Using Tech To Survive In The Adapt Or Perish World Of Business

Madhurima Agarwal, Director of Engineering Programs at NetApp India, spoke about the fast changing dynamic of technology at The Rising 2021. Agarwal is also the Leader of NetApp Excellerator, a startup incubation program that targets B2B deep-tech startups.

Read more: https://analyticsindiamag.com/using-tech-to-survive-in-the-adapt-or-perish-world-of-business/

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Using Tech To Survive In The Adapt Or Perish World Of Business
Chloe  Butler

Chloe Butler

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Pdf2gerb: Perl Script Converts PDF Files to Gerber format

pdf2gerb

Perl script converts PDF files to Gerber format

Pdf2Gerb generates Gerber 274X photoplotting and Excellon drill files from PDFs of a PCB. Up to three PDFs are used: the top copper layer, the bottom copper layer (for 2-sided PCBs), and an optional silk screen layer. The PDFs can be created directly from any PDF drawing software, or a PDF print driver can be used to capture the Print output if the drawing software does not directly support output to PDF.

The general workflow is as follows:

  1. Design the PCB using your favorite CAD or drawing software.
  2. Print the top and bottom copper and top silk screen layers to a PDF file.
  3. Run Pdf2Gerb on the PDFs to create Gerber and Excellon files.
  4. Use a Gerber viewer to double-check the output against the original PCB design.
  5. Make adjustments as needed.
  6. Submit the files to a PCB manufacturer.

Please note that Pdf2Gerb does NOT perform DRC (Design Rule Checks), as these will vary according to individual PCB manufacturer conventions and capabilities. Also note that Pdf2Gerb is not perfect, so the output files must always be checked before submitting them. As of version 1.6, Pdf2Gerb supports most PCB elements, such as round and square pads, round holes, traces, SMD pads, ground planes, no-fill areas, and panelization. However, because it interprets the graphical output of a Print function, there are limitations in what it can recognize (or there may be bugs).

See docs/Pdf2Gerb.pdf for install/setup, config, usage, and other info.


pdf2gerb_cfg.pm

#Pdf2Gerb config settings:
#Put this file in same folder/directory as pdf2gerb.pl itself (global settings),
#or copy to another folder/directory with PDFs if you want PCB-specific settings.
#There is only one user of this file, so we don't need a custom package or namespace.
#NOTE: all constants defined in here will be added to main namespace.
#package pdf2gerb_cfg;

use strict; #trap undef vars (easier debug)
use warnings; #other useful info (easier debug)


##############################################################################################
#configurable settings:
#change values here instead of in main pfg2gerb.pl file

use constant WANT_COLORS => ($^O !~ m/Win/); #ANSI colors no worky on Windows? this must be set < first DebugPrint() call

#just a little warning; set realistic expectations:
#DebugPrint("${\(CYAN)}Pdf2Gerb.pl ${\(VERSION)}, $^O O/S\n${\(YELLOW)}${\(BOLD)}${\(ITALIC)}This is EXPERIMENTAL software.  \nGerber files MAY CONTAIN ERRORS.  Please CHECK them before fabrication!${\(RESET)}", 0); #if WANT_DEBUG

use constant METRIC => FALSE; #set to TRUE for metric units (only affect final numbers in output files, not internal arithmetic)
use constant APERTURE_LIMIT => 0; #34; #max #apertures to use; generate warnings if too many apertures are used (0 to not check)
use constant DRILL_FMT => '2.4'; #'2.3'; #'2.4' is the default for PCB fab; change to '2.3' for CNC

use constant WANT_DEBUG => 0; #10; #level of debug wanted; higher == more, lower == less, 0 == none
use constant GERBER_DEBUG => 0; #level of debug to include in Gerber file; DON'T USE FOR FABRICATION
use constant WANT_STREAMS => FALSE; #TRUE; #save decompressed streams to files (for debug)
use constant WANT_ALLINPUT => FALSE; #TRUE; #save entire input stream (for debug ONLY)

#DebugPrint(sprintf("${\(CYAN)}DEBUG: stdout %d, gerber %d, want streams? %d, all input? %d, O/S: $^O, Perl: $]${\(RESET)}\n", WANT_DEBUG, GERBER_DEBUG, WANT_STREAMS, WANT_ALLINPUT), 1);
#DebugPrint(sprintf("max int = %d, min int = %d\n", MAXINT, MININT), 1); 

#define standard trace and pad sizes to reduce scaling or PDF rendering errors:
#This avoids weird aperture settings and replaces them with more standardized values.
#(I'm not sure how photoplotters handle strange sizes).
#Fewer choices here gives more accurate mapping in the final Gerber files.
#units are in inches
use constant TOOL_SIZES => #add more as desired
(
#round or square pads (> 0) and drills (< 0):
    .010, -.001,  #tiny pads for SMD; dummy drill size (too small for practical use, but needed so StandardTool will use this entry)
    .031, -.014,  #used for vias
    .041, -.020,  #smallest non-filled plated hole
    .051, -.025,
    .056, -.029,  #useful for IC pins
    .070, -.033,
    .075, -.040,  #heavier leads
#    .090, -.043,  #NOTE: 600 dpi is not high enough resolution to reliably distinguish between .043" and .046", so choose 1 of the 2 here
    .100, -.046,
    .115, -.052,
    .130, -.061,
    .140, -.067,
    .150, -.079,
    .175, -.088,
    .190, -.093,
    .200, -.100,
    .220, -.110,
    .160, -.125,  #useful for mounting holes
#some additional pad sizes without holes (repeat a previous hole size if you just want the pad size):
    .090, -.040,  #want a .090 pad option, but use dummy hole size
    .065, -.040, #.065 x .065 rect pad
    .035, -.040, #.035 x .065 rect pad
#traces:
    .001,  #too thin for real traces; use only for board outlines
    .006,  #minimum real trace width; mainly used for text
    .008,  #mainly used for mid-sized text, not traces
    .010,  #minimum recommended trace width for low-current signals
    .012,
    .015,  #moderate low-voltage current
    .020,  #heavier trace for power, ground (even if a lighter one is adequate)
    .025,
    .030,  #heavy-current traces; be careful with these ones!
    .040,
    .050,
    .060,
    .080,
    .100,
    .120,
);
#Areas larger than the values below will be filled with parallel lines:
#This cuts down on the number of aperture sizes used.
#Set to 0 to always use an aperture or drill, regardless of size.
use constant { MAX_APERTURE => max((TOOL_SIZES)) + .004, MAX_DRILL => -min((TOOL_SIZES)) + .004 }; #max aperture and drill sizes (plus a little tolerance)
#DebugPrint(sprintf("using %d standard tool sizes: %s, max aper %.3f, max drill %.3f\n", scalar((TOOL_SIZES)), join(", ", (TOOL_SIZES)), MAX_APERTURE, MAX_DRILL), 1);

