8 popular Java frameworks: advantages, disadvantages, and more

8 popular Java frameworks: advantages, disadvantages, and more

Java frameworks allow you to focus on your applications' business logic instead of writing essential functions such as database connections or exception handling. Plus, if you possess any knowledge of Java, you can get started quickly. All...

Java frameworks allow you to focus on your applications' business logic instead of writing essential functions such as database connections or exception handling. Plus, if you possess any knowledge of Java, you can get started quickly. All frameworks use the same syntax and work with similar terms, examples, and concepts.

The 8 best Java frameworks base on usage through 2021

| Blade

The Blade is a lightweight, high-performance Java framework that lets you build fast web applications the easy way. Developers want users to understand the entire framework in a single day. Therefore, Blade focuses on simplicity and elegance.

The Blade framework follows the Model-View-Controller (MVC) software design standard. Its design is easy to understand, as it does not depend on any third-party library and does not introduce many layers. The Blade base on Java 8, and the webserver and Netty model engine integrates into the framework. Its footprint is minimal; the source code is less than 500 KB in total.

With Blade, you can access a RESTful routing interface and deploy your application like a basic Maven project. Blade also has built-in security features, such as CSRF (Cross-Site Request Forgery) and XSS (Cross-site scripting) defenses. It is a flexible framework, as it supports plugin extensions and web jar resources. The documentation on the leading site is in Chinese. However, there is documentation in English on the GitHub repository.


Dropwizard is a powerful but easy-to-use Java framework for the rapid development of RESTful web services. It is particularly well suited to the creation of Java microservices.

The Dropwizard framework brings together several well-established Java libraries to provide you with a fast and distraction-free development platform.

Instead, you can focus on your application's primary business logic and achieve maximum productivity and is why Dropwizard is often considered a user-friendly Java framework. Getting started isn't too tricky if you've already written Java code;

Grails uses the Groovy programming language that aims to improve developer productivity. Its syntax is compatible with Java and compiles to JVM (Java Virtual Machine) bytecode. Grails operates nicely with other Java-related technologies such as the Java EE containers Java Development Kit, Spring, or Hibernate. Under the bonnet, Grails is built on top of Spring Boot so that you can use its productivity-enhancing features, such as Spring's dependency injection. Perhaps the best thing about Grails is that you can achieve the same results with much less code, thanks to the Groovy language's power.

|Hibernate: Object-relational mapping framework for better database communication

Hibernate is a robust object-relational mapping framework that enables better communication between Java programming and relational database management systems (RDBMS). You run into a problem called object-relational impedance mismatch (sometimes called paradigm mismatch). OO languages and RDBMSs treat data differently, which can lead to mismatch problems. Such a mismatch problem occurs, for example, when the object model has more classes than the number of tables available in the relational database.

Hibernate provides a framework that overcomes Java's mismatch problems. It aims to provide persistence, meaning that the data created/used by the application should outlast the process that made it. While Hibernate develops for relational databases, newer versions also support NoSQL databases. It also has excellent development tools such as a mapping editor, a Hibernate console, and an excellent database reverse engineering tool.

|JavaServer Faces (JSF): component-based user interface framework.

Oracle developed JavaServer Faces (JSF) to create user interfaces for Java-based web applications. It is also an official standard of the Java Community Process (JCP) initiative.

The first version of JavaServer Faces releases in 2004, so it is a reasonably stable framework. It supports the MVC software design and has a component-based architecture. With JavaServer Faces, you can create user interfaces from reusable components, manage your components' state, compare them to information sources, and bind user-generated events to server-side event handlers.

The default templating system in JSF is Facelets, which was created explicitly for this project. Facelets allows you to use XML instead of Java to manage views. However, you can also take pictures using other technologies such as XUL (XML User Interface Language) and Java. Web applications created with JavaServer Faces are also portable to various Java EE application servers.

|JHipster: Web applications and microservices with Spring Boot and Angular/React.

JHipster is a more modern Java framework (released in 2013) that combines Spring Boot and the pair most common front-end frameworks (Angular and React) into one convenient application builder. With JHipster, you can quickly create modern Java-based web applications and microservices.

JHipster connects it with React, bootstrap, and Angular on the client-side to give you a full-stack architecture. If you want to see what a JHipster app looks like in practice, check out the Angular and React sample apps, both created by the JHipster team.

With JHipster, you can choose between two architectural styles: You can opt for a monolithic architecture, where the front-end and back-end combine into a single app. You can opt for a microservices architecture that separates the front-end and back-end. JHipster also integrates various tools and offers many options for client-side and server-side coding, clustering, and various DevOps tasks. It is no accident that major brands such as Adobe, Siemens, Bosch, HBO, and Google use JHipster.

|Play: A reactive web and mobile framework for scalable Java applications

The Play framework allows you to build lightweight, web-friendly Java and Scala applications for desktop and mobile devices. Play is a general framework used by many companies, including LinkedIn, Samsung, Walmart, The Guardian, and Verizon. Play is a general framework used by LinkedIn, Samsung, Walmart, The Guardian, Verizon, and many others.

Play is powerful web frameworks in other programming languages, such as Ruby on Rails for Ruby and Django for Python. Still, Play is a unique Java framework because it does not rely on the Java EE standard. Instead, it aims to eliminate traditional Java web development (slow development cycles, too much configuration, etc.). It is as close as possible to web frameworks for scripting languages (PHP, Python, Ruby, etc.).

The Play framework puts the developer's productivity first, with features such as shortcode reloading, configuration-to-configuration comparison, and error messages in the browser. The system also follows the latest system architecture (flexible, resilient, agile, flexible, message-driven) for more flexible and fault-tolerant results.

|PrimeFaces: a UI framework for Java EE and JavaServer Faces

It uses by many Fortune 500 companies, government agencies, and educational institutions.

The PrimeFaces library is truly lightweight: packaged as a single JAR file, it requires no configuration and has no dependencies. 100+ rich components, a built-in skinning framework, and pre-built themes and layouts make it easy to create user interfaces for Java. As PrimeFaces is base on JavaServer Faces, it inherits features such as fast application development. You can add this framework to any Java project.

On the PrimeFaces website, you will find an overview of all PrimeFaces components, templates, and themes. The features include the relevant code snippets, so you can quickly copy and paste them into your application or customize them as needed. For example, a horizontal mega-menu can display all the sub-menus of the root component at once.

PrimeFaces also has a great theme designer, a Sass-based theme engine with over 500 variables, sample themes, and font icons. And if you don't want to create your article, you can download a community theme or buy a premium theme from the PrimeFaces theme gallery.


When it comes to Java frameworks, keep an open mind and look for what works best for you.You can contact top java web development companies in India to build your next project.

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