What is Refinable (FINE) | What is Refinable token | What is FINE token

In this article, we’ll discuss information about the Refinable project and FINE token

Blockchain as a whole has experienced several major technological trends in the last decade, beginning with the advent of bitcoin, to the emergence of separate blockchain platforms, and most recently the craze of decentralized finance projects. However, none of these trends have captured the immediate and tangible imagination of the general public like non-fungible tokens(NFTs) have. Akin to how bitcoin has challenged the existing notion of money, NFTs are now on track to challenge the fundamental notion of ownership.

With the massive excitement at NFT projects such as NBA TopShots and SoRare, where real-world content is tokenized into certifiably ownable NFTs, communities have demonstrated that digital collectibles can draw immense value from a shared understanding of value and context. It has been exciting seeing communities ranging from gaming to digital art, music to memes all begin to engage in leveraging NFT technology to create and tokenize content for their users. With the NFT market still in its infancy, we as a community should continue to enable and foster playful experimentation to unlock the deepest potential of NFTs.

However, as more communities and users begin to interact with existing NFT projects, the issue of scalability and mass onboarding becomes apparent. Etherereum transaction fees have been skyrocketing due to massive activities in other blockchain projects, causing the average users to pay upwards of $60USD for creating or transacting an NFT token. Platform commission fees have been equally exorbitant, while other users wait for months to be verified on select platforms - so we decided to create a one-stop NFT solution addressing these and much more.

Without further ado, we are excited to officially announce the public reveal of our project.

As the first major NFT hub on Binance Smart Chain (BSC), Refinable is the definitive platform to create, discover, trade, and leverage any digital content on the blockchain. We believe in bringing about the adoption of NFTs for the masses whilst also allowing for the communal experimentation of this new medium. This means providing our users with a next-gen platform that can support the next billion users in their NFT endeavors, and this is how it begins.

  • No-Code Decentralized P2P Marketplace
  • Ultra-Low Transaction & Commission Fees
  • Limitless Creation & Distribution Options
  • Multiple Settlement Currencies
  • Customized Royalties
  • NFT Content Agnostic
  • Community Moderation & IP Protection
  • Commercial & Non-Commercial Rights and much more…

The Definitive NFT Hub

Invested by Binance and Mr Beast, Refinable is the first major NFT marketplace on BSC, empowering both individual creators and beloved brands to easily and affordably create, discover, trade, and leverage NFTs. Supporting all communities in engaging with NFTs is Refinable’s mission and we look forward to empowering the next generation of digital transactions.

Create your own NFTs

Digitize your content by tokenizing them into certifiably ownable and infinitely tradable goods.

Discover and get discovered

Find something that sparks joy amongst a myriad of content from across the metaverse

Trade and share with anyone

Exchange, auction, or even gift your goods to others entirely on your terms

Leverage their full potential

Deploy your NFTs via various means to unlock their deepest value

A New Digital Marketplace

Featuring ultra low transaction fees, customizable distribution options, and energy-efficient processing, Refinable is the next generation digital marketplace built with users and communities in mind.

Scarce By Design

All platform content will be minted in limited quantities or accessed from other NFT compatible blockchains. Provable scarcity gives creators a new dimension of customization while challenging existing notions of valuation.

Customized Distributions

We support our users from entrepreneurs establishing their own storefronts to creators who love to share within their community in how they want to distribute their content. Configure your goods for one-click purchase, customized auctions, purchase approvals, redemption, or even as a free drop for your users.

Content Agnostic

Refinable is open to all content types from 2D images to 3D models, internet domains to music albums. The platform aims to normalize NFT trade, so our users will naturally discover the content they want to create and transact with.

Decentralized Trade

Trade directly and leverage confidently with any user on the platform through automated smart contracts hosted on the public and proven BSC environment.

High Performance, Low Fees

Binance Smart Chain allows Refinable to transact in an ultra-fast and secure environment while maintaining limited fee exposure for our end-users.

Community Governance

Platform stakeholders will be able to submit proposals, vote on initiatives, and moderate the platform to ensure alignment with evolving needs of the community.

Eco Friendly(er)

Reducing our ecological footprint is always on our minds. BSC’s consensus mechanism (a hybrid of dPoS and PoA) is designed to be more efficient and environmentally friendly than Ethereum’s PoW, where selling a NFT has a carbon footprint equivalent to a 1 hour flight.

