How To Make The Instagram Logo with HTML & CSS Code! (Quick Tutorial)

How To Make The Instagram Logo with HTML & CSS Code! (Quick Tutorial) - Another logo design tutorial but using HTML and CSS code. So why would you make a logo with CSS, well for me it’s kind of fun to experiment with the code and make something creative, but you could also animate this kind of logo in all kinds of ways and use it to make your website portfolio stand out from the crowd, since all of the components are made up of HTML elements. Also, making something like this pushes your coding skills so it’s always worth a shot!

#css #html

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How To Make The Instagram Logo with HTML & CSS Code! (Quick Tutorial)
Monty  Boehm

Monty Boehm


How to Use Hotwire Rails


We are back with another exciting and much-talked-about Rails tutorial on how to use Hotwire with the Rails application. This Hotwire Rails tutorial is an alternate method for building modern web applications that consume a pinch of JavaScript.

Rails 7 Hotwire is the default front-end framework shipped with Rails 7 after it was launched. It is used to represent HTML over the wire in the Rails application. Previously, we used to add a hotwire-rails gem in our gem file and then run rails hotwire: install. However, with the introduction of Rails 7, the gem got deprecated. Now, we use turbo-rails and stimulus rails directly, which work as Hotwire’s SPA-like page accelerator and Hotwire’s modest JavaScript framework.

What is Hotwire?

Hotwire is a package of different frameworks that help to build applications. It simplifies the developer’s work for writing web pages without the need to write JavaScript, and instead sending HTML code over the wire.

Introduction to The Hotwire Framework:

1. Turbo:

It uses simplified techniques to build web applications while decreasing the usage of JavaScript in the application. Turbo offers numerous handling methods for the HTML data sent over the wire and displaying the application’s data without actually loading the entire page. It helps to maintain the simplicity of web applications without destroying the single-page application experience by using the below techniques:

Turbo Frames: Turbo Frames help to load the different sections of our markup without any dependency as it divides the page into different contexts separately called frames and updates these frames individually.
Turbo Drive: Every link doesn’t have to make the entire page reload when clicked. Only the HTML contained within the tag will be displayed.
Turbo Streams: To add real-time features to the application, this technique is used. It helps to bring real-time data to the application using CRUD actions.

2. Stimulus

It represents the JavaScript framework, which is required when JS is a requirement in the application. The interaction with the HTML is possible with the help of a stimulus, as the controllers that help those interactions are written by a stimulus.

3. Strada

Not much information is available about Strada as it has not been officially released yet. However, it works with native applications, and by using HTML bridge attributes, interaction is made possible between web applications and native apps.

Simple diagrammatic representation of Hotwire Stack:

Hotwire Stack

Prerequisites For Hotwire Rails Tutorial

As we are implementing the Ruby on Rails Hotwire tutorial, make sure about the following installations before you can get started.

  • Ruby on Rails
  • Hotwire gem
  • PostgreSQL/SQLite (choose any one database)
  • Turbo Rails
  • Stimulus.js

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Create a new Rails Project

Find the following commands to create a rails application.

mkdir ~/projects/railshotwire
cd ~/projects/railshotwire
echo "source ''" > Gemfile
echo "gem 'rails', '~> 7.0.0'" >> Gemfile
bundle install  
bundle exec rails new . --force -d=postgresql

Now create some files for the project, up till now no usage of Rails Hotwire can be seen.
Fire the following command in your terminal.

  • For creating a default controller for the application
echo "class HomeController < ApplicationController" > app/controllers/home_controller.rb
echo "end" >> app/controllers/home_controller.rb
  • For creating another controller for the application
echo "class OtherController < ApplicationController" > app/controllers/other_controller.rb
echo "end" >> app/controllers/home_controller.rb
  • For creating routes for the application
echo "Rails.application.routes.draw do" > config/routes.rb
echo '  get "home/index"' >> config/routes.rb
echo '  get "other/index"' >> config/routes.rb
echo '  root to: "home#index"' >> config/routes.rb
echo 'end' >> config/routes.rb
  • For creating a default view for the application
mkdir app/views/home
echo '<h1>This is Rails Hotwire homepage</h1>' > app/views/home/index.html.erb
echo '<div><%= link_to "Enter to other page", other_index_path %></div>' >> app/views/home/index.html.erb
  • For creating another view for the application
mkdir app/views/other
echo '<h1>This is Another page</h1>' > app/views/other/index.html.erb
echo '<div><%= link_to "Enter to home page", root_path %></div>' >> app/views/other/index.html.erb
  • For creating a database and schema.rb file for the application
bin/rails db:create
bin/rails db:migrate
  • For checking the application run bin/rails s and open your browser, your running application will have the below view.

