How to build Desktop Apps with HTML, CSS and Javascript ?

#javascript #html #css #node-js #web-development

What is GEEK

Buddha Community

Edward Jackson

1554867569

Can HTML, CSS and Javascript really be used to build Desktop Applications?

The Answer is Yes 😄

In this Article we will be focussing mainly on how Electron can be used to create desktop applications with Web Technologies like HTML, CSS and Javascript

Electron

Electron can be used to build Desktop Apps with HTML, CSS and Javascript. Also these apps work for multiple platforms like Windows, Mac, Linux and so on.

Electron Combines Chromium and NodeJS into a single Runtime. This enables Us to run the HTML, CSS and Javascript Code as a desktop application.

Electron Forge

If Electron is used directly, then some manual setup is needed before building your application. Also if you want to use angular, react, vue or any other framework or library, you will need to manually configure for that.

Electron Forge makes the above things much easier.

It provides template applications with angular, react, vue and other frameworks. This avoids the extra manual setups needed.

Also it provides an easy way to build and package the application. It also provides many other features which can be found in their documenation.

Pre-requisites

Ensure you have NodeJS installed. It can be installed from here

Install Electron Forge Globally using the following command

npm install -g electron-forge


Let’s get started with the application

Use the following command to create your application

electron-forge init simple-desktop-app-electronjs


simple-desktop-app-electronjs is the name of the application

The above command will take some time to run.

Once it finishes running, Start the application using the following commands

cd simple-desktop-app-electronjs
npm start


This should open up a window like the one shown below

Understanding the Existing Folder Structure and Code

The application created has a folder structure. Here I will be mentioning some of the important things in this folder structure

package.json

It has information about the application you are creating, it has all the dependencies needed for the app and also it has some scripts. Some of the scripts are already pre configured and you can add new scripts as well.

The config.forge path has all the configurations which are specific to ElectronJS. For example make-targets is used specify the target make files for various platforms like Windows, Mac or Linux.

Also package.json has "main": "src/index.js" which indicates that src/index.js is the starting point of the application

src/index.js

According to package.json, index.js is the main script. The process which runs the main script is known as the Main Process. So Main Process runs the index.js script.

The main process is used to display GUI elements. It does this by creating Web Pages.

Each Web page created runs in a process called as renderer process

Main Process and Renderer process

The purpose of the Main Process is to create web pages using a BrowserWindow Instance.

The BrowserWindow Instance uses a renderer process to run each Web page.

Each App can have only one Main Process but can have many renderer processes

It is possible to communicate between the main and the renderer process as well. This will not be covered in this article.

Electron Architecture showing main and renderer process. The file names can vary

abcd.html is shown as a second webpage in the above architecture. But in our code we won’t be having a second web page.

src/index.html

index.js loads the index.html file into a new BrowerWindow Instance.

What this basically means is that, index.js creates a new GUI Window, and loads it with index.html web page. The index.html web page runs in its own renderer process.

Code in index.js explained

Most of the code created in index.js has good comments explaining what it does. Here I will mention a few key points to note in index.js

mainWindow = new BrowserWindow({
    width: 800,
    height: 600,
  });

  // and load the index.html of the app.
  mainWindow.loadURL(`file://${__dirname}/index.html`);


The above code snippet basically creates a BrowserWindow Instance and loads index.html into the BrowserWindow.

You would see app used often in the code. For example take the below code snippet.

app.on('ready', createWindow);


app is used to control the applications’s event life cycle.

The above code snippet says that when the application is ready, load the first window.

Similarily app can be used to perform other actions on various events. For example it can be used to perform some action right before the application closes and so on.

Let’s create a Temperature Converter Desktop Application

Writing the Code

Let us use the same application we used before and modify it slightly to create a temperature converter application.

