CSS Tutorial: CSS Before and After Pseudo Elements Tutorial

The before and after pseudo elements are an extremely useful tool in CSS, but can also be confusing. This in this video we will I look at how they work, and the cool stuff we can do with them.

In this tutorial, I will focus on what ::before and ::after are and also how they can be use properly.

We will also discuss why we can use the double colon before them and the single colon.

it's to differentiate them from pseudo-classes example - :hover, :link, .

One vital thing about before and after pseudo elements is that they have to be define by its content property. In the case that it is not defined it will not work!

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CSS Tutorial: CSS Before and After Pseudo Elements Tutorial
Raleigh  Hayes

Raleigh Hayes

1626922800

Theme Switcher with CSS Variables - Tutorial

Hello! For my last video of 2020, we are learning how to handle themes with CSS Variables, with a cool theme switcher from twitter. Enjoy!

Useful Links:
GitHub: https://github.com/redhwannacef/youtube/tree/master/theme-switcher

#css variables #css #tutorial #css variables - tutorial #css theme switcher

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Eric  Bukenya

Eric Bukenya

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Animating The Pseudo-Element Content Property Using CSS Keyframes Animation

At InVision, I’m building a small user interface (UI) that loads a list of documents and then caches them in memory for all subsequent renderings of the UI. During that one-time-only loading phase, I’m showing the static text, Loading...., in the view. But, this static text got me thinking about low-effort animations. And, whether or not I could use CSS @keyframes animations to animate the ellipsis portion of that text. It turns out, animating the content property works in modern browsers!

Normally with @keyframes animations, we use the timeline to define numeric CSS properties that can be animated gracefully using some sort of timing function. That said, it appears that we can use individual keyframes to set the state for non-animatable properties. These properties will be applied for the duration of the keyframe; but, will not receive any sort of transitiony magic.

In this demo, I’m animating the content property in order to apply an increasing number of dots (.) in the Loading....

#html / css #css #css keyframes #css keyframes animation

Position Layout property in CSS

Hello, World! In this article, we will try to grasp the concepts of one of the trickiest and crucial topics in CSS.

Position layout property in CSS is solely used to place and position elements respectively in an HTML document. They assign respective positions to HTML elements so that the overall design of our page is maintained and managed well.

The widely used positions property in CSS are as follows:

1. Static position:

When an HTML element gets assigned with

staticposition, the various position properties likeleft,right,topandbottomdoesn’t work. Elements in an HTML document carry static position by default.

Let’s copy and paste the code below in an IDE to view what’s happening.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
  <head>
    <style>
      #Section {
        height: 200vh;
        width: 800px;
        border: 5px solid blue;
        background-color: cyan;
        font-family: monospace;
        font-size: 2rem;
        text-align: center; 
      }

      #Div1, #Div2, #Div3 {
        border: 4px solid red;
        font-size: 1.5rem;
        width: 200px;
        height: 100px;
        text-align: center;
        display: inline-block;
      }

      #Div2 {
        position: static;
        left: 20px;
        top: 50px;
      }
    </style>
  </head>
  <body>
    <section id="Section">
      <p>This is Section</p>
      <div id="Div1">
        <p>This is Div 1</p>
      </div>
      <div id="Div2">
        <p>This is Div 2</p>
      </div>
      <div id="Div3">
        <p>This is Div 3</p>
      </div>
    <section>
  </body>
</html>

Upon adding position property

staticto the selector idDiv2, we saw that the position ofDiv2box didn’t change. Hence, we can conclude that elements with positionstaticdoesn’t get affected byleft, right,toporbottomproperties.

2. Relative position:

When an element gets assigned with position

relative, the position properties likeleft,right,top andbottomaffects the element’s position in the page relative to its normal position asstatic.

Let’s copy and paste the code below to

Div2selector to replace the previous position property.

#Div2 {
        position: relative;
        left: 20px;
        top: 50px;
      }

We can see that the

Div2box changed its position relative to its normal orstaticposition, i.e.20pxfrom theleftand50pxfrom thetop. Upon applyingrelativeposition property to an element, other contents in the same box won’t get affected and change positions

3. Fixed position:

This position property is used to freeze an element in a particular location of the page so that scrolling doesn’t affect the visibility or location of the element. When we apply

fixedvalue to a selector, it gets removed from the flow of the HTML document, i.e. the selector element gets uprooted from its actual position, becomes relative to the entire viewport, and doesn’t get scrolled.

Let’s copy and paste the code below to know the difference.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
  <head>
    <style>
      #Section {
        height: 400vh;
        width: 800px;
        border: 5px solid blue;
        background-color: cyan;
        font-family: monospace;
        font-size: 2rem;
        text-align: center; 
      }
      #Div1, #Div2, #Div3 {
        border: 4px solid red;
        font-size: 1.5rem;
        width: 200px;
        height: 100px;
        text-align: center;
        display: inline-block;
      }
      #Div2 {
        position: fixed;
        left: 0;
        top: 0;
      }
    </style>
  </head>
  <body>
    <section id="Section">
      <p>This is Section</p>
      <div id="Div1">
        <p>This is Div 1</p>
      </div>
      <div id="Div2">
        <p>This is Div 2</p>
      </div>
      <div id="Div3">
        <p>This is Div 3</p>
      </div>
    <section>
  </body>
</html>

After scrolling, we can see that the id

Div2gets fixed in the topmost corner of the document.

4. Absolute position:

Just like

fixedposition, theabsoluteposition property removes selectors from the flow. As the element gets removed from its normal position, the parent element doesn’t regard it as its child anymore. The element becomes relative to the document.

#css #css3 #css-position-property #tutorials #learning-css #html-css