Coding 101: Programming Language Building Blocks

This article will introduce the concepts and topics common to all programming languages, that beginners and experts must know!

Do you want to learn a programming language for the first time?

Do you want to improve as a Programmer?

Well, then you’re in the right place to start. Learn any programming language without difficulty by learning the concepts and topics common to all programming languages.

Let me start by answering the following questions:

  • Why learn Programming?
  • What is Programming?
  • How to Learn a Programming Language?

Why learn Programming❔

Programming develops creative thinking

Programmers solve a problem by breaking it down into workable pieces to understand it better. When you start learning to program, you develop the habit of working your way out in a very structured format. You analyze the problem and start thinking logically and this gives rise to more creative solutions you’ve ever given.

Whether you want to uncover the secrets of the universe, or you just want to pursue a career in the 21st century, basic computer programming is an essential skill to learn.

_– _Stephen Hawking

Everybody in this country should learn how to program a computer… because it teaches you how to think.

_- _Steve Jobs

Programming Provides Life-Changing Experiences

Programming always provides you with a new challenge to take risks every time and that teaches you to take risks in your personal life too. The world is filled up with websites, apps, software and when you build these yourself you’ll feel more confident. When a programmer solves a problem that no one has ever solved before it becomes a life-changing experience for them.

What is Programming🤔?

program is a set of instructions to perform a task on a computer.

Programming is the process of designing and building an executable computer program to accomplish a specific task.

Well, according to me programming is like raising a baby. We provide knowledge (data) to help understand a baby what’s happening around. We teach a baby to be disciplined (and much more) by making rules.

Similarly, a computer is like a baby. We set rules and provide data to the computer through executable programs with the help of a Programming Language.

(Photo by Clément H on Unsplash)

That’s it👍. If you can understand this basic concept of programming, you’re good to go. Pick up a programming language and start learning. Read the following section to get an idea of where to start.

My recommendation is to choose Python Programming Language as a start, because it’s beginner-friendly.

#programming #programming-tips #programming-language #programming-top-story #computer-science #data-structures-and-algorithms #tips-for-programmers #coding

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Buddha Community

Coding 101: Programming Language Building Blocks

Coding 101: Programming Language Building Blocks

This article will introduce the concepts and topics common to all programming languages, that beginners and experts must know!

Do you want to learn a programming language for the first time?

Do you want to improve as a Programmer?

Well, then you’re in the right place to start. Learn any programming language without difficulty by learning the concepts and topics common to all programming languages.

Let me start by answering the following questions:

  • Why learn Programming?
  • What is Programming?
  • How to Learn a Programming Language?

Why learn Programming❔

Programming develops creative thinking

Programmers solve a problem by breaking it down into workable pieces to understand it better. When you start learning to program, you develop the habit of working your way out in a very structured format. You analyze the problem and start thinking logically and this gives rise to more creative solutions you’ve ever given.

Whether you want to uncover the secrets of the universe, or you just want to pursue a career in the 21st century, basic computer programming is an essential skill to learn.

_– _Stephen Hawking

Everybody in this country should learn how to program a computer… because it teaches you how to think.

_- _Steve Jobs

Programming Provides Life-Changing Experiences

Programming always provides you with a new challenge to take risks every time and that teaches you to take risks in your personal life too. The world is filled up with websites, apps, software and when you build these yourself you’ll feel more confident. When a programmer solves a problem that no one has ever solved before it becomes a life-changing experience for them.

What is Programming🤔?

program is a set of instructions to perform a task on a computer.

Programming is the process of designing and building an executable computer program to accomplish a specific task.

Well, according to me programming is like raising a baby. We provide knowledge (data) to help understand a baby what’s happening around. We teach a baby to be disciplined (and much more) by making rules.

Similarly, a computer is like a baby. We set rules and provide data to the computer through executable programs with the help of a Programming Language.

(Photo by Clément H on Unsplash)

That’s it👍. If you can understand this basic concept of programming, you’re good to go. Pick up a programming language and start learning. Read the following section to get an idea of where to start.