First Let us install Bootstrap. Install bootstrap using the following command

npm install bootstrap --save


Copy the following code into src/index.html

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <title>Temperature Converter</title>
    <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="../node_modules/bootstrap/dist/css/bootstrap.min.css">

  </head>
  <body>
    <h1>Temperature Converter</h1>
    <div class="form-group col-md-3">
      <label for="usr">Celcius:</label>
      <input type="text" class="form-control" id="celcius" onkeyup="celciusToFahrenheit()">
    </div>
    <div class="form-group col-md-3">
      <label for="pwd">Fahrenheit:</label>
      <input type="text" class="form-control" id="fahrenheit" onkeyup="fahrenheitToCelcius()">
    </div>
    <script src='./renderer.js'></script>
  </body>
  </body>
</html>


The above code does the following

  1. Creates a text box with id celcius. whenever anything is typed in this textbox, celciusToFahrenheit() function is called.
  2. Creates a text box with id fahrenheit. whenever anything is typed in this textbox, fahrenheitToCelcius() function is called.
  3. Whenever a new value is typed in celcius text box, the value in the fahrenheit text box displays the same temperature in fahrenheit
  4. Whenever a new value is typed in fahrenheit text box, the value in the celcius text box displays the same temperature in celcius

The 2 functions which do the temperature conversion are present in renderer.js

Create a file called renderer.js inside src. Copy the following code into it.

function celciusToFahrenheit(){
    let celcius = document.getElementById('celcius').value;
    let fahrenheit = (celcius* 9/5) + 32;
    document.getElementById('fahrenheit').value = fahrenheit;

}

function fahrenheitToCelcius(){
    let fahrenheit = document.getElementById('fahrenheit').value;
    let celcius = (fahrenheit - 32) * 5/9
    document.getElementById('celcius').value = celcius;
}


celciusToFahrenheit() function reads the value in celcius text box, converts it to fahrenheit and writes the new temperature into fahrenheit text box.

fahrenheitToCelcius() function does the exact opposite of this.

Running the application

Run the application using the following command

npm start


This should display the following window. Try it out with different values.

Packaging the application

The command to package the application is

npm run package


This command will take some time to run. Once it finishes check the out folder within the project folder.

I tested this in a windows machine. This creates a folder called simple-desktop-app-electronjs-win32-x64 inside out folder

So in the out/simple-desktop-app-electronjs-win32-x64 folder, the command creates an .exe file for this application. Clicking on the exe file automatically starts the desktop application.

The folder name simple-desktop-app-electronjs-win32-x64 can be broken down as appname-platform-architecture where

  • appname = simple-desktop-app-electronjs
  • platform = win32
  • architecture = x64

When you run this command without any parameters, by default it packages for the platform which you are using for development

Let’s say you want to package for a different platform and architecture. Then you can use the following syntax

npm run package -- --platform=<platform> arch=<architecture>


For example, in order to package for linux you can use the following command

npm run package -- --platform=linux --arch=x64


This will create a folder called as simple-desktop-app-electronjs-linux-x64 inside out folder.

Creating a make File

In order to create a make file or an installer for the application, use the following command

npm run make


This command will take some time to run. Once it finishes check the out folder within the project folder.

The out/make folder will have a windows installer for the desktop application.

When you run this command without any parameters, by default it creates the installer for the platform which you are using for development

Code

The code for this desktop application is available in my github repo

https://github.com/aditya-sridhar/simple-desktop-app-electronjs

Congrats 😄

You now know how to create desktop applications using HTML, CSS and Javascript.

This article covered very basic concepts of electron and electron-forge.

To know more about them, you can checkout their documentation.

Thanks for reading ❤

If you liked this post, share it with all of your programming buddies!

Follow me on Facebook | Twitter

Learn More

The Complete JavaScript Course 2019: Build Real Projects!

The Web Developer Bootcamp

Build Responsive Real World Websites with HTML5 and CSS3

Advanced CSS and Sass: Flexbox, Grid, Animations and More!

How To Build A Captivating Presentation Using HTML, CSS, & JavaScript

Building a Simple URL Shortener With Just HTML and Javascript

An Introduction to Web Workers

Google’s Go Essentials For Node.js / JavaScript Developers

**This post was originally published in **adityasridhar.com

Lyda  White

Lyda White

1628189100

How to Image Uploader with Preview || Html CSS JavaScript

Image Uploader with Preview || Html CSS JavaScript || #html #css #javascript #coding

#html #css #javascript 

code savvy

code savvy

1630506330

Product landing page using HTML CSS & JavaScript | web design

Knowledge

This video is about the product landing page using HTML CSS And JavaScript, in which we created a simple product landing page using HTML CSS and in order to perform  those powerful animations we use the GSAP a JavaScript animation library for work done.

