Promises 101: Javascript Promises Explained [with Code Snippets]

Promises 101: Javascript Promises Explained [with Code Snippets]

Javascript Promises explained with practical examples

Javascript Promises explained with practical examples


Before you begin this tutorial you’ll need the following:

  • IDE (VS Code is used in this tutorial)
  • Basic understanding of Javascript ES6
  • Nodejs installed, you can get the latest version here.


Working with data from other resources has brought the need to deal with asynchronous operations, ie operations that do not run in sequence. In this post, I explain, in simple terms one of the ways of handling asynchronous operations in Javascript, Promises. By the end of this post, you would understand Javascript Promises in code and simple English.

What are Javascript Promises?

According to the official documentation:

The Promise object represents the eventual completion (or failure) of an asynchronous operation and its resulting value.


new Promise((resolve, reject)=>{})

In simpler terms, a Promise is an object that will return a particular value depending on the state of the Promise. A Promise can have one of three states

  • fulfilled
  • rejected
  • pending

STATE 1: Promise fulfilled

A promise has a state of fulfilledwhen it is resolved, meaning, nothing went wrong in the Promise and there are no errors. The code snippet below will return a state of fulfilled, because the Promise was resolved:

new Promise((resolve, reject)=>{

[[PromiseState]]: "fulfilled"
[[PromiseResult]]: undefined


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