UMRAH 2021: HOW TO PERFORM UMRAH ( step by step guide)
Hajis are one of the branches of worship in Islam, It refers to the annual pilgrimage to Mecca and Medina
( Hajj and umrah ) that is performed every year in the month of dhul hijjah of the Islamic calendar.
The journey to hajj is very difficult mentally and physically.
Through this journey to mecca, Allah Subhan awa tala ( peace be upon him ) wishes to purify us from all our sins and bad thoughts.
Participation in hajj pilgrimage is wajib on every Muslim once in their lifetime as long as he or she fulfils the following conditions.
1.There must be at the age of Islamic maturity.
2.There must have sanity.
3.They must have the capability.
The conditions of capability are wealth, health and transport.
As for wealth, the person should be able to afford the hajj financially.
A person planning to go for a hajj should also consider if he has enough money to meet his own and his family’s expenses after the performance of hajj and returning home from mecca.
As for health, if a person is unable to travel due to ill health or outage or extreme difficulty it is not obligatory on them to set out for pilgrimage personally.
However, they should appoint someone to perform it for them.
As for transport, Hajj becomes wajib only if the way to mecca is safe and one has the necessary means of transport to make the
They also should be no dangers along the way for instance the enemy before a person goes for hajj.
They should ensure that they have no debts to pay.
If they owe money to anyone they should pay it back first or ask their permission to pay later, ensure the money for hajj is claimed.
This is by ensuring their khums and zakah has been paid.
Prepare a will specifying if you own any other prayer or fasting money and etc.
The annual hajj that most people non-residents of mecca perform is
actually made up of two parts.
Types of Umrah
umrah al tamattu and hajj al tamattu.
Hajj starts at one of the possible places away from mecca known as the miqat.
For example one of them is known as masjid azshara ( mosque).
IHRAM : A pilgrim puts on a special dress called an ihram and they make their niyyah or intention for hajj and recite the Talbiyah.
The ihram for men is usually two pieces of unstitched clothes like for example two cloth pieces one is for covering from the waist down called izar and the other piece is for the upper body is called Rida.
Men cannot cover the head or the instep of their fate.
for women, the ihram is a simple long dress with a hijab. it is recommended for the ihram to be white.
Recitation during umrah
As for the Talbiyah, it is recited as follows: Labbayk Allahumma Labbayk la sharika Laka Labbayk and it is highly recommended to say innal hamda one namitha laka wal mulk la sharika lak.
It is wajib to recite the Talbiyah at least once at the miqat when putting on the ihram and making the niyyah.
From the miqat, pilgrims head to Mecca and upon arrival, they perform umrah.
STEPS TO PERFORM UMRAH :
There are four steps ( rites) of umrah. The wajib acts ( Rituals) at Umrah al tamattu are as Follows:
I am becoming a muhrim for umrah al tamattu for hijjat ul
islam wajib qurbatan illa llah.
Whereafter, the Talbiyah must be recited immediately.
As soon as Talbiyah has been recited a person is now called a muhrim until the umrah is over
and this means certain actions are haram on him or her.
Things forbidden in ihram;
your intention is I am performing tawaf around the Kaaba seven
times for a umrah al tamattu for hijjat al islam wajib qurbatan illa llah
2 rakah salat after tawaaf near the maqam ibrahim your intention is i’m performing two rakah salat of tawaf for umrah al tamattu for hijjat al
islam wajib qurbatan illa llah
3 .Sayee :
For sayee, walk at least seven times between the hills of Safa and Marwa.
Start at safa when you reach Marwa that is counted as a one-trip get back to the safa that is your second trip ,seventh trip ends at Marwa.
Your intention is I’m performing sayee between safa and marwah seven times for umrah at tamattu,for hijjat al islam, wajin qurbatan illalah
4 .Taqsir :
To clip some hair from the head after the Sayee.
Your intention is I am performing Taqsir to make halal for me everything that was Haram in the ihram for umrah al tamattu For hijjat al islam ,wajib qurbatan ilallah .
Thereafter a person can remove their ihram and wear normal
clothes they would continue to stay in Mecca and wait for the Hajj al tamattu to begin the parts of Hajj at tamattu.
There are some conditions for tawaf for itself around the Kaaba to be valid the following conditions must be met:
1.The person doing the Tawaf must be able to or have done a wudhu/ghusl.
2.The body and the clothes of the person must be tied and
3. The ihram must not be bought with haram money or stolen
any served without permission.
Congratulations on your Umrah!
Plan your pilgrimage now :
Check out Best Hajj and Umrah packages from Hyderabad offered by Origin tours and travels.