In this video we broadly cover the concepts of CSS Flex box and CSS Grid system and Some CSS Properties such as nth child selector, ::before & ::after much more.

Don't forget to join the channel for more videos like this. Code Savvy

📁 Assets 
Icons : https://fontawesome.com/
Fonts : https://fonts.google.com/
GitHub : https://github.com/ananikets18
GSAP : https://greensock.com/gsap/

Outline ⏱

0:00 - Intro
0:10 - Result
0:38 - Project Setup
01:35 – Reset HTML
02:21 – Left Container HTML
03:41 – Wrapper
14:58 – Bottom Shoe Nav
26:23 – Right Container HTML
33:10 – Product Size
35:49 – Reviews
41:11 – GSAP Animations

Click to Watch Full tutorial on YOUTUBE

#html  #css  #javascript  #web-development #html5 

#html #css #tailwindcss #javascript 

Fredy  Larson

Fredy Larson

1595059664

How long does it take to develop/build an app?

With more of us using smartphones, the popularity of mobile applications has exploded. In the digital era, the number of people looking for products and services online is growing rapidly. Smartphone owners look for mobile applications that give them quick access to companies’ products and services. As a result, mobile apps provide customers with a lot of benefits in just one device.

Likewise, companies use mobile apps to increase customer loyalty and improve their services. Mobile Developers are in high demand as companies use apps not only to create brand awareness but also to gather information. For that reason, mobile apps are used as tools to collect valuable data from customers to help companies improve their offer.

There are many types of mobile applications, each with its own advantages. For example, native apps perform better, while web apps don’t need to be customized for the platform or operating system (OS). Likewise, hybrid apps provide users with comfortable user experience. However, you may be wondering how long it takes to develop an app.

To give you an idea of how long the app development process takes, here’s a short guide.

App Idea & Research

app-idea-research

_Average time spent: two to five weeks _

This is the initial stage and a crucial step in setting the project in the right direction. In this stage, you brainstorm ideas and select the best one. Apart from that, you’ll need to do some research to see if your idea is viable. Remember that coming up with an idea is easy; the hard part is to make it a reality.

All your ideas may seem viable, but you still have to run some tests to keep it as real as possible. For that reason, when Web Developers are building a web app, they analyze the available ideas to see which one is the best match for the targeted audience.

Targeting the right audience is crucial when you are developing an app. It saves time when shaping the app in the right direction as you have a clear set of objectives. Likewise, analyzing how the app affects the market is essential. During the research process, App Developers must gather information about potential competitors and threats. This helps the app owners develop strategies to tackle difficulties that come up after the launch.

The research process can take several weeks, but it determines how successful your app can be. For that reason, you must take your time to know all the weaknesses and strengths of the competitors, possible app strategies, and targeted audience.

The outcomes of this stage are app prototypes and the minimum feasible product.

#android app #frontend #ios app #minimum viable product (mvp) #mobile app development #web development #android app development #app development #app development for ios and android #app development process #ios and android app development #ios app development #stages in app development

Carmen  Grimes

Carmen Grimes

1595494844

How to start an electric scooter facility/fleet in a university campus/IT park

Are you leading an organization that has a large campus, e.g., a large university? You are probably thinking of introducing an electric scooter/bicycle fleet on the campus, and why wouldn’t you?

Introducing micro-mobility in your campus with the help of such a fleet would help the people on the campus significantly. People would save money since they don’t need to use a car for a short distance. Your campus will see a drastic reduction in congestion, moreover, its carbon footprint will reduce.

Micro-mobility is relatively new though and you would need help. You would need to select an appropriate fleet of vehicles. The people on your campus would need to find electric scooters or electric bikes for commuting, and you need to provide a solution for this.

To be more specific, you need a short-term electric bike rental app. With such an app, you will be able to easily offer micro-mobility to the people on the campus. We at Devathon have built Autorent exactly for this.

What does Autorent do and how can it help you? How does it enable you to introduce micro-mobility on your campus? We explain these in this article, however, we will touch upon a few basics first.

Micro-mobility: What it is

micro-mobility

You are probably thinking about micro-mobility relatively recently, aren’t you? A few relevant insights about it could help you to better appreciate its importance.

