Selenium is an open-source framework and consists of the components:
1. Selenium Webdriver: the main component that automatically performs the user’s actions in the browser.
2. Selenium Grid: the component that allows multiple instances to run simultaneously — on multiple devices, operating systems, and browsers. This makes it possible to run test results on as many platforms as possible, which is a prerequisite for successful automation testing.
3. Selenium IDE: records and repeats actions of the user in the browser.
The Webdriver communicates with the browser via a browser-specific driver, which also sends HTTP responses to the Webdriver in the opposite direction. This simple structure, coupled with an open architecture and the possibility of working cross-platform and cross-language, attracts many users and developers and enables extensions to be built in.
Let’s get started!
First of all, the setup: We need Selenium — which we can download and install in the terminal with“-m pip install selenium”. Next, we need the already mentioned webdriver. I use Google Chrome for this project and you can find the Chrome webdriver here. We start a new Python project — and import Selenium with the first lines of code, select the webdriver.Chrome and give the path where the chromedriver is located.
#python #automatisation #testing #web-app-development #selenium
The demand for delivering quality software faster — or “Quality at Speed” — requires organizations to search for solutions in Agile, continuous integration (CI), and DevOps methodologies. Test automation is an essential part of these aspects. The latest World Quality Report 2018–2019 suggests that test automation is the biggest bottleneck to deliver “Quality at Speed,” as it is an enabler of successful Agile and DevOps adoption.
Test automation cannot be realized without good tools; as they determine how automation is performed and whether the benefits of automation can be delivered. Test automation tools is a crucial component in the DevOps toolchain. The current test automation trends have increased in applying artificial intelligence and machine learning (AI/ML) to offer advanced capabilities for test optimization, intelligent test generation, execution, and reporting. It will be worthwhile to understand which tools are best poised to take advantage of these trends.****
#automation-testing #automation-testing-tools #testing #testing-tools #selenium #open-source #test-automation #automated-testing
Selenium has gone through a tremendous evolution since its introduction and that’s the reason today it is the most popular and powerful automation testing tool. The newly released Selenium 4 is creating a lot of buzz and the complete testing community is looking forward to exploring its updated features.
Before we dive into Selenium 4, let’s have a brief introduction to its previous versions. Selenium 1 was declared as the free open source automation testing framework in the year 2004 consisting of selenium IDE, RC, and web driver. Whereas, the Selenium 2 released in 2011 consisted of the IDE, Web driver, and Grid. The RC server was merged with the web driver, as the web driver facilitated easy automation scripting for the browsers. Selenium 3 was officially released in 2016. One of the most noticeable changes in selenium 3 was the replacement of the selenium core with the web driver-backed option, the introduction of the gecko driver, and W3C web driver integration.
With the aim of executing much seamless, accurate and faster test automation, Selenium 4 was released on 24th April 2019. So let’s unleash all the major features of selenium 4 which sets it apart from the earlier versions delivering better test automation. There are a lot of exciting features in Selenium 4 across the complete suite i.e. Selenium IDE, Webdriver and Grid. In Selenium 4 though the Webdriver captures the spotlight, we will cover the updated features of selenium IDE and selenium grid. So first of all let’s define the different user groups for the Selenium suite.
Selenium is a suite of tools that caters to the various requirements of the project such as:
Let us explore the features of Selenium 4 across the different Selenium Tools.
#selenium #automation testing #selenium automation #selenium automated testing #selenium test automation #selenium 4
Being an automation tester, we do realize that in a release cycle, time is always of the essence! Selenium test automation helps to save us a considerable amount of time in our test cycles. However, it is pivotal to note the way through which you are executing your Selenium testing scripts. Which frameworks are you using? Are you doing it with an in-house infrastructure or with an online Selenium Grid? Are you making use of build automation tools or not?!
Build automation tools like Maven, Gradle and ANT provide you to accelerate the Selenium test automation even further. Not only do they help you manage build lifecycles, dependencies but they also allow you to perform parallel test execution. In this post, we are going to understand why every automation tester needs a build management tool for Selenium testing.
Build automation tools allow us to orchestrate our project builds by automating the processes for handling Selenium dependencies, compiling source code to binary & then later packages the binary. All in order to run automation testing. Build automation tools have become pivotal for the software development & testing process. These tools help developers in completing day to day activities like.
#selenium #automation #testing #build-automation-tools #selenium-automation-testing #lambda #test-cycles #coding
Selenium is one of the most popular automated testing frameworks, with a market share of about 26.4% in the software testing tools category. This open-source testing framework enables you to automate user actions on your software application under test.
Using this free testing framework, you can also verify & validate your software products across multiple browsers. Additionally, you can create Selenium test scripts using various programming languages such as C#, Java, Python, etc.
The Selenium automation software consists of a host of software tools to cater to an organization’s different quality engineering needs. These are:
Even though Selenium is among the most preferable web-app testing frameworks, it is not completely flawless. This automation framework has its fair share of challenges that developers face while working with it. Let us discuss some of the most common challenges and how you can tackle each of them.
#selenium #selenium-webdriver #selenium-automation-testing #test-automation #software-testing-tools #deployment-challenges #software-quality-assurance #software-testing
While you are automating your test cases with Selenium automation, here is how to start implementing Selenium getAttribute() method to get the best results.
Testing a web page can be a gargantuan task, considering all the elements and variables that come together to make a page work. Selenium automation is a great way to overcome these challenges and automate everything you would manually do. For example, Selenium makes it so much easier to take a screenshot using Python instead of doing it manually every time you come across a website issue.
Similarly, there are multiple scenarios while writing automation test cases when we need to verify a specific attribute on the web page. To ease our execution, the method to
getAttribute() in Selenium comes to the rescue. In this blog, we will understand what an attribute is and how we can handle web elements’ attributes using the Selenium
Let’s get to it, shall we?
#selenium #webdriver #selenium automation testing #selenium automation #selenium - web browser automation #selenium automated testing #get attribute