The era of mobile app development has completely changed the scenario for businesses in regions like Abu Dhabi. Restaurants and food delivery businesses are experiencing huge benefits via smart business applications. The invention and development of the food ordering app have helped all-scale businesses reach new customers and boost sales and profit.
As a result, many business owners are searching for the best restaurant mobile app development company in Abu Dhabi. If you are also searching for the same, this article is helpful for you. It will let you know the step-by-step process to hire the right team of restaurant mobile app developers.
Searching for the top mobile app development company in Abu Dhabi? Don't know the best way to search for professionals? Don't panic! Here is the step-by-step process to hire the best professionals.
#Step 1 – Know the Company's Culture
Knowing the organization's culture is very crucial before finalizing a food ordering app development company in Abu Dhabi. An organization's personality is shaped by its common beliefs, goals, practices, or company culture. So, digging into the company culture reveals the core beliefs of the organization, its objectives, and its development team.
Now, you might be wondering, how will you identify the company's culture? Well, you can take reference from the following sources –
#Step 2 - Refer to Clients' Reviews
Another best way to choose the On-demand app development firm for your restaurant business is to refer to the clients' reviews. Reviews are frequently available on the organization's website with a tag of "Reviews" or "Testimonials." It's important to read the reviews as they will help you determine how happy customers are with the company's app development process.
You can also assess a company's abilities through reviews and customer testimonials. They can let you know if the mobile app developers create a valuable app or not.
#Step 3 – Analyze the App Development Process
Regardless of the company's size or scope, adhering to the restaurant delivery app development process will ensure the success of your business application. Knowing the processes an app developer follows in designing and producing a top-notch app will help you know the working process. Organizations follow different app development approaches, so getting well-versed in the process is essential before finalizing any mobile app development company.
#Step 4 – Consider Previous Experience
Besides considering other factors, considering the previous experience of the developers is a must. You can obtain a broad sense of the developer's capacity to assist you in creating a unique mobile application for a restaurant business.
You can also find out if the developers' have contributed to the creation of other successful applications or not. It will help you know the working capacity of a particular developer or organization. Prior experience is essential to evaluating their work. For instance, whether they haven't previously produced an app similar to yours or not.
#Step 5 – Check for Their Technical Support
As you expect a working and successful restaurant mobile app for your business, checking on this factor is a must. A well-established organization is nothing without a good technical support team. So, ensure whatever restaurant mobile app development company you choose they must be well-equipped with a team of dedicated developers, designers, and testers.
Strong tech support from your mobile app developers will help you identify new bugs and fix them bugs on time. All this will ensure the application's success.
#Step 6 – Analyze Design Standards
Besides focusing on an organization's development, testing, and technical support, you should check the design standards. An appealing design is crucial in attracting new users and keeping the existing ones stick to your services. So, spend some time analyzing the design standards of an organization. Now, you might be wondering, how will you do it? Simple! By looking at the organization's portfolio.
Whether hiring an iPhone app development company or any other, these steps apply to all. So, don't miss these steps.
#Step 7 – Know Their Location
Finally, the last yet very crucial factor that will not only help you finalize the right person for your restaurant mobile app development but will also decide the mobile app development cost. So, you have to choose the location of the developers wisely, as it is a crucial factor in defining the cost.
Restaurant mobile applications have taken the food industry to heights none have ever considered. As a result, the demand for restaurant mobile app development companies has risen greatly, which is why businesses find it difficult to finalize the right person. But, we hope that after referring to this article, it will now be easier to hire dedicated developers under the desired budget. So, begin the hiring process now and get a well-craft food ordering app in hand.
This Matplotlib cheat sheet introduces you to the basics that you need to plot your data with Python and includes code samples.
Data visualization and storytelling with your data are essential skills that every data scientist needs to communicate insights gained from analyses effectively to any audience out there.
For most beginners, the first package that they use to get in touch with data visualization and storytelling is, naturally, Matplotlib: it is a Python 2D plotting library that enables users to make publication-quality figures. But, what might be even more convincing is the fact that other packages, such as Pandas, intend to build more plotting integration with Matplotlib as time goes on.
However, what might slow down beginners is the fact that this package is pretty extensive. There is so much that you can do with it and it might be hard to still keep a structure when you're learning how to work with Matplotlib.
DataCamp has created a Matplotlib cheat sheet for those who might already know how to use the package to their advantage to make beautiful plots in Python, but that still want to keep a one-page reference handy. Of course, for those who don't know how to work with Matplotlib, this might be the extra push be convinced and to finally get started with data visualization in Python.