#NOTE: Compare the PDF to the original CAD file to check the accuracy of the PDF rendering and parsing!
#for example, the CAD software I used generated the following circles for holes:
#CAD hole size:   parsed PDF diameter:      error:
#  .014                .016                +.002
#  .020                .02267              +.00267
#  .025                .026                +.001
#  .029                .03167              +.00267
#  .033                .036                +.003
#  .040                .04267              +.00267
#This was usually ~ .002" - .003" too big compared to the hole as displayed in the CAD software.
#To compensate for PDF rendering errors (either during CAD Print function or PDF parsing logic), adjust the values below as needed.
#units are pixels; for example, a value of 2.4 at 600 dpi = .0004 inch, 2 at 600 dpi = .0033"
use constant
{
    HOLE_ADJUST => -0.004 * 600, #-2.6, #holes seemed to be slightly oversized (by .002" - .004"), so shrink them a little
    RNDPAD_ADJUST => -0.003 * 600, #-2, #-2.4, #round pads seemed to be slightly oversized, so shrink them a little
    SQRPAD_ADJUST => +0.001 * 600, #+.5, #square pads are sometimes too small by .00067, so bump them up a little
    RECTPAD_ADJUST => 0, #(pixels) rectangular pads seem to be okay? (not tested much)
    TRACE_ADJUST => 0, #(pixels) traces seemed to be okay?
    REDUCE_TOLERANCE => .001, #(inches) allow this much variation when reducing circles and rects
};

#Also, my CAD's Print function or the PDF print driver I used was a little off for circles, so define some additional adjustment values here:
#Values are added to X/Y coordinates; units are pixels; for example, a value of 1 at 600 dpi would be ~= .002 inch
use constant
{
    CIRCLE_ADJUST_MINX => 0,
    CIRCLE_ADJUST_MINY => -0.001 * 600, #-1, #circles were a little too high, so nudge them a little lower
    CIRCLE_ADJUST_MAXX => +0.001 * 600, #+1, #circles were a little too far to the left, so nudge them a little to the right
    CIRCLE_ADJUST_MAXY => 0,
    SUBST_CIRCLE_CLIPRECT => FALSE, #generate circle and substitute for clip rects (to compensate for the way some CAD software draws circles)
    WANT_CLIPRECT => TRUE, #FALSE, #AI doesn't need clip rect at all? should be on normally?
    RECT_COMPLETION => FALSE, #TRUE, #fill in 4th side of rect when 3 sides found
};

#allow .012 clearance around pads for solder mask:
#This value effectively adjusts pad sizes in the TOOL_SIZES list above (only for solder mask layers).
use constant SOLDER_MARGIN => +.012; #units are inches

#line join/cap styles:
use constant
{
    CAP_NONE => 0, #butt (none); line is exact length
    CAP_ROUND => 1, #round cap/join; line overhangs by a semi-circle at either end
    CAP_SQUARE => 2, #square cap/join; line overhangs by a half square on either end
    CAP_OVERRIDE => FALSE, #cap style overrides drawing logic
};
    
#number of elements in each shape type:
use constant
{
    RECT_SHAPELEN => 6, #x0, y0, x1, y1, count, "rect" (start, end corners)
    LINE_SHAPELEN => 6, #x0, y0, x1, y1, count, "line" (line seg)
    CURVE_SHAPELEN => 10, #xstart, ystart, x0, y0, x1, y1, xend, yend, count, "curve" (bezier 2 points)
    CIRCLE_SHAPELEN => 5, #x, y, 5, count, "circle" (center + radius)
};
#const my %SHAPELEN =
#Readonly my %SHAPELEN =>
our %SHAPELEN =
(
    rect => RECT_SHAPELEN,
    line => LINE_SHAPELEN,
    curve => CURVE_SHAPELEN,
    circle => CIRCLE_SHAPELEN,
);

#panelization:
#This will repeat the entire body the number of times indicated along the X or Y axes (files grow accordingly).
#Display elements that overhang PCB boundary can be squashed or left as-is (typically text or other silk screen markings).
#Set "overhangs" TRUE to allow overhangs, FALSE to truncate them.
#xpad and ypad allow margins to be added around outer edge of panelized PCB.
use constant PANELIZE => {'x' => 1, 'y' => 1, 'xpad' => 0, 'ypad' => 0, 'overhangs' => TRUE}; #number of times to repeat in X and Y directions

# Set this to 1 if you need TurboCAD support.
#$turboCAD = FALSE; #is this still needed as an option?

#CIRCAD pad generation uses an appropriate aperture, then moves it (stroke) "a little" - we use this to find pads and distinguish them from PCB holes. 
use constant PAD_STROKE => 0.3; #0.0005 * 600; #units are pixels
#convert very short traces to pads or holes:
use constant TRACE_MINLEN => .001; #units are inches
#use constant ALWAYS_XY => TRUE; #FALSE; #force XY even if X or Y doesn't change; NOTE: needs to be TRUE for all pads to show in FlatCAM and ViewPlot
use constant REMOVE_POLARITY => FALSE; #TRUE; #set to remove subtractive (negative) polarity; NOTE: must be FALSE for ground planes

#PDF uses "points", each point = 1/72 inch
#combined with a PDF scale factor of .12, this gives 600 dpi resolution (1/72 * .12 = 600 dpi)
use constant INCHES_PER_POINT => 1/72; #0.0138888889; #multiply point-size by this to get inches

# The precision used when computing a bezier curve. Higher numbers are more precise but slower (and generate larger files).
#$bezierPrecision = 100;
use constant BEZIER_PRECISION => 36; #100; #use const; reduced for faster rendering (mainly used for silk screen and thermal pads)

# Ground planes and silk screen or larger copper rectangles or circles are filled line-by-line using this resolution.
use constant FILL_WIDTH => .01; #fill at most 0.01 inch at a time

# The max number of characters to read into memory
use constant MAX_BYTES => 10 * M; #bumped up to 10 MB, use const

use constant DUP_DRILL1 => TRUE; #FALSE; #kludge: ViewPlot doesn't load drill files that are too small so duplicate first tool

my $runtime = time(); #Time::HiRes::gettimeofday(); #measure my execution time

print STDERR "Loaded config settings from '${\(__FILE__)}'.\n";
1; #last value must be truthful to indicate successful load


#############################################################################################
#junk/experiment:

#use Package::Constants;
#use Exporter qw(import); #https://perldoc.perl.org/Exporter.html

#my $caller = "pdf2gerb::";

#sub cfg
#{
#    my $proto = shift;
#    my $class = ref($proto) || $proto;
#    my $settings =
#    {
#        $WANT_DEBUG => 990, #10; #level of debug wanted; higher == more, lower == less, 0 == none
#    };
#    bless($settings, $class);
#    return $settings;
#}

#use constant HELLO => "hi there2"; #"main::HELLO" => "hi there";
#use constant GOODBYE => 14; #"main::GOODBYE" => 12;

#print STDERR "read cfg file\n";

#our @EXPORT_OK = Package::Constants->list(__PACKAGE__); #https://www.perlmonks.org/?node_id=1072691; NOTE: "_OK" skips short/common names

#print STDERR scalar(@EXPORT_OK) . " consts exported:\n";
#foreach(@EXPORT_OK) { print STDERR "$_\n"; }
#my $val = main::thing("xyz");
#print STDERR "caller gave me $val\n";
#foreach my $arg (@ARGV) { print STDERR "arg $arg\n"; }

Download Details:

Author: swannman
Source Code: https://github.com/swannman/pdf2gerb

License: GPL-3.0 license

#perl 

Carmen  Grimes

Carmen Grimes

1595491178

Best Electric Bikes and Scooters for Rental Business or Campus Facility

The electric scooter revolution has caught on super-fast taking many cities across the globe by storm. eScooters, a renovated version of old-school scooters now turned into electric vehicles are an environmentally friendly solution to current on-demand commute problems. They work on engines, like cars, enabling short traveling distances without hassle. The result is that these groundbreaking electric machines can now provide faster transport for less — cheaper than Uber and faster than Metro.

