The differences between Flutter vs React Native

The differences between Flutter vs React Native

The differences between Flutter vs React Native .A few days ago, Google launched Google Hummingbird, Google’s new application development platform and released a stable version of Flutter, Google’s open-source mobile app development SDK.

A few days ago, Google launched Google Hummingbird, Google’s new application development platform and released a stable version of Flutter, Google’s open-source mobile app development SDK.

Here Are Quick Highlights Of Flutter:

Flutter is Google’s open-source SDK for creating superior-quality apps for Android and iOS using single codebase.

On December 4th, Google hosted Flutter Live event to celebrate Google’s new mobile SDK, Flutter and its first stable version.

They also announced Google Hummingbird project that allows developers to build an app once and then run it everywhere.

2.6 million apps in Google’s Play Store. [source]

Almost 2 million apps in Apple’s App Store as of the third quarter of 2018. [source]

Surprisingly, the popularity of mobile apps seems no decline over the recent time. A number of apps are being developed and deployed on the leading app stores day-by-day. Not only native app development, cross-platform app development, and hybrid app development become prominent among the app developers and business professionals.

Beyond advantages and disadvantages, each framework has their unique architecture to build apps. While native apps offer superior user experience, cross-platform and hybrid designed to save time and cost along with providing faster time-to-market.

In this post, we will be discussing the similarities and differences between two cross-platform app development tools, React Native and Flutter. We have already discussed React Native vs. Ionic and React Native vs. Native Script vs. Ionic in our previous posts.

Flutter Is Becoming Favorite: Why Should You Take Notice Of It?

As mentioned above, this open-source and free SDK is backed by Google and used to develop applications for Android and iOS.

It is based on Dart language and provides captivating graphics library. The major features of this platform are:

  • Platform-specific SDKs
  • Design-specific widgets
  • Fully customized environment
  • Native performance
  • Stateful Hot Reload feature for faster app development

It was introduced by Google and community in May 2017 following stable release on December 4, 2018. There’s one more thing you should consider: Flutter can be used to create applications for Google Fuchsia, a capability-based operating system from Google.

Stateful Hot Reload Feature Of Flutter: Developers Just Loved It

This feature lets developers build UIs more quickly and easily. It injects updated code into running Dart Virtual Machine, enabling quick reflection of the changes and fixing of bugs.

Who Is Using Flutter?

  • Platform-specific SDKs
  • Design-specific widgets
  • Fully customized environment
  • Native performance
  • Stateful Hot Reload feature for faster app development

On the other side, React Native is also thriving with superior app performances on both the platforms, iOS, and Android. As of now, React Native is one of the top open source projects on GitHub according to this React Native Blog.

Facebook majorly uses React Native for its several important projects.

Oculus Go VR Headset comes with a companion mobile app which is fully built with React Native.

Facebook and React Native Community are working on a large-scale re-architecture of the framework to make it more flexible and better.

Despite differences, there are several common factors of both the frameworks.

Similarities Between Flutter and React Native:

Both Are Designed For Cross Platform App Development:

React Native and Flutter, both offer superior, rapid, and high-quality app performances on multiple platforms including Android, iOS, and UWP.

(Note: Flutter supports Android and iOS platform)

Both Frameworks Are Backed By Giant Tech Communities:

React Native is offered by Facebook and Flutter is Google’s open-source SDK for mobile app development. Both have strong developers’ community which is again a common factor between them.

Open-Source, Free, And Fast:

React Native and Flutter are open-source and free SDKs that let developers create amazing apps quickly due to their native performances.

Up-to-Date And Detailed Documentation:

The communities of both these frameworks are putting extra efforts to keep documentation up-to-date with API references and comprehensive resources.

Excellent UI Support And Native Experience:

React Native uses fundamental UI building elements as you use in Android/iOS to deliver the native experience. Flutter also makes use of rich widgets to provide remarkable native experience on Android and iOS platform.