FINE Token - Refinable’s Utility & Governance Token

In order to properly align the incentives of our users, stakeholders, and network participants, the Refinable platform will utilize a native utility and governance token, FINE, as its base economic asset.

As a FINE token holder, you gain unprecedented access to our platform as well as the plethora of other benefits that are exclusive to FINE holders. Below we will cover some of the most pertinent information relating to FINE, demonstrating how it was created with our community’s best interest in mind.

Some Very FINE Benefits

With the goal of creating as many value-adding qualities as possible, we have developed FINE to serve as the backbone of the Refinable ecosystem. As a decentralized and distributed platform, FINE will act as a governance token, granting its owners’ voting rights to proposals and a fair say on the network’s future direction. This guarantees that Refinable will develop towards the direction that our community dictates.

Additionally, FINE will also be used as a general utility token for settling and funding transactions, or spent for priority exposure on the platform!

Users who hold and stake their FINE tokens will also benefit from major discounts on platform fees of up to 60%. Regular buyers and sellers have to pay 2.5% in the service fee, while secondary platform sellers have to pay 2.5% plus a percentage of royalties. For FINE holders, these commissions are slashed to 1.5% for buyers, 2% for primary sellers, and 1.5% plus royalties for secondary sellers!

But wait, there’s more! With FINE, token holders will gain access to exclusive events such as special item auctions, exclusive drops, and unique listings from the Refinable team and community. Token holders will all get to participate in platform moderation, with power democratically determined based on the underlying amount of FINE tokens each participant owns.

FINE Tokenomics

We have consulted with some of the top experts in the industry to determine the proper tokenomics for FINE and have created a financially and economically sound cryptocurrency with our users best interests in mind.

The supply of FINE tokens is capped at 500 million, with 20% of tokens going towards our token sale, 20% allocated to community mining, 5% to a Refinable liquidity fund, 10% to Refinable’s team (which does not unlock until one year after the token generation event), 35% to the treasury fund and 9.5% for reserve proposals.

FINE’s total public and private sales will raise approximately US$3M, with an initial purchasing price of US$0.03/FINE for private sales and only a slight increase to US$0.033/FINE for public sale. Public sale users will gain immediate access to their tokens, while private sale participants will receive their total token allocation on a quarterly basis over the course of one year.

How and Where to Buy Refinable (FINE) ?

You will have to first buy one of the major cryptocurrencies, usually either Bitcoin (BTC), Ethereum (ETH), Tether (USDT), Binance (BNB)…

We will use Binance Exchange here as it is one of the largest crypto exchanges that accept fiat deposits.

Once you finished the KYC process. You will be asked to add a payment method. Here you can either choose to provide a credit/debit card or use a bank transfer, and buy one of the major cryptocurrencies, usually either Bitcoin (BTC), Ethereum (ETH), Tether (USDT), Binance (BNB)…

SIGN UP ON BINANCE

Step by Step Guide : What is Binance | How to Create an account on Binance (Updated 2021)

Next step

You need a wallet address to Connect to Pancakeswap Decentralized Exchange, we use Metamask wallet

If you don’t have a Metamask wallet, read this article and follow the steps

What is Metamask wallet | How to Create a wallet and Use

Next step

Connect Metamask Wallet to Pancakeswap Decentralized Exchange and Buy FINE token

Read more: What is Pancakeswap | Beginner’s Guide on How to Use Pancakeswap

There are a few popular crypto exchanges where they have decent daily trading volumes and a huge user base. This will ensure you will be able to sell your coins at any time and the fees will usually be lower. It is suggested that you also register on these exchanges since once FINE gets listed there it will attract a large amount of trading volumes from the users there, that means you will be having some great trading opportunities!

Top exchanges for token-coin trading. Follow instructions and make unlimited money

https://www.binance.com
 ☞ https://www.bittrex.com
 ☞ https://www.poloniex.com
 ☞ https://www.bitfinex.com
 ☞ https://www.huobi.com

Find more information FINE

WebsiteExplorerSocial ChannelSocial Channel 2Message BoardCoinmarketcap

🔺DISCLAIMER: The Information in the post isn’t financial advice, is intended FOR GENERAL INFORMATION PURPOSES ONLY. Trading Cryptocurrency is VERY risky. Make sure you understand these risks and that you are responsible for what you do with your money.

