Jamison  Fisher

Jamison Fisher

1635303987

How to Use Join on Tables in Pandas Refresher

Working with tables by join in Pandas: how to load tables in Pandas, merging data in tables, left join, right join, outer join, inner join.

Additionally, you need to change the reference terms for these heavy-duty information systems several times a day, as businesses need to have operational data about specific parameters to quickly respond and adapt to shifting markets and external conditions. To the rescue, we call upon reliable tools like Python and Pandas. To top it off, it very often happens that certain information is needed immediately and only once, even when dealing with critical business information, key parameters, or market Intel. Tomorrow, that data may no longer be relevant, and you will need to process new data in a new format.

By writing a script in Python and pairing it with the Pandas library, you'll be able to solve the problem relatively quickly while yielding accurate results for higher consumption. Let's take a look at how you can process data from various tables in Pandas.

#pandas #python 

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Buddha Community

How to Use Join on Tables in Pandas Refresher
Kasey  Turcotte

Kasey Turcotte

1623992220

Deep Dive Into Pandas DataFrame Join — pd.join()

A deep dive visual tutorial on how to join columns with other data frames in pandas

he join( ) function of the pandas’ library is used to join columns of another DataFrame. It can efficiently join columns with another DataFrame on index or on a key column. We can also join multiple DataFrame objects by passing a list. Let’s start by understanding its’ syntax and parameters. The companion materials for this tutorial can be found under our resources section.

Table of Content:

  1. Syntax
  2. Create DataFrames
  3. Understanding lsuffix and rsuffix parameters
  4. Joining DataFrames by Index Values
  5. Set index to join DataFrames
  6. Understanding the on parameter
  7. Joining multiple DataFrames
  8. Joining a Series with a DataFrame
  9. Understanding the “how” parameter
  10. Understanding the “sort” parameter
  11. Key Takeaways
  12. Resources
  13. References

#artificial-intelligence #deep dive into pandas dataframe join — pd.join() #pandas #pandas dataframe #pd.join() #dive

Practice Problems: How To Join DataFrames in Pandas

Hey - Nick here! This page is a free excerpt from my $199 course Python for Finance, which is 50% off for the next 50 students.

If you want the full course, click here to sign up.

It’s now time for some practice problems! See below for details on how to proceed.

Course Repository & Practice Problems

All of the code for this course’s practice problems can be found in this GitHub repository.

There are two options that you can use to complete the practice problems:

  • Open them in your browser with a platform called Binder using this link (recommended)
  • Download the repository to your local computer and open them in a Jupyter Notebook using Anaconda (a bit more tedious)

Note that binder can take up to a minute to load the repository, so please be patient.

Within that repository, there is a folder called starter-files and a folder called finished-files. You should open the appropriate practice problems within the starter-files folder and only consult the corresponding file in the finished-files folder if you get stuck.

The repository is public, which means that you can suggest changes using a pull request later in this course if you’d like.

#dataframes #pandas #practice problems: how to join dataframes in pandas #how to join dataframes in pandas #practice #/pandas/issues.

Brad  Hintz

Brad Hintz

1599302760

Apache Spark’s Join Algorithms

One of the most frequently used transformations in Apache Spark is Join operation. Joins in Apache Spark allow the developer to combine two or more data frames based on certain (sortable) keys. The syntax for writing a join operation is simple but some times what goes on behind the curtain is lost. Internally, for Joins Apache Spark proposes a couple of Algorithms and then chooses one of them. Not knowing what these internal algorithms are, and which one does spark choose might make a simple Join operation expensive.

While opting for a Join Algorithm, Spark looks at the size of the data frames involved. It considers the Join type and condition specified, and hint (if any) to finally decide upon the algorithm to use. In most of the cases, Sort Merge join and Shuffle Hash join are the two major power horses that drive the Spark SQL joins. But if spark finds the size of one of the data frames less than a certain threshold, Spark puts up Broadcast Join as it’s top contender.

Broadcast Hash Join

Looking at the Physical plan of a Join operation, a Broadcast Hash Join in Spark looks like this

Joins in Apache Spark: Broadcast Join

The above plan shows that the data frame from one of the branches broadcasts to every node containing the other data frame. In each node, Spark then performs the final Join operation. This is Spark’s per-node communication strategy.

Spark uses the Broadcast Hash Join when one of the data frame’s size is less than the threshold set in spark.sql.autoBroadcastJoinThreshold. It’s default value is 10 Mb, but can be changed using the following code

spark.conf.set("spark.sql.autoBroadcastJoinThreshold", 100 * 1024 * 1024)

This algorithm has the advantage that the other side of the join doesn’t require any shuffle. If this other side is very large, not doing the shuffle will bring notable speed-up as compared to other algorithms that would have to do the shuffle.

Broadcasting large datasets can also lead to timeout errors. A configuration spark.sql.broadcastTimeout sets the maximum time that a broadcast operation should take, past which the operation fails. The default timeout value is 5 minutes, but it can be set as follows:

spark.conf.set("spark.sql.broadcastTimeout", time_in_sec)

Sort Merge Join

If neither of the data frames can be broadcasted, then Spark resorts to Sort Merge Join. This algorithm uses the node-node communication strategy, where Spark shuffles the data across the cluster.

