Rupert  Beatty

Rupert Beatty

1672896780

A Fast, Lightweight XML & HTML Parser in Swift with XPath, CSS Support

Fuzi (斧子)

A fast & lightweight XML/HTML parser in Swift that makes your life easier. [Documentation]

Fuzi is based on a Swift port of Mattt Thompson's Ono(斧), using most of its low level implementaions with moderate class & interface redesign following standard Swift conventions, along with several bug fixes.

Fuzi(斧子) means "axe", in homage to Ono(斧), which in turn is inspired by Nokogiri (鋸), which means "saw".

简体中文 日本語

A Quick Look

let xml = "..."
// or
// let xmlData = <some NSData or Data>
do {
  let document = try XMLDocument(string: xml)
  // or
  // let document = try XMLDocument(data: xmlData)
  
  if let root = document.root {
    // Accessing all child nodes of root element
    for element in root.children {
      print("\(element.tag): \(element.attributes)")
    }
    
    // Getting child element by tag & accessing attributes
    if let length = root.firstChild(tag:"Length", inNamespace: "dc") {
      print(length["unit"])     // `unit` attribute
      print(length.attributes)  // all attributes
    }
  }
  
  // XPath & CSS queries
  for element in document.xpath("//element") {
    print("\(element.tag): \(element.attributes)")
  }
  
  if let firstLink = document.firstChild(css: "a, link") {
    print(firstLink["href"])
  }
} catch let error {
  print(error)
}

Features

Inherited from Ono

  • Extremely performant document parsing and traversal, powered by libxml2
  • Support for both XPath and CSS queries
  • Automatic conversion of date and number values
  • Correct, common-sense handling of XML namespaces for elements and attributes
  • Ability to load HTML and XML documents from either String or NSData or [CChar]
  • Comprehensive test suite
  • Full documentation

Improved in Fuzi

  • Simple, modern API following standard Swift conventions, no more return types like AnyObject! that cause unnecessary type casts
  • Customizable date and number formatters
  • Some bugs fixes
  • More convenience methods for HTML Documents
  • Access XML nodes of all types (Including text, comment, etc.)
  • Support for more CSS selectors (yet to come)

Requirements

  • iOS 8.0+ / Mac OS X 10.9+
  • Xcode 8.0+

Use version 0.4.0 for Swift 2.3.

Installation

There are 4 ways you can install Fuzi to your project.

Using CocoaPods

You can use CocoaPods to install Fuzi by adding it to your to your Podfile:

platform :ios, '8.0'
use_frameworks!

target 'MyApp' do
    pod 'Fuzi', '~> 1.0.0'
end

Then, run the following command:

$ pod install

Using Swift Package Manager

The Swift Package Manager is now built-in with Xcode 11 (currently in beta). You can easily add Fuzi as a dependency by choosing File > Swift Packages > Add Package Dependency... or in the Swift Packages tab of your project file and clicking on +. Simply use https://github.com/cezheng/Fuzi as repository and Xcode should automatically resolve the current version.

Manually

  1. Add all *.swift files in Fuzi directory into your project.
  2. In your Xcode project Build Settings:
    1. Find Search Paths, add $(SDKROOT)/usr/include/libxml2 to Header Search Paths.
    2. Find Linking, add -lxml2 to Other Linker Flags.

Using Carthage

Create a Cartfile or Cartfile.private in the root directory of your project, and add the following line:

github "cezheng/Fuzi" ~> 1.0.0

Run the following command:

$ carthage update

Then do the followings in Xcode:

  1. Drag the Fuzi.framework built by Carthage into your target's General -> Embedded Binaries.
  2. In Build Settings, find Search Paths, add $(SDKROOT)/usr/include/libxml2 to Header Search Paths.