Micro-mobility is a new trend in transportation, and it uses vehicles that are considerably smaller than cars. Electric scooters (e-scooters) and electric bikes (e-bikes) are the most popular forms of micro-mobility, however, there are also e-unicycles and e-skateboards.

You might have already seen e-scooters, which are kick scooters that come with a motor. Thanks to its motor, an e-scooter can achieve a speed of up to 20 km/h. On the other hand, e-bikes are popular in China and Japan, and they come with a motor, and you can reach a speed of 40 km/h.

You obviously can’t use these vehicles for very long commutes, however, what if you need to travel a short distance? Even if you have a reasonable public transport facility in the city, it might not cover the route you need to take. Take the example of a large university campus. Such a campus is often at a considerable distance from the central business district of the city where it’s located. While public transport facilities may serve the central business district, they wouldn’t serve this large campus. Currently, many people drive their cars even for short distances.

As you know, that brings its own set of challenges. Vehicular traffic adds significantly to pollution, moreover, finding a parking spot can be hard in crowded urban districts.

Well, you can reduce your carbon footprint if you use an electric car. However, electric cars are still new, and many countries are still building the necessary infrastructure for them. Your large campus might not have the necessary infrastructure for them either. Presently, electric cars don’t represent a viable option in most geographies.

As a result, you need to buy and maintain a car even if your commute is short. In addition to dealing with parking problems, you need to spend significantly on your car.

All of these factors have combined to make people sit up and think seriously about cars. Many people are now seriously considering whether a car is really the best option even if they have to commute only a short distance.

This is where micro-mobility enters the picture. When you commute a short distance regularly, e-scooters or e-bikes are viable options. You limit your carbon footprints and you cut costs!

Businesses have seen this shift in thinking, and e-scooter companies like Lime and Bird have entered this field in a big way. They let you rent e-scooters by the minute. On the other hand, start-ups like Jump and Lyft have entered the e-bike market.

Think of your campus now! The people there might need to travel short distances within the campus, and e-scooters can really help them.

How micro-mobility can benefit you

benefits-micromobility

What advantages can you get from micro-mobility? Let’s take a deeper look into this question.

Micro-mobility can offer several advantages to the people on your campus, e.g.:

  • Affordability: Shared e-scooters are cheaper than other mass transportation options. Remember that the people on your campus will use them on a shared basis, and they will pay for their short commutes only. Well, depending on your operating model, you might even let them use shared e-scooters or e-bikes for free!
  • Convenience: Users don’t need to worry about finding parking spots for shared e-scooters since these are small. They can easily travel from point A to point B on your campus with the help of these e-scooters.
  • Environmentally sustainable: Shared e-scooters reduce the carbon footprint, moreover, they decongest the roads. Statistics from the pilot programs in cities like Portland and Denver showimpressive gains around this key aspect.
  • Safety: This one’s obvious, isn’t it? When people on your campus use small e-scooters or e-bikes instead of cars, the problem of overspeeding will disappear. you will see fewer accidents.

#android app #autorent #ios app #mobile app development #app like bird #app like bounce #app like lime #autorent #bird scooter business model #bird scooter rental #bird scooter rental cost #bird scooter rental price #clone app like bird #clone app like bounce #clone app like lime #electric rental scooters #electric scooter company #electric scooter rental business #how do you start a moped #how to start a moped #how to start a scooter rental business #how to start an electric company #how to start electric scooterrental business #lime scooter business model #scooter franchise #scooter rental business #scooter rental business for sale #scooter rental business insurance #scooters franchise cost #white label app like bird #white label app like bounce #white label app like lime

Carmen  Grimes

Carmen Grimes

1595491178

Best Electric Bikes and Scooters for Rental Business or Campus Facility

The electric scooter revolution has caught on super-fast taking many cities across the globe by storm. eScooters, a renovated version of old-school scooters now turned into electric vehicles are an environmentally friendly solution to current on-demand commute problems. They work on engines, like cars, enabling short traveling distances without hassle. The result is that these groundbreaking electric machines can now provide faster transport for less — cheaper than Uber and faster than Metro.

Since they are durable, fast, easy to operate and maintain, and are more convenient to park compared to four-wheelers, the eScooters trend has and continues to spike interest as a promising growth area. Several companies and universities are increasingly setting up shop to provide eScooter services realizing a would-be profitable business model and a ready customer base that is university students or residents in need of faster and cheap travel going about their business in school, town, and other surrounding areas.

