Angular Tutorial: Create a CRUD App with Angular CLI and TypeScript

Angular Tutorial: Create a CRUD App with Angular CLI and TypeScript. This tutorial gets you off the ground with Angular. We are going to use the official CLI (command line) tool to generate boilerplate code.

1. Prerequisites

This tutorial is targeted to people familiar with JavaScript and HTML/CSS. You also will need:

  • Node.js up and running.
  • NPM (Node package manager) or Yarn installed.

You can verify by typing:

node --version
# v10.8.0
npm --version
# 6.2.0

If you get the versions Node 4.x.x and NPM 3.x.x. or higher you are all set. If not you have to get the latest versions.

Let’s move on to Angular. We are going to create a Todo app.

2. Understanding ng new

Angular CLI is the best way to get us started. We can download the tool and create a new project by running:

# install angular-cli globally
npm install -g @angular/cli@6.1.2
# npm install -g @angular/cli # get latest

# Check angular CLI is installed
ng --version
# Angular CLI: 6.1.2

If the versions don’t match then you can remove previously installed angular CLI with the following commands:

npm uninstall -g @angular/cli
yarn global remove @angular/cli

Once you have the right version, do:

# create a new project
ng new Todos --style=scss

Note The last command takes some minutes. Leave it running and continue reading this tutorial.

The command ng new will do a bunch of things for us:

  1. Initialize a git repository
  2. Creates an package.json files with all the Angular dependencies.
  3. Setup TypeScript, Webpack, Tests (Jasmine, Protractor, Karma). Don’t worry if you don’t know what they are. We are going to cover them later.
  4. It creates the src folder with the bootstrapping code to load our app into the browser
  5. Finally, it does an npm install to get all the packages into node_modules.

Let’s run the app!

# builds the app and run it on port 9000
ng serve ---port 9000

Open your browser on http://localhost:9000/, and you should see “Loading…” and then it should switch to “Welcome to app!”. Awesome!

Now let’s dive into the src folder and get familiarized with the structure.

2.1 package.json

Open the package.json file and take a look at the dependencies. We have all the angular dependencies with the prefix @angular/.... Other dependencies are needed for Angular to run, such as RxJS, Zone.js, and some others. We are going to cover them in other posts.

2.2 src/index.html

We are building an SPA (single page application), so everything is going to be loaded into the index.html. Let’s take a look in the src/index.html. It’s pretty standard HTML5 code, except for two elements that are specific for our app:

  1. Initialize a git repository
  2. Creates an package.json files with all the Angular dependencies.
  3. Setup TypeScript, Webpack, Tests (Jasmine, Protractor, Karma). Don’t worry if you don’t know what they are. We are going to cover them later.
  4. It creates the src folder with the bootstrapping code to load our app into the browser
  5. Finally, it does an npm install to get all the packages into node_modules.

base href is needed for Angular routing to work correctly. We are going to cover Routing later.

<app-root> this is not a standard HTML tag. Our Angular App defines it. It’s an Angular component. More on this later.

2.3 src/main.ts

main.ts is where our application starts bootstrapping (loading). Angular can be used not just in browsers, but also on other platforms such as mobile apps or even desktop apps. So, when we start our application, we have to specify what platform we want to target. That’s why we import: platform-browser-dynamic. Notice that we are also importing the AppModule from ./app.

The most important line is:


We are loading our AppModule into the browser platform. Now, let’s take a look at the ./app/app.module.tsdirectory.

2.4 App directory

The app directory contains the components used to mount the rest of the application. In there the <app-root> that we so in the index.html is defined. Let’s start with app.module


We are going to be using this file often. The most important part is the metadata inside the @NgModule. There we have declarationsimportsproviders and bootstrap.

  • Node.js up and running.
  • NPM (Node package manager) or Yarn installed.


AppComponent looks a little similar to the app module, but instead of @NgModule we have @Component. Again, the most important part is the value of the attributes (metadata). We have selectortemplateUrl and styleUrls:

  • Node.js up and running.
  • NPM (Node package manager) or Yarn installed.

