Brandon  Adams

Brandon Adams

1625578260

10 Things Beginner Programmers Need to Know

Are you new to coding? Here are some tips and tricks for beginner programmers. Learn the importance of a strong computer science foundation for a software developer with this tutorial. Happy coding!

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Check out my podcast The Programmer Toolbox. If you leave us a written review on Apple Podcasts, we’ll send you a free The Programmer Sticker. Just send us your mailing address at theprogrammertoolbox@gmail.com and we’ll send it right out.

https://www.bit.ly/programmertoolbox

Also check out…
Make a Google Action https://youtu.be/03i5LoO_neU
What is a Framework? https://youtu.be/HXqBlAywTjU
What is a JSON Object? https://youtu.be/nlYiOcMNzyQ
What is an API? https://youtu.be/T74OdSCBJfw
What are API Keys? https://youtu.be/1yFggyk--Zo
Using APIs with Postman https://youtu.be/0LFKxiATLNQ

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Want to BINGE?? Check out these playlists…

Quick Code Tutorials: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4K4QhIAfGKY&index=1&list=PLcLMSci1ZoPu9ryGJvDDuunVMjwKhDpkB

Command Line: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jm8-UFf8IMg&index=1&list=PLcLMSci1ZoPvbvAIn_tuSzMgF1c7VVJ6e

30 Days of Code: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K5WxmFfIWbo&index=2&list=PLcLMSci1ZoPs6jV0O3LBJwChjRon3lE1F

Intermediate Web Dev Tutorials: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LFa9fnQGb3g&index=1&list=PLcLMSci1ZoPubx8doMzttR2ROIl4uzQbK

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Buddha Community

10 Things Beginner Programmers Need to Know
Brandon  Adams

Brandon Adams

1625578260

10 Things Beginner Programmers Need to Know

Are you new to coding? Here are some tips and tricks for beginner programmers. Learn the importance of a strong computer science foundation for a software developer with this tutorial. Happy coding!

Need some new tech gadgets or a new charger? Buy from my Amazon Storefront https://www.amazon.com/shop/blondiebytes

Check out my podcast The Programmer Toolbox. If you leave us a written review on Apple Podcasts, we’ll send you a free The Programmer Sticker. Just send us your mailing address at theprogrammertoolbox@gmail.com and we’ll send it right out.

https://www.bit.ly/programmertoolbox

Also check out…
Make a Google Action https://youtu.be/03i5LoO_neU
What is a Framework? https://youtu.be/HXqBlAywTjU
What is a JSON Object? https://youtu.be/nlYiOcMNzyQ
What is an API? https://youtu.be/T74OdSCBJfw
What are API Keys? https://youtu.be/1yFggyk--Zo
Using APIs with Postman https://youtu.be/0LFKxiATLNQ

Check out my courses on LinkedIn Learning!
https://www.linkedin.com/learning/instructors/kathryn-hodge

Sign up for LinkedIn Learning!
https://linkedin-learning.pxf.io/blondiebytes

Support me on Patreon!
https://www.patreon.com/blondiebytes

Check out my Python Basics course on Highbrow!
https://gohighbrow.com/portfolio/python-basics/

Check out behind-the-scenes and more tech tips on my Instagram!
https://instagram.com/blondiebytes/

Free HACKATHON MODE playlist:
https://open.spotify.com/user/12124758083/playlist/6cuse5033woPHT2wf9NdDa?si=VFe9mYuGSP6SUoj8JBYuwg

MY FAVORITE THINGS:
Stitch Fix Invite Code: https://www.stitchfix.com/referral/10013108?sod=w&som=c
FabFitFun Invite Code: http://xo.fff.me/h9-GH
Uber Invite Code: kathrynh1277ue
Postmates Invite Code: 7373F
SoulCycle Invite Code: https://www.soul-cycle.com/r/WY3DlxF0/
Rent The Runway: https://rtr.app.link/e/rfHlXRUZuO