Rails Hotwire Home Page

Additionally, you can clone the code and browse through the project. Here’s the source code of the repository: Rails 7 Hotwire application

Now, let’s see how Hotwire Rails can work its magic with various Turbo techniques.

Hotwire Rails: Turbo Drive

Go to your localhost:3000 on your web browser and right-click on the Inspect and open a Network tab of the DevTools of the browser.

Now click on go to another page link that appears on the home page to redirect from the home page to another page. In our Network tab, we can see that this action of navigation is achieved via XHR. It appears only the part inside HTML is reloaded, here neither the CSS is reloaded nor the JS is reloaded when the navigation action is performed.

Hotwire Rails Turbo Drive

By performing this action we can see that Turbo Drive helps to represent the HTML response without loading the full page and only follows redirect and reindeer HTML responses which helps to make the application faster to access.

Hotwire Rails: Turbo Frame

This technique helps to divide the current page into different sections called frames that can be updated separately independently when new data is added from the server.
Below we discuss the different use cases of Turbo frame like inline edition, sorting, searching, and filtering of data.

Let’s perform some practical actions to see the example of these use cases.

Make changes in the app/controllers/home_controller.rb file


class HomeController < ApplicationController
   def turbo_frame_form
   def turbo_frame submit
      extracted_anynumber = params[:any][:anynumber]
      render :turbo_frame_form, status: :ok, locals: {anynumber: extracted_anynumber,      comment: 'turbo_frame_submit ok' }

Turbo Frame

Add app/views/home/turbo_frame_form.html.erb file to the application and add this content inside the file.



    <%= turbo_frame_tag 'anyframe' do %>
          <h2>Frame view</h2>
          <%= form_with scope: :any, url: turbo_frame_submit_path, local: true do |form| %>
              <%= form.label :anynumber, 'Type an integer (odd or even)', 'class' => 'my-0  d-inline'  %>
              <%= form.text_field :anynumber, type: 'number', 'required' => 'true', 'value' => "#{local_assigns[:anynumber] || 0}",  'aria-describedby' => 'anynumber' %>
              <%= form.submit 'Submit this number', 'id' => 'submit-number' %>
          <% end %>
        <h2>Data of the view</h2>
        <pre style="font-size: .7rem;"><%= JSON.pretty_generate(local_assigns) %></pre> 
    <% end %>


Add the content inside file

Make some adjustments in routes.rb


Rails.application.routes.draw do
  get 'home/index'
  get 'other/index'

  get '/home/turbo_frame_form' => 'home#turbo_frame_form', as: 'turbo_frame_form'
  post '/home/turbo_frame_submit' => 'home#turbo_frame_submit', as: 'turbo_frame_submit'

  root to: "home#index"
  • Next step is to change homepage view in app/views/home/index.html.erb


<h1>This is Rails Hotwire home page</h1>
<div><%= link_to "Enter to other page", other_index_path %></div>

<%= turbo_frame_tag 'anyframe' do %>        
      <h2>Home view</h2>
      <%= form_with scope: :any, url: turbo_frame_submit_path, local: true do |form| %>
          <%= form.label :anynumber, 'Type an integer (odd or even)', 'class' => 'my-0  d-inline'  %>
          <%= form.text_field :anynumber, type: 'number', 'required' => 'true', 'value' => "#{local_assigns[:anynumber] || 0}",  'aria-describedby' => 'anynumber' %>
          <%= form.submit 'Submit this number', 'id' => 'submit-number' %>
      <% end %>
<% end %>

Change HomePage

After making all the changes, restart the rails server and refresh the browser, the default view will appear on the browser.

restart the rails serverNow in the field enter any digit, after entering the digit click on submit button, and as the submit button is clicked we can see the Turbo Frame in action in the below screen, we can observe that the frame part changed, the first title and first link didn’t move.

submit button is clicked

Hotwire Rails: Turbo Streams

Turbo Streams deliver page updates over WebSocket, SSE or in response to form submissions by only using HTML and a series of CRUD-like operations, you are free to say that either

  • Update the piece of HTML while responding to all the other actions like the post, put, patch, and delete except the GET action.
  • Transmit a change to all users, without reloading the browser page.

This transmit can be represented by a simple example.