Inside the AppComponent class you can define variables (e.g. title) that are used in the templates (e.g. Angular Tutorial: Create a CRUD App with Angular CLI and TypeScript).

Let’s change the title from Welcome to Angular Tutorial: Create a CRUD App with Angular CLI and TypeScript!to Angular Tutorial: Create a CRUD App with Angular CLI and TypeScript. Also, remove everything else.
Test your changes running:

ng serve ---port 9000

You should see the new message.

[changes diff]

3. Creating a new Component with Angular CLI

Let’s create a new component to display the tasks. We can quickly create by typing:

ng generate component todo

This command will create a new folder with four files:

create src/app/todo/todo.component.css
create src/app/todo/todo.component.html
create src/app/todo/todo.component.spec.ts
create src/app/todo/todo.component.ts

And it will add the new Todo component to the AppModule:

UPDATE src/app/app.module.ts

Go ahead and inspect each one. It will look similar to the app components. Let ‘s add our new component to the App component.

[changes diff]

Go to src/app/app.component.html, and replace everything with:



If you have ng serve running, it should automatically update and show todo works!

[changes diff]

4. Todo Template

“todo works!” is not useful. Let’s change that by adding some HTML code to represent our todo tasks. Go to the src/app/todo/todo.component.html file and copy-paste this HTML code:

<section class="todoapp">

  <header class="header">
    <input class="new-todo" placeholder="What needs to be done?" autofocus>

  <!-- This section should be hidden by default and shown when there are todos -->
  <section class="main">

    <ul class="todo-list">
      <!-- These are here just to show the structure of the list items -->
      <!-- List items should get the class `editing` when editing and `completed` when marked as completed -->
      <li class="completed">
        <div class="view">
          <input class="toggle" type="checkbox" checked>
          <label>Install angular-cli</label>
          <button class="destroy"></button>
        <input class="edit" value="Create a TodoMVC template">
        <div class="view">
          <input class="toggle" type="checkbox">
          <label>Understand Angular2 apps</label>
          <button class="destroy"></button>
        <input class="edit" value="Rule the web">

  <!-- This footer should hidden by default and shown when there are todos -->
  <footer class="footer">
    <!-- This should be `0 items left` by default -->
    <span class="todo-count"><strong>0</strong> item left</span>
    <!-- Remove this if you don't implement routing -->
    <ul class="filters">
        <a class="selected" href="#/">All</a>
        <a href="#/active">Active</a>
        <a href="#/completed">Completed</a>
    <!-- Hidden if no completed items are left ↓ -->
    <button class="clear-completed">Clear completed</button>

The above HTML code has the general structure about how we want to represent our tasks. Right now it has hard-coded todo’s. We are going to slowly turn it into a dynamic app using Angular data bindings.

[changes diff]

Next, let’s add some styling!

5. Styling the todo app

We are going to use a community maintained CSS for Todo apps. We can go ahead and download the CSS:

npm install --save todomvc-app-css

This will install a CSS file that we can use to style our Todo app and make it look nice. In the next section, we are going to explain how to use it with the angular-cli.json.

6. Adding global styles to angular.json

angular.json is a special file that tells the Angular CLI how to build your application. You can define how to name your root folder, tests and much more. What we care right now, is telling the angular CLI to use our new CSS file from the node modules. You can do it by adding the following line into the styles array:

"architect": {
  "build": {
    "options": {
      "styles": [
      "scripts": []

If you stop and start ng serve, then you will notice the changes.

We have the skeleton so far. Now we are going to make it dynamic and allow users to add/remove/update/sort tasks. We are going to do two versions one serverless and another one using a Node.js/Express server. We are going to be using promises all the time, so when we use a real API, the service is the only one that has to change.

