Introduction To Ansible Vault

Hi readers, in this blog we will be discussing Ansible vault. Also, we will be looking at how to encrypt different playbooks and how they can be decrypted.

Introduction

The “Vault” is a feature of Ansible that allows you to keep sensitive data such as passwords or keys protected at rest, rather than as plain text in playbooks or roles.

Why use Ansible Vault?

Ansible is used for automation, the playbooks contain certain credentials, SSL certificates ,or other sensitive data. Usually, we store our sensitive data in the variable of vault.

How Ansible Vault help us?

It helps us to encrypt or decrypt sensitive variables that contain information and there are 2 ways to take care of sensitive data :

  1. encrypt variables and embed them into the playbook.

  2. encrypt the entire playbook.

Creating an Encrypted File

To create an encrypted file, use the ansible-vault to create command ,and enter the filename.

When prompted, create a password and then confirm it by re-typing it.

$ ansible-vault create example.yml 
New Vault password: 
Confirm New Vault password: 

After confirming our password, a new file is created and will open an editing window. By default, the editor for Vault is vi. Also, we can add data, save ,and exit.

we can see out newly created file

$ cat example.yml 
$ANSIBLE_VAULT;1.1;AES256
39386238346630643735373664346130303866386233366364336633316237393764393465616362
3833626230316537333564623736396231306233343865360a666462303062323663656436343139
38333032333337316165643035633331646134336536656361376437393133383461633039303738
3464326333366564370a333264383039363333643933383038363339313061363236616364353261
3261

Encrypting Unencrypted Files

Suppose we have a file which we wish to encrypt, we can use the ansible-vault encrypt command.

$ ansible-vault encrypt oldfile.yml
New Vault password: 
Confirm New Vault password: 

Then, you will be prompted to insert and confirm the password after then your file is encrypted.

Editing Encrypted Files

If we want to edit our encrypted file, we can edit it using ansible-vault edit command.

$ ansible-vault edit example.yml 
Vault password:

Viewing Encrypted File

If we want to view our encrypted file, we can use the ansible-vault view command.

 ansible-vault view example.yml
Vault password: 
- name: mukesh
  hosts: WORKSPACE
  tasks:
    - name: copying a file.
      copy:
        src: /home/knoldus/example.yml
        dest: /home/

Rekeying Vault Password

Also, we can change the vault password for which we can use the **ansible-vault rekey **command.

decrypt

We will be prompted with the vault’s current password and then we will add a new password and finally confirming the new password.

Decrypting Encrypted Files

If we want to decrypt an encrypted file, we can use ansible-vault decrypt command. Then, we will be prompted to insert the vault password.

$ ansible-vault decrypt example.yaml 
Vault password: 
Decryption successful

#devops #security #security controls #ansble-vault #data privacy #encryption

What is GEEK

Buddha Community

Introduction To Ansible Vault

Securing your secrets using vault in Kubernetes — Part 2

In Part 1 of this series, we have learned how to Install Vault-k8s and enable the Kubernetes Auth Mechanism. In this tutorial let’s learn how automatically inject these secrets into our Kubernetes Deployments/Pods.

I have used Helm to create the manifests files. Helm charts are easier to create, version, share, and publish. Copying-and-Pasting the same manifests across multiple environments can be avoided and the same charts can be re-used by maintaining a different final overrides file.

#hashicorp-vault #kubernetes #vault-k8s #vault #kubernetes-secret

Securing your secrets using vault-k8s in Kubernetes — Part 1

Kubernetes secrets let you store and manage sensitive data such as passwords, ssh keys, Tls certificates, etc. However, there are few limitations to using the build-in secret management for Kubernetes. So, we often tend to rely on some third-party tools to handle secret management. One such tool is HashiCorp Vault. In this series of articles let’s learn to secure our secrets using HashiCorp Vault-k8s in Kubernetes.

#vault #kubernetes #hashicorp-vault #vault-k8s #kubernetes-secret

akshay L

akshay L

1571752812

Ansible Installation & Configuration on AWS

In this video you will learn Ansible Installation & Configuration on AWS and how to install & configure ansible on ec2 step by step.

Why DevOps is important?

DevOps implementation is going through the roof with most of the largest software organizations around the world invested heavily in its implementation. The core values of devops is effectively based on the Agile Manifesto but with one slight change which moves the focus from creating a working software to one that is more interested in the end-to-end software service mechanism and delivery.

Why should you opt for a DevOps career?

For very long times the development and the operations teams of any software enterprise have stayed at arm’s length. But this organizational cultural shift thanks to devops a lot of changes are happening in forward-thinking enterprises. Learning devops will help you master all the skills needed in order to successfully build, operate, monitor, measure and improve the various processes in IT enterprises by better integrating development and operations. You will grab the best jobs in top MNCs after finishing this Intellipaat devops online training. The entire Intellipaat devops course is in line with the industry needs. There is a huge demand for devops certified professional. The salaries for devops professional are very good.

#Install Ansible #Ansible Installation and Configurationon AWS #Ansible

Introduction To Ansible Vault

Hi readers, in this blog we will be discussing Ansible vault. Also, we will be looking at how to encrypt different playbooks and how they can be decrypted.