You'll see that this cheat sheet presents you with the six basic steps that you can go through to make beautiful plots.
Check out the infographic by clicking on the button below:
With this handy reference, you'll familiarize yourself in no time with the basics of Matplotlib: you'll learn how you can prepare your data, create a new plot, use some basic plotting routines to your advantage, add customizations to your plots, and save, show and close the plots that you make.
What might have looked difficult before will definitely be more clear once you start using this cheat sheet! Use it in combination with the Matplotlib Gallery, the documentation.
Matplotlib is a Python 2D plotting library which produces publication-quality figures in a variety of hardcopy formats and interactive environments across platforms.
>>> import numpy as np >>> x = np.linspace(0, 10, 100) >>> y = np.cos(x) >>> z = np.sin(x)
>>> data = 2 * np.random.random((10, 10)) >>> data2 = 3 * np.random.random((10, 10)) >>> Y, X = np.mgrid[-3:3:100j, -3:3:100j] >>> U = 1 X** 2 + Y >>> V = 1 + X Y**2 >>> from matplotlib.cbook import get_sample_data >>> img = np.load(get_sample_data('axes_grid/bivariate_normal.npy'))
>>> import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
>>> fig = plt.figure() >>> fig2 = plt.figure(figsize=plt.figaspect(2.0))
>>> fig.add_axes() >>> ax1 = fig.add_subplot(221) #row-col-num >>> ax3 = fig.add_subplot(212) >>> fig3, axes = plt.subplots(nrows=2,ncols=2) >>> fig4, axes2 = plt.subplots(ncols=3)
>>> plt.savefig('foo.png') #Save figures >>> plt.savefig('foo.png', transparent=True) #Save transparent figures
>>> fig, ax = plt.subplots() >>> lines = ax.plot(x,y) #Draw points with lines or markers connecting them >>> ax.scatter(x,y) #Draw unconnected points, scaled or colored >>> axes[0,0].bar([1,2,3],[3,4,5]) #Plot vertical rectangles (constant width) >>> axes[1,0].barh([0.5,1,2.5],[0,1,2]) #Plot horiontal rectangles (constant height) >>> axes[1,1].axhline(0.45) #Draw a horizontal line across axes >>> axes[0,1].axvline(0.65) #Draw a vertical line across axes >>> ax.fill(x,y,color='blue') #Draw filled polygons >>> ax.fill_between(x,y,color='yellow') #Fill between y values and 0
>>> fig, ax = plt.subplots() >>> im = ax.imshow(img, #Colormapped or RGB arrays cmap= 'gist_earth', interpolation= 'nearest', vmin=-2, vmax=2) >>> axes2.pcolor(data2) #Pseudocolor plot of 2D array >>> axes2.pcolormesh(data) #Pseudocolor plot of 2D array >>> CS = plt.contour(Y,X,U) #Plot contours >>> axes2.contourf(data1) #Plot filled contours >>> axes2= ax.clabel(CS) #Label a contour plot
>>> axes[0,1].arrow(0,0,0.5,0.5) #Add an arrow to the axes >>> axes[1,1].quiver(y,z) #Plot a 2D field of arrows >>> axes[0,1].streamplot(X,Y,U,V) #Plot a 2D field of arrows
>>> ax1.hist(y) #Plot a histogram >>> ax3.boxplot(y) #Make a box and whisker plot >>> ax3.violinplot(z) #Make a violin plot
The basic steps to creating plots with matplotlib are:
1 Prepare Data
2 Create Plot
4 Customized Plot
5 Save Plot
6 Show Plot
>>> import matplotlib.pyplot as plt >>> x = [1,2,3,4] #Step 1 >>> y = [10,20,25,30] >>> fig = plt.figure() #Step 2 >>> ax = fig.add_subplot(111) #Step 3 >>> ax.plot(x, y, color= 'lightblue', linewidth=3) #Step 3, 4 >>> ax.scatter([2,4,6], [5,15,25], color= 'darkgreen', marker= '^' ) >>> ax.set_xlim(1, 6.5) >>> plt.savefig('foo.png' ) #Step 5 >>> plt.show() #Step 6
>>> plt.cla() #Clear an axis >>> plt.clf(). #Clear the entire figure >>> plt.close(). #Close a window
>>> plt.plot(x, x, x, x**2, x, x** 3) >>> ax.plot(x, y, alpha = 0.4) >>> ax.plot(x, y, c= 'k') >>> fig.colorbar(im, orientation= 'horizontal') >>> im = ax.imshow(img, cmap= 'seismic' )
