CSS Beginner Concepts - Cascade & Specificity

While styling your web page using CSS, sometimes you wonder why a specific element isn’t having a style of your expectation. It could be because of multiple conflicting rules. To understand which rule wins, you need to understand these concepts of cascade and specificity.

#css #web-development #webdev

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CSS Beginner Concepts - Cascade & Specificity
Alayna  Rippin

Alayna Rippin

1603188000

Creating a CSS Visual Cheatsheet

The other day one of our students asked about possibility of having a CSS cheatsheet to help to decide on the best suited approach when doing this or that layout.

This evolved into the idea of making a visual CSS cheatsheet with all (most) of the common patterns we see everyday and one of the best possible conceptual implementation for them.

In the end any layout could and should be split into parts/blocks and we see every block separately.

Here is our first take on that and we would be happy to keep extending it to help us all.

Please, send you suggestions in the comments in community or via gitlab for the repeated CSS patterns with your favourite implementation for that so that we will all together make this as useful as it can be.

#css #css3 #cascading-style-sheets #web-development #html-css #css-grids #learning-css #html-css-basics

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CSS Specificity: The “What”, The “How”

One of the more confusing (but important) pieces of CSS is specificity. I have to admit, this concept took me quite a while to grasp. And while it is definitely a bit confusing, once you get the hang of it it’s actually fairly straightforward. With that being said, here is a quick “what and how” on understanding CSS specificity.

The “What”

By rule, the browser will read your CSS file from top to bottom. That means if you have two h1 selectors, the one that occurs lower on the file will be read.

h1 {
   color: red
}
h1 {
   color: orange
}
//Browser will display h1’s in orange since it is lower down

Often times when you are writing CSS, you will have multiple “rules” written into your CSS file that may contradict each other. The way the browser determines how to prioritize those rules is through specificity.

Example: Let’s say you have a to-do list. Each to-do has a class of “to-do”, but some of them have a unique ID (using ID’s isn’t recommended, but they are helpful here in understanding specificity):

//HTML

<div class="to-do"> 
    To-Do #1 
</div>
<div class="to-do" id="second-to-do"> 
    To-Do #2 
</div>
<div class="to-do"> 
    To-Do #3 
</div>

In your stylesheet, you style each element with class “to-do” with a background color of red. However, you also style the element with the id of “second-to-do” with a background color of green:

//stylesheet

.to-do{
   background-color: red
}
#second-to-do{
   background-color: green
}

#styling #css #web-page-design #css-specificity #css-in-js

Carmella  Pagac

Carmella Pagac

1627389900

CSS for Beginner: Cascade & Specificity

While styling your web page using CSS, sometimes you wonder why a specific element isn’t having a style of your expectation. It could be because of multiple conflicting rules. To understand which rule wins, you need to understand these concepts of cascade and specificity.

#css #specificity #debugCSS

#css #specificity #debugcss

Aisu  Joesph

Aisu Joesph

1618024175

CSS Alignment Made Simple

CSS is seen as an impediment in web development for many of us. Most of the time it looks like even when you follow the rules and everything seems clear, it still doesn’t work the way you want it to.

Therefore, the purpose of this article is to make some features of CSS much easier to understand.

The thing I want to address now is the alignment of the elements.

Without further ado, here are some of the most common scenarios one might encounter when it comes to this topic and how they can be approached.

#css-center #css-position #css-flexbox #css-center-image-in-a-div #css