Usage

XML

import Fuzi

let xml = "..."
do {
  // if encoding is omitted, it defaults to NSUTF8StringEncoding
  let document = try XMLDocument(string: html, encoding: String.Encoding.utf8)
  if let root = document.root {
    print(root.tag)
    
    // define a prefix for a namespace
    document.definePrefix("atom", defaultNamespace: "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom")
    
    // get first child element with given tag in namespace(optional)
    print(root.firstChild(tag: "title", inNamespace: "atom"))

    // iterate through all children
    for element in root.children {
      print("\(index) \(element.tag): \(element.attributes)")
    }
  }
  // you can also use CSS selector against XMLDocument when you feels it makes sense
} catch let error as XMLError {
  switch error {
  case .noError: print("wth this should not appear")
  case .parserFailure, .invalidData: print(error)
  case .libXMLError(let code, let message):
    print("libxml error code: \(code), message: \(message)")
  }
}

HTML

HTMLDocument is a subclass of XMLDocument.

import Fuzi

let html = "<html>...</html>"
do {
  // if encoding is omitted, it defaults to NSUTF8StringEncoding
  let doc = try HTMLDocument(string: html, encoding: String.Encoding.utf8)
  
  // CSS queries
  if let elementById = doc.firstChild(css: "#id") {
    print(elementById.stringValue)
  }
  for link in doc.css("a, link") {
      print(link.rawXML)
      print(link["href"])
  }
  
  // XPath queries
  if let firstAnchor = doc.firstChild(xpath: "//body/a") {
    print(firstAnchor["href"])
  }
  for script in doc.xpath("//head/script") {
    print(script["src"])
  }
  
  // Evaluate XPath functions
  if let result = doc.eval(xpath: "count(/*/a)") {
    print("anchor count : \(result.doubleValue)")
  }
  
  // Convenient HTML methods
  print(doc.title) // gets <title>'s innerHTML in <head>
  print(doc.head)  // gets <head> element
  print(doc.body)  // gets <body> element
  
} catch let error {
  print(error)
}

I don't care about error handling

import Fuzi

let xml = "..."

// Don't show me the errors, just don't crash
if let doc1 = try? XMLDocument(string: xml) {
  //...
}

let html = "<html>...</html>"

// I'm sure this won't crash
let doc2 = try! HTMLDocument(string: html)
//...

I want to access Text Nodes

Not only text nodes, you can specify what types of nodes you would like to access.

let document = ...
// Get all child nodes that are Element nodes, Text nodes, or Comment nodes
document.root?.childNodes(ofTypes: [.Element, .Text, .Comment])

Migrating From Ono?

Looking at example programs is the swiftest way to know the difference. The following 2 examples do exactly the same thing.

Ono Example

Fuzi Example

Accessing children

Ono

[doc firstChildWithTag:tag inNamespace:namespace];
[doc firstChildWithXPath:xpath];
[doc firstChildWithXPath:css];
for (ONOXMLElement *element in parent.children) {
  //...
}
[doc childrenWithTag:tag inNamespace:namespace];

Fuzi

doc.firstChild(tag: tag, inNamespace: namespace)
doc.firstChild(xpath: xpath)
doc.firstChild(css: css)
for element in parent.children {
  //...
}
doc.children(tag: tag, inNamespace:namespace)

Iterate through query results

Ono

Conforms to NSFastEnumeration.

// simply iterating through the results
// mark `__unused` to unused params `idx` and `stop`
[doc enumerateElementsWithXPath:xpath usingBlock:^(ONOXMLElement *element, __unused NSUInteger idx, __unused BOOL *stop) {
  NSLog(@"%@", element);
}];

// stop the iteration at second element
[doc enumerateElementsWithXPath:XPath usingBlock:^(ONOXMLElement *element, NSUInteger idx, BOOL *stop) {
  *stop = (idx == 1);
}];

// getting element by index 
ONOXMLDocument *nthElement = [(NSEnumerator*)[doc CSS:css] allObjects][n];

// total element count
NSUInteger count = [(NSEnumerator*)[document XPath:xpath] allObjects].count;

Fuzi

Conforms to Swift's SequenceType and Indexable.