[changes diff]

7. Todo Service

Let’s first start by creating a service that contains an initial list of tasks that we want to manage. We are going to use a service to manipulate the data. Let’s create the service with the CLI by typing:

ng g service todo/todo

This will create two files:

create src/app/todo/todo.service.spec.ts
create src/app/todo/todo.service.ts

[changes diff]

8. CRUD Functionality

For enabling the create-read-update-delete functionality, we are going to be modifying three files:

  • Node.js up and running.
  • NPM (Node package manager) or Yarn installed.

Let’s get started!

8.1 READ: Get all tasks

Let’s modify the todo.service to be able to get tasks:

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';

const TODOS = [
  { title: 'Install Angular CLI', isDone: true },
  { title: 'Style app', isDone: true },
  { title: 'Finish service functionality', isDone: false },
  { title: 'Setup API', isDone: false },

  providedIn: 'root'
export class TodoService {

  constructor() { }

  get() {
    return new Promise(resolve => resolve(TODOS));

Now we need to change our todo component to use the service that we created.

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { TodoService } from './todo.service';

  selector: 'app-todo',
  templateUrl: './todo.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./todo.component.scss'],
  providers: [TodoService]
export class TodoComponent implements OnInit {
  private todos;
  private activeTasks;

  constructor(private todoService: TodoService) { }

    return this.todoService.get().then(todos => {
      this.todos = todos;
      this.activeTasks = this.todos.filter(todo => todo.isDone).length;

  ngOnInit() {

The first change is importing our TodoService and adding it to the providers. Then we use the constructor of the component to load the TodoService. While we inject the service, we can hold a private instance of it in the variable todoService. Finally, we use it in the getTodos method. This will make a variable todos available in the template where we can render the tasks.

Let’s change the template so we can render the data from the service. Go to the todo.component.html and change what is inside the <ul class="todo-list"> ... </ul> for this one:

<ul class="todo-list">
  <li *ngFor="let todo of todos" [ngClass]="{completed: todo.isDone}" >
    <div class="view">
      <input class="toggle" type="checkbox" [checked]="todo.isDone">
      <button class="destroy"></button>
    <input class="edit" value="{{todo.title}}">

Also change the 32 in the template from:

<span class="todo-count"><strong>0</strong> item left</span>

replace it with:

<span class="todo-count"><strong>{{activeTasks}}</strong> item left</span>

When your browser updates you should have something like this:

Now, let’s go over what we just did. We can see that we added new data-binding into the template:

  • Node.js up and running.
  • NPM (Node package manager) or Yarn installed.

[changes diff]

8.2 CREATE: using the input form

Let’s start with the template this time. We have an input element for creating new tasks. Let’s listen to changes in the input form and when we click enter it creates the TODO.

<input class="new-todo"
       placeholder="What needs to be done?"

Notice that we are using a new variable called newTodo and method called addTodo(). Let’s go to the controller and give it some functionality:

private newTodo;

  this.todoService.add({ title: this.newTodo, isDone: false }).then(() => {
    return this.getTodos();
  }).then(() => {
    this.newTodo = ''; // clear input form value

First, we created a private variable that we are going to use to get values from the input form. Then we created a new todo using the todo service method add. It doesn’t exist yet, so we are going to create it next:

add(data) {
  return new Promise(resolve => {

The above code adds the new element into the todos array and resolves the promise. That’s all. Go ahead a test it out creating a new todo element.

You might get an error saying:

Can't bind to 'ngModel' since it isn't a known property of 'input'

To use the two-way data binding you need to import FormsModule in the app.module.ts. So let’s do that.

import { FormsModule } from '@angular/forms';

// ...

  imports: [
    // ...
  // ...

Now it should add new tasks to the list!

[changes diff]

8.3 UPDATE: on double click

Let’s add an event listener to double-click on each todo. That way, we can change the content. Editing is tricky since we need to display an input form. Then when the user clicks enter it should update the value. Finally, it should hide the input and show the label with the updated value. Let’s do that by keeping a temp variable called editing which could be true or false.

