So, what are front-end developers looking for in their tech stacks? As a full-time developer, I know it comes down to rapid development and easy-to-make UIs.
Our developers implement front-end logic by relying heavily on React. At the same time, I was surprised by how simple it was to create applications with React.
The application is simple. It’s a studio management app for music teachers that helps them focus more on their teaching and less on the management of their music studio.
The key challenge was creating one ‘Activity Dashboard’ for teachers where they could manage all their students' activities and track their progress over time. We overcame this challenge by using Redux libraries to build the platform. We built a teacher’s studio from where they could manage their students' progress, showcase new music lessons, chat with them, compare students music playing with live music, and provide them feedback.
They each have large communities. If you are a front-end developer or are going to start your new project on front-end technologies, these five are your best bets. Here’s a look at the npm trends over the last six months.
To use React , you’ll have to learn to use a plethora of additional tools to reach high flexibility in front-end development. For example, here's a less exhaustive list of libraries you can use with React: Redux, MobX, Fluxy, Fluxible, or RefluxJS. React can also be used with jQuery AJAX, fetch API, Superagent, and Axios.
React is constantly working towards improving concurrent mode. To take this forward, React Conf 2019 wrapped up last month where the React team talked about improving Concurrent Mode and the Suspense model. Both the features make React apps more responsive by rendering trees without blocking threads. This allows React to focus on high priority tasks like responding to user input.
React also introduced Suspense to improve the developer’s experience when handling asynchronous data fetching on React apps. In short, the new update to Suspense lets the component wait until the condition is met.
The React team is also working on Hooks which was one of the most awaited features of React. As per the latest updates, React hooks will be designed in a way that it supports all the important features: server-side rendering, accessibility, concurrent mode, and suspense.
React also introduced objects, like state and props. With the state and props objects, you can simply pass data from a component to the layout or from a parent component to a child component.
Introduction to the React ecosystem:
Angular 9 will mark a turning point revealed by the Angular team at the recent AngularConnect 2019. According to the update, the team is planning to make the Angular Ivy compiler available for all apps. The main benefit of Angular Ivy is that it is able to reduce the size of applications.
Angular today has become very advanced and modular to use for front-end development. Previously you could insert a link to the AngularJS library in the main HTML file, but now you can do the same by installing separate modules.
Angular's flexibility is commendable. That’s why Angular's 1.x versions are still in demand. However, many current developers rely on Angular 2+ because of its MVC architecture that has substantially changed to a component based architecture.
Angular has a couple of additional challenges. You're almost obliged to use TypeScript to ensure type safety in Angular apps. TypeScript makes the Angular 2+ framework not so pleasant to work with.
Angular’s ecosystem is comprised of:
The concept of Vue has been taken from Angular and React, but Vue is better in many ways. I’ll talk about its features, but first check out what the Synk report says about Vue's front-end security. Vue has been downloaded 40 million times this year and records only four direct vulnerabilities. All of them have been fixed.
For any front-end developer unfamiliar with Vue, let’s clarify several points.
With Vue you store component logic and layouts along with stylesheets in one file. This the same way React works, without stylesheets. To let components talk to each other, Vue uses the props and state objects. This approach also existed in React before Vue adopted it.
One of the reasons why Vue is worth considering instead of React is because of the Redux library that’s often used in large-scale React applications. As explained in the React section, when a React+Redux app grows bigger, you’ll spend a lot of time applying small changes to multiple files instead of actually working on features. The Vuex library – a Flux-like state management tool designed for Vue – seems less unwieldy than Redux.
If you're choosing between Vue and Angular, the reasons to opt for Vue over Angular can be reduced to the following: Angular is an over-complicated, full-fledged framework with a restrictive nature; Vue is much simpler and less restrictive than Angular.
An introduction to the VueJS ecosystem:
Vue is excellent in terms of its workflow to other frameworks. I might opt for Vue because it’s less complicated than React and Angular JS and a great choice for developing enterprise-level apps.
One of Ember’s best features is its command line interface tool. The Ember CLI helps front-end developers be highly productive and lets them complete projects on time. You can not only create new projects with ready setups, but you can also create controllers, components, and project files using automatic generation.
The EmberJS ecosystem is comprised of:
Although Ember is underrated, it's perfect for creating complex client-side apps.
If you need to design an app that has different type of users, Backbone collections (arrays) can be used here to separate the models. Backbone.Events, can be used with Backbone models, collections, routes, and views.
Introducing the BackboneJS ecosystem:
Backbone.js is a perfect choice for frontend and backend development as it supports REST APIs that are used to synchronize the frontend and backend.
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Angular, React, Vue.Js and Co. peacefully united thanks to Micro Apps and Web Components. Micro Apps With Web Components Using Angular Elements. Learn how to use Web Component to build a micro-app architecture. Learn how to use it to mix different technologies. Learn how to implement overreaching routing, messaging and authentication