Error Prone: Catch Common Java Mistakes As Compile-time Errors

Error Prone

Error Prone is a static analysis tool for Java that catches common programming mistakes at compile-time.

public class ShortSet {
  public static void main (String[] args) {
    Set<Short> s = new HashSet<>();
    for (short i = 0; i < 100; i++) {
      s.add(i);
      s.remove(i - 1);
    }
    System.out.println(s.size());
  }
}
error: [CollectionIncompatibleType] Argument 'i - 1' should not be passed to this method;
its type int is not compatible with its collection's type argument Short
      s.remove(i - 1);
              ^
    (see https://errorprone.info/bugpattern/CollectionIncompatibleType)
1 error

Getting Started

Our documentation is at errorprone.info.

Error Prone works with Bazel, Maven, Ant, and Gradle. See our installation instructions for details.

Developing Error Prone

Developing and building Error Prone is documented on the wiki.

Links

Download Details:
Author: google
Source Code: https://github.com/google/error-prone
License: Apache-2.0 license

#analysis  #java 

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Error Prone: Catch Common Java Mistakes As Compile-time Errors
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In this article, we will be installing OpenJDK on Centos 8.

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Everyone makes mistakes, not only learners or beginners, but professionals. As a programming course, CodeGym team often collects mistakes of newbies to improve our auto validator. This time we decided to interview experienced programmers about mistakes in Java they made closer to their careers start or noticed them among their young colleagues.

We collected their answers and compiled this list of dozen popular mistakes Java beginners make. The order of errors is random and does not carry any special meaning.

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Going Beyond Java 8: Local Variable Type Inference (var) - DZone Java

According to some surveys, such as JetBrains’s great survey, Java 8 is currently the most used version of Java, despite being a 2014 release.

What you are reading is one in a series of articles titled ‘Going beyond Java 8,’ inspired by the contents of my book, Java for Aliens. These articles will guide you step-by-step through the most important features introduced to the language, starting from version 9. The aim is to make you aware of how important it is to move forward from Java 8, explaining the enormous advantages that the latest versions of the language offer.

In this article, we will talk about the most important new feature introduced with Java 10. Officially called local variable type inference, this feature is better known as the **introduction of the word **var. Despite the complicated name, it is actually quite a simple feature to use. However, some observations need to be made before we can see the impact that the introduction of the word var has on other pre-existing characteristics.

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Error Prone: Catch Common Java Mistakes As Compile-time Errors

Error Prone

Error Prone is a static analysis tool for Java that catches common programming mistakes at compile-time.

public class ShortSet {
  public static void main (String[] args) {
    Set<Short> s = new HashSet<>();
    for (short i = 0; i < 100; i++) {
      s.add(i);
      s.remove(i - 1);
    }
    System.out.println(s.size());
  }
}
error: [CollectionIncompatibleType] Argument 'i - 1' should not be passed to this method;
its type int is not compatible with its collection's type argument Short
      s.remove(i - 1);
              ^
    (see https://errorprone.info/bugpattern/CollectionIncompatibleType)
1 error

Getting Started

Our documentation is at errorprone.info.

Error Prone works with Bazel, Maven, Ant, and Gradle. See our installation instructions for details.

Developing Error Prone

Developing and building Error Prone is documented on the wiki.

Links

Download Details:
Author: google
Source Code: https://github.com/google/error-prone
License: Apache-2.0 license

#analysis  #java 

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Java applications are complied to bytecode then JIT and JVM takes care of code execution. Here you will find some insights about how JIT compiler works.

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Turning Source Code to Machine Code

In general, we can differentiate two basic ways of translating human readable code to instructions that can be understood by our computers:

Static (native, AOT) Compilation

  • After code is written, a compiler will take it and produce a binary executable file. This file will contain set of machine code instructions targeted for particular CPU architecture. Of course the same binary should be able to run on CPUs with similar set of instructions but in more complex cases your binary may fail to run and may require recompiling to meet server requirements. We lose the ability to run on multiple platforms for the benefit of faster execution on a dedicated platform.

Interpretation

  • Already existing source code will be run and turned into binary code line by line by the interpreter while the exact line is being executed. Thanks to this feature, the application may run on every CPU that has the correct interpreter. On the other hand, it will make the execution slower than in the case of statically compiled languages. We benefit from the ability to run on multiple platforms but lose on execution time.

As you can see both types have their advantages and disadvantages and are dedicated to specific use cases and will probably fail if not used in the correct case. You may ask – if there are only two ways does it mean that Java is an interpreted or a statically compiled language?

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