// simply iterating through the results
// no need to write the unused `idx` or `stop` params
for element in doc.xpath(xpath) {
  print(element)
}

// stop the iteration at second element
for (index, element) in doc.xpath(xpath).enumerate() {
  if idx == 1 {
    break
  }
}

// getting element by index 
if let nthElement = doc.css(css)[n] {
  //...
}

// total element count
let count = doc.xpath(xpath).count

Evaluating XPath Functions

Ono

ONOXPathFunctionResult *result = [doc functionResultByEvaluatingXPath:xpath];
result.boolValue;    //BOOL
result.numericValue; //double
result.stringValue;  //NSString

Fuzi

if let result = doc.eval(xpath: xpath) {
  result.boolValue   //Bool
  result.doubleValue //Double
  result.stringValue //String
}

Download Details:

Author: Cezheng
Source Code: https://github.com/cezheng/Fuzi 
License: MIT license

#swift #css #html #ios 

What is GEEK

Buddha Community

A Fast, Lightweight XML & HTML Parser in Swift with XPath, CSS Support
Rupert  Beatty

Rupert Beatty

1672896780

A Fast, Lightweight XML & HTML Parser in Swift with XPath, CSS Support

Fuzi (斧子)

A fast & lightweight XML/HTML parser in Swift that makes your life easier. [Documentation]

Fuzi is based on a Swift port of Mattt Thompson's Ono(斧), using most of its low level implementaions with moderate class & interface redesign following standard Swift conventions, along with several bug fixes.

Fuzi(斧子) means "axe", in homage to Ono(斧), which in turn is inspired by Nokogiri (鋸), which means "saw".

简体中文 日本語

A Quick Look

let xml = "..."
// or
// let xmlData = <some NSData or Data>
do {
  let document = try XMLDocument(string: xml)
  // or
  // let document = try XMLDocument(data: xmlData)
  
  if let root = document.root {
    // Accessing all child nodes of root element
    for element in root.children {
      print("\(element.tag): \(element.attributes)")
    }
    
    // Getting child element by tag & accessing attributes
    if let length = root.firstChild(tag:"Length", inNamespace: "dc") {
      print(length["unit"])     // `unit` attribute
      print(length.attributes)  // all attributes
    }
  }
  
  // XPath & CSS queries
  for element in document.xpath("//element") {
    print("\(element.tag): \(element.attributes)")
  }
  
  if let firstLink = document.firstChild(css: "a, link") {
    print(firstLink["href"])
  }
} catch let error {
  print(error)
}

Features

Inherited from Ono

  • Extremely performant document parsing and traversal, powered by libxml2
  • Support for both XPath and CSS queries
  • Automatic conversion of date and number values
  • Correct, common-sense handling of XML namespaces for elements and attributes
  • Ability to load HTML and XML documents from either String or NSData or [CChar]
  • Comprehensive test suite
  • Full documentation

Improved in Fuzi

  • Simple, modern API following standard Swift conventions, no more return types like AnyObject! that cause unnecessary type casts
  • Customizable date and number formatters
  • Some bugs fixes
  • More convenience methods for HTML Documents
  • Access XML nodes of all types (Including text, comment, etc.)
  • Support for more CSS selectors (yet to come)

Requirements

  • iOS 8.0+ / Mac OS X 10.9+
  • Xcode 8.0+

Use version 0.4.0 for Swift 2.3.

Installation

There are 4 ways you can install Fuzi to your project.

Using CocoaPods

You can use CocoaPods to install Fuzi by adding it to your to your Podfile:

platform :ios, '8.0'
use_frameworks!

target 'MyApp' do
    pod 'Fuzi', '~> 1.0.0'
end

Then, run the following command:

$ pod install

Using Swift Package Manager

The Swift Package Manager is now built-in with Xcode 11 (currently in beta). You can easily add Fuzi as a dependency by choosing File > Swift Packages > Add Package Dependency... or in the Swift Packages tab of your project file and clicking on +. Simply use https://github.com/cezheng/Fuzi as repository and Xcode should automatically resolve the current version.

Manually

  1. Add all *.swift files in Fuzi directory into your project.
  2. In your Xcode project Build Settings:
    1. Find Search Paths, add $(SDKROOT)/usr/include/libxml2 to Header Search Paths.
    2. Find Linking, add -lxml2 to Other Linker Flags.

