 3].should.contain(200);
});

test('should not contain', () {
  [1, 2, 4].should.not.contain(3);
});

test('with every element in collection is true for predicate', () {
  [3, 5, 7, 9].should.every((item) => item < 10);
});

test('with some elements in collection is true for predicate', () {
  [3, 5, 7, 9].should.any((item) => item > 8);
});

Maps

final subject = {
  'name': 'John',
  'age': 18,
};

test('should contain key', () {
  subject.should.containKey('name');
});

test('should contain key with exact value', () {
  subject.should.containKeyWithValue('age', 18);
});

Functions

test('should throw exact type of exception', () {
  throwExactException.should.throwException<CustomException>();
});

test('async function should throw exception', () async {
  await Should.throwAsync(() {
    Future.delayed(Duration(milliseconds: 100));
    throw Exception('test');
  });
});

test('async function should throw exact exception', () async {
  await Should.throwAsync<CustomException>(() {
    Future.delayed(Duration(milliseconds: 100));
    throw CustomException('custom exception test');
  });
});

test('should complete in a duration', () async {
  await Should.completeIn(
    Duration(seconds: 1),
    func: () => slowFunction(
      Duration(milliseconds: 900),
    ),
  );
});

Objects

test('should be not null', () {
  final obj = Object();
  obj.should.not.beNull();
});

test('should be null', () {
  const Object? obj = null;
  obj.should.beNull();
});

test('should be type of `int`', () {
  const obj = 1;
  obj.should.beOfType<int>();
});

test('should be assignable to `num`', () {
  const obj = 1;
  obj.should.beAssignableTo<num>();
});

Enums

test('should not be equal', () {
  seasons.spring.should.not.be(seasons.winter);
});

test('should not be type of', () {
  seasons.spring.should.not.beOfType<level>();
});

test('should be assignable to `Enum`', () {
  seasons.spring.should.beAssignableTo<Enum>();
});

More examples here

Writing Custom Matchers

extension CustomerExtension on Customer {
  CustomerAssertions get should => CustomerAssertions(this);
}

class CustomerAssertions extends BaseAssertions<Customer, CustomerAssertions> {
  CustomerAssertions(
    Customer? subject, {
    bool isReversed = false,
    String? subjectLabel,
  }) : super(subject, isReversed: isReversed, subjectLabel: subjectLabel);

  CustomerAssertions get beMarried {
    if (isReversed) {
      if (subject!.isMarried) {
        throw ShouldlyTestFailure('Customer should not be married');
      }
    } else {
      if (!subject!.isMarried) {
        throw ShouldlyTestFailure('Customer should be married');
      }
    }
    return CustomerAssertions(subject);
  }

  CustomerAssertions get beMale {
    if (isReversed) {
      if (subject!.gender == Gender.male) {
        throw ShouldlyTestFailure('Customer should be female');
      }
    } else {
      if (subject!.gender != Gender.male) {
        throw ShouldlyTestFailure('Customer should be male');
      }
    }

    return CustomerAssertions(subject);
  }

  @override
  CustomerAssertions copy(
    Customer? subject, {
    bool isReversed = false,
    String? subjectLabel,
  }) =>
      CustomerAssertions(
        subject,
        isReversed: isReversed,
        subjectLabel: subjectLabel,
      );
}

Contributing

We accept the following contributions:

  • Reporting issues
  • Fixing bugs
  • More tests
  • More class integrations (Streams? Futures?)
  • Improving documentation and comments

Maintainers

Use this package as a library

Depend on it

Run this command:

With Dart:

 $ dart pub add shouldly

With Flutter:

 $ flutter pub add shouldly

This will add a line like this to your package's pubspec.yaml (and run an implicit dart pub get):

dependencies:
  shouldly: ^0.1.2

Alternatively, your editor might support dart pub get or flutter pub get. Check the docs for your editor to learn more.

Import it

Now in your Dart code, you can use:

import 'package:shouldly/shouldly.dart';

example/README.md

Examples

Note that this example folder is split into various examples:

 

Download Details:
 

Author: AndrewPiterov
Download Link: Download The Source Code
Official Website: https://github.com/AndrewPiterov/shouldly 
License: MIT License

#flutter 

Macey  Legros

Macey Legros

1600702260

Assertion in Java Example | Java Assertion Tutorial

Java assertion is an inbuilt statement that ensures the correctness of any assumptions which have been done in the program. When an assertion is executed, it is assumed to be true. If the assertion is false, the JVM will throw an Assertion error. Assertions in Java can be done with the help of the assert keyword.

Suppose there is a condition that you, as a programmer or a developer, while testing your code, want to make sure exists, such as making sure that a particular method shall  return only negative values; Java has a (relatively) new feature made available just for that.

The feature is called assertion, and wherein one can assert the existence of a particular condition. It is done with the help of the keyword assert. Assertions are generally used for testing and scarcely used in the release code. Release code is usually run with assertions disabled.

#Why to use Assertions

  1. We can make sure that an unreachable looking code is unreachable.
  2. We can make sure that assumptions written in the comments are right.
         if ((x & 1) == 1)  
         {  }
         else // x must be even 
         { assert (x % 2 == 0); }
  1. We can make sure the default switch case is not reached.
  2. We can check the object’s state.
  3. At the beginning of the method
  4. After the method invocation.