Sort Merge Join requires both sides of the join to have correct partitioning and order. Generally, this is ensured by** shuffle and sort** in both branches of the join as depicted below

#apache spark #scala #tech blogs #broadcast join #join opertaions #join optimization #joins in spark #shuffled hash join #sort merge join

Why Use WordPress? What Can You Do With WordPress?

Can you use WordPress for anything other than blogging? To your surprise, yes. WordPress is more than just a blogging tool, and it has helped thousands of websites and web applications to thrive. The use of WordPress powers around 40% of online projects, and today in our blog, we would visit some amazing uses of WordPress other than blogging.
What Is The Use Of WordPress?

WordPress is the most popular website platform in the world. It is the first choice of businesses that want to set a feature-rich and dynamic Content Management System. So, if you ask what WordPress is used for, the answer is – everything. It is a super-flexible, feature-rich and secure platform that offers everything to build unique websites and applications. Let’s start knowing them:

1. Multiple Websites Under A Single Installation
WordPress Multisite allows you to develop multiple sites from a single WordPress installation. You can download WordPress and start building websites you want to launch under a single server. Literally speaking, you can handle hundreds of sites from one single dashboard, which now needs applause.
It is a highly efficient platform that allows you to easily run several websites under the same login credentials. One of the best things about WordPress is the themes it has to offer. You can simply download them and plugin for various sites and save space on sites without losing their speed.

2. WordPress Social Network
WordPress can be used for high-end projects such as Social Media Network. If you don’t have the money and patience to hire a coder and invest months in building a feature-rich social media site, go for WordPress. It is one of the most amazing uses of WordPress. Its stunning CMS is unbeatable. And you can build sites as good as Facebook or Reddit etc. It can just make the process a lot easier.
To set up a social media network, you would have to download a WordPress Plugin called BuddyPress. It would allow you to connect a community page with ease and would provide all the necessary features of a community or social media. It has direct messaging, activity stream, user groups, extended profiles, and so much more. You just have to download and configure it.
If BuddyPress doesn’t meet all your needs, don’t give up on your dreams. You can try out WP Symposium or PeepSo. There are also several themes you can use to build a social network.

3. Create A Forum For Your Brand’s Community
Communities are very important for your business. They help you stay in constant connection with your users and consumers. And allow you to turn them into a loyal customer base. Meanwhile, there are many good technologies that can be used for building a community page – the good old WordPress is still the best.
It is the best community development technology. If you want to build your online community, you need to consider all the amazing features you get with WordPress. Plugins such as BB Press is an open-source, template-driven PHP/ MySQL forum software. It is very simple and doesn’t hamper the experience of the website.
Other tools such as wpFoRo and Asgaros Forum are equally good for creating a community blog. They are lightweight tools that are easy to manage and integrate with your WordPress site easily. However, there is only one tiny problem; you need to have some technical knowledge to build a WordPress Community blog page.

4. Shortcodes
Since we gave you a problem in the previous section, we would also give you a perfect solution for it. You might not know to code, but you have shortcodes. Shortcodes help you execute functions without having to code. It is an easy way to build an amazing website, add new features, customize plugins easily. They are short lines of code, and rather than memorizing multiple lines; you can have zero technical knowledge and start building a feature-rich website or application.
There are also plugins like Shortcoder, Shortcodes Ultimate, and the Basics available on WordPress that can be used, and you would not even have to remember the shortcodes.

5. Build Online Stores
If you still think about why to use WordPress, use it to build an online store. You can start selling your goods online and start selling. It is an affordable technology that helps you build a feature-rich eCommerce store with WordPress.
WooCommerce is an extension of WordPress and is one of the most used eCommerce solutions. WooCommerce holds a 28% share of the global market and is one of the best ways to set up an online store. It allows you to build user-friendly and professional online stores and has thousands of free and paid extensions. Moreover as an open-source platform, and you don’t have to pay for the license.
Apart from WooCommerce, there are Easy Digital Downloads, iThemes Exchange, Shopify eCommerce plugin, and so much more available.

6. Security Features
WordPress takes security very seriously. It offers tons of external solutions that help you in safeguarding your WordPress site. While there is no way to ensure 100% security, it provides regular updates with security patches and provides several plugins to help with backups, two-factor authorization, and more.
By choosing hosting providers like WP Engine, you can improve the security of the website. It helps in threat detection, manage patching and updates, and internal security audits for the customers, and so much more.

Read More

#use of wordpress #use wordpress for business website #use wordpress for website #what is use of wordpress #why use wordpress #why use wordpress to build a website

PANDAS: Most Used Functions in Data Science

Most useful functions for data preprocessing

When you get introduced to machine learning, the first step is to learn Python and the basic step of learning Python is to learn pandas library. We can install pandas library by pip install pandas. After installing we have to import pandas each time of the running session. The data used for example is from the UCI repository “https://archive.ics.uci.edu/ml/datasets/Heart+failure+clinical+records

  1. Read Data

2. Head and Tail

3. Shape, Size and Info

4. isna

#pandas: most used functions in data science #pandas #data science #function #used python data #most used functions in data science