Since they are durable, fast, easy to operate and maintain, and are more convenient to park compared to four-wheelers, the eScooters trend has and continues to spike interest as a promising growth area. Several companies and universities are increasingly setting up shop to provide eScooter services realizing a would-be profitable business model and a ready customer base that is university students or residents in need of faster and cheap travel going about their business in school, town, and other surrounding areas.

Electric Scooters Trends and Statistics

In many countries including the U.S., Canada, Mexico, U.K., Germany, France, China, Japan, India, Brazil and Mexico and more, a growing number of eScooter users both locals and tourists can now be seen effortlessly passing lines of drivers stuck in the endless and unmoving traffic.

A recent report by McKinsey revealed that the E-Scooter industry will be worth― $200 billion to $300 billion in the United States, $100 billion to $150 billion in Europe, and $30 billion to $50 billion in China in 2030. The e-Scooter revenue model will also spike and is projected to rise by more than 20% amounting to approximately $5 billion.

And, with a necessity to move people away from high carbon prints, traffic and congestion issues brought about by car-centric transport systems in cities, more and more city planners are developing more bike/scooter lanes and adopting zero-emission plans. This is the force behind the booming electric scooter market and the numbers will only go higher and higher.

Companies that have taken advantage of the growing eScooter trend develop an appthat allows them to provide efficient eScooter services. Such an app enables them to be able to locate bike pick-up and drop points through fully integrated google maps.

List of Best Electric Bikes for Rental Business or Campus Facility 2020:

It’s clear that e scooters will increasingly become more common and the e-scooter business model will continue to grab the attention of manufacturers, investors, entrepreneurs. All this should go ahead with a quest to know what are some of the best electric bikes in the market especially for anyone who would want to get started in the electric bikes/scooters rental business.

We have done a comprehensive list of the best electric bikes! Each bike has been reviewed in depth and includes a full list of specs and a photo.

Billy eBike

mobile-best-electric-bikes-scooters https://www.kickstarter.com/projects/enkicycles/billy-were-redefining-joyrides

To start us off is the Billy eBike, a powerful go-anywhere urban electric bike that’s specially designed to offer an exciting ride like no other whether you want to ride to the grocery store, cafe, work or school. The Billy eBike comes in 4 color options – Billy Blue, Polished aluminium, Artic white, and Stealth black.

Price: $2490

Available countries

Available in the USA, Europe, Asia, South Africa and Australia.This item ships from the USA. Buyers are therefore responsible for any taxes and/or customs duties incurred once it arrives in your country.

Features

  • Control – Ride with confidence with our ultra-wide BMX bars and a hyper-responsive twist throttle.
  • Stealth- Ride like a ninja with our Gates carbon drive that’s as smooth as butter and maintenance-free.
  • Drive – Ride further with our high torque fat bike motor, giving a better climbing performance.
  • Accelerate – Ride quicker with our 20-inch lightweight cutout rims for improved acceleration.
  • Customize – Ride your own way with 5 levels of power control. Each level determines power and speed.
  • Flickable – Ride harder with our BMX /MotoX inspired geometry and lightweight aluminum package

Specifications

  • Maximum speed: 20 mph (32 km/h)
  • Range per charge: 41 miles (66 km)
  • Maximum Power: 500W
  • Motor type: Fat Bike Motor: Bafang RM G060.500.DC
  • Load capacity: 300lbs (136kg)
  • Battery type: 13.6Ah Samsung lithium-ion,
  • Battery capacity: On/off-bike charging available
  • Weight: w/o batt. 48.5lbs (22kg), w/ batt. 54lbs (24.5kg)
  • Front Suspension: Fully adjustable air shock, preload/compression damping /lockout
  • Rear Suspension: spring, preload adjustment
  • Built-in GPS

Why Should You Buy This?

  • Riding fun and excitement
  • Better climbing ability and faster acceleration.
  • Ride with confidence
  • Billy folds for convenient storage and transportation.
  • Shorty levers connect to disc brakes ensuring you stop on a dime
  • belt drives are maintenance-free and clean (no oil or lubrication needed)

**Who Should Ride Billy? **

Both new and experienced riders

**Where to Buy? **Local distributors or ships from the USA.

Genze 200 series e-Bike

genze-best-electric-bikes-scooters https://www.genze.com/fleet/

Featuring a sleek and lightweight aluminum frame design, the 200-Series ebike takes your riding experience to greater heights. Available in both black and white this ebike comes with a connected app, which allows you to plan activities, map distances and routes while also allowing connections with fellow riders.

Price: $2099.00

Available countries

The Genze 200 series e-Bike is available at GenZe retail locations across the U.S or online via GenZe.com website. Customers from outside the US can ship the product while incurring the relevant charges.

Features

  • 2 Frame Options
  • 2 Sizes
  • Integrated/Removable Battery
  • Throttle and Pedal Assist Ride Modes
  • Integrated LCD Display
  • Connected App
  • 24 month warranty
  • GPS navigation
  • Bluetooth connectivity

Specifications

  • Maximum speed: 20 mph with throttle
  • Range per charge: 15-18 miles w/ throttle and 30-50 miles w/ pedal assist
  • Charging time: 3.5 hours
  • Motor type: Brushless Rear Hub Motor
  • Gears: Microshift Thumb Shifter
  • Battery type: Removable Samsung 36V, 9.6AH Li-Ion battery pack
  • Battery capacity: 36V and 350 Wh
  • Weight: 46 pounds
  • Derailleur: 8-speed Shimano
  • Brakes: Dual classic
  • Wheels: 26 x 20 inches
  • Frame: 16, and 18 inches
  • Operating Mode: Analog mode 5 levels of Pedal Assist Thrott­le Mode

Norco from eBikestore

norco-best-electric-bikes-scooters https://ebikestore.com/shop/norco-vlt-s2/

The Norco VLT S2 is a front suspension e-Bike with solid components alongside the reliable Bosch Performance Line Power systems that offer precise pedal assistance during any riding situation.

Price: $2,699.00

Available countries

This item is available via the various Norco bikes international distributors.

Features

  • VLT aluminum frame- for stiffness and wheel security.
  • Bosch e-bike system – for their reliability and performance.
  • E-bike components – for added durability.
  • Hydraulic disc brakes – offer riders more stopping power for safety and control at higher speeds.
  • Practical design features – to add convenience and versatility.

Specifications

  • Maximum speed: KMC X9 9spd
  • Motor type: Bosch Active Line
  • Gears: Shimano Altus RD-M2000, SGS, 9 Speed
  • Battery type: Power Pack 400
  • Battery capacity: 396Wh
  • Suspension: SR Suntour suspension fork
  • Frame: Norco VLT, Aluminum, 12x142mm TA Dropouts

Bodo EV

bodo-best-electric-bikes-scootershttp://www.bodoevs.com/bodoev/products_show.asp?product_id=13

Manufactured by Bodo Vehicle Group Limited, the Bodo EV is specially designed for strong power and extraordinary long service to facilitate super amazing rides. The Bodo Vehicle Company is a striking top in electric vehicles brand field in China and across the globe. Their Bodo EV will no doubt provide your riders with high-level riding satisfaction owing to its high-quality design, strength, breaking stability and speed.

