Node js (v12.3.1) versus Python 3 (Python 3.7.3) fastest programs
Back in April 2010, Russ Cox charitably suggested that only fannkuch-redux, fasta, k-nucleotide, mandlebrot, nbody, reverse-complement and spectral-norm were close to fair comparisons. As someone who implemented programming languages, his interest was "measuring the quality of the generated code when both compilers are presented with what amounts to the same program."
Differences in approach - to memory management, parallel programming, regex, arbitrary precision arithmetic, implementation technique - don't fit in that kind-of fair comparison — but we still have to deal with them.
These are only the fastest programs. There may be additional measurements for programs which seem more-like a fair comparison to you. Always look at the source code.n-body: Node js vs Python 3 mandelbrot: Node js vs Python 3 spectral-norm: Node js vs Python 3 fasta: Node js vs Python 3 fannkuch-redux: Node js vs Python 3 regex-redux: Node js vs Python 3 binary-trees: Node js vs Python 3 k-nucleotide: Node js vs Python 3 reverse-complement: Node js vs Python 3 pidigits: Node js vs Python 3
Node is fast, scalable, and easy to get started with. Its default package manager is npm, which means it also sports the largest ecosystem of open-source libraries. Node is used by companies such as NASA, Uber, Netflix, and Walmart.
But Node doesn't come alone. It comes with a plethora of frameworks. A Node framework can be pictured as the external scaffolding that you can build your app in. These frameworks are built on top of Node and extend the technology's functionality, mostly by making apps easier to prototype and develop, while also making them faster and more scalable.
Below are 7of the most popular Node frameworks at this point in time (ranked from high to low by GitHub stars).Express
With over 43,000 GitHub stars, Express is the most popular Node framework. It brands itself as a fast, unopinionated, and minimalist framework. Express acts as middleware: it helps set up and configure routes to send and receive requests between the front-end and the database of an app.
Express provides lightweight, powerful tools for HTTP servers. It's a great framework for single-page apps, websites, hybrids, or public HTTP APIs. It supports over fourteen different template engines, so developers aren't forced into any specific ORM.Meteor
The project has over 41,000 GitHub stars and is built to power large projects. Meteor is used by companies such as Mazda, Honeywell, Qualcomm, and IKEA. It has excellent documentation and a strong community behind it.Koa
Koa is built by the same team that built Express. It uses ES6 methods that allow developers to work without callbacks. Developers also have more control over error-handling. Koa has no middleware within its core, which means that developers have more control over configuration, but which means that traditional Node middleware (e.g. req, res, next) won't work with Koa.
Koa already has over 26,000 GitHub stars. The Express developers built Koa because they wanted a lighter framework that was more expressive and more robust than Express. You can find out more about the differences between Koa and Express here.Sails
Sails is a real-time, MVC framework for Node that's built on Express. It supports auto-generated REST APIs and comes with an easy WebSocket integration.
The project has over 20,000 stars on GitHub and is compatible with almost all databases (MySQL, MongoDB, PostgreSQL, Redis). It's also compatible with most front-end technologies (Angular, iOS, Android, React, and even Windows Phone).Nest
Nest is packaged in such a way it serves as a complete development kit for writing enterprise-level apps. The framework uses Express, but is compatible with a wide range of other libraries.LoopBack
LoopBack is a framework that allows developers to quickly create REST APIs. It has an easy-to-use CLI wizard and allows developers to create models either on their schema or dynamically. It also has a built-in API explorer.
LoopBack has over 12,000 GitHub stars and is used by companies such as GoDaddy, Symantec, and the Bank of America. It's compatible with many REST services and a wide variety of databases (MongoDB, Oracle, MySQL, PostgreSQL).Hapi
Similar to Express, hapi serves data by intermediating between server-side and client-side. As such, it's can serve as a substitute for Express. Hapi allows developers to focus on writing reusable app logic in a modular and prescriptive fashion.
The project has over 11,000 GitHub stars. It has built-in support for input validation, caching, authentication, and more. Hapi was originally developed to handle all of Walmart's mobile traffic during Black Friday.
When it comes to back-end website development, a developer will easily find a handful of refined programming languages. Objective-C, C++, PHP, Python, and Java are languages that play a crucial part in the development of websites. Having said that, there are web development companies and developers who initiate the creation of websites and applications without any proper planning or a definite structure. Here, they can seek out the assistance of frameworks. PHP powers some exceptional frameworks like Laravel, Symfony, cake, Yii and so on to help programmers at this point. In short, the choices available for developers to create websites and applications are a lot many.
Where Node.js Excels?
Where Node.js fall Behind?
Node.js lacks the clean coding standards. Node.js cannot be recommended for larger projects unless you maintain a team of experts who work in a disciplined manner. Every developer who works in the project must stick to the Promise library or Bluebird and every developer must maintain a strict style guideline to avoid the breaking of the project in the middle.
Debugging, and the inclusion of new features while implementing bigger projects using Node.js may cause pain in the nerve for many programmers. When making use of a dynamically typed language, programmers may fall short of many valuable functions in the IDE. Call-backs, error-handling, and overall maintainability of Node.js may cause issues when used with massive projects. It suits or works quickly while used in small projects for enabling functionality which requires less scripting.
Where Python Excels?
The great advantage of using Python is that you will have to write fewer lines of code and is a clean platform. The learning curve of this platform is not that simple, but learners can easily overcome it once things start going to the long run. This platform has a great maintainability, and errors can be solved within less time. The compact syntax is really simple to work with. It is a language which keeps valuable standards, and is easy to debug and fix errors.
Python comprises of a functional library which is better than PHP. The importing exceptions and namespaces really work well without any issues. Simply, Python can do anything that can be done using PHP codes, and all those can be accomplished at a greater speed(even more). Hence, developers may not face any major issues if they use Python for developing larger projects.
Where Python fall Behind?
Python’s performance is not as fast as Java in a run-time environment. It is not the best for activities that are memory intensive. The language is interpreted causing an initial performance drop down in comparison to java or C/C++.
To put it in simple words, it is not a language suited for developing a high-end 3D game involving graphics and a lot more CPU activity. Python continues to be in a developing state, and the documentation happens to be poor for the newly included functionality. The tutorials, as well as resources detailing the functions of Python, is much less if we compare it with PHP, Java, or C.
Bringing it Altogether
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