Using Carthage

Create a Cartfile or Cartfile.private in the root directory of your project, and add the following line:

github "cezheng/Fuzi" ~> 1.0.0

Run the following command:

$ carthage update

Then do the followings in Xcode:

  1. Drag the Fuzi.framework built by Carthage into your target's General -> Embedded Binaries.
  2. In Build Settings, find Search Paths, add $(SDKROOT)/usr/include/libxml2 to Header Search Paths.

Usage

XML

import Fuzi

let xml = "..."
do {
  // if encoding is omitted, it defaults to NSUTF8StringEncoding
  let document = try XMLDocument(string: html, encoding: String.Encoding.utf8)
  if let root = document.root {
    print(root.tag)
    
    // define a prefix for a namespace
    document.definePrefix("atom", defaultNamespace: "http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom")
    
    // get first child element with given tag in namespace(optional)
    print(root.firstChild(tag: "title", inNamespace: "atom"))

    // iterate through all children
    for element in root.children {
      print("\(index) \(element.tag): \(element.attributes)")
    }
  }
  // you can also use CSS selector against XMLDocument when you feels it makes sense
} catch let error as XMLError {
  switch error {
  case .noError: print("wth this should not appear")
  case .parserFailure, .invalidData: print(error)
  case .libXMLError(let code, let message):
    print("libxml error code: \(code), message: \(message)")
  }
}

HTML

HTMLDocument is a subclass of XMLDocument.

import Fuzi

let html = "<html>...</html>"
do {
  // if encoding is omitted, it defaults to NSUTF8StringEncoding
  let doc = try HTMLDocument(string: html, encoding: String.Encoding.utf8)
  
  // CSS queries
  if let elementById = doc.firstChild(css: "#id") {
    print(elementById.stringValue)
  }
  for link in doc.css("a, link") {
      print(link.rawXML)
      print(link["href"])
  }
  
  // XPath queries
  if let firstAnchor = doc.firstChild(xpath: "//body/a") {
    print(firstAnchor["href"])
  }
  for script in doc.xpath("//head/script") {
    print(script["src"])
  }
  
  // Evaluate XPath functions
  if let result = doc.eval(xpath: "count(/*/a)") {
    print("anchor count : \(result.doubleValue)")
  }
  
  // Convenient HTML methods
  print(doc.title) // gets <title>'s innerHTML in <head>
  print(doc.head)  // gets <head> element
  print(doc.body)  // gets <body> element
  
} catch let error {
  print(error)
}

I don't care about error handling

import Fuzi

let xml = "..."

// Don't show me the errors, just don't crash
if let doc1 = try? XMLDocument(string: xml) {
  //...
}

let html = "<html>...</html>"

// I'm sure this won't crash
let doc2 = try! HTMLDocument(string: html)
//...

I want to access Text Nodes

Not only text nodes, you can specify what types of nodes you would like to access.

let document = ...
// Get all child nodes that are Element nodes, Text nodes, or Comment nodes
document.root?.childNodes(ofTypes: [.Element, .Text, .Comment])

Migrating From Ono?

Looking at example programs is the swiftest way to know the difference. The following 2 examples do exactly the same thing.

Ono Example

Fuzi Example

Accessing children

Ono

[doc firstChildWithTag:tag inNamespace:namespace];
[doc firstChildWithXPath:xpath];
[doc firstChildWithXPath:css];
for (ONOXMLElement *element in parent.children) {
  //...
}
[doc childrenWithTag:tag inNamespace:namespace];

Fuzi

doc.firstChild(tag: tag, inNamespace: namespace)
doc.firstChild(xpath: xpath)
doc.firstChild(css: css)
for element in parent.children {
  //...
}
doc.children(tag: tag, inNamespace:namespace)

Iterate through query results

Ono

Conforms to NSFastEnumeration.

// simply iterating through the results
// mark `__unused` to unused params `idx` and `stop`
[doc enumerateElementsWithXPath:xpath usingBlock:^(ONOXMLElement *element, __unused NSUInteger idx, __unused BOOL *stop) {
  NSLog(@"%@", element);
}];

// stop the iteration at second element
[doc enumerateElementsWithXPath:XPath usingBlock:^(ONOXMLElement *element, NSUInteger idx, BOOL *stop) {
  *stop = (idx == 1);
}];

// getting element by index 
ONOXMLDocument *nthElement = [(NSEnumerator*)[doc CSS:css] allObjects][n];

// total element count
NSUInteger count = [(NSEnumerator*)[document XPath:xpath] allObjects].count;

Fuzi

Conforms to Swift's SequenceType and Indexable.

