How to upload file in Laravel 6 Application

How to upload file in Laravel 6 Application

In this tutorial, we will learn how to upload file in laravel 6 application step by step simple and easy way.

Originally published at https://w3path.com

Laravel 6 File upload tutorial from scratch with example. We will upload a file into MySQL database and folder with validating file or file type in the Laravel app. Before we will upload a file, validate file with Laravel validator and then store the file to the database and folder.

In this tutorial, We will tell you each thing about file upload in the Laravel app. Just follow few steps and upload file in folder and MySQL database.

Laravel File Upload Tutorial

Contents

  • Install Laravel App
  • Setup Database
  • Make Route
  • Create Controller & Methods
  • Create Blade View
  • Make Folder
  • Start Development Server
  • Conclusion

Install Laravel App

First, we need to download the Laravel fresh setup. Use the below command and download fresh new Laravel setup :

composer create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel Blog

Setup Database

After successfully install Laravel Application, Go to your project .env file and set up database credential and move next step :

 DB_CONNECTION=mysql 
 DB_HOST=127.0.0.1 
 DB_PORT=3306 
 DB_DATABASE=here your database name here
 DB_USERNAME=here database username here
 DB_PASSWORD=here database password here

Generate Migration & Model

Now we will create a table named documents and it’s migration file. use the below command :

php artisan make:model document -m

Its command will create one model name file and also create one migration file for the file table. After successfully run the command go to database/migrations file and put the below here : 

<?php
 
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Schema;
use Illuminate\Database\Schema\Blueprint;
use Illuminate\Database\Migrations\Migration;
 
class CreatedocumentsTable extends Migration
{
    /**
     * Run the migrations.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function up()
    {
        Schema::create('files', function (Blueprint $table) {
            $table->increments('id');
            $table->string('name');
            $table->timestamps();
        });
    }
 
    /**
     * Reverse the migrations.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function down()
    {
        Schema::dropIfExists('documents');
    }
}

Next, migrate the table using the below command :

php artisan migrate

Make Route

We will create two routes in the web.php file. Go to app/routes/web.php file and create two below routes here :

 Route::get('file', '[email protected]');
 Route::get('save', '[email protected]');

Create Controller

We need to create a controller name FileController. Use the below command and create Controller :

php artisan make:controller FileController

After successfully create controller go to app/controllers/FileController.php and put the below code : 

<?php
 
namespace App\Http\Controllers;
 
use Illuminate\Http\Request;
use Validator,Redirect,Response,File;
Use App\Document;
 
class FileController extends Controller
{
 
    public function index()
    {
        return view('file');
    }
 
    public function save()
    {
       request()->validate([
         'file'  => 'required|mimes:doc,docx,pdf,txt|max:2048',
       ]);
 
       if ($files = $request->file('fileUpload')) {
           $destinationPath = 'public/file/'; // upload path
           $profilefile = date('YmdHis') . "." . $files->getClientOriginalExtension();
           $files->move($destinationPath, $profilefile);
           $insert['file'] = "$profilefile";
        }
         
        $check = Document::insertGetId($insert);
 
        return Redirect::to("file")
        ->withSuccess('Great! file has been successfully uploaded.');
 
    }
}

Create Blade view

In this step, we need to create a blade view file. Go to app/resources/views and create one file name file.blade.php :

<html lang="en" class="">
<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<title>Laravel File Upload Tutorial Example From Scratch</title>
<link rel="stylesheet" href="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/normalize/5.0.0/normalize.min.css">
<link rel="stylesheet" href="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/twitter-bootstrap/4.1.3/css/bootstrap.min.css" />
</head>
<body>
<div class="container">
  <div class="row justify-content-center">
    <div class="card">
       <div class="card-header">Laravel Upload File Example</div>
 
         <div class="card-body">
            @if ($message = Session::get('success'))
 
                <div class="alert alert-success alert-block">
 
                    <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="alert">×</button>
 
                    <strong>{{ $message }}</strong>
 
                </div>
            @endif
 
            @if (count($errors) > 0)
                <div class="alert alert-danger">
                    <strong>Whoops!</strong> There were some problems with your input.<br><br>
                    <ul>
                        @foreach ($errors->all() as $error)
                            <li>{{ $error }}</li>
                        @endforeach
                    </ul>
                </div>
            @endif
 
            <form action="/file" method="post" enctype="multipart/form-data">
                @csrf
                <div class="form-group">
                    <input type="file" class="form-control-file" name="file" id="file" aria-describedby="fileHelp">
                    <small id="fileHelp" class="form-text text-muted">Please upload a valid image file. Size of image should not be more than 2MB.</small>
                </div>
                <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary">Submit</button>
            </form>
 
         </div>
     </div>
  </div>
</div>
</html>

Start Development Server

We need to start the development server. Use the PHP artisan serve command and start your server :

 php artisan serve
 If you want to run the project diffrent port so use this below command 
 php artisan serve --port=8080  

Now we are ready to run our example so run bellow command to quick run.

 http://localhost:8000/file

Conclusion

In this tutorial, We have successfully uploaded files in folder and MySQL database with Laravel application. Our examples run quickly.

If you have any questions or thoughts to share, use the comment form below to reach us. 

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