🔥 If you’re a beginner. I believe the article below will be useful to you

⭐ ⭐ ⭐ What You Should Know Before Investing in Cryptocurrency - For Beginner ⭐ ⭐ ⭐

I hope this post will help you. Don’t forget to leave a like, comment and sharing it with others. Thank you!

#blockchain #bitcoin #fine #refinable

What is GEEK

Buddha Community

What is Refinable (FINE) | What is Refinable token | What is FINE token
Angelina roda

Angelina roda

1624552140

How to Buy ReFinable Token ($FINE) - The EASIEST Method! DO NOT MISS!!!

Refinable is currently one of the most popular cryptocurrencies right now on the market, so in today’s video, I will be showing you guys how to easily buy Refinable on your phone using the Trust Wallet application.

📺 The video in this post was made by More LimSanity
The origin of the article: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z0PpDsfKkuY
🔺 DISCLAIMER: The article is for information sharing. The content of this video is solely the opinions of the speaker who is not a licensed financial advisor or registered investment advisor. Not investment advice or legal advice.
Cryptocurrency trading is VERY risky. Make sure you understand these risks and that you are responsible for what you do with your money
🔥 If you’re a beginner. I believe the article below will be useful to you ☞ What You Should Know Before Investing in Cryptocurrency - For Beginner
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Thanks for visiting and watching! Please don’t forget to leave a like, comment and share!

#bitcoin #blockchain #refinable token #$fine #buy refinable token #how to buy refinable token ($fine) - the easiest method!

What is Refinable (FINE) | What is Refinable token | What is FINE token

In this article, we’ll discuss information about the Refinable project and FINE token

Blockchain as a whole has experienced several major technological trends in the last decade, beginning with the advent of bitcoin, to the emergence of separate blockchain platforms, and most recently the craze of decentralized finance projects. However, none of these trends have captured the immediate and tangible imagination of the general public like non-fungible tokens(NFTs) have. Akin to how bitcoin has challenged the existing notion of money, NFTs are now on track to challenge the fundamental notion of ownership.

With the massive excitement at NFT projects such as NBA TopShots and SoRare, where real-world content is tokenized into certifiably ownable NFTs, communities have demonstrated that digital collectibles can draw immense value from a shared understanding of value and context. It has been exciting seeing communities ranging from gaming to digital art, music to memes all begin to engage in leveraging NFT technology to create and tokenize content for their users. With the NFT market still in its infancy, we as a community should continue to enable and foster playful experimentation to unlock the deepest potential of NFTs.

However, as more communities and users begin to interact with existing NFT projects, the issue of scalability and mass onboarding becomes apparent. Etherereum transaction fees have been skyrocketing due to massive activities in other blockchain projects, causing the average users to pay upwards of $60USD for creating or transacting an NFT token. Platform commission fees have been equally exorbitant, while other users wait for months to be verified on select platforms - so we decided to create a one-stop NFT solution addressing these and much more.

Without further ado, we are excited to officially announce the public reveal of our project.

As the first major NFT hub on Binance Smart Chain (BSC), Refinable is the definitive platform to create, discover, trade, and leverage any digital content on the blockchain. We believe in bringing about the adoption of NFTs for the masses whilst also allowing for the communal experimentation of this new medium. This means providing our users with a next-gen platform that can support the next billion users in their NFT endeavors, and this is how it begins.

  • No-Code Decentralized P2P Marketplace
  • Ultra-Low Transaction & Commission Fees
  • Limitless Creation & Distribution Options
  • Multiple Settlement Currencies
  • Customized Royalties
  • NFT Content Agnostic
  • Community Moderation & IP Protection
  • Commercial & Non-Commercial Rights and much more…

The Definitive NFT Hub

Invested by Binance and Mr Beast, Refinable is the first major NFT marketplace on BSC, empowering both individual creators and beloved brands to easily and affordably create, discover, trade, and leverage NFTs. Supporting all communities in engaging with NFTs is Refinable’s mission and we look forward to empowering the next generation of digital transactions.

Create your own NFTs

Digitize your content by tokenizing them into certifiably ownable and infinitely tradable goods.

Discover and get discovered

Find something that sparks joy amongst a myriad of content from across the metaverse

Trade and share with anyone

Exchange, auction, or even gift your goods to others entirely on your terms

Leverage their full potential

Deploy your NFTs via various means to unlock their deepest value

A New Digital Marketplace

Featuring ultra low transaction fees, customizable distribution options, and energy-efficient processing, Refinable is the next generation digital marketplace built with users and communities in mind.