Price: $799

Available countries

This item ships from China with buyers bearing the shipping costs and other variables prior to delivery.

Features

  • Reliable
  • Environment friendly
  • Comfortable riding
  • Fashionable
  • Economical
  • Durable – long service life
  • Braking stability
  • LED lighting technology

Specifications

  • Maximum speed: 45km/h
  • Range per charge: 50km per person
  • Charging time: 8 hours
  • Maximum Power: 3000W
  • Motor type: Brushless DC Motor
  • Load capacity: 100kg
  • Battery type: Lead-acid battery
  • Battery capacity: 60V 20AH
  • Weight: w/o battery 47kg

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Why Use WordPress? What Can You Do With WordPress?

Can you use WordPress for anything other than blogging? To your surprise, yes. WordPress is more than just a blogging tool, and it has helped thousands of websites and web applications to thrive. The use of WordPress powers around 40% of online projects, and today in our blog, we would visit some amazing uses of WordPress other than blogging.
What Is The Use Of WordPress?

WordPress is the most popular website platform in the world. It is the first choice of businesses that want to set a feature-rich and dynamic Content Management System. So, if you ask what WordPress is used for, the answer is – everything. It is a super-flexible, feature-rich and secure platform that offers everything to build unique websites and applications. Let’s start knowing them:

1. Multiple Websites Under A Single Installation
WordPress Multisite allows you to develop multiple sites from a single WordPress installation. You can download WordPress and start building websites you want to launch under a single server. Literally speaking, you can handle hundreds of sites from one single dashboard, which now needs applause.
It is a highly efficient platform that allows you to easily run several websites under the same login credentials. One of the best things about WordPress is the themes it has to offer. You can simply download them and plugin for various sites and save space on sites without losing their speed.

2. WordPress Social Network
WordPress can be used for high-end projects such as Social Media Network. If you don’t have the money and patience to hire a coder and invest months in building a feature-rich social media site, go for WordPress. It is one of the most amazing uses of WordPress. Its stunning CMS is unbeatable. And you can build sites as good as Facebook or Reddit etc. It can just make the process a lot easier.
To set up a social media network, you would have to download a WordPress Plugin called BuddyPress. It would allow you to connect a community page with ease and would provide all the necessary features of a community or social media. It has direct messaging, activity stream, user groups, extended profiles, and so much more. You just have to download and configure it.
If BuddyPress doesn’t meet all your needs, don’t give up on your dreams. You can try out WP Symposium or PeepSo. There are also several themes you can use to build a social network.

3. Create A Forum For Your Brand’s Community
Communities are very important for your business. They help you stay in constant connection with your users and consumers. And allow you to turn them into a loyal customer base. Meanwhile, there are many good technologies that can be used for building a community page – the good old WordPress is still the best.
It is the best community development technology. If you want to build your online community, you need to consider all the amazing features you get with WordPress. Plugins such as BB Press is an open-source, template-driven PHP/ MySQL forum software. It is very simple and doesn’t hamper the experience of the website.
Other tools such as wpFoRo and Asgaros Forum are equally good for creating a community blog. They are lightweight tools that are easy to manage and integrate with your WordPress site easily. However, there is only one tiny problem; you need to have some technical knowledge to build a WordPress Community blog page.

4. Shortcodes
Since we gave you a problem in the previous section, we would also give you a perfect solution for it. You might not know to code, but you have shortcodes. Shortcodes help you execute functions without having to code. It is an easy way to build an amazing website, add new features, customize plugins easily. They are short lines of code, and rather than memorizing multiple lines; you can have zero technical knowledge and start building a feature-rich website or application.
There are also plugins like Shortcoder, Shortcodes Ultimate, and the Basics available on WordPress that can be used, and you would not even have to remember the shortcodes.

5. Build Online Stores
If you still think about why to use WordPress, use it to build an online store. You can start selling your goods online and start selling. It is an affordable technology that helps you build a feature-rich eCommerce store with WordPress.
WooCommerce is an extension of WordPress and is one of the most used eCommerce solutions. WooCommerce holds a 28% share of the global market and is one of the best ways to set up an online store. It allows you to build user-friendly and professional online stores and has thousands of free and paid extensions. Moreover as an open-source platform, and you don’t have to pay for the license.
Apart from WooCommerce, there are Easy Digital Downloads, iThemes Exchange, Shopify eCommerce plugin, and so much more available.

6. Security Features
WordPress takes security very seriously. It offers tons of external solutions that help you in safeguarding your WordPress site. While there is no way to ensure 100% security, it provides regular updates with security patches and provides several plugins to help with backups, two-factor authorization, and more.
By choosing hosting providers like WP Engine, you can improve the security of the website. It helps in threat detection, manage patching and updates, and internal security audits for the customers, and so much more.

Read More

#use of wordpress #use wordpress for business website #use wordpress for website #what is use of wordpress #why use wordpress #why use wordpress to build a website

Carmen  Grimes

Carmen Grimes

1595494844

How to start an electric scooter facility/fleet in a university campus/IT park

Are you leading an organization that has a large campus, e.g., a large university? You are probably thinking of introducing an electric scooter/bicycle fleet on the campus, and why wouldn’t you?

Introducing micro-mobility in your campus with the help of such a fleet would help the people on the campus significantly. People would save money since they don’t need to use a car for a short distance. Your campus will see a drastic reduction in congestion, moreover, its carbon footprint will reduce.

Micro-mobility is relatively new though and you would need help. You would need to select an appropriate fleet of vehicles. The people on your campus would need to find electric scooters or electric bikes for commuting, and you need to provide a solution for this.

To be more specific, you need a short-term electric bike rental app. With such an app, you will be able to easily offer micro-mobility to the people on the campus. We at Devathon have built Autorent exactly for this.

What does Autorent do and how can it help you? How does it enable you to introduce micro-mobility on your campus? We explain these in this article, however, we will touch upon a few basics first.

Micro-mobility: What it is

micro-mobility

You are probably thinking about micro-mobility relatively recently, aren’t you? A few relevant insights about it could help you to better appreciate its importance.

Micro-mobility is a new trend in transportation, and it uses vehicles that are considerably smaller than cars. Electric scooters (e-scooters) and electric bikes (e-bikes) are the most popular forms of micro-mobility, however, there are also e-unicycles and e-skateboards.

You might have already seen e-scooters, which are kick scooters that come with a motor. Thanks to its motor, an e-scooter can achieve a speed of up to 20 km/h. On the other hand, e-bikes are popular in China and Japan, and they come with a motor, and you can reach a speed of 40 km/h.

You obviously can’t use these vehicles for very long commutes, however, what if you need to travel a short distance? Even if you have a reasonable public transport facility in the city, it might not cover the route you need to take. Take the example of a large university campus. Such a campus is often at a considerable distance from the central business district of the city where it’s located. While public transport facilities may serve the central business district, they wouldn’t serve this large campus. Currently, many people drive their cars even for short distances.

As you know, that brings its own set of challenges. Vehicular traffic adds significantly to pollution, moreover, finding a parking spot can be hard in crowded urban districts.

Well, you can reduce your carbon footprint if you use an electric car. However, electric cars are still new, and many countries are still building the necessary infrastructure for them. Your large campus might not have the necessary infrastructure for them either. Presently, electric cars don’t represent a viable option in most geographies.

As a result, you need to buy and maintain a car even if your commute is short. In addition to dealing with parking problems, you need to spend significantly on your car.