Want to BINGE?? Check out these playlists…

Quick Code Tutorials: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4K4QhIAfGKY&index=1&list=PLcLMSci1ZoPu9ryGJvDDuunVMjwKhDpkB

Command Line: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Jm8-UFf8IMg&index=1&list=PLcLMSci1ZoPvbvAIn_tuSzMgF1c7VVJ6e

30 Days of Code: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=K5WxmFfIWbo&index=2&list=PLcLMSci1ZoPs6jV0O3LBJwChjRon3lE1F

Intermediate Web Dev Tutorials: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LFa9fnQGb3g&index=1&list=PLcLMSci1ZoPubx8doMzttR2ROIl4uzQbK

GitHub | https://github.com/blondiebytes

Twitter | https://twitter.com/blondiebytes

LinkedIn | https://www.linkedin.com/in/blondiebytes

#blondiebytes #programmers #beginner programmers #things beginner programmers need to know

How to Create Arrays in Python

In this tutorial, you'll know the basics of how to create arrays in Python using the array module. Learn how to use Python arrays. You'll see how to define them and the different methods commonly used for performing operations on them.

This tutorialvideo on 'Arrays in Python' will help you establish a strong hold on all the fundamentals in python programming language. Below are the topics covered in this video:  
1:15 What is an array?
2:53 Is python list same as an array?
3:48  How to create arrays in python?
7:19 Accessing array elements
9:59 Basic array operations
        - 10:33  Finding the length of an array
        - 11:44  Adding Elements
        - 15:06  Removing elements
        - 18:32  Array concatenation
       - 20:59  Slicing
       - 23:26  Looping  


Python Array Tutorial – Define, Index, Methods

In this article, you'll learn how to use Python arrays. You'll see how to define them and the different methods commonly used for performing operations on them.

The artcile covers arrays that you create by importing the array module. We won't cover NumPy arrays here.

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction to Arrays
    1. The differences between Lists and Arrays
    2. When to use arrays
  2. How to use arrays
    1. Define arrays
    2. Find the length of arrays
    3. Array indexing
    4. Search through arrays
    5. Loop through arrays
    6. Slice an array
  3. Array methods for performing operations
    1. Change an existing value
    2. Add a new value
    3. Remove a value
  4. Conclusion

Let's get started!

What are Python Arrays?

Arrays are a fundamental data structure, and an important part of most programming languages. In Python, they are containers which are able to store more than one item at the same time.

Specifically, they are an ordered collection of elements with every value being of the same data type. That is the most important thing to remember about Python arrays - the fact that they can only hold a sequence of multiple items that are of the same type.

What's the Difference between Python Lists and Python Arrays?

Lists are one of the most common data structures in Python, and a core part of the language.

Lists and arrays behave similarly.

Just like arrays, lists are an ordered sequence of elements.

They are also mutable and not fixed in size, which means they can grow and shrink throughout the life of the program. Items can be added and removed, making them very flexible to work with.

However, lists and arrays are not the same thing.

Lists store items that are of various data types. This means that a list can contain integers, floating point numbers, strings, or any other Python data type, at the same time. That is not the case with arrays.

As mentioned in the section above, arrays store only items that are of the same single data type. There are arrays that contain only integers, or only floating point numbers, or only any other Python data type you want to use.

When to Use Python Arrays

Lists are built into the Python programming language, whereas arrays aren't. Arrays are not a built-in data structure, and therefore need to be imported via the array module in order to be used.

Arrays of the array module are a thin wrapper over C arrays, and are useful when you want to work with homogeneous data.

They are also more compact and take up less memory and space which makes them more size efficient compared to lists.

If you want to perform mathematical calculations, then you should use NumPy arrays by importing the NumPy package. Besides that, you should just use Python arrays when you really need to, as lists work in a similar way and are more flexible to work with.

How to Use Arrays in Python

In order to create Python arrays, you'll first have to import the array module which contains all the necassary functions.