<li *ngFor="let todo of todos" [ngClass]="{completed: todo.isDone, editing: todo.editing}" >
  <div class="view">
    <input class="toggle" type="checkbox" [checked]="todo.isDone">
    <label (dblclick)="todo.editing = true">{{todo.title}}</label>
    <button class="destroy"></button>
  <input class="edit"
         (blur)="updateTodo(todo, updatedTodo.value)"
         (keyup.escape)="todo.editing = false"
         (keyup.enter)="updateTodo(todo, updatedTodo.value)">

Notice that we are adding a local variable in the template #updateTodo. Then we use it to get the value like updateTodo.value and pass it to a function. We want to update the variables on blur (when you click somewhere else) or on enter. Let’s add the function that updates the value in the component.

Also, notice that we have a new CSS class applied to the element called editing. This is going to take care through CSS to hide and show the input element when needed.

updateTodo(todo, newValue) {
  todo.title = newValue;
  return this.todoService.put(todo).then(() => {
    todo.editing = false;
    return this.getTodos();

We update the new todo’s title, and after the service has processed the update, we set editing to false. Finally, we reload all the tasks again. Let’s add the put action on the service.

put(changed) {
  return new Promise(resolve => {
    const index = TODOS.findIndex(todo => todo === changed);
    TODOS[index].title = changed.title;

Now, we can edit tasks! Yay!

[changes diff]

8.4 DELETE: clicking X

This is like the other actions. We add an event listenter on the destroy button:

<button class="destroy" (click)="destroyTodo(todo)"></button>

Then we add the function to the component:

destroyTodo(todo) {
  this.todoService.delete(todo).then(() => {
    return this.getTodos();

and finally, we add the method to the service:

delete(selected) {
  return new Promise(resolve => {
    const index = TODOS.findIndex(todo => todo === selected);
    TODOS.splice(index, 1);

Now test it out in the browser!

[changes diff]

9. Routing and Navigation

It’s time to activate the routing. When we click on the active button, we want to show only the ones that are active. Similarly, we want to filter by completed. Additionally, we want to the filters to change the route /active or /completed URLs.

In AppModule, we need to add the router library and define the routes as follows:

import { BrowserModule } from '@angular/platform-browser';
import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { FormsModule } from '@angular/forms';
import { HttpModule } from '@angular/http';
import { Routes, RouterModule } from '@angular/router';

import { AppComponent } from './app.component';
import { TodoComponent } from './todo/todo.component';

const routes: Routes = [
  { path: ':status', component: TodoComponent },
  { path: '**', redirectTo: '/all' }

  declarations: [
  imports: [
  providers: [],
  bootstrap: [AppComponent]
export class AppModule { }

First, we import the routing library. Then we define the routes that we need. We could have said path: 'active', component: TodoComponent and then repeat the same for completed. But instead, we define a parameter called :status that could take any value (allcompletedactive). Any other value path we are going to redirect it to /all. That’s what the ** means.

Finally, we add it to the imports. So the app module uses it. Since the AppComponent is using routes, now we need to define the <router-outlet>. That’s the place where the routes are going to render the component based on the path (in our case TodoComponent).

Let’s go to app/app.component.html and replace <app-todo></app-todo> for <router-outlet></router-outlet>:


Test the app in the browser and verify that now the URL is by default [http://localhost:9000/all](http://localhost:9000/all "http://localhost:9000/all").

[changes diff]

9.1 Using routerLink and ActivatedRoute

routerLink is the replacement of href for our dynamic routes. We have set it up to be /all/complete and /active. Notice that the expression is an array. You can pass each part of the URL as an element of the collection.