All of these factors have combined to make people sit up and think seriously about cars. Many people are now seriously considering whether a car is really the best option even if they have to commute only a short distance.

This is where micro-mobility enters the picture. When you commute a short distance regularly, e-scooters or e-bikes are viable options. You limit your carbon footprints and you cut costs!

Businesses have seen this shift in thinking, and e-scooter companies like Lime and Bird have entered this field in a big way. They let you rent e-scooters by the minute. On the other hand, start-ups like Jump and Lyft have entered the e-bike market.

Think of your campus now! The people there might need to travel short distances within the campus, and e-scooters can really help them.

How micro-mobility can benefit you

benefits-micromobility

What advantages can you get from micro-mobility? Let’s take a deeper look into this question.

Micro-mobility can offer several advantages to the people on your campus, e.g.:

  • Affordability: Shared e-scooters are cheaper than other mass transportation options. Remember that the people on your campus will use them on a shared basis, and they will pay for their short commutes only. Well, depending on your operating model, you might even let them use shared e-scooters or e-bikes for free!
  • Convenience: Users don’t need to worry about finding parking spots for shared e-scooters since these are small. They can easily travel from point A to point B on your campus with the help of these e-scooters.
  • Environmentally sustainable: Shared e-scooters reduce the carbon footprint, moreover, they decongest the roads. Statistics from the pilot programs in cities like Portland and Denver showimpressive gains around this key aspect.
  • Safety: This one’s obvious, isn’t it? When people on your campus use small e-scooters or e-bikes instead of cars, the problem of overspeeding will disappear. you will see fewer accidents.

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Kevin  Simon

Kevin Simon

1646471965

Building a Crud Web App using Angular | Angular 13 CRUD

Angular CRUD means an application consisting of creating, reading, updating, and deleting data functionalities. It is the comprehensive guide on building CRUD (Create, Read, Update, Delete) Web Applications using the New Angular Framework. The Angular has just been released, and it comes with a few new features and improvements.

First, we will install Angular using Angular CLI, and then we will continue to develop the frontend and backend.

1: Install Angular and other dependencies.

If you have an older @angular/cli version, you can run the following command to install the latest versions.

npm uninstall -g @angular/cli
npm cache verify
npm install -g @angular/cli

If you are going through any issues, please check out my How To Update Angular CLI To Version 7It will help you update your Angular CLI, and you will create a brand new Angular seven project.

Okay, now, if you type the following command, you can see that we have updated Angular CLI.

Angular 7 CRUD Example | MEAN Stack Tutorial

Now, you will create a new Angular project using the following command.

ng new angular7crud
cd angular7crud

MEAN Stack CRUD Example

After going inside the project folder, open the project in Visual Studio Code using the following command. If you are not using it, then start using it. It is the best Editor for Javascript development.

code .

At the time of installation, we have enabled routing for our application. It is new in Angular because it will prompt us while installing the angular boilerplate. You can check the file called app-routing.module.ts file inside src >> app directory.

Next, install the Bootstrap 4 CSS Framework using the following command.

npm install bootstrap --save

Now, add it inside the angular.json file.

"styles": [
   "src/styles.css",
   "./node_modules/bootstrap/dist/css/bootstrap.min.css"
 ],

So, now we can use the Bootstrap 4 classes in our project. 

Start the Angular development server using the following command.

ng serve -o

 

Angular 7 Tutorial

Project Description

We will create a project where users can enter their User Name, Business Name, and GST Number from the form and submit it. If the values are incorrect, they will validate at the frontend, and the form will not submit. On the other hand, if all the values seem perfect, we will send the form to backend API, storing the values inside the MongoDB database.

So now, we will create some angular components to do the job.

2: Generate Angular Components

Type the following command to generate Angular Components. We will perform create, read, update operations. So we will create three components.

ng g c gst-add --spec=false
ng g c gst-get --spec=false
ng g c gst-edit --spec=false

Angular CRUD Tutorial

All three components are automatically registered inside an app.module.ts file. We need to configure the routing of angular components inside an app-routing.module.ts file.

// app-routing.module.ts

import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { Routes, RouterModule } from '@angular/router';
import { GstAddComponent } from './gst-add/gst-add.component';
import { GstEditComponent } from './gst-edit/gst-edit.component';
import { GstGetComponent } from './gst-get/gst-get.component';

const routes: Routes = [
  {
    path: 'business/create',
    component: GstAddComponent
  },
  {
    path: 'business/edit/:id',
    component: GstEditComponent
  },
  {
    path: 'business',
    component: GstGetComponent
  }
];

@NgModule({
  imports: [RouterModule.forRoot(routes)],
  exports: [RouterModule]
})

export class AppRoutingModule { }

Now, you can see inside the app.component.html file that the <router-outlet> directive is there. This directive helps us render the different components based on the route URI.

3: Create an Angular Navigation

Write the following code inside the app.component.html file.

<nav class="navbar navbar-expand-sm bg-light">
  <div class="container-fluid">
    <ul class="navbar-nav">
      <li class="nav-item">
        <a routerLink="business/create" class="nav-link" routerLinkActive="active">
          Create Business
        </a>
      </li>
      <li class="nav-item">
        <a routerLink="business" class="nav-link" routerLinkActive="active">
          Business
        </a>
      </li> 
    </ul>
  </div>
</nav>

<div class="container">
  <router-outlet></router-outlet>
</div>

Save the file and go to the browser and click on two links. You can see that we can see the different components based on the navigation.

4: Install Angular Routing Progress Indicator.

Type the following command to install the ng2-slim-loading-bar library.

npm install ng2-slim-loading-bar --save

So, if you install third-party packages right now, it is not compatible with Angular. To bridge the gap between Angular and third-party packages, we need to install the following library. That is it.

npm install rxjs-compat --save

Now, import the SlimLoadingBarModule inside the app.module.ts file.

// app.module.ts

import { SlimLoadingBarModule } from 'ng2-slim-loading-bar';

imports: [
    ...
    SlimLoadingBarModule
],

The next step is to include the styling with the library inside the src  >>  styles.css file.

@import "../node_modules/ng2-slim-loading-bar/style.css";

5: Adding Router Events.

Angular RouterModule gives us the following event modules.

  1. NavigationStart
  2. NavigationEnd
  3. NavigationError
  4. NavigationCancel
  5. Router
  6. Event

Now, write the following code inside the  app.component.ts file.

// app.component.ts

import { Component } from '@angular/core';
import {SlimLoadingBarService} from 'ng2-slim-loading-bar';
import { NavigationCancel,
        Event,
        NavigationEnd,
        NavigationError,
        NavigationStart,
        Router } from '@angular/router';

@Component({
  selector: 'app-root',
  templateUrl: './app.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./app.component.css']
})
export class AppComponent {
  title = 'angular7crud';
  constructor(private _loadingBar: SlimLoadingBarService, private _router: Router) {
    this._router.events.subscribe((event: Event) => {
      this.navigationInterceptor(event);
    });
  }
  private navigationInterceptor(event: Event): void {
    if (event instanceof NavigationStart) {
      this._loadingBar.start();
    }
    if (event instanceof NavigationEnd) {
      this._loadingBar.complete();
    }
    if (event instanceof NavigationCancel) {
      this._loadingBar.stop();
    }
    if (event instanceof NavigationError) {
      this._loadingBar.stop();
    }
  }
}

It is doing that it intercepts the routing event and adds the loading bar component to every route so that we can see the routing indication every time we change the routes.

