Noah  Rowe

Noah Rowe

1594653300

Training a T5 Transformer Model on a New task

I’ ve been itching to try the T5 (Text-To-Text Transfer Transformer) ever since it came out way, way back in October 2019 (it’s been a long couple of months). I messed around with open-sourced code from Google a couple of times, but I never managed to get it to work properly. Some of it went a little over my head (Tensorflow 😫 ) so I figured I’ll wait for Hugging Face to ride to the rescue! As always, the Transformers implementation is much easier to work with and I adapted it for use with Simple Transformers.

Before we get to the good stuff, a quick word on what the T5 model is and why it’s so exciting. According to the article on T5 in the Google AI Blog, the model is a result of a large-scale study (paper link) on transfer learning techniques to see which works best. The T5 model was pre-trained on C4 (Colossal Clean Crawled Corpus), a new, absolutely massive dataset, released along with the model.

Pre-training is the first step of transfer learning in which a model is trained on a self-supervised task on huge amounts of unlabeled text data. After this, the model is fine-tuned (trained) on smaller labelled datasets tailored to specific tasks, yielding far superior performance compared to simply training on the small, labelled datasets without pre-training. Further information on pre-training language models can be found in my post below.

Understanding ELECTRA and Training an ELECTRA Language Model

How does a Transformer Model learn a language? What’s new in ELECTRA? How do you train your own language model on a…

towardsdatascience.com

A key difference in the T5 model is that all NLP tasks are presented in a text-to-text format. On the other hand, BERT-like models take a text sequence as an input and output a single class label or a span of text from the input. A BERT model is retrofitted for a particular task by adding a relevant output layer on top of the transformer model. For example, a simple linear classification layer is added for classification tasks. T5, however, eschews this approach and instead reframes any NLP task such that both the input and the output are text sequences. This means that the same T5 model can be used for any NLP task, without any aftermarket changes to the architecture. The task to be performed can be specified via a simple prefix (again a text sequence) prepended to the input as demonstrated below.

Image for post

The T5 paper explores many of the recent developments in NLP transfer learning. It is well worth a read!

However, the focus of this article on adapting the T5 model to perform new NLP tasks. Thanks to the unified text-to-text approach, this turns out to be (surprisingly) easy. So, let’s get to the aforementioned good stuff!

The Task

The T5 model is trained on a wide variety of NLP tasks including text classification, question answering, machine translation, and abstractive summarization. The task we will be teaching our T5 model is question generation.

Specifically, the model will be tasked with _asking relevant questions _when given a context.

You can find all the scripts used in this guide in the examples directory of the Simple Transformers repo.

The Dataset

We will be using the Amazon Review Data (2018) dataset which contains (among other things) descriptions of the various products on Amazon and question-answer pairs related to those products.

The descriptions and the question-answer pairs must be downloaded separately. You can either download the data manually by following the instructions in the _Descriptions _and _Question-Answer Pairs _below, or you can use the provided shell script. The list of categories used in this study is given below.

#nlp #data-science #data analysis

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Training a T5 Transformer Model on a New task
Chelsie  Towne

Chelsie Towne

1596716340

A Deep Dive Into the Transformer Architecture – The Transformer Models

Transformers for Natural Language Processing

It may seem like a long time since the world of natural language processing (NLP) was transformed by the seminal “Attention is All You Need” paper by Vaswani et al., but in fact that was less than 3 years ago. The relative recency of the introduction of transformer architectures and the ubiquity with which they have upended language tasks speaks to the rapid rate of progress in machine learning and artificial intelligence. There’s no better time than now to gain a deep understanding of the inner workings of transformer architectures, especially with transformer models making big inroads into diverse new applications like predicting chemical reactions and reinforcement learning.

Whether you’re an old hand or you’re only paying attention to transformer style architecture for the first time, this article should offer something for you. First, we’ll dive deep into the fundamental concepts used to build the original 2017 Transformer. Then we’ll touch on some of the developments implemented in subsequent transformer models. Where appropriate we’ll point out some limitations and how modern models inheriting ideas from the original Transformer are trying to overcome various shortcomings or improve performance.

What Do Transformers Do?

