Prometheus Operator for Kubernetes
Last year, we provided a list of Kubernetes tools that proved so popular we have decided to curate another list of some useful additions for working with the platform—among which are many tools that we personally use here at Caylent. Check out the original tools list here in case you missed it.
According to a recent survey done by Stackrox, the dominance Kubernetes enjoys in the market continues to be reinforced, with 86% of respondents using it for container orchestration.
And as you can see below, more and more companies are jumping into containerization for their apps. If you’re among them, here are some tools to aid you going forward as Kubernetes continues its rapid growth.
#blog #tools #amazon elastic kubernetes service #application security #aws kms #botkube #caylent #cli #container monitoring #container orchestration tools #container security #containers #continuous delivery #continuous deployment #continuous integration #contour #developers #development #developments #draft #eksctl #firewall #gcp #github #harbor #helm #helm charts #helm-2to3 #helm-aws-secret-plugin #helm-docs #helm-operator-get-started #helm-secrets #iam #json #k-rail #k3s #k3sup #k8s #keel.sh #keycloak #kiali #kiam #klum #knative #krew #ksniff #kube #kube-prod-runtime #kube-ps1 #kube-scan #kube-state-metrics #kube2iam #kubeapps #kubebuilder #kubeconfig #kubectl #kubectl-aws-secrets #kubefwd #kubernetes #kubernetes command line tool #kubernetes configuration #kubernetes deployment #kubernetes in development #kubernetes in production #kubernetes ingress #kubernetes interfaces #kubernetes monitoring #kubernetes networking #kubernetes observability #kubernetes plugins #kubernetes secrets #kubernetes security #kubernetes security best practices #kubernetes security vendors #kubernetes service discovery #kubernetic #kubesec #kubeterminal #kubeval #kudo #kuma #microsoft azure key vault #mozilla sops #octant #octarine #open source #palo alto kubernetes security #permission-manager #pgp #rafay #rakess #rancher #rook #secrets operations #serverless function #service mesh #shell-operator #snyk #snyk container #sonobuoy #strongdm #tcpdump #tenkai #testing #tigera #tilt #vert.x #wireshark #yaml
This blog post is written by guest author Bhavin Gandhi, Software Engineer at InfraCloud Technologies, Inc. InfraCloud helps startups, SMBs, and enterprises scale by adopting cloud-native technologies.
Using the Prometheus Operator has become a common choice when it comes to running Prometheus in a Kubernetes cluster. It can manage Prometheus and Alertmanager for us with the help of CRDs in Kubernetes. The kube-prometheus-stack Helm chart (formerly known as prometheus-operator) comes with Grafana, node_exporter, and more out of the box.
In a previous blog post about Prometheus, we took a look at setting up Prometheus and Grafana using manifest files. We also explored a few of the metrics exposed by YugabyteDB. In this post, we will be setting up Prometheus and Grafana using the kube-prometheus-stack chart. And we will configure Prometheus to scrape YugabyteDB pods. At the end we will take a look at the YugabyteDB Grafana dashboard that can be used to visualize all the collected metrics.
Before we get started with the setup, make sure you have a Kubernetes 1.16+ cluster with kubectl pointing to it. You can create a GKE cluster or an equivalent in other cloud providers or use Minikube to create a local cluster.
We will be using Helm 3 to install the charts, make sure you have it installed on your machine as well.
The kube-prometheus-stack Helm chart installs the required CRDs as well as the operator itself. The chart creates instances of Prometheus and Alertmanager, which are the custom resources managed by the operator.
It also comes with a set of components which one would expect to have while setting up monitoring in a Kubernetes cluster. These components include: node_exporter for collecting node level metrics, kube-state-metrics which exposes Kubernetes related metrics, and Grafana for visualizing the metrics collected by Prometheus. The chart also comes with default Grafana dashboards and Prometheus alerts.
To setup Helm with the prometheus-community and yugabytedb repositories, run the following command:
$ helm repo add prometheus-community https://prometheus-community.github.io/helm-charts "prometheus-community" has been added to your repositories $ helm repo add yugabytedb https://charts.yugabyte.com "yugabytedb" has been added to your repositories $ helm repo update Hang tight while we grab the latest from your chart repositories... ...Successfully got an update from the "yugabytedb" chart repository ...Successfully got an update from the "prometheus-community" chart repository Update Complete. ⎈ Happy Helming!⎈
To create a values file for kube-prometheus-stack, execute:
cat <<EOF > kube-prom-stack-values.yaml grafana: dashboardProviders: dashboardproviders.yaml: apiVersion: 1 providers: - name: 'default' orgId: 1 folder: '' type: file disableDeletion: false editable: true options: path: /var/lib/grafana/dashboards/default dashboards: default: yugabytedb: url: https://raw.githubusercontent.com/yugabyte/yugabyte-db/master/cloud/grafana/YugabyteDB.json EOF
The above kube-prom-stack-values.yaml file tells Grafana to import the YugabyteDB dashboard from the given GitHub URL.
Now we will create a namespace and install kube-prometheus-stack in it.
$ kubectl create namespace monitoring namespace/monitoring created $ helm install prom prometheus-community/kube-prometheus-stack \ --namespace monitoring \ --values kube-prom-stack-values.yaml
To check if all the components are running fine, check the status of pods from the
$ kubectl get pods --namespace monitoring
NOTE: To keep things simple, we are not providing any other options to the Helm chart. Make sure you go through the README of kube-prometheus-stack and grafana chart to explore other options that you may need.