  • Make changes in app/controllers/other_controller.rb file of rails application


class OtherController < ApplicationController

  def post_something
    respond_to do |format|
      format.turbo_stream {  }


file of rails application

Add the below line in routes.rb file of the application


post '/other/post_something' => 'other#post_something', as: 'post_something'
Add the below line

Superb! Rails will now attempt to locate the app/views/other/post_something.turbo_stream.erb template at any moment the ‘/other/post_something’ endpoint is reached.

For this, we need to add app/views/other/post_something.turbo_stream.erb template in the rails application.


<turbo-stream action="append" target="messages">
    <div id="message_1">This changes the existing message!</div>
Add template in the rails application

This states that the response will try to append the template of the turbo frame with ID “messages”.

Now change the index.html.erb file in app/views/other paths with the below content.


<h1>This is Another page</h1>
<div><%= link_to "Enter to home page", root_path %></div>

<div style="margin-top: 3rem;">
  <%= form_with scope: :any, url: post_something_path do |form| %>
      <%= form.submit 'Post any message %>
  <% end %>
  <turbo-frame id="messages">
    <div>An empty message</div>
change the index.html.erb file
  • After making all the changes, restart the rails server and refresh the browser, and go to the other page.

go to the other page

  • Once the above screen appears, click on the Post any message button

Post any message button

This action shows that after submitting the response, the Turbo Streams help the developer to append the message, without reloading the page.

Another use case we can test is that rather than appending the message, the developer replaces the message. For that, we need to change the content of app/views/other/post_something.turbo_stream.erb template file and change the value of the action attribute from append to replace and check the changes in the browser.


<turbo-stream action="replace" target="messages">
    <div id="message_1">This changes the existing message!</div>

change the value of the action attributeWhen we click on Post any message button, the message that appear below that button will get replaced with the message that is mentioned in the app/views/other/post_something.turbo_stream.erb template

click on Post any message button


There are some cases in an application where JS is needed, therefore to cover those scenarios we require Hotwire JS tool. Hotwire has a JS tool because in some scenarios Turbo-* tools are not sufficient. But as we know that Hotwire is used to reduce the usage of JS in an application, Stimulus considers HTML as the single source of truth. Consider the case where we have to give elements on a page some JavaScript attributes, such as data controller, data-action, and data target. For that, a stimulus controller that can access elements and receive events based on those characteristics will be created.

Make a change in app/views/other/index.html.erb template file in rails application


<h1>This is Another page</h1>
<div><%= link_to "Enter to home page", root_path %></div>

<div style="margin-top: 2rem;">
  <%= form_with scope: :any, url: post_something_path do |form| %>
      <%= form.submit 'Post something' %>
  <% end %>
  <turbo-frame id="messages">
    <div>An empty message</div>

<div style="margin-top: 2rem;">
  <div data-controller="hello">
    <input data-hello-target="name" type="text">
    <button data-action="click->hello#greet">
    <span data-hello-target="output">

Make A changeMake changes in the hello_controller.js in path app/JavaScript/controllers and add a stimulus controller in the file, which helps to bring the HTML into life.


import { Controller } from "@hotwired/stimulus"

export default class extends Controller {
  static targets = [ "name", "output" ]

  greet() {
    this.outputTarget.textContent =
      `Hello, ${this.nameTarget.value}!`

add a stimulus controller in the fileGo to your browser after making the changes in the code and click on Enter to other page link which will navigate to the localhost:3000/other/index page there you can see the changes implemented by the stimulus controller that is designed to augment your HTML with just enough behavior to make it more responsive.

With just a little bit of work, Turbo and Stimulus together offer a complete answer for applications that are quick and compelling.

Using Rails 7 Hotwire helps to load the pages at a faster speed and allows you to render templates on the server, where you have access to your whole domain model. It is a productive development experience in ROR, without compromising any of the speed or responsiveness associated with SPA.


We hope you were satisfied with our Rails Hotwire tutorial. Write to us at for any query that you want to resolve, or if you want us to share a tutorial on your query.

For more such solutions on RoR, check out our Ruby on Rails Tutorials. We will always strive to amaze you and cater to your needs.

Original article source at:

#rails #ruby 

anita maity

anita maity


Responsive Footer Design using HTML, CSS & Bootstrap

Hello Readers, welcome to my other blog, today in this blog I’m going to create a Responsive Footer by using HTML & CSS only. Earlier I have shared How to create a Responsive Navigation Menu and now it’s time to create a footer section.

As you can see on the image which is given on the webpage. There are various important topics there like About us, Our services and subscribes, some social media icons, and a contact section for easy connection. I want to tell you that it is fully responsive. Responsive means this program is fit in all screen devices like tablet, small screen laptop, or mobile devices.