<ul class="filters">
    <a [routerLink]="['/all']" [class.selected]="path === 'all'">All</a>
    <a [routerLink]="['/active']" [class.selected]="path === 'active'">Active</a>
    <a [routerLink]="['/completed']" [class.selected]="path === 'completed'">Completed</a>

What we are doing is applying the selected class if the path matches the button. Yet, we haven’t populate the the path variable yet. So let’s do that:

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { ActivatedRoute } from '@angular/router';

import { TodoService } from './todo.service';

  selector: 'app-todo',
  templateUrl: './todo.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./todo.component.scss'],
  providers: [TodoService]
export class TodoComponent implements OnInit {
  private todos;
  private activeTasks;
  private newTodo;
  private path;

  constructor(private todoService: TodoService, private route: ActivatedRoute) { }

  ngOnInit() {
    this.route.params.subscribe(params => {
      this.path = params['status'];

  /* ... */

We added ActivatedRoute as a dependency and in the constructor. ActivatedRoute gives us access to the all the route params such as path. Notice that we are using it in the NgOnInit and set the path accordantly.

Go to the browser and check out that the URL matches the active button. But, it doesn’t filter anything yet. Let’s fix that.

[changes diff]

9.2 Filtering data based on the route

To filter todos by active and completed, we need to pass a parameter to the todoService.get.

ngOnInit() {
  this.route.params.subscribe(params => {
    this.path = params['status'];

getTodos(query = ''){
  return this.todoService.get(query).then(todos => {
    this.todos = todos;
    this.activeTasks = this.todos.filter(todo => todo.isDone).length;

We added a new parameter query, which takes the path (active, completed or all). Then, we pass that parameter to the service. Let’s handle that in the service:

get(query = '') {
  return new Promise(resolve => {
    let data;

    if (query === 'completed' || query === 'active'){
      const isCompleted = query === 'completed';
      data = TODOS.filter(todo => todo.isDone === isCompleted);
    } else {
      data = TODOS;


So we added a filter by isDone when we pass either completed or active. If the query is anything else, we return all the todos tasks. That’s pretty much it, test it out!

[changes diff]

10. Clearing out completed tasks

One last UI functionality, clearing out completed tasks button. Let’s first add the click event on the template:

<button class="clear-completed" (click)="clearCompleted()">Clear completed</button>

We referenced a new function clearCompleted that we haven’t create yet. Let’s create it in the TodoComponent:

clearCompleted() {
  this.todoService.deleteCompleted().then(() => {
    return this.getTodos();

In the same way we have to create deleteCompleted in the service:

deleteCompleted() {
  return new Promise(resolve => {
    todos = todos.filter(todo => !todo.isDone);

We use the filter to get the active tasks and replace the todos array with it.

That’s it we have completed all the functionality.

[changes diff]

11. Deploying the app

You can generate all your assets for production running this command:

ng build --prod

It will minify and concatenate the assets for serving the app faster.

If you want to deploy to a Github page you can do the following:

ng build --prod --output-path docs --base-href "/angular-todo-app/"

Replace /angular-todo-app/ with the name of your project name. Finally, go to settings and set up serving Github pages using the /docs folder:

12. Troubleshooting

If when you compile for production you get an error like:

The variable used in the template needs to be declared as "public". Template is treated as a separate Typescript class.

ERROR in src/app/todo/todo.component.html(7,8): : Property 'newTodo' is private and only accessible within class 'TodoComponent'.
src/app/todo/todo.component.html(19,11): : Property 'todos' is private and only accessible within class 'TodoComponent'.
src/app/todo/todo.component.html(38,38): : Property 'activeTasks' is private and only accessible within class 'TodoComponent'.
src/app/todo/todo.component.html(41,36): : Property 'path' is private and only accessible within class 'TodoComponent'.
src/app/todo/todo.component.html(44,39): : Property 'path' is private and only accessible within class 'TodoComponent'.
src/app/todo/todo.component.html(47,42): : Property 'path' is private and only accessible within class 'TodoComponent'.
src/app/todo/todo.component.html(7,8): : Property 'newTodo' is private and only accessible within class 'TodoComponent'.

Then you need to change private to public like this. This is because the Template in Angular is treated like a separate class.

That’s all folks!


