Discover more about Widgets and WidgetKit on iOS 14 using Swift and SwiftUI with 10 tips covering many use cases and hidden rules.
Widgets have been one of the top features of iOS 14 during WWDC 2020, where the biggest change ever of iOS home screen has been unveiled. On the user point of view, they represent a new type of interaction, a new entry point for apps; on a technology point of view, they are a manifesto of the way chosen by Apple, where SwiftUI (the only way to build widget’s views) and an optimized universality (widgets are available on iOS, iPadOS and macOS) are key elements.
After experimenting with the WidgetKit framework on iOS 14 and Xcode 12 betas, I want to share 10 interesting tips that could be useful for many use cases when coding widgets for your apps. Disclaimer: I assume you already know how to create a simple widget and basic related APIs. Let’s start! 👨🏼💻
Very likely, you’ll need to use
UserDefaults from your widgets, in order to read user preferences or some other small amount of data. To do so, the
standard container isn’t the way, because its content isn’t shared between different targets; instead, as for any other app extension, you have to rely (from the app and from widgets) to the shared “suite”, named with the App Group ID, using the dedicated api:
let userDefaults = UserDefaults(suiteName: “your-app-group-id”)
The App Group is a capability available in the “Signin & Capabilities” tab of your targets: remember to add the App Group capability both in the app’s target and in the widget’s target, otherwise it won’t work.
As a general rule, widgets inherit every permission status from the parent app and it’s not allowed to prompt requests from the widget itself. Location permission represents an exception: starting from beta 5, when a widget using location is added to the home screen, the user will be automatically_requested to grant permission through an alert; the choice can be changed anytime from the Settings, as a new _“While Using the App or Widgets” option is available.
In addition, remember to put the
NSWidgetWantsLocation (boolean) and
NSLocationUsageDescription keys in the widget extension
Info.plist to get location services work properly.
Talking about location, another question could come up: what is the best way to present a map view inside a widget? The recommended option is to use a
MKMapSnapshotter in place of a
MKMapView; in fact, the standard map view doesn't work at all. The snapshot captures the map’s contents in a simple image. To get the desired
The closure is perfect to be used in the
TimelineProvider protocol: once the image is loaded, you can create your entries and define the timeline. The snapshot is highly customizable and you find the full documentation here.
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This summer, Apple announced widgets for iOS 14 that you can have on your home screen alongside your existing apps. Widgets help you to personalise the screen with glanceable relevant data upfront. Developers must use Apple's WidgetKit and declarative framework SwiftUI for creating the widgets on iOS 14.
Getting started with WidgetKit Writing Your First Widget for iOS