There are three ways you can import the array module:

  • By using import array at the top of the file. This includes the module array. You would then go on to create an array using array.array().
import array

#how you would create an array
array.array()
  • Instead of having to type array.array() all the time, you could use import array as arr at the top of the file, instead of import array alone. You would then create an array by typing arr.array(). The arr acts as an alias name, with the array constructor then immediately following it.
import array as arr

#how you would create an array
arr.array()
  • Lastly, you could also use from array import *, with * importing all the functionalities available. You would then create an array by writing the array() constructor alone.
from array import *

#how you would create an array
array()

How to Define Arrays in Python

Once you've imported the array module, you can then go on to define a Python array.

The general syntax for creating an array looks like this:

variable_name = array(typecode,[elements])

Let's break it down:

  • variable_name would be the name of the array.
  • The typecode specifies what kind of elements would be stored in the array. Whether it would be an array of integers, an array of floats or an array of any other Python data type. Remember that all elements should be of the same data type.
  • Inside square brackets you mention the elements that would be stored in the array, with each element being separated by a comma. You can also create an empty array by just writing variable_name = array(typecode) alone, without any elements.

Below is a typecode table, with the different typecodes that can be used with the different data types when defining Python arrays:

TYPECODEC TYPEPYTHON TYPESIZE
'b'signed charint1
'B'unsigned charint1
'u'wchar_tUnicode character2
'h'signed shortint2
'H'unsigned shortint2
'i'signed intint2
'I'unsigned intint2
'l'signed longint4
'L'unsigned longint4
'q'signed long longint8
'Q'unsigned long longint8
'f'floatfloat4
'd'doublefloat8

Tying everything together, here is an example of how you would define an array in Python:

import array as arr 

numbers = arr.array('i',[10,20,30])


print(numbers)

#output

#array('i', [10, 20, 30])

Let's break it down:

  • First we included the array module, in this case with import array as arr .
  • Then, we created a numbers array.
  • We used arr.array() because of import array as arr .
  • Inside the array() constructor, we first included i, for signed integer. Signed integer means that the array can include positive and negative values. Unsigned integer, with H for example, would mean that no negative values are allowed.
  • Lastly, we included the values to be stored in the array in square brackets.

Keep in mind that if you tried to include values that were not of i typecode, meaning they were not integer values, you would get an error:

import array as arr 

numbers = arr.array('i',[10.0,20,30])


print(numbers)

#output

#Traceback (most recent call last):
# File "/Users/dionysialemonaki/python_articles/demo.py", line 14, in <module>
#   numbers = arr.array('i',[10.0,20,30])
#TypeError: 'float' object cannot be interpreted as an integer

In the example above, I tried to include a floating point number in the array. I got an error because this is meant to be an integer array only.

Another way to create an array is the following:

from array import *

#an array of floating point values
numbers = array('d',[10.0,20.0,30.0])

print(numbers)

#output

#array('d', [10.0, 20.0, 30.0])

The example above imported the array module via from array import * and created an array numbers of float data type. This means that it holds only floating point numbers, which is specified with the 'd' typecode.

How to Find the Length of an Array in Python

To find out the exact number of elements contained in an array, use the built-in len() method.

It will return the integer number that is equal to the total number of elements in the array you specify.

import array as arr 

numbers = arr.array('i',[10,20,30])


print(len(numbers))

#output
# 3

In the example above, the array contained three elements – 10, 20, 30 – so the length of numbers is 3.

Array Indexing and How to Access Individual Items in an Array in Python

Each item in an array has a specific address. Individual items are accessed by referencing their index number.

Indexing in Python, and in all programming languages and computing in general, starts at 0. It is important to remember that counting starts at 0 and not at 1.

To access an element, you first write the name of the array followed by square brackets. Inside the square brackets you include the item's index number.

The general syntax would look something like this:

array_name[index_value_of_item]

Here is how you would access each individual element in an array:

import array as arr 

numbers = arr.array('i',[10,20,30])

print(numbers[0]) # gets the 1st element
print(numbers[1]) # gets the 2nd element
print(numbers[2]) # gets the 3rd element

#output

#10
#20
#30

Remember that the index value of the last element of an array is always one less than the length of the array. Where n is the length of the array, n - 1 will be the index value of the last item.