Hot Reloading And Quick Modifications:

React Native supports “Hot Reloading” that enables simultaneously running new code and keeping hold of application state, instead of recompiling. This makes development faster, instant, and efficient.

Flutter is not left behind. Introducing “Stateful Hot Reloading” as explained above, Flutter supports immediate reflection of changes without restart or in case of loss of application state.

Now, we have become familiar with the similarities, we are going ahead with the differences they have in the process, flow, and features.

Flutter vs. React Native: Discovering Differences

The Key Difference of Programming Language:

Flutter uses Dart.

React Native lets you develop an app using JavaScript. JavaScript doesn’t need any introduction. Needless to say, it has received enormous popularity be it a mobile, web, or server-specific code.

On the other side, Dart is quite new to the developers. It uses modern features of several languages to code beautiful native apps. Again, keep in mind that there isn’t any JavaScript components and styling. Also, there is no separation of templates, style, and data files. Dart is easy-to-use for the people who have experience developing an app in OOP languages such as C++ and Java.

Stability And Flexibility:

In terms of stability, there isn’t any significant difference as both are managed by well-established tech communities.

Talking about flexibility and customization, Flutter offers a rich set of customized widgets to build attractive experiences. React Native, on the other side, offers seamless user experience via directly communicating with the native platforms.

Flutter is still trying to make its position in the market due to the recent stable release, and React Native is enjoying the first position in the list of cross-platform app development tools in the market.

Development Time Of An App:

Leveraging cross-platform, companies already save time that generally occupies in coding apps in multiple languages.

In addition to that, React Native and Flutter both are committed to providing faster time-to-market of an app. You can use third-party libraries and ready-to-use components to build an app. A customized and high-quality range of widgets helps build an app in lesser time than native app development.

Performance: Who Wins?

Flutter certainly wins over here due to its simplicity.

However, React Native is popular for delivering excellent user experience on both the platforms. Flutter has the extra advantage of reusing the code while React Native is less suitable due to its architecture. Flutter also has one more advantage of JavaScript layer that makes communication with the native components easier.

Both are reliable choices when you choose cross-platform but, Flutter has competitive advantages of its simplicity and Dart platform.

IDE And Ease of Coding:

Flutter is new and supported by Android Studio/IntelliJ, Visual Studio Code at present. As React Native has passed 3 years since its launch, it is supported well by almost all leading IDEs.

React Native offers easy learning curve due to the use of JavaScript. Flutter requires learning Dart to craft an app. However, Dart is a plus point for C++ and Java developers.

Flutter vs React Native — A Quick Comparison

Both these frameworks have their own set of advantages and disadvantages.

Let’s Explore Several Advantages And Limitations Of Flutter:

Advantages Of Flutter

  • Platform-specific SDKs
  • Design-specific widgets
  • Fully customized environment
  • Native performance
  • Stateful Hot Reload feature for faster app development

Disadvantages Of Flutter:

  • Platform-specific SDKs
  • Design-specific widgets
  • Fully customized environment
  • Native performance
  • Stateful Hot Reload feature for faster app development

Well, we can’t determine which one is best as the selection depends on many criteria such as requirements, budget, features, and developers. However, you can prefer any one of them for your next cross-platform app development project as both are consistent, straightforward, and leading tools.

Here’s A Sought-after Summary Of This Post:

Choose Flutter when you want cross-platform, highly-attractive UI, excellent native performance, quicker time-to-market, and competitive advantage of using Dart in your programming environment.

Choose React Native when you want to leverage the support from the stronger and mature community, native app performance, and popular JavaScript in developing cross-platform apps.

We hope that you enjoyed reading this post. We tried to stay unbiased while writing this post and try to cover every aspect as better as we can. Though, if we are missing something or you would like to add something, you can tell us. Leave us a comment and help make this article a worth read.

30s ad

Flutter & Dart - The Complete Flutter App Development Course

Flutter - Intermediate

Flutter - Beginners Course

Flutter - Advanced Course

Real-World Projects with Flutter

A few days ago, Google launched Google Hummingbird, Google’s new application development platform and released a stable version of Flutter, Google’s open-source mobile app development SDK.