Electric Scooters Trends and Statistics

In many countries including the U.S., Canada, Mexico, U.K., Germany, France, China, Japan, India, Brazil and Mexico and more, a growing number of eScooter users both locals and tourists can now be seen effortlessly passing lines of drivers stuck in the endless and unmoving traffic.

A recent report by McKinsey revealed that the E-Scooter industry will be worth― $200 billion to $300 billion in the United States, $100 billion to $150 billion in Europe, and $30 billion to $50 billion in China in 2030. The e-Scooter revenue model will also spike and is projected to rise by more than 20% amounting to approximately $5 billion.

And, with a necessity to move people away from high carbon prints, traffic and congestion issues brought about by car-centric transport systems in cities, more and more city planners are developing more bike/scooter lanes and adopting zero-emission plans. This is the force behind the booming electric scooter market and the numbers will only go higher and higher.

Companies that have taken advantage of the growing eScooter trend develop an appthat allows them to provide efficient eScooter services. Such an app enables them to be able to locate bike pick-up and drop points through fully integrated google maps.

List of Best Electric Bikes for Rental Business or Campus Facility 2020:

It’s clear that e scooters will increasingly become more common and the e-scooter business model will continue to grab the attention of manufacturers, investors, entrepreneurs. All this should go ahead with a quest to know what are some of the best electric bikes in the market especially for anyone who would want to get started in the electric bikes/scooters rental business.

We have done a comprehensive list of the best electric bikes! Each bike has been reviewed in depth and includes a full list of specs and a photo.

Billy eBike

mobile-best-electric-bikes-scooters https://www.kickstarter.com/projects/enkicycles/billy-were-redefining-joyrides

To start us off is the Billy eBike, a powerful go-anywhere urban electric bike that’s specially designed to offer an exciting ride like no other whether you want to ride to the grocery store, cafe, work or school. The Billy eBike comes in 4 color options – Billy Blue, Polished aluminium, Artic white, and Stealth black.

Price: $2490

Available countries

Available in the USA, Europe, Asia, South Africa and Australia.This item ships from the USA. Buyers are therefore responsible for any taxes and/or customs duties incurred once it arrives in your country.

Features

  • Control – Ride with confidence with our ultra-wide BMX bars and a hyper-responsive twist throttle.
  • Stealth- Ride like a ninja with our Gates carbon drive that’s as smooth as butter and maintenance-free.
  • Drive – Ride further with our high torque fat bike motor, giving a better climbing performance.
  • Accelerate – Ride quicker with our 20-inch lightweight cutout rims for improved acceleration.
  • Customize – Ride your own way with 5 levels of power control. Each level determines power and speed.
  • Flickable – Ride harder with our BMX /MotoX inspired geometry and lightweight aluminum package

Specifications

  • Maximum speed: 20 mph (32 km/h)
  • Range per charge: 41 miles (66 km)
  • Maximum Power: 500W
  • Motor type: Fat Bike Motor: Bafang RM G060.500.DC
  • Load capacity: 300lbs (136kg)
  • Battery type: 13.6Ah Samsung lithium-ion,
  • Battery capacity: On/off-bike charging available
  • Weight: w/o batt. 48.5lbs (22kg), w/ batt. 54lbs (24.5kg)
  • Front Suspension: Fully adjustable air shock, preload/compression damping /lockout
  • Rear Suspension: spring, preload adjustment
  • Built-in GPS

Why Should You Buy This?

  • Riding fun and excitement
  • Better climbing ability and faster acceleration.
  • Ride with confidence
  • Billy folds for convenient storage and transportation.
  • Shorty levers connect to disc brakes ensuring you stop on a dime
  • belt drives are maintenance-free and clean (no oil or lubrication needed)

**Who Should Ride Billy? **

Both new and experienced riders

**Where to Buy? **Local distributors or ships from the USA.

Genze 200 series e-Bike

genze-best-electric-bikes-scooters https://www.genze.com/fleet/

Featuring a sleek and lightweight aluminum frame design, the 200-Series ebike takes your riding experience to greater heights. Available in both black and white this ebike comes with a connected app, which allows you to plan activities, map distances and routes while also allowing connections with fellow riders.

