Firstly, let's take a look at a URL:
It's a made-up URL, that contains several components - the protocol, domain, port, path, query and hash.
The URL we've defined consists of different segments, divided by certain special characters such as
#. Each of these segments is a URL component:
https://, signifying the HTTPS protocol.
:. Most of the time, the port isn't public, so you'll rarely actually see it in deployed applications, but very commonly in the development phase.
/category/article-title.htmlsegment, meaning that it points to the
article-title.htmlfile on the server.
?articleTitle=Example+titlesection of the example URL and is a result of the user entering the search term
Example titleon the
article-title.htmlpage of the website.
<div>or tag, given that we aim at its
idattribute. In our case, we aim at
#2, scrolling the user's view to the tag with an
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