>>> fig, ax = plt.subplots() >>> ax.scatter(x,y,marker= ".") >>> ax.plot(x,y,marker= "o")
>>> plt.plot(x,y,linewidth=4.0) >>> plt.plot(x,y,ls= 'solid') >>> plt.plot(x,y,ls= '--') >>> plt.plot(x,y,'--' ,x**2,y**2,'-.' ) >>> plt.setp(lines,color= 'r',linewidth=4.0)
>>> ax.text(1, -2.1, 'Example Graph', style= 'italic' ) >>> ax.annotate("Sine", xy=(8, 0), xycoords= 'data', xytext=(10.5, 0), textcoords= 'data', arrowprops=dict(arrowstyle= "->", connectionstyle="arc3"),)
>>> plt.title(r '$sigma_i=15$', fontsize=20)
Limits & Autoscaling
>>> ax.margins(x=0.0,y=0.1) #Add padding to a plot >>> ax.axis('equal') #Set the aspect ratio of the plot to 1 >>> ax.set(xlim=[0,10.5],ylim=[-1.5,1.5]) #Set limits for x-and y-axis >>> ax.set_xlim(0,10.5) #Set limits for x-axis
>>> ax.set(title= 'An Example Axes', #Set a title and x-and y-axis labels ylabel= 'Y-Axis', xlabel= 'X-Axis') >>> ax.legend(loc= 'best') #No overlapping plot elements
>>> ax.xaxis.set(ticks=range(1,5), #Manually set x-ticks ticklabels=[3,100, 12,"foo" ]) >>> ax.tick_params(axis= 'y', #Make y-ticks longer and go in and out direction= 'inout', length=10)
>>> fig3.subplots_adjust(wspace=0.5, #Adjust the spacing between subplots hspace=0.3, left=0.125, right=0.9, top=0.9, bottom=0.1) >>> fig.tight_layout() #Fit subplot(s) in to the figure area
>>> ax1.spines[ 'top'].set_visible(False) #Make the top axis line for a plot invisible >>> ax1.spines['bottom' ].set_position(( 'outward',10)) #Move the bottom axis line outward
Have this Cheat Sheet at your fingertips
Original article source at https://www.datacamp.com
#matplotlib #cheatsheet #python
A handy cheat sheet for interactive plotting and statistical charts with Bokeh.
Bokeh distinguishes itself from other Python visualization libraries such as Matplotlib or Seaborn in the fact that it is an interactive visualization library that is ideal for anyone who would like to quickly and easily create interactive plots, dashboards, and data applications.
Bokeh is also known for enabling high-performance visual presentation of large data sets in modern web browsers.
For data scientists, Bokeh is the ideal tool to build statistical charts quickly and easily; But there are also other advantages, such as the various output options and the fact that you can embed your visualizations in applications. And let's not forget that the wide variety of visualization customization options makes this Python library an indispensable tool for your data science toolbox.
Now, DataCamp has created a Bokeh cheat sheet for those who have already taken the course and that still want a handy one-page reference or for those who need an extra push to get started.
In short, you'll see that this cheat sheet not only presents you with the five steps that you can go through to make beautiful plots but will also introduce you to the basics of statistical charts.
In no time, this Bokeh cheat sheet will make you familiar with how you can prepare your data, create a new plot, add renderers for your data with custom visualizations, output your plot and save or show it. And the creation of basic statistical charts will hold no secrets for you any longer.
Boost your Python data visualizations now with the help of Bokeh! :)
The Python interactive visualization library Bokeh enables high-performance visual presentation of large datasets in modern web browsers.
Bokeh's mid-level general-purpose bokeh. plotting interface is centered around two main components: data and glyphs.