Note that you can also access each individual element using negative indexing.

With negative indexing, the last element would have an index of -1, the second to last element would have an index of -2, and so on.

Here is how you would get each item in an array using that method:

import array as arr 

numbers = arr.array('i',[10,20,30])

print(numbers[-1]) #gets last item
print(numbers[-2]) #gets second to last item
print(numbers[-3]) #gets first item
 
#output

#30
#20
#10

How to Search Through an Array in Python

You can find out an element's index number by using the index() method.

You pass the value of the element being searched as the argument to the method, and the element's index number is returned.

import array as arr 

numbers = arr.array('i',[10,20,30])

#search for the index of the value 10
print(numbers.index(10))

#output

#0

If there is more than one element with the same value, the index of the first instance of the value will be returned:

import array as arr 


numbers = arr.array('i',[10,20,30,10,20,30])

#search for the index of the value 10
#will return the index number of the first instance of the value 10
print(numbers.index(10))

#output

#0

How to Loop through an Array in Python

You've seen how to access each individual element in an array and print it out on its own.

You've also seen how to print the array, using the print() method. That method gives the following result:

import array as arr 

numbers = arr.array('i',[10,20,30])

print(numbers)

#output

#array('i', [10, 20, 30])

What if you want to print each value one by one?

This is where a loop comes in handy. You can loop through the array and print out each value, one-by-one, with each loop iteration.

For this you can use a simple for loop:

import array as arr 

numbers = arr.array('i',[10,20,30])

for number in numbers:
    print(number)
    
#output
#10
#20
#30

You could also use the range() function, and pass the len() method as its parameter. This would give the same result as above:

import array as arr  

values = arr.array('i',[10,20,30])

#prints each individual value in the array
for value in range(len(values)):
    print(values[value])

#output

#10
#20
#30

How to Slice an Array in Python

To access a specific range of values inside the array, use the slicing operator, which is a colon :.

When using the slicing operator and you only include one value, the counting starts from 0 by default. It gets the first item, and goes up to but not including the index number you specify.

import array as arr 

#original array
numbers = arr.array('i',[10,20,30])

#get the values 10 and 20 only
print(numbers[:2])  #first to second position

#output

#array('i', [10, 20])

When you pass two numbers as arguments, you specify a range of numbers. In this case, the counting starts at the position of the first number in the range, and up to but not including the second one:

import array as arr 

#original array
numbers = arr.array('i',[10,20,30])


#get the values 20 and 30 only
print(numbers[1:3]) #second to third position

#output

#rray('i', [20, 30])

Methods For Performing Operations on Arrays in Python

Arrays are mutable, which means they are changeable. You can change the value of the different items, add new ones, or remove any you don't want in your program anymore.

Let's see some of the most commonly used methods which are used for performing operations on arrays.

How to Change the Value of an Item in an Array

You can change the value of a specific element by speficying its position and assigning it a new value:

import array as arr 

#original array
numbers = arr.array('i',[10,20,30])

#change the first element
#change it from having a value of 10 to having a value of 40
numbers[0] = 40

print(numbers)

#output

#array('i', [40, 20, 30])

How to Add a New Value to an Array

To add one single value at the end of an array, use the append() method:

import array as arr 

#original array
numbers = arr.array('i',[10,20,30])

#add the integer 40 to the end of numbers
numbers.append(40)

print(numbers)

#output

#array('i', [10, 20, 30, 40])

Be aware that the new item you add needs to be the same data type as the rest of the items in the array.

Look what happens when I try to add a float to an array of integers:

import array as arr 

#original array
numbers = arr.array('i',[10,20,30])

#add the integer 40 to the end of numbers
numbers.append(40.0)

print(numbers)

#output

#Traceback (most recent call last):
#  File "/Users/dionysialemonaki/python_articles/demo.py", line 19, in <module>
#   numbers.append(40.0)
#TypeError: 'float' object cannot be interpreted as an integer

But what if you want to add more than one value to the end an array?