Here Are Quick Highlights Of Flutter:

Flutter is Google’s open-source SDK for creating superior-quality apps for Android and iOS using single codebase.

On December 4th, Google hosted Flutter Live event to celebrate Google’s new mobile SDK, Flutter and its first stable version.

They also announced Google Hummingbird project that allows developers to build an app once and then run it everywhere.

2.6 million apps in Google’s Play Store. [source]

Almost 2 million apps in Apple’s App Store as of the third quarter of 2018. [source]

Surprisingly, the popularity of mobile apps seems no decline over the recent time. A number of apps are being developed and deployed on the leading app stores day-by-day. Not only native app development, cross-platform app development, and hybrid app development become prominent among the app developers and business professionals.

Beyond advantages and disadvantages, each framework has their unique architecture to build apps. While native apps offer superior user experience, cross-platform and hybrid designed to save time and cost along with providing faster time-to-market.

In this post, we will be discussing the similarities and differences between two cross-platform app development tools, React Native and Flutter. We have already discussed React Native vs. Ionic and React Native vs. Native Script vs. Ionic in our previous posts.

Flutter Is Becoming Favorite: Why Should You Take Notice Of It?

As mentioned above, this open-source and free SDK is backed by Google and used to develop applications for Android and iOS.

It is based on Dart language and provides captivating graphics library. The major features of this platform are:

  • Platform-specific SDKs
  • Design-specific widgets
  • Fully customized environment
  • Native performance
  • Stateful Hot Reload feature for faster app development

It was introduced by Google and community in May 2017 following stable release on December 4, 2018. There’s one more thing you should consider: Flutter can be used to create applications for Google Fuchsia, a capability-based operating system from Google.

Stateful Hot Reload Feature Of Flutter: Developers Just Loved It

This feature lets developers build UIs more quickly and easily. It injects updated code into running Dart Virtual Machine, enabling quick reflection of the changes and fixing of bugs.

Who Is Using Flutter?

  • Platform-specific SDKs
  • Design-specific widgets
  • Fully customized environment
  • Native performance
  • Stateful Hot Reload feature for faster app development

On the other side, React Native is also thriving with superior app performances on both the platforms, iOS, and Android. As of now, React Native is one of the top open source projects on GitHub according to this React Native Blog.

Facebook majorly uses React Native for its several important projects.

Oculus Go VR Headset comes with a companion mobile app which is fully built with React Native.

Facebook and React Native Community are working on a large-scale re-architecture of the framework to make it more flexible and better.

Despite differences, there are several common factors of both the frameworks.

Similarities Between Flutter and React Native:

Both Are Designed For Cross Platform App Development:

React Native and Flutter, both offer superior, rapid, and high-quality app performances on multiple platforms including Android, iOS, and UWP.

(Note: Flutter supports Android and iOS platform)

Both Frameworks Are Backed By Giant Tech Communities:

React Native is offered by Facebook and Flutter is Google’s open-source SDK for mobile app development. Both have strong developers’ community which is again a common factor between them.

Open-Source, Free, And Fast:

React Native and Flutter are open-source and free SDKs that let developers create amazing apps quickly due to their native performances.

Up-to-Date And Detailed Documentation:

The communities of both these frameworks are putting extra efforts to keep documentation up-to-date with API references and comprehensive resources.

Excellent UI Support And Native Experience:

React Native uses fundamental UI building elements as you use in Android/iOS to deliver the native experience. Flutter also makes use of rich widgets to provide remarkable native experience on Android and iOS platform.

Hot Reloading And Quick Modifications:

React Native supports “Hot Reloading” that enables simultaneously running new code and keeping hold of application state, instead of recompiling. This makes development faster, instant, and efficient.

Flutter is not left behind. Introducing “Stateful Hot Reloading” as explained above, Flutter supports immediate reflection of changes without restart or in case of loss of application state.