Scarce By Design

All platform content will be minted in limited quantities or accessed from other NFT compatible blockchains. Provable scarcity gives creators a new dimension of customization while challenging existing notions of valuation.

Customized Distributions

We support our users from entrepreneurs establishing their own storefronts to creators who love to share within their community in how they want to distribute their content. Configure your goods for one-click purchase, customized auctions, purchase approvals, redemption, or even as a free drop for your users.

Content Agnostic

Refinable is open to all content types from 2D images to 3D models, internet domains to music albums. The platform aims to normalize NFT trade, so our users will naturally discover the content they want to create and transact with.

Decentralized Trade

Trade directly and leverage confidently with any user on the platform through automated smart contracts hosted on the public and proven BSC environment.

High Performance, Low Fees

Binance Smart Chain allows Refinable to transact in an ultra-fast and secure environment while maintaining limited fee exposure for our end-users.

Community Governance

Platform stakeholders will be able to submit proposals, vote on initiatives, and moderate the platform to ensure alignment with evolving needs of the community.

Eco Friendly(er)

Reducing our ecological footprint is always on our minds. BSC’s consensus mechanism (a hybrid of dPoS and PoA) is designed to be more efficient and environmentally friendly than Ethereum’s PoW, where selling a NFT has a carbon footprint equivalent to a 1 hour flight.

FINE Token - Refinable’s Utility & Governance Token

In order to properly align the incentives of our users, stakeholders, and network participants, the Refinable platform will utilize a native utility and governance token, FINE, as its base economic asset.

As a FINE token holder, you gain unprecedented access to our platform as well as the plethora of other benefits that are exclusive to FINE holders. Below we will cover some of the most pertinent information relating to FINE, demonstrating how it was created with our community’s best interest in mind.

Some Very FINE Benefits

With the goal of creating as many value-adding qualities as possible, we have developed FINE to serve as the backbone of the Refinable ecosystem. As a decentralized and distributed platform, FINE will act as a governance token, granting its owners’ voting rights to proposals and a fair say on the network’s future direction. This guarantees that Refinable will develop towards the direction that our community dictates.

Additionally, FINE will also be used as a general utility token for settling and funding transactions, or spent for priority exposure on the platform!

Users who hold and stake their FINE tokens will also benefit from major discounts on platform fees of up to 60%. Regular buyers and sellers have to pay 2.5% in the service fee, while secondary platform sellers have to pay 2.5% plus a percentage of royalties. For FINE holders, these commissions are slashed to 1.5% for buyers, 2% for primary sellers, and 1.5% plus royalties for secondary sellers!

But wait, there’s more! With FINE, token holders will gain access to exclusive events such as special item auctions, exclusive drops, and unique listings from the Refinable team and community. Token holders will all get to participate in platform moderation, with power democratically determined based on the underlying amount of FINE tokens each participant owns.

FINE Tokenomics

We have consulted with some of the top experts in the industry to determine the proper tokenomics for FINE and have created a financially and economically sound cryptocurrency with our users best interests in mind.

The supply of FINE tokens is capped at 500 million, with 20% of tokens going towards our token sale, 20% allocated to community mining, 5% to a Refinable liquidity fund, 10% to Refinable’s team (which does not unlock until one year after the token generation event), 35% to the treasury fund and 9.5% for reserve proposals.

FINE’s total public and private sales will raise approximately US$3M, with an initial purchasing price of US$0.03/FINE for private sales and only a slight increase to US$0.033/FINE for public sale. Public sale users will gain immediate access to their tokens, while private sale participants will receive their total token allocation on a quarterly basis over the course of one year.

How and Where to Buy Refinable (FINE) ?

You will have to first buy one of the major cryptocurrencies, usually either Bitcoin (BTC), Ethereum (ETH), Tether (USDT), Binance (BNB)…

We will use Binance Exchange here as it is one of the largest crypto exchanges that accept fiat deposits.

