JavaScript Tutorial: Variable - Declare and Assign a Value

JavaScript Tutorial: Variable - Declare and Assign a Value

JavaScript Variable. Variable means anything that can vary. JavaScript includes variables which hold the data value and it can be changed anytime. JavaScript uses reserved keyword var to declare a variable.

Variables are used to store values (name = "John") or expressions (sum = x + y).

Declare Variables in JavaScript

Before using a variable, you first need to declare it. You have to use the keyword var to declare a variable like this:

var name;

Assign a Value to the Variable

You can assign a value to the variable either while declaring the variable or after declaring the variable.

var name = "John";


var name;

name = "John";

Naming Variables

Though you can name the variables as you like, it is a good programming practice to give descriptive and meaningful names to the variables. Moreover, variable names should start with a letter and they are case sensitive. Hence the variables student name and studentName are different because the letter n in a name is different (n and N).

Try this yourself:

<script type="text/javascript">
var one = 22;
var two = 3;
var add = one + two;
var minus = one - two;
var multiply = one * two;
var divide = one/two;
    document.write("First No: = " + one + "<br />Second No: = " + two + " <br />");
    document.write(one + " + " + two + " = " + add + "<br/>");
    document.write(one + " - " + two + " = " + minus + "<br/>");
    document.write(one + " * " + two + " = " + multiply + "<br/>");
    document.write(one + " / " + two + " = " + divide + "<br/>");

This code is editable.

javascript javascript variable

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