The final change to display the routing indicator is to add the ng2-slim-loading-bar directive inside the app.component.html file at the top of the page.

<ng2-slim-loading-bar color="blue"></ng2-slim-loading-bar>

<nav class="navbar navbar-expand-sm bg-light">
  <div class="container-fluid">
    <ul class="navbar-nav">
      <li class="nav-item">
        <a routerLink="business/create" class="nav-link" routerLinkActive="active">
          Create Business
        </a>
      </li>
      <li class="nav-item">
        <a routerLink="business" class="nav-link" routerLinkActive="active">
          Business
        </a>
      </li> 
    </ul>
  </div>
</nav>

<div class="container">
  <router-outlet></router-outlet>
</div>

Save the file and go to the terminal to see if there is an error and if not, go to the browser and change the routes, and you can see that now we can see the routing indicator.

6: Add Bootstrap Form

Inside the gst-add.component.html file, add the following bootstrap 4 form.

<div class="card">
  <div class="card-body">
    <form>
      <div class="form-group">
        <label class="col-md-4">Person Name</label>
        <input type="text" class="form-control" />
      </div>
      <div class="form-group">
        <label class="col-md-4">Business Name </label>
        <input type="text" class="form-control" />
      </div>
      <div class="form-group">
        <label class="col-md-4">Business GST Number </label>
        <input type="text" class="form-control" />
      </div>
      <div class="form-group">
        <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary">Add Business</button>
      </div>
    </form>
  </div>
</div>

Angular 7 CRUD Demo

7: Add Angular Form Validation

We will use ReactiveFormsModule. So if you are new to Angular Form Validation, please check out my this article Angular Form Validation on this blog.

Now, import the ReactiveFormsModule inside the app.module.ts file.

// app.module.ts

import { ReactiveFormsModule } from '@angular/forms';

imports: [
    ...
    ReactiveFormsModule
],

Now, we need to write the code for the app.component.ts file. Remember, this is not a template-driven form. So we will change the code inside the app.component.ts file.

First, we import the FormGroup, FormBuilder, Validators modules from @angular/forms.

Also, create a constructor and instantiate the FormBuilder.

So write the following code inside the gst-add.component.ts file.

// gst-add.component.ts

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { FormGroup,  FormBuilder,  Validators } from '@angular/forms';

@Component({
  selector: 'app-gst-add',
  templateUrl: './gst-add.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./gst-add.component.css']
})
export class GstAddComponent implements OnInit {

  angForm: FormGroup;
  constructor(private fb: FormBuilder) {
    this.createForm();
  }

  createForm() {
    this.angForm = this.fb.group({
      person_name: ['', Validators.required ],
      business_name: ['', Validators.required ],
      business_gst_number: ['', Validators.required ]
    });
  }

  ngOnInit() {
  }

}

We have used form builder to handle all the validation. So in that constructor, we are creating a form with the validation rules. In our example, there are three fields. If input text is empty, it will give an error, and we need to display it.

Now, write the following code inside the gst-add.component.html file.

<div class="card">
  <div class="card-body">
    <form [formGroup]="angForm" novalidate>
      <div class="form-group">
        <label class="col-md-4">Person Name</label>
        <input type="text" class="form-control" formControlName="person_name" #person_name />
      </div>
      <div *ngIf="angForm.controls['person_name'].invalid && (angForm.controls['person_name'].dirty || angForm.controls['person_name'].touched)" class="alert alert-danger">
        <div *ngIf="angForm.controls['person_name'].errors.required">
          Person Name is required.
        </div>
      </div>
      <div class="form-group">
        <label class="col-md-4">Business Name </label>
        <input type="text" class="form-control" formControlName="business_name" #business_name />
      </div>
      <div *ngIf="angForm.controls['business_name'].invalid && (angForm.controls['business_name'].dirty || angForm.controls['business_name'].touched)" class="alert alert-danger">
        <div *ngIf="angForm.controls['business_name'].errors.required">
          Person Business is required.
        </div>
      </div>
      <div class="form-group">
        <label class="col-md-4">Business GST Number </label>
        <input type="text" class="form-control" formControlName="business_gst_number" #business_gst_number />
      </div>
      <div *ngIf="angForm.controls['business_gst_number'].invalid && (angForm.controls['business_gst_number'].dirty || angForm.controls['business_gst_number'].touched)" class="alert alert-danger">
        <div *ngIf="angForm.controls['business_gst_number'].errors.required">
          Business GST Number is required.
        </div>
      </div>
      <div class="form-group">
        <button type="submit" 
        [disabled]="angForm.pristine || angForm.invalid" 
        class="btn btn-primary">Add Business</button>
      </div>
    </form>
  </div>
</div>

Save the file and go to the browser, and you can see if you do not put any value inside the input box, you will see the errors.

Angular 7 Form Validation Example

8: Configure the HttpClientModule

Import the HttpClientModule inside the app.module.ts file.

// app.module.ts

import { HttpClientModule } from '@angular/common/http';

imports: [
   ...
    HttpClientModule
 ],

9: Create a model.

Inside the src >> app folder, create one file called Business.ts and add the following code.

// Business.ts

export default class Business {
  person_name: String;
  business_name: String;
  business_gst_number: Number;
}

10: Create an Angular Service file.

Type the following command to generate the service file.

ng g service business --spec=false

So, your primary business.service.ts file looks like this.

// business.service.ts

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';

@Injectable({
  providedIn: 'root'
})
export class BusinessService {

  constructor() { }
}

Now, import the business.service.ts file into the app.module.ts file.

// app.module.ts

import { BusinessService } from './business.service';

providers: [ BusinessService ],

11: Submit the data to the node server

We need to write the code that will send the HTTP POST request with the data to the Node.js server and save the data into the MongoDB database.

Write the following code inside the business.service.ts file.

// business.service.ts

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
import { HttpClient } from '@angular/common/http';

@Injectable({
  providedIn: 'root'
})
export class BusinessService {

  uri = 'http://localhost:4000/business';

  constructor(private http: HttpClient) { }

  addBusiness(person_name, business_name, business_gst_number) {
    const obj = {
      person_name: person_name,
      business_name: business_name,
      business_gst_number: business_gst_number
    };
    console.log(obj);
    this.http.post(`${this.uri}/add`, obj)
        .subscribe(res => console.log('Done'));
  }
}

We have defined our backend API URL, but we have not created any backend yet, but we will do it in a couple of steps.

We need to add the click event to the Add Business Button. So add the following code inside the gst-add.component.html file.

<div class="form-group">
    <button (click)="addBusiness(person_name.value, business_name.value, business_gst_number.value)"
        [disabled]="angForm.pristine || angForm.invalid" 
        class="btn btn-primary">
        Add Business
     </button>
</div>

So when there are no errors, we can submit the form, and it will call the component’s addBusiness function. From there, we will call the angular service, and the service will send the HTTP Post request to the Node.js server.

Now, add the addBusiness function inside the gst-add.component.ts file. So write the following code inside the gst-add.component.ts file.