// simply iterating through the results
// no need to write the unused `idx` or `stop` params
for element in doc.xpath(xpath) {
  print(element)
}

// stop the iteration at second element
for (index, element) in doc.xpath(xpath).enumerate() {
  if idx == 1 {
    break
  }
}

// getting element by index 
if let nthElement = doc.css(css)[n] {
  //...
}

// total element count
let count = doc.xpath(xpath).count

Evaluating XPath Functions

Ono

ONOXPathFunctionResult *result = [doc functionResultByEvaluatingXPath:xpath];
result.boolValue;    //BOOL
result.numericValue; //double
result.stringValue;  //NSString

Fuzi

if let result = doc.eval(xpath: xpath) {
  result.boolValue   //Bool
  result.doubleValue //Double
  result.stringValue //String
}

Download Details:

Author: Cezheng
Source Code: https://github.com/cezheng/Fuzi 
License: MIT license

#swift #css #html #ios 

anita maity

anita maity

1618667723

Sidebar Menu Using Only HTML and CSS | Side Navigation Bar

how to create a Sidebar Menu using HTML and CSS only. Previously I have shared a Responsive Navigation Menu Bar using HTML & CSS only, now it’s time to create a Side Navigation Menu Bar that slides from the left or right side.

Demo

#sidebar menu using html css #side navigation menu html css #css side navigation menu bar #,pure css sidebar menu #side menu bar html css #side menu bar using html css

Alisha  Larkin

Alisha Larkin

1617789060

HTML Tutorial For Beginners

The prospect of learning HTML can seem confusing at first: where to begin, what to learn, the best ways to learn — it can be difficult to get started. In this article, we’ll explore the best ways for learning HTML to assist you on your programming journey.

What is HTML?

Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is the standard markup language for documents meant to be displayed in a web browser. Along with Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) and JavaScript, HTML completes the trio of essential tools used in creating modern web documents.

HTML provides the structure of a webpage, from the header and footer sections to paragraphs of text, videos, and images. CSS allows you to set the visual properties of different HTML elements, like changing colors, setting the order of blocks on the screen, and defining which elements to display. JavaScript automates changes to HTML and CSS, for example, making the font larger in a paragraph when a user clicks a button on the page.

#html #html-css #html-fundamentals #learning-html #html-css-basics #html-templates

anita maity

anita maity

1621077133

Responsive Footer Design using HTML, CSS & Bootstrap

Hello Readers, welcome to my other blog, today in this blog I’m going to create a Responsive Footer by using HTML & CSS only. Earlier I have shared How to create a Responsive Navigation Menu and now it’s time to create a footer section.

As you can see on the image which is given on the webpage. There are various important topics there like About us, Our services and subscribes, some social media icons, and a contact section for easy connection. I want to tell you that it is fully responsive. Responsive means this program is fit in all screen devices like tablet, small screen laptop, or mobile devices.

Live Demo


#responsive footer html css template #footer design in html #simple footer html css code #simple responsive footer codepen #responsive footer code in html and css #responsive footer html css codepen

Alayna  Rippin

Alayna Rippin

1603188000

Creating a CSS Visual Cheatsheet

The other day one of our students asked about possibility of having a CSS cheatsheet to help to decide on the best suited approach when doing this or that layout.

This evolved into the idea of making a visual CSS cheatsheet with all (most) of the common patterns we see everyday and one of the best possible conceptual implementation for them.

In the end any layout could and should be split into parts/blocks and we see every block separately.

Here is our first take on that and we would be happy to keep extending it to help us all.

Please, send you suggestions in the comments in community or via gitlab for the repeated CSS patterns with your favourite implementation for that so that we will all together make this as useful as it can be.

#css #css3 #cascading-style-sheets #web-development #html-css #css-grids #learning-css #html-css-basics