Gordon  Taylor

Gordon Taylor


Guide to Understanding Classes in JavaScript


When you think about classes and Object Oriented Programming as a paradigm, JavaScript is probably not the first language that comes to mind.

In this guide, we are going to try and push JavaScript further up the list of associations, discussing how to apply Object Oriented Principles while writing JavaScript code. It’s worth noting that some of the features we’ll be covering are still in development, but most are in production and fully functioning. We’ll be updating the guide appropriately as they’re being released.

Since JavaScript is mostly used on the web, applying OOP to it can be really useful when, say, getting data from a server (for example, a collection from a MongoDB database) which you can shape up in a class with attributes, as it makes operating with data more intuitive and easier.

What is Object Oriented Programming (OOP)?

Before we get started, let’s cover the definition of OOP and some basic principles. If you are already familiar with these concepts, you can go ahead and skip to  making a class in JavaScript.

Object Oriented Programing (OOP) is the most popular programming paradigm in Computer Science. It’s main building blocks are objects and classes. A class is a blueprint from which objects are created - objects are instances of classes.

You can think of a class as a category, as well. Each class can have attributes/properties which contain different values and describe the states of a class’ instance (object). It also contains functions (called methods), which typically change these properties and thus, the state of either the invoking instance or other instances, or return information about it/its neighbors.


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Guide to Understanding Classes in JavaScript
Lawrence  Lesch

Lawrence Lesch


Superdom: Better and Simpler ES6 DOM Manipulation


You have dom. It has all the DOM virtually within it. Use that power:

// Fetch all the page links
let links = dom.a.href;

// Links open in a new tab
dom.a.target = '_blank';

Only for modern browsers

Getting started

Simply use the CDN via unpkg.com:

<script src="https://unpkg.com/superdom@1"></script>

Or use npm or bower:

npm|bower install superdom --save


It always returns an array with the matched elements. Get all the elements that match the selector:

// Simple element selector into an array
let allLinks = dom.a;

// Loop straight on the selection
dom.a.forEach(link => { ... });

// Combined selector
let importantLinks = dom['a.important'];

There are also some predetermined elements, such as id, class and attr:

// Select HTML Elements by id:
let main = dom.id.main;

// by class:
let buttons = dom.class.button;

// or by attribute:
let targeted = dom.attr.target;
let targeted = dom.attr['target="_blank"'];


Use it as a function or a tagged template literal to generate DOM fragments:

// Not a typo; tagged template literals
let link = dom`<a href="https://google.com/">Google</a>`;

// It is the same as
let link = dom('<a href="https://google.com/">Google</a>');

Delete elements

Delete a piece of the DOM

// Delete all of the elements with the class .google
delete dom.class.google;   // Is this an ad-block rule?


You can easily manipulate attributes right from the dom node. There are some aliases that share the syntax of the attributes such as html and text (aliases for innerHTML and textContent). There are others that travel through the dom such as parent (alias for parentNode) and children. Finally, class behaves differently as explained below.

Get attributes

The fetching will always return an array with the element for each of the matched nodes (or undefined if not there):

// Retrieve all the urls from the page
let urls = dom.a.href;     // #attr-list
  // ['https://google.com', 'https://facebook.com/', ...]

// Get an array of the h2 contents (alias of innerHTML)
let h2s = dom.h2.html;     // #attr-alias
  // ['Level 2 header', 'Another level 2 header', ...]

// Get whether any of the attributes has the value "_blank"
let hasBlank = dom.class.cta.target._blank;    // #attr-value
  // true/false

You also use these:

  • html (alias of innerHTML): retrieve a list of the htmls
  • text (alias of textContent): retrieve a list of the htmls
  • parent (alias of parentNode): travel up one level
  • children: travel down one level

Set attributes

// Set target="_blank" to all links
dom.a.target = '_blank';     // #attr-set
dom.class.tableofcontents.html = `
  <ul class="tableofcontents">
    ${dom.h2.map(h2 => `
        <a href="#${h2.id}">

Remove an attribute

To delete an attribute use the delete keyword:

// Remove all urls from the page
delete dom.a.href;

// Remove all ids
delete dom.a.id;


It provides an easy way to manipulate the classes.

Get classes

To retrieve whether a particular class is present or not:

// Get an array with true/false for a single class
let isTest = dom.a.class.test;     // #class-one

For a general method to retrieve all classes you can do:

// Get a list of the classes of each matched element
let arrays = dom.a.class;     // #class-arrays
  // [['important'], ['button', 'cta'], ...]

// If you want a plain list with all of the classes:
let flatten = dom.a.class._flat;     // #class-flat
  // ['important', 'button', 'cta', ...]

// And if you just want an string with space-separated classes:
let text = dom.a.class._text;     // #class-text
  // 'important button cta ...'