Once you finished the KYC process. You will be asked to add a payment method. Here you can either choose to provide a credit/debit card or use a bank transfer, and buy one of the major cryptocurrencies, usually either Bitcoin (BTC), Ethereum (ETH), Tether (USDT), Binance (BNB)…

SIGN UP ON BINANCE

Step by Step Guide : What is Binance | How to Create an account on Binance (Updated 2021)

Next step

You need a wallet address to Connect to Pancakeswap Decentralized Exchange, we use Metamask wallet

If you don’t have a Metamask wallet, read this article and follow the steps

What is Metamask wallet | How to Create a wallet and Use

Next step

Connect Metamask Wallet to Pancakeswap Decentralized Exchange and Buy FINE token

Read more: What is Pancakeswap | Beginner’s Guide on How to Use Pancakeswap

There are a few popular crypto exchanges where they have decent daily trading volumes and a huge user base. This will ensure you will be able to sell your coins at any time and the fees will usually be lower. It is suggested that you also register on these exchanges since once FINE gets listed there it will attract a large amount of trading volumes from the users there, that means you will be having some great trading opportunities!

Top exchanges for token-coin trading. Follow instructions and make unlimited money

https://www.binance.com
 ☞ https://www.bittrex.com
 ☞ https://www.poloniex.com
 ☞ https://www.bitfinex.com
 ☞ https://www.huobi.com

Find more information FINE

WebsiteExplorerSocial ChannelSocial Channel 2Message BoardCoinmarketcap

🔺DISCLAIMER: The Information in the post isn’t financial advice, is intended FOR GENERAL INFORMATION PURPOSES ONLY. Trading Cryptocurrency is VERY risky. Make sure you understand these risks and that you are responsible for what you do with your money.

🔥 If you’re a beginner. I believe the article below will be useful to you

⭐ ⭐ ⭐ What You Should Know Before Investing in Cryptocurrency - For Beginner ⭐ ⭐ ⭐

I hope this post will help you. Don’t forget to leave a like, comment and sharing it with others. Thank you!

#blockchain #bitcoin #fine #refinable

Words Counted: A Ruby Natural Language Processor.

WordsCounted

We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars.

-- Oscar Wilde

WordsCounted is a Ruby NLP (natural language processor). WordsCounted lets you implement powerful tokensation strategies with a very flexible tokeniser class.

Are you using WordsCounted to do something interesting? Please tell me about it.

 

Demo

Visit this website for one example of what you can do with WordsCounted.

Features

  • Out of the box, get the following data from any string or readable file, or URL:
    • Token count and unique token count
    • Token densities, frequencies, and lengths
    • Char count and average chars per token
    • The longest tokens and their lengths
    • The most frequent tokens and their frequencies.
  • A flexible way to exclude tokens from the tokeniser. You can pass a string, regexp, symbol, lambda, or an array of any combination of those types for powerful tokenisation strategies.
  • Pass your own regexp rules to the tokeniser if you prefer. The default regexp filters special characters but keeps hyphens and apostrophes. It also plays nicely with diacritics (UTF and unicode characters): Bayrūt is treated as ["Bayrūt"] and not ["Bayr", "ū", "t"], for example.
  • Opens and reads files. Pass in a file path or a url instead of a string.

Installation

Add this line to your application's Gemfile:

gem 'words_counted'

And then execute:

$ bundle

Or install it yourself as:

$ gem install words_counted

Usage

Pass in a string or a file path, and an optional filter and/or regexp.

counter = WordsCounted.count(
  "We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars."
)

# Using a file
counter = WordsCounted.from_file("path/or/url/to/my/file.txt")

.count and .from_file are convenience methods that take an input, tokenise it, and return an instance of WordsCounted::Counter initialized with the tokens. The WordsCounted::Tokeniser and WordsCounted::Counter classes can be used alone, however.

API

WordsCounted

WordsCounted.count(input, options = {})

Tokenises input and initializes a WordsCounted::Counter object with the resulting tokens.

counter = WordsCounted.count("Hello Beirut!")

Accepts two options: exclude and regexp. See Excluding tokens from the analyser and Passing in a custom regexp respectively.

WordsCounted.from_file(path, options = {})

Reads and tokenises a file, and initializes a WordsCounted::Counter object with the resulting tokens.

counter = WordsCounted.from_file("hello_beirut.txt")

Accepts the same options as .count.

Tokeniser

The tokeniser allows you to tokenise text in a variety of ways. You can pass in your own rules for tokenisation, and apply a powerful filter with any combination of rules as long as they can boil down into a lambda.

Out of the box the tokeniser includes only alpha chars. Hyphenated tokens and tokens with apostrophes are considered a single token.