Use the extend() method, which takes an iterable (such as a list of items) as an argument. Again, make sure that the new items are all the same data type.

import array as arr 

#original array
numbers = arr.array('i',[10,20,30])

#add the integers 40,50,60 to the end of numbers
#The numbers need to be enclosed in square brackets

numbers.extend([40,50,60])

print(numbers)

#output

#array('i', [10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60])

And what if you don't want to add an item to the end of an array? Use the insert() method, to add an item at a specific position.

The insert() function takes two arguments: the index number of the position the new element will be inserted, and the value of the new element.

import array as arr 

#original array
numbers = arr.array('i',[10,20,30])

#add the integer 40 in the first position
#remember indexing starts at 0

numbers.insert(0,40)

print(numbers)

#output

#array('i', [40, 10, 20, 30])

How to Remove a Value from an Array

To remove an element from an array, use the remove() method and include the value as an argument to the method.

import array as arr 

#original array
numbers = arr.array('i',[10,20,30])

numbers.remove(10)

print(numbers)

#output

#array('i', [20, 30])

With remove(), only the first instance of the value you pass as an argument will be removed.

See what happens when there are more than one identical values:

import array as arr 

#original array
numbers = arr.array('i',[10,20,30,10,20])

numbers.remove(10)

print(numbers)

#output

#array('i', [20, 30, 10, 20])

Only the first occurence of 10 is removed.

You can also use the pop() method, and specify the position of the element to be removed:

import array as arr 

#original array
numbers = arr.array('i',[10,20,30,10,20])

#remove the first instance of 10
numbers.pop(0)

print(numbers)

#output

#array('i', [20, 30, 10, 20])

Conclusion

And there you have it - you now know the basics of how to create arrays in Python using the array module. Hopefully you found this guide helpful.

Thanks for reading and happy coding!

#python #programming 

Ruth  Nabimanya

Ruth Nabimanya

1624850031

6 Things Businesses Moving to the Cloud Need to Know

Technology has come a long way over the years, and since the establishment of cloud solutions, data storage and management has never been easier. Small and large businesses now rely on cloud services to store their information, but with that said, here are a few things you must know before you move to the cloud.

Table of Contents

#data science #big data #6 things businesses moving to the cloud need to know #businesses #things businesses moving to the cloud #cloud

Abigail betty

Abigail betty

1623200400

Rich Programmer vs Poor Programmer

Ex-Google TechLead on the difference between rich programmers and poor programmers.
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Mike doctor

Mike doctor

1624575600

7 Things to Know BEFORE Buying a Rental Property

In this video, I’m going over 7 things you NEED to know before buying your first rental or investment property in 2021. Watch this video in full to have less stress, make more money, and know how to leverage real estate to your advantage.

I own a real estate brokerage in California and have been in the industry for close to 4 years now. These are my insights on real estate investing.

From investing in multiunits in the right locations, to understanding the tax benefits, to running the numbers to make sure an investment makes sense, there are so many things any new real estate investor should know. If you want to start real estate investing and get your first rental property in 2021, this is the video for you.

There is a lot of opportunity in real estate, and as a real estate investor you need to know what the benefits are (to save on taxes) and how you can maximize the profit of your rental. These are the things I wish I knew before buying my first rental at the age of 25 - it would have saved me a lot of time and money.

I’m super excited for you! There are deals everywhere and as long as you know how to identify these deals, allocate resources correctly, and find the right tenants, you will do well. This is a long term way to build cash flow and generational wealth, for those who do it correctly.

Happy real estate investing! I’m rooting for all of you. Let’s buy some units in 2021! If you’re a hustler, make sure to hit that like button and subscribe for more content like this - I make a ton of content about personal finance, investing, and entrepreneurship.

#7 things to know before buying a rental property #bitcoin #blockchain #buying a rental property #a rental property #things to know before buying a rental property