Price: $2099.00

Available countries

The Genze 200 series e-Bike is available at GenZe retail locations across the U.S or online via GenZe.com website. Customers from outside the US can ship the product while incurring the relevant charges.

Features

  • 2 Frame Options
  • 2 Sizes
  • Integrated/Removable Battery
  • Throttle and Pedal Assist Ride Modes
  • Integrated LCD Display
  • Connected App
  • 24 month warranty
  • GPS navigation
  • Bluetooth connectivity

Specifications

  • Maximum speed: 20 mph with throttle
  • Range per charge: 15-18 miles w/ throttle and 30-50 miles w/ pedal assist
  • Charging time: 3.5 hours
  • Motor type: Brushless Rear Hub Motor
  • Gears: Microshift Thumb Shifter
  • Battery type: Removable Samsung 36V, 9.6AH Li-Ion battery pack
  • Battery capacity: 36V and 350 Wh
  • Weight: 46 pounds
  • Derailleur: 8-speed Shimano
  • Brakes: Dual classic
  • Wheels: 26 x 20 inches
  • Frame: 16, and 18 inches
  • Operating Mode: Analog mode 5 levels of Pedal Assist Thrott­le Mode

Norco from eBikestore

norco-best-electric-bikes-scooters https://ebikestore.com/shop/norco-vlt-s2/

The Norco VLT S2 is a front suspension e-Bike with solid components alongside the reliable Bosch Performance Line Power systems that offer precise pedal assistance during any riding situation.

Price: $2,699.00

Available countries

This item is available via the various Norco bikes international distributors.

Features

  • VLT aluminum frame- for stiffness and wheel security.
  • Bosch e-bike system – for their reliability and performance.
  • E-bike components – for added durability.
  • Hydraulic disc brakes – offer riders more stopping power for safety and control at higher speeds.
  • Practical design features – to add convenience and versatility.

Specifications

  • Maximum speed: KMC X9 9spd
  • Motor type: Bosch Active Line
  • Gears: Shimano Altus RD-M2000, SGS, 9 Speed
  • Battery type: Power Pack 400
  • Battery capacity: 396Wh
  • Suspension: SR Suntour suspension fork
  • Frame: Norco VLT, Aluminum, 12x142mm TA Dropouts

Bodo EV

bodo-best-electric-bikes-scootershttp://www.bodoevs.com/bodoev/products_show.asp?product_id=13

Manufactured by Bodo Vehicle Group Limited, the Bodo EV is specially designed for strong power and extraordinary long service to facilitate super amazing rides. The Bodo Vehicle Company is a striking top in electric vehicles brand field in China and across the globe. Their Bodo EV will no doubt provide your riders with high-level riding satisfaction owing to its high-quality design, strength, breaking stability and speed.

Price: $799

Available countries

This item ships from China with buyers bearing the shipping costs and other variables prior to delivery.

Features

  • Reliable
  • Environment friendly
  • Comfortable riding
  • Fashionable
  • Economical
  • Durable – long service life
  • Braking stability
  • LED lighting technology

Specifications

  • Maximum speed: 45km/h
  • Range per charge: 50km per person
  • Charging time: 8 hours
  • Maximum Power: 3000W
  • Motor type: Brushless DC Motor
  • Load capacity: 100kg
  • Battery type: Lead-acid battery
  • Battery capacity: 60V 20AH
  • Weight: w/o battery 47kg

#android app #autorent #entrepreneurship #ios app #minimum viable product (mvp) #mobile app development #news #app like bird #app like bounce #app like lime #autorent #best electric bikes 2020 #best electric bikes for rental business #best electric kick scooters 2020 #best electric kickscooters for rental business #best electric scooters 2020 #best electric scooters for rental business #bird scooter business model #bird scooter rental #bird scooter rental cost #bird scooter rental price #clone app like bird #clone app like bounce #clone app like lime #electric rental scooters #electric scooter company #electric scooter rental business #how do you start a moped #how to start a moped #how to start a scooter rental business #how to start an electric company #how to start electric scooterrental business #lime scooter business model #scooter franchise #scooter rental business #scooter rental business for sale #scooter rental business insurance #scooters franchise cost #white label app like bird #white label app like bounce #white label app like lime