Introduction

The “Vault” is a feature of Ansible that allows you to keep sensitive data such as passwords or keys protected at rest, rather than as plain text in playbooks or roles.

Why use Ansible Vault?

Ansible is used for automation, the playbooks contain certain credentials, SSL certificates ,or other sensitive data. Usually, we store our sensitive data in the variable of vault.

How Ansible Vault help us?

It helps us to encrypt or decrypt sensitive variables that contain information and there are 2 ways to take care of sensitive data :

  1. encrypt variables and embed them into the playbook.

  2. encrypt the entire playbook.

Creating an Encrypted File

To create an encrypted file, use the ansible-vault to create command ,and enter the filename.

When prompted, create a password and then confirm it by re-typing it.

$ ansible-vault create example.yml 
New Vault password: 
Confirm New Vault password: 

After confirming our password, a new file is created and will open an editing window. By default, the editor for Vault is vi. Also, we can add data, save ,and exit.

we can see out newly created file

$ cat example.yml 
$ANSIBLE_VAULT;1.1;AES256
39386238346630643735373664346130303866386233366364336633316237393764393465616362
3833626230316537333564623736396231306233343865360a666462303062323663656436343139
38333032333337316165643035633331646134336536656361376437393133383461633039303738
3464326333366564370a333264383039363333643933383038363339313061363236616364353261
3261

Encrypting Unencrypted Files

Suppose we have a file which we wish to encrypt, we can use the ansible-vault encrypt command.

$ ansible-vault encrypt oldfile.yml
New Vault password: 
Confirm New Vault password: 

Then, you will be prompted to insert and confirm the password after then your file is encrypted.

Editing Encrypted Files

If we want to edit our encrypted file, we can edit it using ansible-vault edit command.

$ ansible-vault edit example.yml 
Vault password:

Viewing Encrypted File

If we want to view our encrypted file, we can use the ansible-vault view command.

 ansible-vault view example.yml
Vault password: 
- name: mukesh
  hosts: WORKSPACE
  tasks:
    - name: copying a file.
      copy:
        src: /home/knoldus/example.yml
        dest: /home/

Rekeying Vault Password

Also, we can change the vault password for which we can use the **ansible-vault rekey **command.

decrypt

We will be prompted with the vault’s current password and then we will add a new password and finally confirming the new password.

Decrypting Encrypted Files

If we want to decrypt an encrypted file, we can use ansible-vault decrypt command. Then, we will be prompted to insert the vault password.

$ ansible-vault decrypt example.yaml 
Vault password: 
Decryption successful

#devops #security #security controls #ansble-vault #data privacy #encryption

Virgil  Hagenes

Virgil Hagenes

1598807340

How to Manage Ansible Secrets With Akeyless Vault

In this article, take a look at an open source tool that helps manage Ansible Secrets.

Ansible is an open-source automation tool that is used for configuration management; in addition to the open-source version, Red Hat also offers the enterprise version, Ansible Tower.

There are lots of ways where Ansible requires secrets (credentials, passwords, ssh-keys). in order to operate. One example would be the way Ansible uses SSH keys in order to connect to different nodes, that are called within your playbooks, or API keys, to access resources that you need to configure.

To avoid plain text secrets within Ansible playbooks, Ansible offers an internal vault for secrets management called ‘Ansible Vault’. Even with this functionality, it is preferable to use a centralized solution for managing your passwords, keys, and tokens vs. a single-platform vaulting solution - and here’s why:

Benefits of Using a Centralized Secrets Management Solution

  • Makes secrets management operationally easier
  • Enables simple compliance
  • Achieves great functionality in terms of security

Instead of talking in generalities, let’s see how it works with Akeyless Vault, a unified secrets management platform that works across all DevOps tools.

Operation-wise — you probably work with more tools besides Ansible, such as Jenkins, Kubernetes, and Chef to name a few, and each of these tools has its own secret manager/vault. This forces you to manage multiple ‘islands of secrets’, which is both cumbersome and risky. It should be your choice to avoid this scenario. A centralized secrets management platform allows for clearer visibility and easier management as all your secrets are created and accessed via a single source.

Functionality-wise — most of DevOps tools’ internal secrets management solutions such as Ansible Vault, lack the creation of Just-in-Time Secrets, which enables temporary credentials. The idea behind JIT is that any playbook has on-demand access to a certain resource that ‘dies’ after the playbook completed its run. This is also a crucial functionality for achieving zero-trust implementation.

Security-wise — maintain the least privileges approach by leveraging the ability to completely eliminate the use of SSH keys and employing instead short-lived SSH certificates. This allows for enhanced security since certificates use date ranges to automatically expire. In case of mistakes, misuse, or theft, SSH certificates automatically expire.

Audit-wise — simply put, the centralized solution enables consolidated audit. Instead of finding/collecting audit trails about secret usage from multiple systems, you can get it from a single source. It saves you precious time and relieves much of the compliance hassle.

#open source #security #tutorial #akeyless vault #ansible secrets