Live Demo

#responsive footer html css template #footer design in html #simple footer html css code #simple responsive footer codepen #responsive footer code in html and css #responsive footer html css codepen

Wiyada Yawai


How To Create Tabs in Less Than 12 Minutes Using HTML CSS

In this video, We have created a Tab design in HTML and CSS without using JavaScript. I have also provided HTML and CSS code on my website, you can visit my website by clicking given link. 


Source Code :


<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en" dir="ltr">
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <!--<title> CSS Vertical Tabs </title>-->
    <link rel="stylesheet" href="style.css">
    <!-- Fontawesome CDN Link -->
    <link rel="stylesheet" href=""/>
     <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
  <div class="container">
    <div class="topic">CSS Vertical Tabs.</div>
    <div class="content">
      <input type="radio" name="slider" checked id="home">
      <input type="radio" name="slider" id="blog">
      <input type="radio" name="slider" id="help">
      <input type="radio" name="slider" id="code">
      <input type="radio" name="slider" id="about">
      <div class="list">
        <label for="home" class="home">
        <i class="fas fa-home"></i>
        <span class="title">Home</span>
      <label for="blog" class="blog">
        <span class="icon"><i class="fas fa-blog"></i></span>
        <span class="title">Blog</span>
      <label for="help" class="help">
        <span class="icon"><i class="far fa-envelope"></i></span>
        <span class="title">Help</span>
      <label for="code" class="code">
        <span class="icon"><i class="fas fa-code"></i></span>
        <span class="title">Code</span>
      <label for="about" class="about">
        <span class="icon"><i class="far fa-user"></i></span>
        <span class="title">About</span>
      <div class="slider"></div>
      <div class="text-content">
        <div class="home text">
          <div class="title">Home Content</div>
          <p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit. Quasi excepturi ducimus sequi dignissimos expedita tempore omnis quos cum, possimus, aspernatur esse nihil commodi est maiores dolorum rem iusto atque, beatae voluptas sit eligendi architecto dolorem temporibus. Non magnam ipsam, voluptas quasi nam dicta ut. Ad corrupti aliquid obcaecati alias, nemo veritatis porro nisi eius sequi dignissimos ea repellendus quibusdam minima ipsum animi quae, libero quisquam a! Laudantium iste est sapiente, ullam itaque odio iure laborum voluptatem quaerat tempore doloremque quam modi, atque minima enim saepe! Dolorem rerum minima incidunt, officia!</p>
        <div class="blog text">
          <div class="title">Blog Content</div>
          <p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit. Alias tempora, unde reprehenderit incidunt excepturi blanditiis ullam dignissimos provident quam? Fugit, enim! Architecto ad officiis dignissimos ex quae iusto amet pariatur, ea eius aut velit, tempora magnam hic autem maiores unde corrupti tenetur delectus! Voluptatum praesentium labore consectetur ea qui illum illo distinctio, sunt, ipsam rerum optio quibusdam cum a? Aut facilis non fuga molestiae voluptatem omnis reprehenderit, dignissimos commodi repellat sapiente natus ipsam, ipsa distinctio. Ducimus repudiandae fuga aliquid, numquam.</p>
        <div class="help text">
          <div class="title">Help Content</div>
          <p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit. Maiores error neque, officia excepturi dolores quis dolor, architecto iusto deleniti a soluta nostrum. Fuga reiciendis beatae, dicta voluptatem, vitae eligendi maxime accusamus. Amet totam aut odio velit cumque autem neque sequi provident mollitia, nisi sunt maiores facilis debitis in officiis asperiores saepe quo soluta laudantium ad non quisquam! Repellendus culpa necessitatibus aliquam quod mollitia perspiciatis ducimus doloribus perferendis autem, omnis, impedit, veniam qui dolorem? Ipsam nihil assumenda, sit ratione blanditiis eius aliquam libero iusto, dolorum aut perferendis modi laboriosam sint dolor.</p>
        <div class="code text">
          <div class="title">Code Content</div>
          <p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit. Tempore magnam vitae inventore blanditiis nam tenetur voluptates doloribus error atque reprehenderit, necessitatibus minima incidunt a eius corrupti placeat, quasi similique deserunt, harum? Quia ut impedit ab earum expedita soluta repellat perferendis hic tempora inventore, accusantium porro consequuntur quisquam et assumenda distinctio dignissimos doloremque enim nemo delectus deserunt! Ullam perspiciatis quae aliquid animi quam amet deleniti, at dolorum tenetur, tempore laborum.</p>
        <div class="about text">
          <div class="title">About Content</div>
          <p>Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit. Necessitatibus incidunt possimus quas ad, sit nam veniam illo ullam sapiente, aspernatur fugiat atque. Laboriosam libero voluptatum molestiae veniam earum quisquam, laudantium aperiam, eligendi dicta animi maxime sunt non nisi, ex, ipsa! Soluta ex, quibusdam voluptatem distinctio asperiores recusandae veritatis optio dolorem illo nesciunt quos ullam, dicta numquam ipsam cumque sed. Blanditiis omnis placeat, enim sit dicta eligendi voluptatibus laborum consectetur repudiandae tempora numquam molestiae rerum mollitia nemo. Velit perspiciatis, nesciunt, quo illo quas error debitis molestiae et sapiente neque tempore natus?</p>