With the monitoring setup done, let’s install the YugabyteDB Helm chart. It will install YugabyteDB and configure Prometheus to scrape (collect) the metrics from our pods. It uses the ServiceMonitor Custom Resource (CR) to achieve that.
To create a namespace and install the chart, run the following command:
$ kubectl create namespace yb-demo namespace/yb-demo created $ helm install cluster-1 yugabytedb/yugabyte \ --namespace yb-demo \ --set serviceMonitor.enabled=true \ --set serviceMonitor.extraLabels.release=prom
If you are using Minikube, refer to this documentation section and add the resource requirements accordingly.
To check the status of all the pods from the
yb-demo namespace, execute the following command. Wait till all the pods have a
#databases #distributed sql #kubernetes #grafana #prometheus #prometheus operator
Automation is one of the fundamental components that makes Kubernetes so robust as a containerization engine. Even complex cloud infrastructure creation can be automated in order to simplify the process of managing cloud deployments. Despite the capability of leveraging so many resources and components to support an application, your cloud environment can still be fairly manageable.
Despite the many tools available on Kubernetes, the effort to make cloud infrastructure management more scalable and automated is ongoing. Kubernetes operator is one of the tools designed to push automation past its limits. You can do so much more without having to rely on manual inputs every time.
A Kubernetes operator, by definition, is an orchestration framework. It is a tool that lets you orchestrate and maintain cloud infrastructures with little to no human input. Kubernetes define operators as software extensions designed to utilize custom resources to manage applications and their components.
Kubernetes operators are not complex at all. Operators use controllers and the Kubernetes API to handle packaging, deployment, management, and maintenance of applications and the custom resources that they need. The whole process is fully automated, plus you can still rely on _kubectl _tooling for commands and operations.
In other words, an operator is basically a custom Kubernetes controller that integrates custom resources for management purposes. You can define parameters and configurations inside the custom resources directly, and then let the operators translate those parameters and run autonomously. Kubernetes operators’ continuous nature is their defining factor.
#blog #kubernetes #automation #kubernetes api #kubernetes deployment #kubernetes operators
Kubernetes is an open-source project that “containerizes” workloads and services and manages deployment and configurations. Released by Google in 2015, Kubernetes is now maintained by the Cloud Native Computing Foundation. Since its release, it has become a worldwide phenomenon. The majority of cloud-native companies use it, SaaS vendors offer commercial prebuilt versions, and there’s even an annual convention!
What has made Kubernetes become such a fundamental service? A major factor is its automation capabilities. Kubernetes can automatically make changes to the configuration of deployed containers or even deploy new containers based on metrics it tracks or requests made by engineers. Having Kubernetes handle these processes saves time, eliminates toil, and increases consistency.
If these benefits sound familiar, it might be because they overlap with the philosophies of SRE. But how do you incorporate the automation of Kubernetes into your SRE practices? In this blog post, we’ll explain the Kubernetes Operator—the Kubernetes function at the heart of customized automation—and discuss how it can evolve your SRE solution.
In Kubernetes Operators: Automating the Container Orchestration Platform, authors Jason Dobies and Joshua Wood describe an Operator as “an automated Site Reliability Engineer for its application.” Given an SRE’s multifaceted experience and diverse workload, this is a bold statement. So what exactly can the Operator do?
#tutorial #devops #kubernetes #site reliability engineering #site reliability #site reliability engineer #site reliability engineering tools #kubernetes operators #kubernetes operator
Kubernetes is a highly popular container orchestration platform. Multi cloud is a strategy that leverages cloud resources from multiple vendors. Multi cloud strategies have become popular because they help prevent vendor lock-in and enable you to leverage a wide variety of cloud resources. However, multi cloud ecosystems are notoriously difficult to configure and maintain.
This article explains how you can leverage Kubernetes to reduce multi cloud complexities and improve stability, scalability, and velocity.
Maintaining standardized application deployments becomes more challenging as your number of applications and the technologies they are based on increase. As environments, operating systems, and dependencies differ, management and operations require more effort and extensive documentation.
In the past, teams tried to get around these difficulties by creating isolated projects in the data center. Each project, including its configurations and requirements were managed independently. This required accurately predicting performance and the number of users before deployment and taking down applications to update operating systems or applications. There were many chances for error.
Kubernetes can provide an alternative to the old method, enabling teams to deploy applications independent of the environment in containers. This eliminates the need to create resource partitions and enables teams to operate infrastructure as a unified whole.
In particular, Kubernetes makes it easier to deploy a multi cloud strategy since it enables you to abstract away service differences. With Kubernetes deployments you can work from a consistent platform and optimize services and applications according to your business needs.
The Compelling Attributes of Multi Cloud Kubernetes
Multi cloud Kubernetes can provide multiple benefits beyond a single cloud deployment. Below are some of the most notable advantages.
In addition to the built-in scalability, fault tolerance, and auto-healing features of Kubernetes, multi cloud deployments can provide service redundancy. For example, you can mirror applications or split microservices across vendors. This reduces the risk of a vendor-related outage and enables you to create failovers.
#kubernetes #multicloud-strategy #kubernetes-cluster #kubernetes-top-story #kubernetes-cluster-install #kubernetes-explained #kubernetes-infrastructure #cloud