Thanks for reading :heart: If you liked this post, share it with all of your programming buddies! Follow me on Facebook | Twitter

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Angular Tutorial: Create a CRUD App with Angular CLI and TypeScript
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Best Electric Bikes and Scooters for Rental Business or Campus Facility

The electric scooter revolution has caught on super-fast taking many cities across the globe by storm. eScooters, a renovated version of old-school scooters now turned into electric vehicles are an environmentally friendly solution to current on-demand commute problems. They work on engines, like cars, enabling short traveling distances without hassle. The result is that these groundbreaking electric machines can now provide faster transport for less — cheaper than Uber and faster than Metro.

Since they are durable, fast, easy to operate and maintain, and are more convenient to park compared to four-wheelers, the eScooters trend has and continues to spike interest as a promising growth area. Several companies and universities are increasingly setting up shop to provide eScooter services realizing a would-be profitable business model and a ready customer base that is university students or residents in need of faster and cheap travel going about their business in school, town, and other surrounding areas.

Electric Scooters Trends and Statistics

In many countries including the U.S., Canada, Mexico, U.K., Germany, France, China, Japan, India, Brazil and Mexico and more, a growing number of eScooter users both locals and tourists can now be seen effortlessly passing lines of drivers stuck in the endless and unmoving traffic.

A recent report by McKinsey revealed that the E-Scooter industry will be worth― $200 billion to $300 billion in the United States, $100 billion to $150 billion in Europe, and $30 billion to $50 billion in China in 2030. The e-Scooter revenue model will also spike and is projected to rise by more than 20% amounting to approximately $5 billion.

And, with a necessity to move people away from high carbon prints, traffic and congestion issues brought about by car-centric transport systems in cities, more and more city planners are developing more bike/scooter lanes and adopting zero-emission plans. This is the force behind the booming electric scooter market and the numbers will only go higher and higher.

Companies that have taken advantage of the growing eScooter trend develop an appthat allows them to provide efficient eScooter services. Such an app enables them to be able to locate bike pick-up and drop points through fully integrated google maps.

List of Best Electric Bikes for Rental Business or Campus Facility 2020:

It’s clear that e scooters will increasingly become more common and the e-scooter business model will continue to grab the attention of manufacturers, investors, entrepreneurs. All this should go ahead with a quest to know what are some of the best electric bikes in the market especially for anyone who would want to get started in the electric bikes/scooters rental business.

We have done a comprehensive list of the best electric bikes! Each bike has been reviewed in depth and includes a full list of specs and a photo.

Billy eBike


To start us off is the Billy eBike, a powerful go-anywhere urban electric bike that’s specially designed to offer an exciting ride like no other whether you want to ride to the grocery store, cafe, work or school. The Billy eBike comes in 4 color options – Billy Blue, Polished aluminium, Artic white, and Stealth black.

Price: $2490

Available countries

Available in the USA, Europe, Asia, South Africa and Australia.This item ships from the USA. Buyers are therefore responsible for any taxes and/or customs duties incurred once it arrives in your country.


  • Control – Ride with confidence with our ultra-wide BMX bars and a hyper-responsive twist throttle.
  • Stealth- Ride like a ninja with our Gates carbon drive that’s as smooth as butter and maintenance-free.
  • Drive – Ride further with our high torque fat bike motor, giving a better climbing performance.
  • Accelerate – Ride quicker with our 20-inch lightweight cutout rims for improved acceleration.
  • Customize – Ride your own way with 5 levels of power control. Each level determines power and speed.
  • Flickable – Ride harder with our BMX /MotoX inspired geometry and lightweight aluminum package


  • Maximum speed: 20 mph (32 km/h)
  • Range per charge: 41 miles (66 km)
  • Maximum Power: 500W
  • Motor type: Fat Bike Motor: Bafang RM G060.500.DC
  • Load capacity: 300lbs (136kg)
  • Battery type: 13.6Ah Samsung lithium-ion,
  • Battery capacity: On/off-bike charging available
  • Weight: w/o batt. 48.5lbs (22kg), w/ batt. 54lbs (24.5kg)
  • Front Suspension: Fully adjustable air shock, preload/compression damping /lockout
  • Rear Suspension: spring, preload adjustment
  • Built-in GPS

Why Should You Buy This?