Add a class

// Add the class 'test' (different ways)
dom.a.class.test = true;    // #class-make-true
dom.a.class = 'test';       // #class-push

Remove a class

// Remove the class 'test'
dom.a.class.test = false;    // #class-make-false


Did we say it returns a simple array?

dom.a.forEach(link => link.innerHTML = 'I am a link');

But what an interesting array it is; indeed we are also proxy'ing it so you can manipulate its sub-elements straight from the selector:

// Replace all of the link's html with 'I am a link'
dom.a.html = 'I am a link';

Of course we might want to manipulate them dynamically depending on the current value. Just pass it a function:

// Append ' ^_^' to all of the links in the page
dom.a.html = html => html + ' ^_^';

// Same as this:
dom.a.forEach(link => link.innerHTML = link.innerHTML + ' ^_^');

Note: this won't work dom.a.html += ' ^_^'; for more than 1 match (for reasons)

Or get into genetics to manipulate the attributes:

dom.a.attr.target = '_blank';

// Only to external sites:
let isOwnPage = el => /^https?\:\/\/mypage\.com/.test(el.getAttribute('href'));
dom.a.attr.target = (prev, i, element) => isOwnPage(element) ? '' : '_blank';


You can also handle and trigger events:

// Handle click events for all <a>
dom.a.on.click = e => ...;

// Trigger click event for all <a>


We are using Jest as a Grunt task for testing. Install Jest and run in the terminal:

grunt watch

Download Details:

Author: franciscop
Source Code: https://github.com/franciscop/superdom 
License: MIT license

#javascript #es6 #dom 

Private Class Fields and Methods in JavaScript Classes

JavaScript private class fields and methods are new features for JavaScript classes. In this tutorial, you will learn all you need to know about this feature. You will learn about what private methods and class fields are and how they work. You will also learn how to use them in your projects.


When you want to add some data to JavaScript class you can do so through class properties. These properties are by default always public. This also means that they are publicly accessible and modifiable. The same also applies to class methods. They are also public by default.

This might often be okay. However, sometimes, you may want to keep some properties or methods private. You may want to make them inaccessible from the outside of the class they are defined in. This is where private methods and class fields can be handy.

Keeping it private

The idea of keeping some things private is simple and straightforward. When you want to keep something private, be it a property or method, it should be accessible only from one place. This place is the class in which you defined that property or method.

If you try to access private class field or method from elsewhere JavaScript should not allow it. This includes outside the class in which the class field or method is defined. Also any instance of that class. However, it is possible to access private class field from a method inside the same class.

#javascript #javascript classes #javascript private class

Niraj Kafle


The essential JavaScript concepts that you should understand

As a JavaScript developer of any level, you need to understand its foundational concepts and some of the new ideas that help us developing code. In this article, we are going to review 16 basic concepts. So without further ado, let’s get to it.

#javascript-interview #javascript-development #javascript-fundamental #javascript #javascript-tips

Coy  Roberts

Coy Roberts


Definitive Guide to Understand Javascript Array reduce()

Javascript array reduce() is an inbuilt method that is used to apply a function to each element in the array to reduce the array to a single value. The reduce() function executes the provided function for each value of an array from left-to-right. The return value of a function is stored in an accumulator.

Understanding Javascript array reduce()

JavaScript array reduce() is one of the pioneer function of functional programming. The reduce() method accepts two parameters, the total and the current value. If you want to add all the values of an array, then use the array reduce() function.

It is similar to both  Javascript map() and  Javascript filter() but, it differs in the callback arguments.

The callback now receives an accumulator (it accumulates all the return values. Its value is the accumulation of a previously returned accumulations), a current value, a current index, and finally, the whole array.

#javascript #javascript map #javascript filter #javascript array reduce

Rahul Jangid


What is JavaScript - Stackfindover - Blog

Who invented JavaScript, how it works, as we have given information about Programming language in our previous article ( What is PHP ), but today we will talk about what is JavaScript, why JavaScript is used The Answers to all such questions and much other information about JavaScript, you are going to get here today. Hope this information will work for you.

Who invented JavaScript?

JavaScript language was invented by Brendan Eich in 1995. JavaScript is inspired by Java Programming Language. The first name of JavaScript was Mocha which was named by Marc Andreessen, Marc Andreessen is the founder of Netscape and in the same year Mocha was renamed LiveScript, and later in December 1995, it was renamed JavaScript which is still in trend.

What is JavaScript?

JavaScript is a client-side scripting language used with HTML (Hypertext Markup Language). JavaScript is an Interpreted / Oriented language called JS in programming language JavaScript code can be run on any normal web browser. To run the code of JavaScript, we have to enable JavaScript of Web Browser. But some web browsers already have JavaScript enabled.

Today almost all websites are using it as web technology, mind is that there is maximum scope in JavaScript in the coming time, so if you want to become a programmer, then you can be very beneficial to learn JavaScript.

JavaScript Hello World Program

In JavaScript, ‘document.write‘ is used to represent a string on a browser.

<script type="text/javascript">
	document.write("Hello World!");

How to comment JavaScript code?

  • For single line comment in JavaScript we have to use // (double slashes)
  • For multiple line comments we have to use / * – – * /
<script type="text/javascript">

//single line comment

/* document.write("Hello"); */


Advantages and Disadvantages of JavaScript

#javascript #javascript code #javascript hello world #what is javascript #who invented javascript