How to create Laravel 6 multiple Authentication using Middleware

How to create Laravel 6 multiple Authentication using Middleware

In this tutorial, I would like to share with you how to create Laravel 6 multiple authentication using Middleware. We will create multi auth in Laravel 6 using middleware. I will write step by step tutorial of creating multiple authentication in Laravel 6.

I written many tutorials about multi authentication in laravel. in this tutorial we will create multi auth very simple way using middleware with single table. if you want to create multiple authentication using guard than you can follow this tutorial: Laravel multi auth example using Auth guard from scratch

However, in this example, we will create very simple way and you can easily use with your Laravel 6 Application. so let's follow this step.

Step 1: Install Laravel 6

first of all we need to get fresh Laravel 6 version application using bellow command, So open your terminal OR command prompt and run bellow command:

composer create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel blog

Step 2: Database Configuration

In second step, we will make database configuration for example database name, username, password etc for our crud application of laravel 6. So let's open .env file and fill all details like as bellow:

.env

DB_CONNECTION=mysql

DB_HOST=127.0.0.1

DB_PORT=3306

DB_DATABASE=here your database name(blog)

DB_USERNAME=here database username(root)

DB_PASSWORD=here database password(root)

Step 3: Update Migration and Model

In this step, we need to add new row "is_admin" in users table and model. than we need to run migration. so let's change that on both file.

database/migrations/000_create_users_table.php

<?php



use Illuminate\Database\Migrations\Migration;

use Illuminate\Database\Schema\Blueprint;

use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Schema;



class CreateUsersTable extends Migration

{

    /**

     * Run the migrations.

     *

     * @return void

     */

    public function up()

    {

        Schema::create('users', function (Blueprint $table) {

            $table->bigIncrements('id');

            $table->string('name');

            $table->string('email');

            $table->timestamp('email_verified_at')->nullable();

            $table->boolean('is_admin')->nullable();

            $table->string('password');

            $table->rememberToken();

            $table->timestamps();

        });

    }



    /**

     * Reverse the migrations.

     *

     * @return void

     */

    public function down()

    {

        Schema::dropIfExists('users');

    }

}

app/User.php

<?php



namespace App;



use Illuminate\Contracts\Auth\MustVerifyEmail;

use Illuminate\Foundation\Auth\User as Authenticatable;

use Illuminate\Notifications\Notifiable;



class User extends Authenticatable

{

    use Notifiable;



    /**

     * The attributes that are mass assignable.

     *

     * @var array

     */

    protected $fillable = [

        'name', 'email', 'password', 'is_admin'

    ];



    /**

     * The attributes that should be hidden for arrays.

     *

     * @var array

     */

    protected $hidden = [

        'password', 'remember_token',

    ];



    /**

     * The attributes that should be cast to native types.

     *

     * @var array

     */

    protected $casts = [

        'email_verified_at' => 'datetime',

    ];

}

php artisan migrate so let's run bellow command:

php artisan migrate

Step 4: Create Auth using scaffold

Now, in this step, we will create auth scaffold command to create login, register and dashboard. so run following commands:

Laravel 6 UI Package

composer require laravel/ui 

Generate auth

php artisan ui bootstrap --auth 
npm install
npm run dev

Step 5: Create IsAdmin Middleware

In this step, we require to create admin middleware that will allows only admin access users to that routes. so let's create admin user with following steps.

php artisan make:middleware IsAdmin

app/Http/middleware/IsAdmin.php

<?php



namespace App\Http\Middleware;



use Closure;



class IsAdmin

{

    /**

     * Handle an incoming request.

     *

     * @param  \Illuminate\Http\Request  $request

     * @param  \Closure  $next

     * @return mixed

     */

    public function handle($request, Closure $next)

    {

        if(auth()->user()->is_admin == 1){

            return $next($request);

        }



        return redirect(‘home’)->with(‘error’,"You don't have admin access.");

    }

}

app/Http/Kernel.php

....

protected $routeMiddleware = [

    'auth' => \App\Http\Middleware\Authenticate::class,

    'auth.basic' => \Illuminate\Auth\Middleware\AuthenticateWithBasicAuth::class,

    'bindings' => \Illuminate\Routing\Middleware\SubstituteBindings::class,

    'cache.headers' => \Illuminate\Http\Middleware\SetCacheHeaders::class,

    'can' => \Illuminate\Auth\Middleware\Authorize::class,

    'guest' => \App\Http\Middleware\RedirectIfAuthenticated::class,

    'signed' => \Illuminate\Routing\Middleware\ValidateSignature::class,

    'throttle' => \Illuminate\Routing\Middleware\ThrottleRequests::class,

    'verified' => \Illuminate\Auth\Middleware\EnsureEmailIsVerified::class,

    'is_admin' => \App\Http\Middleware\IsAdmin::class,

];

....