  • Riding fun and excitement
  • Better climbing ability and faster acceleration.
  • Ride with confidence
  • Billy folds for convenient storage and transportation.
  • Shorty levers connect to disc brakes ensuring you stop on a dime
  • belt drives are maintenance-free and clean (no oil or lubrication needed)

**Who Should Ride Billy? **

Both new and experienced riders

**Where to Buy? **Local distributors or ships from the USA.

Genze 200 series e-Bike


Featuring a sleek and lightweight aluminum frame design, the 200-Series ebike takes your riding experience to greater heights. Available in both black and white this ebike comes with a connected app, which allows you to plan activities, map distances and routes while also allowing connections with fellow riders.

Price: $2099.00

Available countries

The Genze 200 series e-Bike is available at GenZe retail locations across the U.S or online via website. Customers from outside the US can ship the product while incurring the relevant charges.


  • 2 Frame Options
  • 2 Sizes
  • Integrated/Removable Battery
  • Throttle and Pedal Assist Ride Modes
  • Integrated LCD Display
  • Connected App
  • 24 month warranty
  • GPS navigation
  • Bluetooth connectivity


  • Maximum speed: 20 mph with throttle
  • Range per charge: 15-18 miles w/ throttle and 30-50 miles w/ pedal assist
  • Charging time: 3.5 hours
  • Motor type: Brushless Rear Hub Motor
  • Gears: Microshift Thumb Shifter
  • Battery type: Removable Samsung 36V, 9.6AH Li-Ion battery pack
  • Battery capacity: 36V and 350 Wh
  • Weight: 46 pounds
  • Derailleur: 8-speed Shimano
  • Brakes: Dual classic
  • Wheels: 26 x 20 inches
  • Frame: 16, and 18 inches
  • Operating Mode: Analog mode 5 levels of Pedal Assist Thrott­le Mode

Norco from eBikestore


The Norco VLT S2 is a front suspension e-Bike with solid components alongside the reliable Bosch Performance Line Power systems that offer precise pedal assistance during any riding situation.

Price: $2,699.00

Available countries

This item is available via the various Norco bikes international distributors.


  • VLT aluminum frame- for stiffness and wheel security.
  • Bosch e-bike system – for their reliability and performance.
  • E-bike components – for added durability.
  • Hydraulic disc brakes – offer riders more stopping power for safety and control at higher speeds.
  • Practical design features – to add convenience and versatility.


  • Maximum speed: KMC X9 9spd
  • Motor type: Bosch Active Line
  • Gears: Shimano Altus RD-M2000, SGS, 9 Speed
  • Battery type: Power Pack 400
  • Battery capacity: 396Wh
  • Suspension: SR Suntour suspension fork
  • Frame: Norco VLT, Aluminum, 12x142mm TA Dropouts

Bodo EV


Manufactured by Bodo Vehicle Group Limited, the Bodo EV is specially designed for strong power and extraordinary long service to facilitate super amazing rides. The Bodo Vehicle Company is a striking top in electric vehicles brand field in China and across the globe. Their Bodo EV will no doubt provide your riders with high-level riding satisfaction owing to its high-quality design, strength, breaking stability and speed.

Price: $799

Available countries

This item ships from China with buyers bearing the shipping costs and other variables prior to delivery.


  • Reliable
  • Environment friendly
  • Comfortable riding
  • Fashionable
  • Economical
  • Durable – long service life
  • Braking stability
  • LED lighting technology


  • Maximum speed: 45km/h
  • Range per charge: 50km per person
  • Charging time: 8 hours
  • Maximum Power: 3000W
  • Motor type: Brushless DC Motor
  • Load capacity: 100kg
  • Battery type: Lead-acid battery
  • Battery capacity: 60V 20AH
  • Weight: w/o battery 47kg

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Carmen  Grimes

Carmen Grimes


How to start an electric scooter facility/fleet in a university campus/IT park

Are you leading an organization that has a large campus, e.g., a large university? You are probably thinking of introducing an electric scooter/bicycle fleet on the campus, and why wouldn’t you?