Now, we have become familiar with the similarities, we are going ahead with the differences they have in the process, flow, and features.

Flutter vs. React Native: Discovering Differences

The Key Difference of Programming Language:

Flutter uses Dart.

React Native lets you develop an app using JavaScript. JavaScript doesn’t need any introduction. Needless to say, it has received enormous popularity be it a mobile, web, or server-specific code.

On the other side, Dart is quite new to the developers. It uses modern features of several languages to code beautiful native apps. Again, keep in mind that there isn’t any JavaScript components and styling. Also, there is no separation of templates, style, and data files. Dart is easy-to-use for the people who have experience developing an app in OOP languages such as C++ and Java.

Stability And Flexibility:

In terms of stability, there isn’t any significant difference as both are managed by well-established tech communities.

Talking about flexibility and customization, Flutter offers a rich set of customized widgets to build attractive experiences. React Native, on the other side, offers seamless user experience via directly communicating with the native platforms.

Flutter is still trying to make its position in the market due to the recent stable release, and React Native is enjoying the first position in the list of cross-platform app development tools in the market.

Development Time Of An App:

Leveraging cross-platform, companies already save time that generally occupies in coding apps in multiple languages.

In addition to that, React Native and Flutter both are committed to providing faster time-to-market of an app. You can use third-party libraries and ready-to-use components to build an app. A customized and high-quality range of widgets helps build an app in lesser time than native app development.

Performance: Who Wins?

Flutter certainly wins over here due to its simplicity.

However, React Native is popular for delivering excellent user experience on both the platforms. Flutter has the extra advantage of reusing the code while React Native is less suitable due to its architecture. Flutter also has one more advantage of JavaScript layer that makes communication with the native components easier.

Both are reliable choices when you choose cross-platform but, Flutter has competitive advantages of its simplicity and Dart platform.

IDE And Ease of Coding:

Flutter is new and supported by Android Studio/IntelliJ, Visual Studio Code at present. As React Native has passed 3 years since its launch, it is supported well by almost all leading IDEs.

React Native offers easy learning curve due to the use of JavaScript. Flutter requires learning Dart to craft an app. However, Dart is a plus point for C++ and Java developers.

Flutter vs React Native — A Quick Comparison

Both these frameworks have their own set of advantages and disadvantages.

Let’s Explore Several Advantages And Limitations Of Flutter:

Advantages Of Flutter

  • Platform-specific SDKs
  • Design-specific widgets
  • Fully customized environment
  • Native performance
  • Stateful Hot Reload feature for faster app development

Disadvantages Of Flutter:

  • Platform-specific SDKs
  • Design-specific widgets
  • Fully customized environment
  • Native performance
  • Stateful Hot Reload feature for faster app development

Well, we can’t determine which one is best as the selection depends on many criteria such as requirements, budget, features, and developers. However, you can prefer any one of them for your next cross-platform app development project as both are consistent, straightforward, and leading tools.

Here’s A Sought-after Summary Of This Post:

Choose Flutter when you want cross-platform, highly-attractive UI, excellent native performance, quicker time-to-market, and competitive advantage of using Dart in your programming environment.

Choose React Native when you want to leverage the support from the stronger and mature community, native app performance, and popular JavaScript in developing cross-platform apps.

We hope that you enjoyed reading this post. We tried to stay unbiased while writing this post and try to cover every aspect as better as we can. Though, if we are missing something or you would like to add something, you can tell us. Leave us a comment and help make this article a worth read.

30s ad

Flutter & Dart - The Complete Flutter App Development Course

Flutter - Intermediate

Flutter - Beginners Course

Flutter - Advanced Course

Real-World Projects with Flutter

React Native vs Flutter | Difference Between React Native & Flutter

React Native vs Flutter | Difference Between React Native & Flutter

This video on React Interview Questions will help you crack your next React interview with ease. React is the most popular front-end JavaScript library today and is being adopted by many big companies like Netflix, Airbnb, New York Times, and many more...