// gst-add.component.ts

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { FormGroup,  FormBuilder,  Validators } from '@angular/forms';
import { BusinessService } from '../business.service';

@Component({
  selector: 'app-gst-add',
  templateUrl: './gst-add.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./gst-add.component.css']
})
export class GstAddComponent implements OnInit {

  angForm: FormGroup;
  constructor(private fb: FormBuilder, private bs: BusinessService) {
    this.createForm();
  }

  createForm() {
    this.angForm = this.fb.group({
      person_name: ['', Validators.required ],
      business_name: ['', Validators.required ],
      business_gst_number: ['', Validators.required ]
    });
  }

  addBusiness(person_name, busines_name, business_gst_number) {
    this.bs.addBusiness(person_name, busines_name, business_gst_number);
  }

  ngOnInit() {
  }

}

Here, we have defined the function and also imported the business.service.ts file. Next, instantiate the object inside the constructor and call the function of the businsess.service.ts file.

We have already coded the addBusiness function inside the business.service.ts file. Now, we need to configure the backend API.

12: Create a Node.js backend API

Inside the angular root folder, create one folder called api and go inside that folder. Remember, it will be a completely separate project from Angular. So its node_modules are different from an Angular.

Open the terminal inside the api folder and type the following command.

npm init -y

Install the following node-specific modules.

npm install --save express body-parser cors mongoose

I do not restart the node server each time; I change the file. So I am installing the nodemon server. What it does is that when I modify the server.js file, it restarts the node.js server automatically.

npm install nodemon --save-dev

Now, inside the api folder, create one file called the server.js file.

// server.js

const express = require('express'),
    path = require('path'),
    bodyParser = require('body-parser'),
    cors = require('cors'),
    mongoose = require('mongoose');

    const app = express();
    let port = process.env.PORT || 4000;

    const server = app.listen(function(){
        console.log('Listening on port ' + port);
    });

The next thing is to connect the MongoDB database with our node.js application.

If you have not installed the MongoDB database, install it and start the mongodb server.

Type the following command to start the MongoDB server.

mongod

So, Now, I have connected to the database.

Create one file called DB.js inside api root project folder. Then, write the following code inside the DB.js file.

// DB.js

module.exports = {
    DB: 'mongodb://localhost:27017/ng7crud'
 };

Import this DB.js file inside our server.js file and use the mongoose library to set up the database connection with MongoDB. We can also use Mongoose to save the data in the database using Mongoose ORM.

Write the following code inside the server.js file to connect our MongoDB application to the Node.js server.

// server.js

const express = require('express'),
    path = require('path'),
    bodyParser = require('body-parser'),
    cors = require('cors'),
    mongoose = require('mongoose'),
    config = require('./DB');

    mongoose.Promise = global.Promise;
    mongoose.connect(config.DB, { useNewUrlParser: true }).then(
      () => {console.log('Database is connected') },
      err => { console.log('Can not connect to the database'+ err)}
    );

    const app = express();
    app.use(bodyParser.json());
    app.use(cors());
    const port = process.env.PORT || 4000;

    const server = app.listen(port, function(){
     console.log('Listening on port ' + port);
    });

Save the file and go to the terminal and start the node server.

nodemon server

So, right now, you have three servers running.

  1. Angular Development Server
  2. Nodemon server
  3. MongoDB server

Remember, all three servers are running fine without any error; otherwise, our application will not work.

Step 13: Create a model and routes for our application.

We need to create two folders inside the api root folder called routes and models.

In the models’ folder, create one model called Business.js.

// Business.js

const mongoose = require('mongoose');
const Schema = mongoose.Schema;

// Define collection and schema for Business
let Business = new Schema({
  person_name: {
    type: String
  },
  business_name: {
    type: String
  },
  business_gst_number: {
    type: Number
  }
},{
    collection: 'business'
});

module.exports = mongoose.model('Business', Business);

So, we have defined our schema for the business collection. We have three fields called person_name, business_name, business_gst_number.

In the routes folder, create one file called the business.route.js.

Write the CRUD code inside the business.route.js file.

// business.route.js

const express = require('express');
const app = express();
const businessRoutes = express.Router();

// Require Business model in our routes module
let Business = require('../models/Business');

// Defined store route
businessRoutes.route('/add').post(function (req, res) {
  let business = new Business(req.body);
  business.save()
    .then(business => {
      res.status(200).json({'business': 'business in added successfully'});
    })
    .catch(err => {
    res.status(400).send("unable to save to database");
    });
});

// Defined get data(index or listing) route
businessRoutes.route('/').get(function (req, res) {
    Business.find(function (err, businesses){
    if(err){
      console.log(err);
    }
    else {
      res.json(businesses);
    }
  });
});

// Defined edit route
businessRoutes.route('/edit/:id').get(function (req, res) {
  let id = req.params.id;
  Business.findById(id, function (err, business){
      res.json(business);
  });
});

//  Defined update route
businessRoutes.route('/update/:id').post(function (req, res) {
    Business.findById(req.params.id, function(err, next, business) {
    if (!business)
      return next(new Error('Could not load Document'));
    else {
        business.person_name = req.body.person_name;
        business.business_name = req.body.business_name;
        business.business_gst_number = req.body.business_gst_number;

        business.save().then(business => {
          res.json('Update complete');
      })
      .catch(err => {
            res.status(400).send("unable to update the database");
      });
    }
  });
});

// Defined delete | remove | destroy route
businessRoutes.route('/delete/:id').get(function (req, res) {
    Business.findByIdAndRemove({_id: req.params.id}, function(err, business){
        if(err) res.json(err);
        else res.json('Successfully removed');
    });
});

module.exports = businessRoutes;

We have used the mongoose model to save, update, and delete the database. Mongoose is an ORM used in the MongoDB database. We have all the CRUD operations set up on the route file; we need to import them inside the server.js file.

So, our final server.js file looks like this.

// server.js

const express = require('express'),
    path = require('path'),
    bodyParser = require('body-parser'),
    cors = require('cors'),
    mongoose = require('mongoose'),
    config = require('./DB');

const businessRoute = require('./routes/business.route');
mongoose.Promise = global.Promise;
mongoose.connect(config.DB, { useNewUrlParser: true }).then(
  () => {console.log('Database is connected') },
  err => { console.log('Can not connect to the database'+ err)}
);

const app = express();
app.use(bodyParser.json());
app.use(cors());
app.use('/business', businessRoute);
const port = process.env.PORT || 4000;

const server = app.listen(port, function(){
  console.log('Listening on port ' + port);
});

Step 14: Test the store data functionality

If all the servers are up and running, you can go to the browser, fill in the form data, and add the business. You can see something like this on your screen if you are successful.

Now, we can check on the database using the following commands.

First, open the mongo shell on the 4th tab because all the other three tabs are occupied at the moment.

mongo

Here, we can see that the values are stored in the MongoDB database. Yess!! We have succeeded.

Now, the remaining operations are Read, Update, and Delete.

15: Display the data on the frontend

In the gst-get.component.html file, write the following code.

<table class="table table-hover">
  <thead>
  <tr>
      <td>Person Name</td>
      <td>Business Name</td>
      <td>GST Number</td>
      <td colspan="2">Actions</td>
  </tr>
  </thead>

  <tbody>
      <tr *ngFor="let business of businesses">
          <td>{{ business.person_name }}</td>
          <td>{{ business.business_name }}</td>
          <td>{{ business.business_gst_number }}</td>
          <td><a [routerLink]="['/edit', business._id]" class="btn btn-primary">Edit</a></td>
          <td><a [routerLink]="" class="btn btn-danger">Delete</a></td>
      </tr>
  </tbody>
</table>

Now, inside the business.service.ts file, we need to write the function fetching the business data from the MongoDB database and displaying it at the Angular application.