My recommendation is to choose Python Programming Language as a start, because it’s beginner-friendly.

#programming #programming-tips #programming-language #programming-top-story #computer-science #data-structures-and-algorithms #tips-for-programmers #coding

13 Free/Low-Cost Sites to Supercharge Your Programming Self-Education

Noonies 2020 award nominee

johnnythecoder has been nominated for the Hacker Noon Contributor of the Year - LEARNING award!

** Add your vote**

Although we still talk about programming as a standalone career, the dominance of technology in our lives makes it clear that coding is much more than a career path. In my opinion, computer science is more than a college major or a high-paid job; it’s a skill, essential for thriving in a modern-day economy.

Whether you work in healthcare, marketing, business, or other fields, you will see more coding and have to deal with a growing number of technologies throughout your entire life.

Now that we live in a tech-driven world, asking “Should I learn to program” is almost synonymous with “Should I learn to speak, read, or count?”

The short answer is: yes.

How to start your journey in coding? The good news is there are plenty of resources to support you all the way through. To save you the trouble of looking them up and choosing the right ones, I created my list of learning platforms that offer well-rounded programming education and help you stay competitive on the job market.

Here are 12+ useful educational resources every coding student should check out.

1. Codegym

#learning-to-code #learn-to-code #coding #programming #programming-languages #free-programming-sites #self-improvement #learn-to-code-free-online

Wiley  Mayer

Wiley Mayer

1603897200

What Is Code Golfing And Biggest Such Tournaments


Code Golf is a game that is designed to let programmers show off their excellency in codes by solving problems in the least number of characters. The word “Golf” in code golfing refers to the popular game golf where two players compete with each other, and the one with the fewest club strokes wins.

Similar to the golf game, code golf is a competition where the winner achieves the specifications in the fewest keystrokes. It is basically a kind of recreational computer programming competition where the participants compete to achieve the shortest possible source code that implements a certain algorithm.

Code Golfing can be said as a classic playground for programmers where the main attempt is to solve a problem with the least number of characters. It is written in Go language, licensed under MIT and is available on GitHub.


Code Golf is free and supports various programming languages including Python, Haskell, JavaScript, Julia, Perl, Rust, Swift, Ruby and more. Currently, it provides a number of games including 12 days of Christmas, Abundant numbers, Fizz Buzz, 99 Bottles of Beer, Diamonds, Evil Numbers and much more. If you are playing for the first time, it has been suggested to start with a simple game, such as Fizz Buzz.

How Code Golfing Works

Below here, we listed general tips of Code Golf that are implemented in popular languages like

Python and others.

  1. Conditional Statement:

Original- if a<b:return a

else:return b

**Code Golf- **return(b,a)[a<b]

  1. AND Operators

Original- if a > 1 and b > 1 and 3 > a and 5 > b: foo()

Code Golf- if 3 > a > 1 < b < 5: foo()

  1. Multiple Statements

Original- while foo(a):

print a;a*=2

**Code Golf- *while foo(a):print a;a=2

  1. Replacing Append

**Original- **A.append(B)

**Code Golf- **A+=B,

  1. Ceil Value of a Real Number

**Original- **from math import ceil

n = 3/2

print(ceil(n))

Code Golf- n = 3/2

print(-(-n//1))

SEE ALSO

How Does The Score Work?

The score of your solution is the count of the Unicode characters in your source code. This means both “A” (U+0041 Latin Capital Letter A) and “” (U+1F609 Winking Face) cost the same despite the 1:4 ratio in byte count in UTF-8.

For each hole, the shortest solution is awarded 1,000 points, with the points decreasing in uniform decrements per rank. Your overall score is simply the sum of your points in each hole. Also, the execution time is limited to 5 seconds.


#developers corner #code golf #code golfing #coding #coding competition #programming #programming platforms

Tyrique  Littel

Tyrique Littel

1604008800

Static Code Analysis: What It Is? How to Use It?

Static code analysis refers to the technique of approximating the runtime behavior of a program. In other words, it is the process of predicting the output of a program without actually executing it.