This video on React Interview Questions will help you crack your next React interview with ease. React is the most popular front-end JavaScript library today and is being adopted by many big companies like Netflix, Airbnb, New York Times, and many more. It is also used in small projects by web developers to showcase their skills in the field of web development. The video includes general React interview questions as well as questions focused on Redux, Hooks, and Styling. This video is ideal for both beginners as well as experienced professionals who are appearing for React web development job interviews. Learn the most important React interview questions and answers and know what will set you apart in the interview process.

What is the future of Flutter? Flutter going to kill React Native?

What is the future of Flutter? Flutter going to kill React Native?

What is the future of Flutter? Will Flutter kill React Native? What are the benefits that Flutter provides over other popular frameworks?

An Overview of the two most popular and trending frameworks for Hybrid Application Development. Introduction

Hybrid Application development is ruling the Mobile Application development industry rather than Native Development from a couple of years onwards. Business needs are changing from day to day because of an increase in growth and demand. One of the most popular frameworks that became a friend for most of the mobile application developers is React Native, which was introduced by Facebook in the year 2015. until 2015 there was no perfect framework for hybrid application development even though Phone Gap was available in the market. Phone Gap is based on the C# programming language. Developers didn’t love that framework much because there are certain disadvantages in Phone Gap.

The Reasons for the Increase in Demand for Hybrid Application Development

Developing a Mobile Application is really fundamental for the business, but developing the applications for different mobile platforms is becoming an issue for the business investors because of the following problems

  1. They need to maintain different developing teams for different platforms which might lead to a waste of time and money.
  2. It is difficult to find skilled developers, especially in the Asian countries like India, China, Bangladesh, Russia etc… because Apple has a low market in the Asian countries.
  3. There is a development gap between some of the more popular platforms. Deciding which platform to use or focus on can cause confusion.

The above reasons gave birth to the idea of creating cross-platform mobile applications.

There are lots of solutions available in the market but the most popular and trending one right now is by creating compiled apps that can run on both IOS and Android platforms without creating any issues by providing a good performance to the user. The most powerful competitors in that field at this moment are Flutter and React Native. Let’s discuss the strengths and weaknesses of both Flutter and React Native and perform an objective comparison on React Native and Flutter I’ll give the conclusion weather React Native is going to die or not.

React Native

React Native is a powerful javascript framework developed by Facebook for developing cool amazing applications within a short period of time, which is having a capability to run on both IOS and Android platforms. It is developed based on React, it is a Facebook’s JavaScript library for building user interfaces — but instead of targeting the Web Platform, it targets on mobile platforms.

Flutter

Flutter is a new Hybrid mobile application development framework developed by Google and released in the year 2017. It is built and based on the compiled programming language called Dart, which is agoogle’s general-purpose programming language released in the year 2011. this newly introduced framework will help us to build a variety of critical applications within a short period of time.

One of the advantages of Flutter is that it uses Dart as a programming language, the applications that build with the help of Flutter is able to run on both Android and IOS platform. the applications that are built with the help of Flutter are ridiculously fast in performance.

The Differences Between React Native and Flutter

Till now I’ve completed the introduction of React Native and Flutter and also I explained about why Hybrid Application development is in demand, let’s look at the key differences with React Native and Flutter.

User Interface

React Native

React Native’s UI experience is like using HTML without any CSS framework. While that sounds weird, it actually helps you to build on the native components for both Android and iOS, which provides a better user experience (UX). There is also huge community support, and there are third-party libraries that let you get off the ground in no time.

Flutter

Flutter has built-in UI elements which are probably called as widgets — All the required shapes, graphics, animations that are required for an application will be created with the help of widgets. If you want to customize your UI easily and quickly, you can use Material Design widgets in your Android application development and Cupertino widgets for IOS application development. However, there is limited support to the community for building and maintaining these widgets. As the framework matures, widgets will be the way to quickly iterate and build Flutter apps.