Transformers are the current state-of-the-art type of model for dealing with sequences. Perhaps the most prominent application of these models is in text processing tasks, and the most prominent of these is machine translation. In fact, transformers and their conceptual progeny have infiltrated just about every benchmark leaderboard in natural language processing (NLP), from question answering to grammar correction. In many ways transformer architectures are undergoing a surge in development similar to what we saw with convolutional neural networks following the 2012 ImageNet competition, for better and for worse.

#natural language processing #ai artificial intelligence #transformers #transformer architecture #transformer models

Shreya kapoor

Shreya kapoor

1604946745

200 hour Yoga Teacher Training Course in Ghaziabad, India | Divyaa Yoga Institute

Yoga gives peace to the body and mind that helps in living a healthy & happy life. It comes with a lot of benefits for both mental and physical health. Meditation and Yoga can cure many diseases and after seeing the results across the world, people are getting more into meditation and yoga. Many of them are trying to motivate others for shifting towards yoga by saving a little bit of time from daily routine. It’s not a bad idea to start a carrier in yoga as a yoga trainer, teacher, consultant or Therapist. If you are interested in it and doing it for a longer period.

Divyaa yoga institute launched 200 yoga teacher training certification courses in Ghaziabad and come up as a world-class professional yoga institute in Delhi NCR for the people who love yoga and ready to make a carrier in it. This is the best yoga teacher training institute in India that provides group yoga classes, yoga certification courses, yoga workshops, and provides many other courses that can help in gaining professional knowledge.

200 hour yoga teacher training course in India facilitates a professional syllabus that starts from basic and goes to the advanced level. They provide personal female/ male yoga trainer to the students according to their requirements.

200 hour yoga teacher training course syllabus includes mantra chanting. It releases positive energy from your mind that helps in decreasing negative thoughts. The study of asana is one of the most important points in the syllabus. Their trainers take care of the proper posture and body alignment so that the risk of injury can be reduced.

When teachers teach, they want to be sure that every student is getting things properly. We provide personal yoga trainer on demand to balance the comfortability while doing yoga practice. When you will invest in yoga, it will make your life smoother and happier forever. Taking yoga as your carrier is an excellent option because in this journey you will give knowledge of being healthy, happy, and calm to others. You will feel great when you will be the reason for the happiness of thousands of people who come to you in search of stability and calmness in their life.

For beginners, it is very important to do pose carefully to avoid injury. Their trainers use props at early stages so that beginners can improve after a few days. Improvisation plays a crucial role and at Divyaa yoga institute, professional teachers take care of every little thing so that every single person gets satisfaction in terms of peace, happiness, and whatever their goal is after adding meditation and yoga to their life schedule.

On the launch of 200 hour yoga teacher training course, the owner of Divyaa yoga institute said that “Yoga is an ancient practice and meditation that is now on everyone’s tongue. People are getting familiar with yoga because of positive results all across the world. Yoga is come up as a treatment for heart and other health issues. We are trying to encourage people, to give your mind and body relaxation from the stress and tension that they have filled up in their life because of pressure and duties.”

He further adds about the course “We are offering 200 hour yoga teacher training course for the people who have an interest or have some experience in the yoga profession. Now, you can convert your interest into a profession by opting for our professional yoga courses in India. We have experienced professional yoga trainers at our institute from across the world and sharing their experience with the people who are willing or trying to join yoga for the rest of their life.”

About Divyaa yoga institute
Divyaa yoga institute is a leading international yoga school in Ghaziabad, that provides several yoga programs that include yoga workshops, group yoga classes, corporate yoga classes, private yoga classes, and stress management & spiritual classes in Ghaziabad.

If you are interested in yoga whether you have experience or not and want to take yoga as your profession then Divyaa yoga institute is the right place for your goal. They will give shape to your interest and develop your yoga skills in order to make you a professional yoga trainer. They offer courses like yoga for better living certification courses of 21 days, meditation certificate course, and 200 hour yoga teacher training course that we have talked about above. Join today if you have a spark in you, they will show you the path to a better life in yoga.

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sunil ab

1624880003

Microsoft Power BI Course Online Training institute Hyderabad,Ameerpet,USA,UK@7993762900

Ab Trainings Provides Best Power BI certification training in Hyderabad, Ameerpet. Will help you learn Power BI concepts like Microsoft Power BI Desktop layouts, BI reports, dashboards, Power BI DAX commands, and functions. In this Power BI course, you will explore to experiment, fix, prepare, and present data quickly and easily.