@import url(';300;400;500;600;700&display=swap');
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
  box-sizing: border-box;
  font-family: 'Poppins', sans-serif;
  height: 100vh;
  display: flex;
  align-items: center;
  justify-content: center;
  background: #dad3f8;
  background: #6d50e2;
  color: #fff;
  max-width: 950px;
  width: 100%;
  padding: 40px 50px  40px  40px;
  background: #fff;
  margin: 0 20px;
  border-radius: 12px;
  box-shadow: 0 5px 10px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.2);
.container .topic{
  font-size: 30px;
  font-weight: 500;
  margin-bottom: 20px;
  display: flex;
  align-items: center;
  justify-content: space-between;
.content .list{
  display: flex;
  flex-direction: column;
  width: 20%;
  margin-right: 50px;
  position: relative;
.content .list label{
  height: 60px;
  font-size: 22px;
  font-weight: 500;
  line-height: 60px;
  cursor: pointer;
  padding-left: 25px;
  transition: all 0.5s ease;
  color: #333;
  z-index: 12;
#home:checked ~ .list label.home,
#blog:checked ~ .list,
#help:checked ~ .list,
#code:checked ~ .list label.code,
#about:checked ~ .list label.about{
  color: #fff;
.content .list label:hover{
  color: #6d50e2;
.content .slider{
  position: absolute;
  left: 0;
  top: 0;
  height: 60px;
  width: 100%;
  border-radius: 12px;
  background: #6d50e2;
  transition: all 0.4s ease;
#home:checked ~ .list .slider{
  top: 0;
#blog:checked ~ .list .slider{
  top: 60px;
#help:checked ~ .list .slider{
  top: 120px;
#code:checked ~ .list .slider{
  top: 180px;
#about:checked ~ .list .slider{
  top: 240px;
.content .text-content{
  width: 80%;
  height: 100%;
.content .text{
  display: none;
.content .text .title{
  font-size: 25px;
  margin-bottom: 10px;
  font-weight: 500;
.content .text p{
  text-align: justify;
.content .text-content .home{
  display: block;
#home:checked ~ .text-content .home,
#blog:checked ~ .text-content .blog,
#help:checked ~ .text-content .help,
#code:checked ~ .text-content .code,
#about:checked ~ .text-content .about{
  display: block;
#blog:checked ~ .text-content .home,
#help:checked ~ .text-content .home,
#code:checked ~ .text-content .home,
#about:checked ~ .text-content .home{
  display: none;
.content input{
  display: none;

Download Code Files

#javascript #html #css

Alisha  Larkin

Alisha Larkin


HTML Tutorial For Beginners

The prospect of learning HTML can seem confusing at first: where to begin, what to learn, the best ways to learn — it can be difficult to get started. In this article, we’ll explore the best ways for learning HTML to assist you on your programming journey.

What is HTML?

Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is the standard markup language for documents meant to be displayed in a web browser. Along with Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) and JavaScript, HTML completes the trio of essential tools used in creating modern web documents.

HTML provides the structure of a webpage, from the header and footer sections to paragraphs of text, videos, and images. CSS allows you to set the visual properties of different HTML elements, like changing colors, setting the order of blocks on the screen, and defining which elements to display. JavaScript automates changes to HTML and CSS, for example, making the font larger in a paragraph when a user clicks a button on the page.

#html #html-css #html-fundamentals #learning-html #html-css-basics #html-templates

anita maity

anita maity


Sidebar Menu Using Only HTML and CSS | Side Navigation Bar

how to create a Sidebar Menu using HTML and CSS only. Previously I have shared a Responsive Navigation Menu Bar using HTML & CSS only, now it’s time to create a Side Navigation Menu Bar that slides from the left or right side.


#sidebar menu using html css #side navigation menu html css #css side navigation menu bar #,pure css sidebar menu #side menu bar html css #side menu bar using html css