#assertion #java #assert

Brandon  Adams

Brandon Adams

1625629740

What is a Library? Using Libraries in Code Tutorial | C Library Examples

In this tutorial, we’ll be talking about what a library is and how they are useful. We will be looking at some examples in C, including the C Standard I/O Library and the C Standard Math Library, but these concepts can be applied to many different languages. Thank you for watching and happy coding!

Need some new tech gadgets or a new charger? Buy from my Amazon Storefront https://www.amazon.com/shop/blondiebytes

Also check out…
What is a Framework? https://youtu.be/HXqBlAywTjU
What is a JSON Object? https://youtu.be/nlYiOcMNzyQ
What is an API? https://youtu.be/T74OdSCBJfw
What are API Keys? https://youtu.be/1yFggyk--Zo
Using APIs with Postman https://youtu.be/0LFKxiATLNQ

Check out my courses on LinkedIn Learning!
REFERRAL CODE: https://linkedin-learning.pxf.io/blondiebytes
https://www.linkedin.com/learning/instructors/kathryn-hodge

Support me on Patreon!
https://www.patreon.com/blondiebytes

Check out my Python Basics course on Highbrow!
https://gohighbrow.com/portfolio/python-basics/

Check out behind-the-scenes and more tech tips on my Instagram!
https://instagram.com/blondiebytes/

Free HACKATHON MODE playlist:
https://open.spotify.com/user/12124758083/playlist/6cuse5033woPHT2wf9NdDa?si=VFe9mYuGSP6SUoj8JBYuwg

MY FAVORITE THINGS:
Stitch Fix Invite Code: https://www.stitchfix.com/referral/10013108?sod=w&som=c
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SoulCycle Invite Code: https://www.soul-cycle.com/r/WY3DlxF0/
Rent The Runway: https://rtr.app.link/e/rfHlXRUZuO

Want to BINGE?? Check out these playlists…

Quick Code Tutorials: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4K4QhIAfGKY&index=1&list=PLcLMSci1ZoPu9ryGJvDDuunVMjwKhDpkB

Command Line: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jm8-UFf8IMg&index=1&list=PLcLMSci1ZoPvbvAIn_tuSzMgF1c7VVJ6e

30 Days of Code: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K5WxmFfIWbo&index=2&list=PLcLMSci1ZoPs6jV0O3LBJwChjRon3lE1F

Intermediate Web Dev Tutorials: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LFa9fnQGb3g&index=1&list=PLcLMSci1ZoPubx8doMzttR2ROIl4uzQbK

GitHub | https://github.com/blondiebytes

Twitter | https://twitter.com/blondiebytes

LinkedIn | https://www.linkedin.com/in/blondiebytes

#blondiebytes #c library #code tutorial #library

Top 7 Python Libraries Used For Hacking

python is one of the most go-for languages among the developers due to the availability of open-source libraries and frameworks. According to a survey reportPython is the top language preferred for Statistical Modelling, and an overwhelming majority of practitioners prefer Python as the language for statistical works.

Python has become a favourite language for hackers these days. The reason is the presence of pre-built tools and libraries, which makes hacking easy. In fact, the language is adequate for ethical hacking as ethical hackers need to develop smaller scripts, and Python fulfils this criterion.

Below here, we listed down the top 7 Python libraries used in hacking.

1| Requests

Stars: 43.3k

**About: **Requests is a simple HTTP library for Python that allows a user to send HTTP/1.1 requests extremely easily. This library helps in building robust HTTP applications and includes intuitive features such as automatic content decompression and decoding, connection timeouts, basic & digits authentication, among others.

Know more here.

2| Scapy

Stars: 5.5k

About: Scapy is a powerful Python-based interactive packet manipulation program and library. This library is able to forge or decode packets of a wide number of protocols, send them on the wire, capture them, store or read them using pcap files, match requests, and more. It allows the construction of tools that can easily scan or attack networks. It is designed to allow fast packet prototyping by using default values that work. It can also perform tasks such as sending invalid frames, injecting your own 802.11 frames, combining techniques, such as VLAN hopping with ARP cache poisoning, VOIP decoding on WEP encrypted channel, etc., which most other tools cannot.

Know more here.

3| IMpacket

**Stars: **5.3k

**About: **IMpacket is a library that includes a collection of Python classes for working with network protocols. It is focused on providing low-level programmatic access to network packets. It allows Python developers to craft and decode network packets in a simple and consistent manner. The library provides a set of tools as examples of what can be done within the context of this library.

Know more here.

4| Cryptography

**Stars: **3.5k

**About: **Cryptography is a package which provides cryptographic recipes and primitives to Python developers. It includes both high-level recipes and low-level interfaces to common cryptographic algorithms such as symmetric ciphers, message digests and key derivation functions. This library is broadly divided into two levels. One is with safe cryptographic recipes that require little to no configuration choices. The other level is low-level cryptographic primitives, which are often dangerous and can be used incorrectly.

Know more here.

#developers corner #hacking tools #libraries for hacking #python #python libraries #python libraries used for hacking #python tools