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Power BI training in Hyderabad will help you get the most out of Online Power BI Training, enabling you to solve business problems and improve operations. This Power Bi Online course helps you master the development of dashboards from published reports, discover better insight from the data, & create practical recipes on the various tasks that you can do with Microsoft Power BI Training in Hyderabad

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What's New in Autodesk Revit 2022 – Top 15 Features!!

The latest release of Revit is here at last! The newest offer from Autodesk, the Revit 2022, is the efficient design software that organizations are vying for. Revit is highly functional in incorporating digital design and graphic elements for advanced simulation-based design planning; thus, in the global market, structural architecture, construction, and interior design-based entrepreneurs benefit highly from this software.

The new Revit 2022 version promises and delivers efficient document production, enhanced interoperability, and user-friendly benefits. There are many profitable features of this software that prompt businesses to take Revit training online. This article will gain further details on why the Autodesk Revit 2022 software and its new features software are valuable for organizations.

Key Features in Revit 2022

The following are some of the newest updates and features available in Revit 2022.

**1. Two-point Rebar placement **

Professionals who utilize Revit software for structural architecture can benefit highly from this updated feature. Typically, professionals can place Rebar with specific dimensions to any of the references. However, with this new feature version, it is easy to align them to said references in two clicks.

In terms of structural design, this is useful since the professionals do not have to prolong the entire process. Instead, they can quickly and accurately create and manipulate the Rebar elements and receive additional improvements as well. The new features also include Move Rebar in a Set and Custom Free-Form Rebar shape selection code.

**2. Improvement in interoperability
**
Notably, Revit software could integrate well with different systems easily in the older models. Yet, in the brand-new Revit 2022, the interoperability of the software is more advanced. Consequently, this benefits the organizations that utilize the software for design improvements and structural planning. Additionally, professionals who take Autodesk Revit training courses get to learn extensively about various tools and related aspects.

**3. Revit Built-in PDF Exporter **

During business-oriented operations, professionals need to have a document or reference for easier accessibility to details. In this context, the updated build-in PDF Exporter in the Revit 2022 software is useful. To put it simply, users can utilize this feature to access Revit sheets or views and export PDF documents in 2D versions. Moreover, the software includes intuitive settings such as Orientation: automatic and Size: .

4. Tapered Walls

Users can create tapered walls in their simulation through the Revit software. The previous settings, like the ability to develop slanted walls, are also available in the updated features list.
Besides, in terms of developing tapered walls, the users can modify the wall shape. Choices include elliptical, curve/arc, or straight paths in the design with type-based or instance-based techniques.

5. Show Wall Core Only

Another wall-based design feature that professionals can expect while using Revit BIM software is the “Show Wall Core Only” upgrade. With this feature, users can modify the Visibility settings to properly see the compound wall core layers. In the Revit training courses, you would learn how to utilize this feature for structural architecture planning.

6. Split Schedule Across Sheets

A crucial task for employees while managing a project is to present the deliverables systematically. However, it is difficult to fit the complex/long set of schedules in just one sheet (e.g., spec sheets).

Revit 2022 software has a new feature that resolves this concern by splitting the schedule. Indeed, professionals can access and section one sheet with a long schedule to fit the data into multiple sheets.

Users do not have to search in other locations for the distributed sheet/data. After the split occurs, the distributed sections automatically save into the next sheets and in the same space.

**7. Family/Type/Family and Type filtration in Schedule view **

Indeed, the new feature of Revit 2022 software allows users to filter their material takeoff or schedule view sectionally. The division is visible under “Family,” “Family and Type,” “Type” sections. For engineers and designers, this is highly useful to create an easy-to-manage schedule with focused objectives.

**8. Better and efficient documentation **

Users of Autodesk Revit 2022 software would get access to improved tools for annotation and scheduling. With these tools, business professionals can properly capture their design idea and communicate them to the entire team. Overall, advanced documentation efficiency allows users to accurately represent their plans and refer to them during the future project development period.

**9. Multiple Value Indication **

It is difficult for new users of Revit software to understand the parameter value in the older versions. This especially applies to cases when the users choose multiple items, the value field used to appear blank when the two selected items have different values.