Performance

React Native

Applications that are built with the help of React Native is having an issue with rendering large dataset because React application runs with the help of javascript bridge, we can improve the speed of an application with the use of third-party libraries. However, in the race of a competitive world, React Native can’t able to beat flutter in terms of performance.

Flutter

Applications that are developed with the help of flutter are having the greatest speed over React Native because it is having an advantage of using Dart. Dart is one of the fastest compiled based languages in the world. Flutter applications don’t require any intermediate bridges to run the application like React Native that’s why Flutter is more powerful than React Native.

Development Time

React Native

React native is having several third-party libraries to design a good user interface.it does not require you to write and add separate files for complex UI support, which reduces the development time and improves workflow for the developers. with the help of React Native, developers can develop the cross-platform applications very quickly within a short period of time.

Flutter

The biggest disadvantage of flutter is that we need to add separate code files for Android and IOS platforms when building complex UI elements. To customize the UI elements we require Dart programming language, Developers need to keep a lot of effort for designing the UI for an application. But once the UI is designed with good looking features then automatically it will give better user experience in both platforms rather than Native Applications.

Developers usually say that Applications that are built with the help of Flutter will give more user experience than Native Applications.

Community Support

React Native

React Native’s community support already exceeded Flutter’s — React Native is currently the most popular framework on Stack Overflow, with community support as proof. React Native is completely open source. there are many blogs and forums to help for beginner programmers.

Flutter

Flutter was released in the year 2017. it has been almost 2 years and also there is no much love for the Dart programming language in the StackOverflow community. the community support for the Flutter is quite minimal, but the flutter developers at Google are really good, Flutter documentation is really fantastic and easy to follow for the beginners as well.

Code Structure

React Native

React Native has really done a fantastic job in segregating logic, navigation, and design for an application. This allows you to build out complex mobile applications in an easy manner. this is one of the reasons why developers love towards React Native more than other Frameworks.

Flutter

Flutter doesn’t separate any data, template files, and UI elements. because it uses Dart has a core programming language for building the UI elements even in the complex applications also. So we can simply say that everything is Inline.

Conclusion

React Native currently has steady growth, great community support, amazing code structure, and a really good adoption base for developers. while it comes to Flutter —

It has great potential as part of the future of mobile app development. what I think that

Flutter + Dart + LargeCommunity = Recipe for Success

The only thing that’s stopping most of the developers is that Google’s well-known move of shutting down open source and acquired products.

Hope this article helps you to understand the main difference between Flutter and React Native and the future scope.

How to Share Code Between React and React Native

How to Share Code Between React and React Native

Learn how to share code between React and React Native to avoid duplicating logic. Sharing Code Between React and React-Native: What Not to Share. This question of sharing code between React and React Native, in fact, one of the hot topics among React and React native developers all over the world. React and React-Native allow a learn once write anywhere paradigm. This is great, because one tech team can build both your web app and native mobile experience. The problem is developers hate writing things twice. There have been a couple of efforts to build a unifying technology to write an application once and have it work on both web and native.

How to Share Code Between React and React Native

Sharing Code Between React and React-Native: What Not to Share - Ben Ellerby

React and React-Native allow a learn once write anywhere paradigm. This is great, because one tech team can build both your web app and native mobile experience. The problem is developers hate writing things twice. There have been a couple of efforts to build a unifying technology to write an application once and have it work on both web and native. Yet this is not always the best approach. There is value in only sharing your business and state logic; keeping your render code separate.

In this talk I will give real examples from my work with MADE.COM, migrating their web and mobile application to React and React-Native with code sharing as a primary objective.

How to Share Code Between React and React Native

Learn how to share code between React and React Native to avoid duplicating logic

Sharing Code Between React and React Native

React and React-Native allow a learn once write anywhere paradigm. This is great, because one tech team can build both your web app and native mobile experience. The problem is developers hate writing things twice. There have been a couple of efforts to build a unifying technology to write an application once and have it work on both web and native. Yet this is not always the best approach. There is value in only sharing your business and state logic; keeping your render code separate.