How To Build a Table With Sticky Headers in Pure CSS

How To Build a Table With Sticky Headers in Pure CSS

While creating user interfaces, we often encounter the problem that there is more data in our tables than can be fitted in the visible viewport. To achieve an excellent user experience on components like Gannt charts, data tables and spreadsheets, we often use the sticky CSS property on the header elements. This is a simple task when doing it only on one edge of the table.

While creating user interfaces, we often encounter the problem that there is more data in our tables than can be fitted in the visible viewport. To achieve an excellent user experience on components like Gannt charts, data tables and spreadsheets, we often use the sticky CSS property on the header elements. This is a simple task when doing it only on one edge of the table.

But what if we want to display a huge table and therefore need sticky headers on more edges simultaneously? This is the exact problem we faced while building our ReactGrid and in this article we want to share the solution we have found.

In this guide, we will show you how to create the layout to achieve a native scroll behavior with sticky headers like those shown above without using any JavaScript

What are the benefits of the proposed solution?

  • native support from modern browsers,
  • excellent user experience (intuitiveness, swiftness),
  • additional elements in the scrollable view do not affect the UX,
  • no JavaScript, only CSS and HTML,
  • works perfectly on touch devices,
  • avoids using z-index not to affect other elements on the website (needs z-index style values in Firefox with this solution).

reactjs javascript datatable typescript

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