Having prior awareness of this issue or paying very close attention to the value during operation is necessary. Without it, many previous users made mistakes trying to rectify the non-existent error.
However, in the new update, users can notice a value to indicate the availability of multiple values. To note, the configurations for this feature are available in Multiple Value Indication under Additional Settings.

Training Your Employees **

Autodesk and its Revit software have many benefits that multiple professionals in the web development field are aware of.

Brands can directly hire web developers with Revit skills to handle design-related tasks. However, this can affect the overall budget of the architectural project. In contrast, providing Revit training to the employees is a more economical alternative. In addition, there are many advantages of doing so, including developing the skill set of the professionals within and loyal to the organization.
Also, the employees that handle the Revit software store all project data in one file. Here, all of the employees can access the project file and cooperate on the project easily. As a result, the coordination between the team is better, and the employees can focus on their own tasks more accurately.

Brands get many options on Revit Online Classes; one of the notable options out of them is the NetCom Learning Autodesk Revit course. This training specializes in enhancing the skills and knowledge of applicants in structural engineering, architectural design, as well as construction. From 2D/3D models to basic documents, employees learn about all aspects of this career field at this Autodesk Revit training. This develops their skill set, but the professionals also learn new practices and techniques to produce efficient designs.

Conclusion

All in all, the latest Revit 2022 software includes multiple high-quality features and updates. Organizations can utilize them to enhance their design and technology models for various architectural projects. To properly utilize the software, grasping how to operate it is important. Indeed, many businesses do consider that and organize training for their professionals accordingly. The course let one upgrade and level up on creativity, allowing them to design more freely and with ease. NetCom Learning as an Autodesk Authorized Training Center helps the design team gain hands-on experience of working in Autodesk’s high-tech technology environments.

NetCom Learning helps build innovative learning organizations in the workplace by structuring a smarter workforce, supporting changes, and driving growth. For over 22+ years, we have been empowering organizations to reach optimal performance results and address challenges by managing all aspects of organizational learning. With a team of dedicated and knowledgeable learning professionals having profound subject-matter expertise, NetCom Learning has serviced over 80 percent of Fortune 1000 companies and helped over 14,000 organizations achieve their business goals.

The wide range of NetCom Learning’s Autodesk authorized training includes vendor-approved official and updated content and curriculum, free self-assessment quizzes, certification exam vouchers, and exclusive access to iLabs/Online Labs. The Autodesk training at NetCom Learning is led by world-class certified instructors with the right experience to help professionals and teams solve and address real-world design challenges and concerns.

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#autodesk revit training #revit online classes #revit training #revit training courses #autodesk revit training courses #revit training online

Edna  Bernhard

Edna Bernhard

1596525540

A Deep Dive Into the Transformer Architecture

Transformers for Natural Language Processing

It may seem like a long time since the world of natural language processing (NLP) was transformed by the seminal “Attention is All You Need” paper by Vaswani et al., but in fact that was less than 3 years ago. The relative recency of the introduction of transformer architectures and the ubiquity with which they have upended language tasks speaks to the rapid rate of progress in machine learning and artificial intelligence. There’s no better time than now to gain a deep understanding of the inner workings of transformer architectures, especially with transformer models making big inroads into diverse new applications like predicting chemical reactions and reinforcement learning.

Whether you’re an old hand or you’re only paying attention to transformer style architecture for the first time, this article should offer something for you. First, we’ll dive deep into the fundamental concepts used to build the original 2017 Transformer. Then we’ll touch on some of the developments implemented in subsequent transformer models. Where appropriate we’ll point out some limitations and how modern models inheriting ideas from the original Transformer are trying to overcome various shortcomings or improve performance.

What Do Transformers Do?

Transformers are the current state-of-the-art type of model for dealing with sequences. Perhaps the most prominent application of these models is in text processing tasks, and the most prominent of these is machine translation. In fact, transformers and their conceptual progeny have infiltrated just about every benchmark leaderboard in natural language processing (NLP), from question answering to grammar correction. In many ways transformer architectures are undergoing a surge in development similar to what we saw with convolutional neural networks following the 2012 ImageNet competition, for better and for worse.

#natural language processing #ai artificial intelligence #transformers #transformer architecture #transformer models #ai