The basic steps to creating plots with the bokeh. plotting interface are:
>>> from bokeh.plotting import figure >>> from bokeh.io import output_file, show >>> x = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5] #Step 1 >>> y = [6, 7, 2, 4, 5] >>> p = figure(title="simple line example", #Step 2 x_axis_label='x', y_axis_label='y') >>> p.line(x, y, legend="Temp.", line_width=2) #Step 3 >>> output_file("lines.html") #Step 4 >>> show(p) #Step 5
Under the hood, your data is converted to Column Data Sources. You can also do this manually:
>>> import numpy as np >>> import pandas as pd >>> df = pd.OataFrame(np.array([[33.9,4,65, 'US'], [32.4, 4, 66, 'Asia'], [21.4, 4, 109, 'Europe']]), columns= ['mpg', 'cyl', 'hp', 'origin'], index=['Toyota', 'Fiat', 'Volvo']) >>> from bokeh.models import ColumnOataSource >>> cds_df = ColumnOataSource(df)
>>> from bokeh.plotting import figure >>>p1= figure(plot_width=300, tools='pan,box_zoom') >>> p2 = figure(plot_width=300, plot_height=300, x_range=(0, 8), y_range=(0, 8)) >>> p3 = figure()
>>> p1.circle(np.array([1,2,3]), np.array([3,2,1]), fill_color='white') >>> p2.square(np.array([1.5,3.5,5.5]), [1,4,3], color='blue', size=1)
>>> pl.line([1,2,3,4], [3,4,5,6], line_width=2) >>> p2.multi_line(pd.DataFrame([[1,2,3],[5,6,7]]), pd.DataFrame([[3,4,5],[3,2,1]]), color="blue")
Selection and Non-Selection Glyphs
>>> p = figure(tools='box_select') >>> p. circle ('mpg', 'cyl', source=cds_df, selection_color='red', nonselection_alpha=0.1)
>>> from bokeh.models import HoverTool >>>hover= HoverTool(tooltips=None, mode='vline') >>> p3.add_tools(hover)
>>> from bokeh.models import CategoricalColorMapper >>> color_mapper = CategoricalColorMapper( factors= ['US', 'Asia', 'Europe'], palette= ['blue', 'red', 'green']) >>> p3. circle ('mpg', 'cyl', source=cds_df, color=dict(field='origin', transform=color_mapper), legend='Origin')
>>> from bokeh.io import output_notebook, show >>> output_notebook()
>>> from bokeh.embed import file_html >>> from bokeh.resources import CON >>> html = file_html(p, CON, "my_plot") >>> from bokeh.io import output_file, show >>> output_file('my_bar_chart.html', mode='cdn')
>>> from bokeh.embed import components >>> script, div= components(p)
>>> from bokeh.io import export_png >>> export_png(p, filename="plot.png")
>>> from bokeh.io import export_svgs >>> p. output_backend = "svg" >>> export_svgs(p,filename="plot.svg")
Inside Plot Area
>>> p.legend.location = 'bottom left'
Outside Plot Area
>>> from bokeh.models import Legend >>> r1 = p2.asterisk(np.array([1,2,3]), np.array([3,2,1]) >>> r2 = p2.line([1,2,3,4], [3,4,5,6]) >>> legend = Legend(items=[("One" ,[p1, r1]),("Two",[r2])], location=(0, -30)) >>> p.add_layout(legend, 'right')
>>> p.legend. border_line_color = "navy" >>> p.legend.background_fill_color = "white"
>>> p.legend.orientation = "horizontal" >>> p.legend.orientation = "vertical"
>>> from bokeh.layouts import row >>>layout= row(p1,p2,p3)
>>> from bokeh.layouts import columns >>>layout= column(p1,p2,p3)
Nesting Rows & Columns
>>>layout= row(column(p1,p2), p3)
>>> from bokeh.layouts import gridplot >>> rowl = [p1,p2] >>> row2 = [p3] >>> layout = gridplot([[p1, p2],[p3]])
>>> from bokeh.models.widgets import Panel, Tabs >>> tab1 = Panel(child=p1, title="tab1") >>> tab2 = Panel(child=p2, title="tab2") >>> layout = Tabs(tabs=[tab1, tab2])
Linked Axes >>> p2.x_range = p1.x_range >>> p2.y_range = p1.y_range
>>> p4 = figure(plot_width = 100, tools='box_select,lasso_select') >>> p4.circle('mpg', 'cyl' , source=cds_df) >>> p5 = figure(plot_width = 200, tools='box_select,lasso_select') >>> p5.circle('mpg', 'hp', source=cds df) >>>layout= row(p4,p5)
>>> show(p1) >>> show(layout) >>> save(p1)
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Original article source at https://www.datacamp.com
#python #datavisualization #bokeh #cheatsheet
Some Popular Web App Ideas for 2021
Are you looking for best web application business ideas that make money in 2021?
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Staking altcoins can be a great way to earn passive income on your long term holdings that are just sitting in your wallet. That is why today I will be walking you through step by step how to stake you $INJ tokens on Injective Protocol’s staking portal, we even go through how to buy the token on both Uniswap and Pancakeswap so there is no misunderstanding.
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The origin of the article: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qeCQ9BKzsTA
🔺 DISCLAIMER: The article is for information sharing. The content of this video is solely the opinions of the speaker who is not a licensed financial advisor or registered investment advisor. Not investment advice or legal advice.
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