Paper | Child Rights and Juvenile Justice in India

Paper | Child Rights and Juvenile Justice in India

The paper conjuncts upon child rights and the juvenile justice prevalent in India and the provisions being envisaged therein, keeping the child as the central theme of all the policy and legislative provisions and decisions. It is held in mind that whenever an issue related to the child is being confronted by the Juvenile Justice Board and Child Welfare Committee for a child in conflict with law and child in need of care and protection respectively, the best interest of the child is sought. The paper confers the liability of the Government, to make such decisions for providing such opportunities to the children to develop them to the fullest, as stated under Article 39 of the Indian Constitution as a directive to them. Thus, the Juvenile Justice System in India is a result of the several international treaties, one of which played a significant role in the present scenario is that of Convention on the Rights of Child. In India, the current legislation for juveniles is that of Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015. The Research Methodology adopted in the paper is doctrinal research mainly secondary sources such as the Government reports published by – NCRB, NPAC, and literary references.

The paper associates the rights of the child and juvenile justice prevailing in India and the provisions envisaged therein, thus making the child the main subject of all political and legislative rulings and decisions.

It is taken into account that when a child-related issue is confronted by the Juvenile Justice Board and the Child Welfare Committee for a child in conflict with the law and a child in need of care and protection respectively, the best interest of the child is pursued.

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Child Rights in India

The paper gives the government the responsibility to take such decisions to provide such opportunities for children for their fullest development, as stipulated in Article 39 of the Indian Constitution as a directive for them.

Thus, the juvenile justice system in India is the result of several international treaties, one of which has played an important role in the current scenario which is the Convention on the Rights of the Child.

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Juvenile Justice in India

In India, the current legislation for juveniles is the Juvenile Justice (Child Care and Protection) Act 2015. The research methodology adopted in the paper is doctrinal research mainly secondary sources such as government reports published by it - NCRB, NPAC and Literary References.

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