// business.service.ts

getBusinesses() {
    return this
           .http
           .get(`${this.uri}`);
  }

We need to include this business.service.ts file and Business.ts file inside the gst-get.component.ts file.

Write the following code inside the gst-get.component.ts file.

// gst-get.component.ts

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import Business from '../Business';
import { BusinessService } from '../business.service';

@Component({
  selector: 'app-gst-get',
  templateUrl: './gst-get.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./gst-get.component.css']
})
export class GstGetComponent implements OnInit {

  businesses: Business[];

  constructor(private bs: BusinessService) { }

  ngOnInit() {
    this.bs
      .getBusinesses()
      .subscribe((data: Business[]) => {
        this.businesses = data;
    });
  }
}

Save the file, go to the browser, and switch to this URL: http://localhost:4200/business. You can see the listing of the businesses.

16: Edit and Update Data

Okay, first, we need to fetch the data from the MongoDB database using _id wise and display that data in the gst-edit.component.html file.

So first, write the following code inside the gst-edit.component.ts file.

// gst-edit.component.ts

import { Component, OnInit } from '@angular/core';
import { ActivatedRoute, Router } from '@angular/router';
import { FormGroup,  FormBuilder,  Validators } from '@angular/forms';
import { BusinessService } from '../business.service';

@Component({
  selector: 'app-gst-edit',
  templateUrl: './gst-edit.component.html',
  styleUrls: ['./gst-edit.component.css']
})
export class GstEditComponent implements OnInit {

  business: any = {};
  angForm: FormGroup;

  constructor(private route: ActivatedRoute,
    private router: Router,
    private bs: BusinessService,
    private fb: FormBuilder) {
      this.createForm();
 }

  createForm() {
    this.angForm = this.fb.group({
        person_name: ['', Validators.required ],
        business_name: ['', Validators.required ],
        business_gst_number: ['', Validators.required ]
      });
    }


  ngOnInit() {
    this.route.params.subscribe(params => {
        this.bs.editBusiness(params['id']).subscribe(res => {
          this.business = res;
      });
    });
  }
}

Here, when the gst-edit component.ts render, it will call the ngOnInit method and send an HTTP request to the node server and fetch the data from an _id to display inside the gst-edit.component.html file.

Now, inside the business.service.ts file, we need to code the editBusiness function to send an HTTP request.

// business.service.ts

import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';
import { HttpClient } from '@angular/common/http';

@Injectable({
  providedIn: 'root'
})
export class BusinessService {

  uri = 'http://localhost:4000/business';

  constructor(private http: HttpClient) { }

  addBusiness(person_name, business_name, business_gst_number) {
    const obj = {
      person_name: person_name,
      business_name: business_name,
      business_gst_number: business_gst_number
    };
    this.http.post(`${this.uri}/add`, obj)
        .subscribe(res => console.log('Done'));
  }

  getBusinesses() {
    return this
           .http
           .get(`${this.uri}`);
  }

  editBusiness(id) {
    return this
            .http
            .get(`${this.uri}/edit/${id}`);
    }
}

Finally, we need to write the form inside the gst-edit.component.html file.

<div class="card">
  <div class="card-body">
    <form [formGroup]="angForm" novalidate>
      <div class="form-group">
        <label class="col-md-4">Person Name</label>
        <input type="text" class="form-control" formControlName="person_name" #person_name [(ngModel)] = "business.person_name" />
      </div>
      <div *ngIf="angForm.controls['person_name'].invalid && (angForm.controls['person_name'].dirty || angForm.controls['person_name'].touched)" class="alert alert-danger">
        <div *ngIf="angForm.controls['person_name'].errors.required">
          Person Name is required.
        </div>
      </div>
      <div class="form-group">
        <label class="col-md-4">Business Name </label>
        <input type="text" class="form-control" formControlName="business_name" #business_name [(ngModel)] = "business.business_name" />
      </div>
      <div *ngIf="angForm.controls['business_name'].invalid && (angForm.controls['business_name'].dirty || angForm.controls['business_name'].touched)" class="alert alert-danger">
        <div *ngIf="angForm.controls['business_name'].errors.required">
          Person Business is required.
        </div>
      </div>
      <div class="form-group">
        <label class="col-md-4">Business GST Number </label>
        <input type="text" class="form-control" formControlName="business_gst_number" #business_gst_number [(ngModel)] = "business.business_gst_number" />
      </div>
      <div *ngIf="angForm.controls['business_gst_number'].invalid && (angForm.controls['business_gst_number'].dirty || angForm.controls['business_gst_number'].touched)" class="alert alert-danger">
        <div *ngIf="angForm.controls['business_gst_number'].errors.required">
          Business GST Number is required.
        </div>
      </div>
      <div class="form-group">
        <button (click)="updateBusiness(person_name.value, business_name.value, business_gst_number.value)"
        [disabled]="angForm.invalid" 
        class="btn btn-primary">Update Business</button>
      </div>
    </form>
  </div>
</div>

Save the file, go to the listing page, click on the edit button, and see the populated form from the database.

You can also see the warning like the following. Ignore this demo tutorial.

forms.js:1193
It looks like you’re using ngModel on the same form field as formControlName.
Support for using the ngModel input property and ngModelChange event with
reactive form directives has been deprecated in Angular v6 and removed
in Angular v7.

Now, update the data. Inside the business.service.ts file, we need to write the function that updates the data.

// business.service.ts

updateBusiness(person_name, business_name, business_gst_number, id) {

    const obj = {
        person_name: person_name,
        business_name: business_name,
        business_gst_number: business_gst_number
      };
    this
      .http
      .post(`${this.uri}/update/${id}`, obj)
      .subscribe(res => console.log('Done'));
  }

Okay, now write the updateBusiness() function inside gst-edit.component.ts file.

// gst-edit.component.ts

updateBusiness(person_name, business_name, business_gst_number) {
   this.route.params.subscribe(params => {
      this.bs.updateBusiness(person_name, business_name, business_gst_number, params['id']);
      this.router.navigate(['business']);
});

Save the file, and you will be able to update the data.

17: Delete the data.

So, if you find no error on the console, you can successfully update the data.

I have already written an edit and update service to make API calls. So till now, Create, Read, Update is complete of this Angular CRUD Example. Now, take a look at Delete.

We need to define the click event on the delete button inside the gst-get.component.html file.

<tr *ngFor="let business of businesses">
          <td>{{ business.person_name }}</td>
          <td>{{ business.business_name }}</td>
          <td>{{ business.business_gst_number }}</td>
          <td><a [routerLink]="['edit', business._id]" class="btn btn-primary">Edit</a></td>
          <td><a (click) = "deleteBusiness(business._id)" class="btn btn-danger">Delete</a></td>
</tr>

Now, write the deleteBusiness function inside the gst-get.component.ts file.

// gst-get.component.ts

deleteBusiness(id) {
    this.bs.deleteBusiness(id).subscribe(res => {
      console.log('Deleted');
    });
  }

Finally, create the deleteBusiness() function inside the business.service.ts file.

// business.service.ts

deleteBusiness(id) {
    return this
              .http
              .get(`${this.uri}/delete/${id}`);
  }

Finally, I Completed the delete functionality.

So, in this tutorial, we have completed the CRUD Functionality in Angular.