#tokenise([pattern: TOKEN_REGEXP, exclude: nil])

tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new("Hello Beirut!").tokenise

# With `exclude`
tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new("Hello Beirut!").tokenise(exclude: "hello")

# With `pattern`
tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new("I <3 Beirut!").tokenise(pattern: /[a-z]/i)

See Excluding tokens from the analyser and Passing in a custom regexp for more information.

Counter

The WordsCounted::Counter class allows you to collect various statistics from an array of tokens.

#token_count

Returns the token count of a given string.

counter.token_count #=> 15

#token_frequency

Returns a sorted (unstable) two-dimensional array where each element is a token and its frequency. The array is sorted by frequency in descending order.

counter.token_frequency

[
  ["the", 2],
  ["are", 2],
  ["we",  1],
  # ...
  ["all", 1]
]

#most_frequent_tokens

Returns a hash where each key-value pair is a token and its frequency.

counter.most_frequent_tokens

{ "are" => 2, "the" => 2 }

#token_lengths

Returns a sorted (unstable) two-dimentional array where each element contains a token and its length. The array is sorted by length in descending order.

counter.token_lengths

[
  ["looking", 7],
  ["gutter",  6],
  ["stars",   5],
  # ...
  ["in",      2]
]

#longest_tokens

Returns a hash where each key-value pair is a token and its length.

counter.longest_tokens

{ "looking" => 7 }

#token_density([ precision: 2 ])

Returns a sorted (unstable) two-dimentional array where each element contains a token and its density as a float, rounded to a precision of two. The array is sorted by density in descending order. It accepts a precision argument, which must be a float.

counter.token_density

[
  ["are",     0.13],
  ["the",     0.13],
  ["but",     0.07 ],
  # ...
  ["we",      0.07 ]
]

#char_count

Returns the char count of tokens.

counter.char_count #=> 76

#average_chars_per_token([ precision: 2 ])

Returns the average char count per token rounded to two decimal places. Accepts a precision argument which defaults to two. Precision must be a float.

counter.average_chars_per_token #=> 4

#uniq_token_count

Returns the number of unique tokens.

counter.uniq_token_count #=> 13

Excluding tokens from the tokeniser

You can exclude anything you want from the input by passing the exclude option. The exclude option accepts a variety of filters and is extremely flexible.

  1. A space-delimited string. The filter will normalise the string.
  2. A regular expression.
  3. A lambda.
  4. A symbol that names a predicate method. For example :odd?.
  5. An array of any combination of the above.
tokeniser =
  WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new(
    "Magnificent! That was magnificent, Trevor."
  )

# Using a string
tokeniser.tokenise(exclude: "was magnificent")
# => ["that", "trevor"]

# Using a regular expression
tokeniser.tokenise(exclude: /trevor/)
# => ["magnificent", "that", "was", "magnificent"]

# Using a lambda
tokeniser.tokenise(exclude: ->(t) { t.length < 4 })
# => ["magnificent", "that", "magnificent", "trevor"]

# Using symbol
tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new("Hello! محمد")
tokeniser.tokenise(exclude: :ascii_only?)
# => ["محمد"]

# Using an array
tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new(
  "Hello! اسماءنا هي محمد، كارولينا، سامي، وداني"
)
tokeniser.tokenise(
  exclude: [:ascii_only?, /محمد/, ->(t) { t.length > 6}, "و"]
)
# => ["هي", "سامي", "وداني"]

Passing in a custom regexp

The default regexp accounts for letters, hyphenated tokens, and apostrophes. This means twenty-one is treated as one token. So is Mohamad's.

/[\p{Alpha}\-']+/

You can pass your own criteria as a Ruby regular expression to split your string as desired.

For example, if you wanted to include numbers, you can override the regular expression:

counter = WordsCounted.count("Numbers 1, 2, and 3", pattern: /[\p{Alnum}\-']+/)
counter.tokens
#=> ["numbers", "1", "2", "and", "3"]

Opening and reading files

Use the from_file method to open files. from_file accepts the same options as .count. The file path can be a URL.

counter = WordsCounted.from_file("url/or/path/to/file.text")

Gotchas

A hyphen used in leu of an em or en dash will form part of the token. This affects the tokeniser algorithm.

counter = WordsCounted.count("How do you do?-you are well, I see.")
counter.token_frequency

[
  ["do",   2],
  ["how",  1],
  ["you",  1],
  ["-you", 1], # WTF, mate!
  ["are",  1],
  # ...
]

In this example -you and you are separate tokens. Also, the tokeniser does not include numbers by default. Remember that you can pass your own regular expression if the default behaviour does not fit your needs.