Step 6: Create Route

Here, we need to add one more route for admin user home page so let's add that route in web.php file.

routes/web.php

Route::get('admin/home', '[email protected]')->name('admin.home')->middleware('is_admin');

Step 7: Add Method on Controller

Here, we need add adminHome() method for admin route in HomeController. so let's add like as bellow:

app/Http/Controllers/HomeController.php

<?php



namespace App\Http\Controllers;



use Illuminate\Http\Request;



class HomeController extends Controller

{

    /**

     * Create a new controller instance.

     *

     * @return void

     */

    public function __construct()

    {

        $this->middleware('auth');

    }



    /**

     * Show the application dashboard.

     *

     * @return \Illuminate\Contracts\Support\Renderable

     */

    public function index()

    {

        return view('home');

    }



    /**

     * Show the application dashboard.

     *

     * @return \Illuminate\Contracts\Support\Renderable

     */

    public function adminHome()

    {

        return view('adminHome');

    }



}

Step 8: Create Blade file

In this step, we need to create new blade file for admin and update for user blade file. so let's change it.

resources/views/home.blade.php

@extends('layouts.app')



@section('content')

<div class="container">

    <div class="row justify-content-center">

        <div class="col-md-8">

            <div class="card">

                <div class="card-header">Dashboard</div>

                <div class="card-body">

                    You are normal user.

                </div>

            </div>

        </div>

    </div>

</div>

@endsection

resources/views/adminHome.blade.php

@extends('layouts.app')



@section('content')

<div class="container">

    <div class="row justify-content-center">

        <div class="col-md-8">

            <div class="card">

                <div class="card-header">Dashboard</div>

                <div class="card-body">

                    You are Admin.

                </div>

            </div>

        </div>

    </div>

</div>

@endsection

Step 9: Update on LoginController

In this step, we will change on LoginController, when user will login than we redirect according to user access. if normal user than we will redirect to home route and if admin user than we redirect to admin route. so let's change.

app/Http/Controllers/Auth/LoginController.php

<?php



namespace App\Http\Controllers\Auth;



use App\Http\Controllers\Controller;

use Illuminate\Foundation\Auth\AuthenticatesUsers;

use Illuminate\Http\Request;



class LoginController extends Controller

{

    /*

    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------

    | Login Controller

    |--------------------------------------------------------------------------

    |

    | This controller handles authenticating users for the application and

    | redirecting them to your home screen. The controller uses a trait

    | to conveniently provide its functionality to your applications.

    |

    */



    use AuthenticatesUsers;



    /**

     * Where to redirect users after login.

     *

     * @var string

     */

    protected $redirectTo = '/home';



    /**

     * Create a new controller instance.

     *

     * @return void

     */

    public function __construct()

    {

        $this->middleware('guest')->except('logout');

    }



    public function login(Request $request)

    {   

        $input = $request->all();



        $this->validate($request, [

            'email' => 'required|email',

            'password' => 'required',

        ]);



        if(auth()->attempt(array('email' => $input['email'], 'password' => $input['password'])))

        {

            if (auth()->user()->is_admin == 1) {

                return redirect()->route('admin.home');

            }else{

                return redirect()->route('home');

            }

        }else{

            return redirect()->route('login')

                ->with('error','Email-Address And Password Are Wrong.');

        }



    }

}

Step 10: Create Seeder

We will create seeder for create new admin and normal user. so let's create seeder using following command:

php artisan make:seeder CreateUsersSeeder

database/seeds/CreateUsersSeeder.php

<?php



use Illuminate\Database\Seeder;

use App\User;



class CreateUsersSeeder extends Seeder

{

    /**

     * Run the database seeds.

     *

     * @return void

     */

    public function run()

    {

        $user = [

            [

               'name'=>'Admin',

               'email'=>'[email protected]',

                'is_admin'=>'1',

               'password'=> bcrypt('123456'),

            ],

            [

               'name'=>'User',

               'email'=>'[email protected]',

                'is_admin'=>'0',

               'password'=> bcrypt('123456'),

            ],

        ];



        foreach ($user as $key => $value) {

            User::create($value);

        }

    }

}

Now let's run seeder:

php artisan db:seed --class=CreateUsersSeeder

Ok, now we are ready to run.

So let's run project using this command:

php artisan serve

Admin User

Email: [email protected]

Password: 123456

How to create Laravel 6 multiple Authentication using Middleware

Normal User

Email: [email protected]

Password: 123456

How to create Laravel 6 multiple Authentication using Middleware

I hope it can help you...

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