Zakary  Goyette

Zakary Goyette

1599706680

A Short Story of IDOR To Account Takeover

Hello Guys ! I am Jeya Seelan a Security Researcher and a Bug Hunter. This Is My First Bug Bounty Writeup. We are Going to See A Short Story of IDOR and How Could I Have Taken Over Your Account Through It.

Before Getting into Details Let’s See What is An IDOR.

What is an IDOR?

IDOR Stands For Insecure Direct Object Reference and it is a type Of Access Control Vulnerability. According to OWASP IDOR occurs…

“ Insecure Direct Object Reference occurs when an application provides direct access to objects based on user-supplied input. As a result of this vulnerability attackers can bypass authorization and access resources in the system directly, for example database records or files. Insecure Direct Object References allow attackers to bypass authorization and access resources directly by modifying the value of a parameter used to directly point to an object. Such resources can be database entries belonging to other users, files in the system, and more.”


Image for post

Let us See an Example, Consider Two Users User A and User B. The User-A is having a Document with ID 1000 and the User B is Having a Document with ID 1002.

In Normal Scenario the User A Will Only Have Access Only To Document With ID 1000 and User B Will Only Have Access to Document with ID 1002. But Here If User A Changed the Document ID to User B’s ID -1002, User A can Able to Access the Document of User B. This Is due to Broken Access Control And Insecure Direct Object Reference.

#idor #information-security #security #bug-bounty #cybersecurity

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A Short Story of IDOR To Account Takeover
Zakary  Goyette

Zakary Goyette

1599706680

A Short Story of IDOR To Account Takeover

Hello Guys ! I am Jeya Seelan a Security Researcher and a Bug Hunter. This Is My First Bug Bounty Writeup. We are Going to See A Short Story of IDOR and How Could I Have Taken Over Your Account Through It.

Before Getting into Details Let’s See What is An IDOR.

What is an IDOR?

IDOR Stands For Insecure Direct Object Reference and it is a type Of Access Control Vulnerability. According to OWASP IDOR occurs…

“ Insecure Direct Object Reference occurs when an application provides direct access to objects based on user-supplied input. As a result of this vulnerability attackers can bypass authorization and access resources in the system directly, for example database records or files. Insecure Direct Object References allow attackers to bypass authorization and access resources directly by modifying the value of a parameter used to directly point to an object. Such resources can be database entries belonging to other users, files in the system, and more.”


Image for post

Let us See an Example, Consider Two Users User A and User B. The User-A is having a Document with ID 1000 and the User B is Having a Document with ID 1002.

In Normal Scenario the User A Will Only Have Access Only To Document With ID 1000 and User B Will Only Have Access to Document with ID 1002. But Here If User A Changed the Document ID to User B’s ID -1002, User A can Able to Access the Document of User B. This Is due to Broken Access Control And Insecure Direct Object Reference.

#idor #information-security #security #bug-bounty #cybersecurity

Adele Hansley

Adele Hansley

1621840404

The Importance of Cost Accounting In Finance

Cost Accounting is the reporting and analysis of an employer’s cost shape. Cost accounting is a technique of assigning costs to objects that normally include an employer’s merchandise, services, and every other sport that contain the business enterprise.

Accounting Assignment Sample is significant for understanding the way of writing an accounting assignment. Accounting is useful because it can identify the spendings of an organization in form of cash, how a lot it earns, and wherein cash is being misplaced. Cost accounting targets to file, analyze, and cause the development of internal cost controls and performance. In short, cost accounting is a device of operational analysis for control.

The Purposes of Cost Accounting - Explained by Online Experts

Regularly, the only and most important objective of cost accounting is to decide selling charges. Cost accounting is likewise used to assist with cost controls. Corporations need to spend less on their inputs and rate extra for their outputs. Cost accounting can be used to identify inefficiencies and practice the essential improvements to manage charges. These controls can consist of budgetary controls, standard costing, and inventory control.

Cost accounting can assist with inner costs which include transfer costs for companies that switch items and services among divisions and subsidiaries. Cost accounting can contribute to the education of the specified monetary statements, a place in any other case reserved for financial accounting. The costs and information advanced and studied through cost accounting are probably to make it easier to acquire records for financial accounting functions. For instance, raw fabric costs and inventory costs are shared between each accounting technique.

Entrepreneurs and business managers depend upon actionable facts than making allocation choices. Cost accounting depends on decision making because it can be tailor-made to the precise wishes of each separate company. That is distinctive from financial accounting, in which GAAP and worldwide financial reporting requirements (IFRS) alter technique and presentation.

**Importance of Cost Accounting **

• Employees: considered one of the most important uses of cost accounting is that it enables us to calculate efficiency. This may assist the company to provide you with an incentive scheme for employees who show efficiency, and as a consequence, they’ll be provided accordingly. It’s also an incentive for employees with decrease efficiency to do better.

• Government: Costing allows the authorities whilst assessing for earnings tax or any other such authorities’ liabilities. It also helps to set enterprise standards and enables cost solving, tariff plans, cost manipulation, and so on.

• Clients: the primary objectives of costing are cost control and improvement in performance. Each of those is very useful to the employer. And ultimately this advantage passes directly to the customers of the goods or offerings.

This is a wide concept that needs expert guidance for students who are looking for an Accounting Assignment Solution. Accounting assignment help experts can help such students for the completion of their work on time.

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Apps For Short News – The Trend Is About To Arrive

Short news apps are the future, and if they will play a defining role in changing the way consumers consume their content and how the news presenters write their report.

If you want to build an app for short news then you can check out some professional app development companies for your app project As we head into the times where mobile applications and smartphones will be used for anything and everything, the short news applications will allow the reader to choose from various options and read what they want to read.

#factors impacting the short news apps #short news applications #personalized news apps #short news mobile apps #short news apps trends #short news apps

Enos  Prosacco

Enos Prosacco

1598894346

Stolen Fortnite Accounts Earn Hackers Millions Per Year

More than 2 billion breached Fortnite accounts have gone up for sale in underground forums so far in 2020 alone.
“The market for stolen account sales is much larger than just the gaming industry…However, from our research, the black market for the buying and selling of stolen Fortnite accounts is among the most expansive, and also the most lucrative,” said researchers with Night Lion Security in a report last week.
The value of a hacked Fortnite account is centralized around a character’s in-game “skin” (essentially a digital costume), researchers said. Players of the game can purchase these in-game accessories using Fortnite’s currency, called V-Bucks. Some of the skins are rare and worth a lot of money; for instance, the “Recon Expert” skin is one of the most valuable, averaging roughly $2,500 per account.
These Fortnite accounts are initially hacked via simple brute force and password cracking: Username-and-password combinations can be extracted from data breaches of other companies, and checked against Fortnite accounts, as many people reuse passwords.

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Activision Refutes Claims of 500K-Account Hack

After reports surfaced that 500,000 Activision accounts may have been hacked, impacting online Call of Duty (CoD) players, the gaming giant is disputing the claim.

The alleged breach was first flagged by the #oRemyy account on Twitter, and was quickly amplified by others, who claimed that accounts were being taken over and credentials changed, so that the legitimate users couldn’t recover them. The claims were picked up by gaming news outlet Dexterto.com.

#breach #hacks #web security #000 #500 #account takeover #accounts #activision #ato #breach #brute forcing #call of duty #denies #gaming #hack #passwords #two factor authentication