A note on case sensitivity

The program will normalise (downcase) all incoming strings for consistency and filters.

Roadmap

Ability to open URLs

def self.from_url
  # open url and send string here after removing html
end

Contributors

See contributors.

Contributing

  1. Fork it
  2. Create your feature branch (git checkout -b my-new-feature)
  3. Commit your changes (git commit -am 'Add some feature')
  4. Push to the branch (git push origin my-new-feature)
  5. Create new Pull Request

Author: abitdodgy
Source code: https://github.com/abitdodgy/words_counted
License: MIT license

#ruby  #ruby-on-rails 

Royce  Reinger

Royce Reinger

1658068560

WordsCounted: A Ruby Natural Language Processor

WordsCounted

We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars.

-- Oscar Wilde

WordsCounted is a Ruby NLP (natural language processor). WordsCounted lets you implement powerful tokensation strategies with a very flexible tokeniser class.

Features

  • Out of the box, get the following data from any string or readable file, or URL:
    • Token count and unique token count
    • Token densities, frequencies, and lengths
    • Char count and average chars per token
    • The longest tokens and their lengths
    • The most frequent tokens and their frequencies.
  • A flexible way to exclude tokens from the tokeniser. You can pass a string, regexp, symbol, lambda, or an array of any combination of those types for powerful tokenisation strategies.
  • Pass your own regexp rules to the tokeniser if you prefer. The default regexp filters special characters but keeps hyphens and apostrophes. It also plays nicely with diacritics (UTF and unicode characters): Bayrūt is treated as ["Bayrūt"] and not ["Bayr", "ū", "t"], for example.
  • Opens and reads files. Pass in a file path or a url instead of a string.

Installation

Add this line to your application's Gemfile:

gem 'words_counted'

And then execute:

$ bundle

Or install it yourself as:

$ gem install words_counted

Usage

Pass in a string or a file path, and an optional filter and/or regexp.

counter = WordsCounted.count(
  "We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars."
)

# Using a file
counter = WordsCounted.from_file("path/or/url/to/my/file.txt")

.count and .from_file are convenience methods that take an input, tokenise it, and return an instance of WordsCounted::Counter initialized with the tokens. The WordsCounted::Tokeniser and WordsCounted::Counter classes can be used alone, however.

API

WordsCounted

WordsCounted.count(input, options = {})

Tokenises input and initializes a WordsCounted::Counter object with the resulting tokens.

counter = WordsCounted.count("Hello Beirut!")

Accepts two options: exclude and regexp. See Excluding tokens from the analyser and Passing in a custom regexp respectively.

WordsCounted.from_file(path, options = {})

Reads and tokenises a file, and initializes a WordsCounted::Counter object with the resulting tokens.

counter = WordsCounted.from_file("hello_beirut.txt")

Accepts the same options as .count.

Tokeniser

The tokeniser allows you to tokenise text in a variety of ways. You can pass in your own rules for tokenisation, and apply a powerful filter with any combination of rules as long as they can boil down into a lambda.

Out of the box the tokeniser includes only alpha chars. Hyphenated tokens and tokens with apostrophes are considered a single token.

#tokenise([pattern: TOKEN_REGEXP, exclude: nil])

tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new("Hello Beirut!").tokenise

# With `exclude`
tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new("Hello Beirut!").tokenise(exclude: "hello")

# With `pattern`
tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new("I <3 Beirut!").tokenise(pattern: /[a-z]/i)

See Excluding tokens from the analyser and Passing in a custom regexp for more information.

Counter

The WordsCounted::Counter class allows you to collect various statistics from an array of tokens.