Introducing micro-mobility in your campus with the help of such a fleet would help the people on the campus significantly. People would save money since they don’t need to use a car for a short distance. Your campus will see a drastic reduction in congestion, moreover, its carbon footprint will reduce.

Micro-mobility is relatively new though and you would need help. You would need to select an appropriate fleet of vehicles. The people on your campus would need to find electric scooters or electric bikes for commuting, and you need to provide a solution for this.

To be more specific, you need a short-term electric bike rental app. With such an app, you will be able to easily offer micro-mobility to the people on the campus. We at Devathon have built Autorent exactly for this.

What does Autorent do and how can it help you? How does it enable you to introduce micro-mobility on your campus? We explain these in this article, however, we will touch upon a few basics first.

Micro-mobility: What it is


You are probably thinking about micro-mobility relatively recently, aren’t you? A few relevant insights about it could help you to better appreciate its importance.

Micro-mobility is a new trend in transportation, and it uses vehicles that are considerably smaller than cars. Electric scooters (e-scooters) and electric bikes (e-bikes) are the most popular forms of micro-mobility, however, there are also e-unicycles and e-skateboards.

You might have already seen e-scooters, which are kick scooters that come with a motor. Thanks to its motor, an e-scooter can achieve a speed of up to 20 km/h. On the other hand, e-bikes are popular in China and Japan, and they come with a motor, and you can reach a speed of 40 km/h.

You obviously can’t use these vehicles for very long commutes, however, what if you need to travel a short distance? Even if you have a reasonable public transport facility in the city, it might not cover the route you need to take. Take the example of a large university campus. Such a campus is often at a considerable distance from the central business district of the city where it’s located. While public transport facilities may serve the central business district, they wouldn’t serve this large campus. Currently, many people drive their cars even for short distances.

As you know, that brings its own set of challenges. Vehicular traffic adds significantly to pollution, moreover, finding a parking spot can be hard in crowded urban districts.

Well, you can reduce your carbon footprint if you use an electric car. However, electric cars are still new, and many countries are still building the necessary infrastructure for them. Your large campus might not have the necessary infrastructure for them either. Presently, electric cars don’t represent a viable option in most geographies.

As a result, you need to buy and maintain a car even if your commute is short. In addition to dealing with parking problems, you need to spend significantly on your car.

All of these factors have combined to make people sit up and think seriously about cars. Many people are now seriously considering whether a car is really the best option even if they have to commute only a short distance.

This is where micro-mobility enters the picture. When you commute a short distance regularly, e-scooters or e-bikes are viable options. You limit your carbon footprints and you cut costs!

Businesses have seen this shift in thinking, and e-scooter companies like Lime and Bird have entered this field in a big way. They let you rent e-scooters by the minute. On the other hand, start-ups like Jump and Lyft have entered the e-bike market.

Think of your campus now! The people there might need to travel short distances within the campus, and e-scooters can really help them.

How micro-mobility can benefit you


What advantages can you get from micro-mobility? Let’s take a deeper look into this question.

Micro-mobility can offer several advantages to the people on your campus, e.g.:

  • Affordability: Shared e-scooters are cheaper than other mass transportation options. Remember that the people on your campus will use them on a shared basis, and they will pay for their short commutes only. Well, depending on your operating model, you might even let them use shared e-scooters or e-bikes for free!
  • Convenience: Users don’t need to worry about finding parking spots for shared e-scooters since these are small. They can easily travel from point A to point B on your campus with the help of these e-scooters.
  • Environmentally sustainable: Shared e-scooters reduce the carbon footprint, moreover, they decongest the roads. Statistics from the pilot programs in cities like Portland and Denver showimpressive gains around this key aspect.
  • Safety: This one’s obvious, isn’t it? When people on your campus use small e-scooters or e-bikes instead of cars, the problem of overspeeding will disappear. you will see fewer accidents.

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