Lately, however, the term “Static Code Analysis” is more commonly used to refer to one of the applications of this technique rather than the technique itself — program comprehension — understanding the program and detecting issues in it (anything from syntax errors to type mismatches, performance hogs likely bugs, security loopholes, etc.). This is the usage we’d be referring to throughout this post.

“The refinement of techniques for the prompt discovery of error serves as well as any other as a hallmark of what we mean by science.”

  • J. Robert Oppenheimer

Outline

We cover a lot of ground in this post. The aim is to build an understanding of static code analysis and to equip you with the basic theory, and the right tools so that you can write analyzers on your own.

We start our journey with laying down the essential parts of the pipeline which a compiler follows to understand what a piece of code does. We learn where to tap points in this pipeline to plug in our analyzers and extract meaningful information. In the latter half, we get our feet wet, and write four such static analyzers, completely from scratch, in Python.

Note that although the ideas here are discussed in light of Python, static code analyzers across all programming languages are carved out along similar lines. We chose Python because of the availability of an easy to use ast module, and wide adoption of the language itself.

How does it all work?

Before a computer can finally “understand” and execute a piece of code, it goes through a series of complicated transformations:

static analysis workflow

As you can see in the diagram (go ahead, zoom it!), the static analyzers feed on the output of these stages. To be able to better understand the static analysis techniques, let’s look at each of these steps in some more detail:

Scanning

The first thing that a compiler does when trying to understand a piece of code is to break it down into smaller chunks, also known as tokens. Tokens are akin to what words are in a language.

A token might consist of either a single character, like (, or literals (like integers, strings, e.g., 7Bob, etc.), or reserved keywords of that language (e.g, def in Python). Characters which do not contribute towards the semantics of a program, like trailing whitespace, comments, etc. are often discarded by the scanner.

Python provides the tokenize module in its standard library to let you play around with tokens:

Python

1

import io

2

import tokenize

3

4

code = b"color = input('Enter your favourite color: ')"

5

6

for token in tokenize.tokenize(io.BytesIO(code).readline):

7

    print(token)

Python

1

TokenInfo(type=62 (ENCODING),  string='utf-8')

2

TokenInfo(type=1  (NAME),      string='color')

3

TokenInfo(type=54 (OP),        string='=')

4

TokenInfo(type=1  (NAME),      string='input')

5

TokenInfo(type=54 (OP),        string='(')

6

TokenInfo(type=3  (STRING),    string="'Enter your favourite color: '")

7

TokenInfo(type=54 (OP),        string=')')

8

TokenInfo(type=4  (NEWLINE),   string='')

9

TokenInfo(type=0  (ENDMARKER), string='')

(Note that for the sake of readability, I’ve omitted a few columns from the result above — metadata like starting index, ending index, a copy of the line on which a token occurs, etc.)

#code quality #code review #static analysis #static code analysis #code analysis #static analysis tools #code review tips #static code analyzer #static code analysis tool #static analyzer

Cayla  Erdman

Cayla Erdman

1594369800

Introduction to Structured Query Language SQL pdf

SQL stands for Structured Query Language. SQL is a scripting language expected to store, control, and inquiry information put away in social databases. The main manifestation of SQL showed up in 1974, when a gathering in IBM built up the principal model of a social database. The primary business social database was discharged by Relational Software later turning out to be Oracle.

Models for SQL exist. In any case, the SQL that can be utilized on every last one of the major RDBMS today is in various flavors. This is because of two reasons:

1. The SQL order standard is genuinely intricate, and it isn’t handy to actualize the whole standard.

2. Every database seller needs an approach to separate its item from others.

Right now, contrasts are noted where fitting.

#programming books #beginning sql pdf #commands sql #download free sql full book pdf #introduction to sql pdf #introduction to sql ppt #introduction to sql #practical sql pdf #sql commands pdf with examples free download #sql commands #sql free bool download #sql guide #sql language #sql pdf #sql ppt #sql programming language #sql tutorial for beginners #sql tutorial pdf #sql #structured query language pdf #structured query language ppt #structured query language