#token_count

Returns the token count of a given string.

counter.token_count #=> 15

#token_frequency

Returns a sorted (unstable) two-dimensional array where each element is a token and its frequency. The array is sorted by frequency in descending order.

counter.token_frequency

[
  ["the", 2],
  ["are", 2],
  ["we",  1],
  # ...
  ["all", 1]
]

#most_frequent_tokens

Returns a hash where each key-value pair is a token and its frequency.

counter.most_frequent_tokens

{ "are" => 2, "the" => 2 }

#token_lengths

Returns a sorted (unstable) two-dimentional array where each element contains a token and its length. The array is sorted by length in descending order.

counter.token_lengths

[
  ["looking", 7],
  ["gutter",  6],
  ["stars",   5],
  # ...
  ["in",      2]
]

#longest_tokens

Returns a hash where each key-value pair is a token and its length.

counter.longest_tokens

{ "looking" => 7 }

#token_density([ precision: 2 ])

Returns a sorted (unstable) two-dimentional array where each element contains a token and its density as a float, rounded to a precision of two. The array is sorted by density in descending order. It accepts a precision argument, which must be a float.

counter.token_density

[
  ["are",     0.13],
  ["the",     0.13],
  ["but",     0.07 ],
  # ...
  ["we",      0.07 ]
]

#char_count

Returns the char count of tokens.

counter.char_count #=> 76

#average_chars_per_token([ precision: 2 ])

Returns the average char count per token rounded to two decimal places. Accepts a precision argument which defaults to two. Precision must be a float.

counter.average_chars_per_token #=> 4

#uniq_token_count

Returns the number of unique tokens.

counter.uniq_token_count #=> 13

Excluding tokens from the tokeniser

You can exclude anything you want from the input by passing the exclude option. The exclude option accepts a variety of filters and is extremely flexible.

  1. A space-delimited string. The filter will normalise the string.
  2. A regular expression.
  3. A lambda.
  4. A symbol that names a predicate method. For example :odd?.
  5. An array of any combination of the above.
tokeniser =
  WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new(
    "Magnificent! That was magnificent, Trevor."
  )

# Using a string
tokeniser.tokenise(exclude: "was magnificent")
# => ["that", "trevor"]

# Using a regular expression
tokeniser.tokenise(exclude: /trevor/)
# => ["magnificent", "that", "was", "magnificent"]

# Using a lambda
tokeniser.tokenise(exclude: ->(t) { t.length < 4 })
# => ["magnificent", "that", "magnificent", "trevor"]

# Using symbol
tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new("Hello! محمد")
tokeniser.tokenise(exclude: :ascii_only?)
# => ["محمد"]

# Using an array
tokeniser = WordsCounted::Tokeniser.new(
  "Hello! اسماءنا هي محمد، كارولينا، سامي، وداني"
)
tokeniser.tokenise(
  exclude: [:ascii_only?, /محمد/, ->(t) { t.length > 6}, "و"]
)
# => ["هي", "سامي", "وداني"]

Passing in a custom regexp

The default regexp accounts for letters, hyphenated tokens, and apostrophes. This means twenty-one is treated as one token. So is Mohamad's.

/[\p{Alpha}\-']+/

You can pass your own criteria as a Ruby regular expression to split your string as desired.

For example, if you wanted to include numbers, you can override the regular expression:

counter = WordsCounted.count("Numbers 1, 2, and 3", pattern: /[\p{Alnum}\-']+/)
counter.tokens
#=> ["numbers", "1", "2", "and", "3"]

Opening and reading files

Use the from_file method to open files. from_file accepts the same options as .count. The file path can be a URL.

counter = WordsCounted.from_file("url/or/path/to/file.text")

Gotchas

A hyphen used in leu of an em or en dash will form part of the token. This affects the tokeniser algorithm.

counter = WordsCounted.count("How do you do?-you are well, I see.")
counter.token_frequency

[
  ["do",   2],
  ["how",  1],
  ["you",  1],
  ["-you", 1], # WTF, mate!
  ["are",  1],
  # ...
]

In this example -you and you are separate tokens. Also, the tokeniser does not include numbers by default. Remember that you can pass your own regular expression if the default behaviour does not fit your needs.

A note on case sensitivity

The program will normalise (downcase) all incoming strings for consistency and filters.

Roadmap

Ability to open URLs

def self.from_url
  # open url and send string here after removing html
end

Are you using WordsCounted to do something interesting? Please tell me about it.

Gem Version 

RubyDoc documentation.

Demo

Visit this website for one example of what you can do with WordsCounted.


Contributors

See contributors.

Contributing

  1. Fork it
  2. Create your feature branch (git checkout -b my-new-feature)
  3. Commit your changes (git commit -am 'Add some feature')
  4. Push to the branch (git push origin my-new-feature)
  5. Create new Pull Request

Author: Abitdodgy
Source Code: https://github.com/abitdodgy/words_counted 
License: MIT license

#ruby #nlp 

aaron silva

aaron silva

1622197808

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