Kip Morissette

Kip Morissette

1599094440

JavaScript Promises in 10 Minutes

What’s a Promise?
A Promise is an object that acts as a placeholder for some value or operation that is soon to complete or return. Promises are similar to callbacks in that they are both used to control the execution order of a program. If you have 2 asynchronous (not occuring in any particular order) events A and B, and you need to ENSURE that Event B begins ONLY AFTER Event A completes, you can wrap Event A with a Promise object. This promise executes Event A and then gives you the option to either ‘resolve’ or ‘reject’ the Promise.

The Promise should be resolved if Event A was executed successfully with no errors. When a Promise is resolved, a special success callback function is triggered. This callback can execute Event B. A Promise should be rejected if Event A failed to complete successfully or produced an error. When a Promise is rejected, a special failure callback is triggered that can be used to carry out error handling tasks.

#javascript #web-development #programming #developer

What is GEEK

Buddha Community

JavaScript Promises in 10 Minutes
Julie  Donnelly

Julie Donnelly

1602406920

JavaScript Promise: Methods Comparison

Introduction

Promises in JavaScript are used to handle asynchronous operations by keeping track of whether a certain event has happened. If that certain event has taken place, it determines what happens next. Promises return a value which is either a resolved value or a reason why it’s rejected. They can handle multiple asynchronous operations easily and they provide better error handling than callbacks and events.

Callback: A callback is a function that is passed into another function as an argument to be executed later.

Events: Events provide a dynamic interface to a WebPage and are connected to elements in the Document Object Model(DOM), for example: onclick(), onmouseover() etc.

A Promise has four states

Pending: Before the event has happened, the promise is in the pending state.

Settled: Once the event has happened it is then in the settled state.

Fulfilled: Action related to the promise has succeeded.

Rejected: Action related to the promise has failed.

#javascript #javascript-development #javascript-tutorial #promises #javascript-tips

Promise.allSettled() vs Promise.all()

Promise.allSetlled() is recently introduced in ECMA 2020.
Check out how it is different from Promise.all()

https://www.geekstutorialpoint.com/2020/05/promiseallsettled-vs-promiseall.html

#javascript #promise.all #promise.allsettled #ecma #promise #jquery

Rahul Jangid

1622207074

What is JavaScript - Stackfindover - Blog

Who invented JavaScript, how it works, as we have given information about Programming language in our previous article ( What is PHP ), but today we will talk about what is JavaScript, why JavaScript is used The Answers to all such questions and much other information about JavaScript, you are going to get here today. Hope this information will work for you.

Who invented JavaScript?

JavaScript language was invented by Brendan Eich in 1995. JavaScript is inspired by Java Programming Language. The first name of JavaScript was Mocha which was named by Marc Andreessen, Marc Andreessen is the founder of Netscape and in the same year Mocha was renamed LiveScript, and later in December 1995, it was renamed JavaScript which is still in trend.

What is JavaScript?

JavaScript is a client-side scripting language used with HTML (Hypertext Markup Language). JavaScript is an Interpreted / Oriented language called JS in programming language JavaScript code can be run on any normal web browser. To run the code of JavaScript, we have to enable JavaScript of Web Browser. But some web browsers already have JavaScript enabled.

Today almost all websites are using it as web technology, mind is that there is maximum scope in JavaScript in the coming time, so if you want to become a programmer, then you can be very beneficial to learn JavaScript.

JavaScript Hello World Program

In JavaScript, ‘document.write‘ is used to represent a string on a browser.

<script type="text/javascript">
	document.write("Hello World!");
</script>

How to comment JavaScript code?

  • For single line comment in JavaScript we have to use // (double slashes)
  • For multiple line comments we have to use / * – – * /
<script type="text/javascript">

//single line comment

/* document.write("Hello"); */

</script>

Advantages and Disadvantages of JavaScript

#javascript #javascript code #javascript hello world #what is javascript #who invented javascript

Hugo JS

Hugo JS

1599295469

What is Callback-Function in JavaScript? How it is Replaced By Promises?

Let us understand term _Callback _by an real-world example: Suppose, you are calling to your Girlfriend (If you have) and she is busy in another call then she send message to you : “I am busy right now, Call back you later.!!”. After completing her work, she calls you back and this is what call back in JavaScript as well.

In JavaScript, When a function is executing (Girlfriend is talking with someone) then after function execution is completed another function is started for execution this is call back function.

Now you are thinking that its depend upon when, where you are calling function and all function call is “Call-back function”. Image for post

Here, _printWorld() _function is executed after _printHello() _complete its execution but this is not call-back function example because _printHello() _is not Asynchronous function. Suppose, _printHello() _prints after 1 Second then _printWorld() _executes first.

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What if we want “Hello World” output when Asynchronous function is there. We can pass function as argument and calls it after _printHello() _complete its execution. Here below code snippet of how _function pass as argument _:

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Callback function can be defined as a function passed by argument and executes when one function completes its execution.

Suppose, If you have API (Application Programming Interface) to get Students Roll numbers and select one of Roll number — getting that roll number’s data and print that data. We don’t have API to get students data so we are using _setTimeout() _Async function and getting roll number after 2s, We are also selecting one of roll number manually after 2s and print Roll number’s data after 2s. This can be done by call back function.

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The program became complex and complex if we have too many things to do like Getting Students data, Selecting one of them student, get student’s roll number and get result by roll number then it become very complex. If you have any Error in this then debugging is also tedious task, this things is called “Callback Hell”, which is shape like “Pyramid Of Doom”.

To overcome with this problem, Promises is introduced in JavaScript. Promises has three states : Pending, Resolved, Reject. Promises is created by Constructor : new Promise(). It has one executor function which has two arguments (resolve, reject).

Promise object has three methods: then(), catch() & finally().

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If Promise is successfully executed then its data is transferred through resolve function and if it has error then passed through reject function.

We have implemented same task which is done using call back function in Promises and its easily understandable However it is complicated compare to callback function but when you use promises for sometimes then it’s easy to implement.

In _getRollNumber(), _resolve method’s data is caught by then() functions arguments and reject method’s data is caught by catch() function. Here In Promises, Every task has different promises because of that it is easy to debug and readable compare to call back function. You can see that there is no shape like “Pyramid of Doom” in Promises. This is how Callback function is replaced by Promises.

Thank you for reading!

This article was originally published on Medium.com

#javascript-tips #advanced-javascript #javascript #callback-function #promises

A Beginner’s Guide To Promises In JavaScript

Welcome to my post about the JavaScript Promises. I hope it can be helpful since when we start programming it is difficult to enter the context.

Promises are one of the largest tools in the world of JavaScript that helps us to manage future situations in the flow of execution of a program.

The promises originated in the realm of functional programming, generally to handle asynchronous programming. In short, they allow us to define how data that will only be available in the future will be treated, specifying what will be done with that data later.

The promises were introduced in the standard in ES6, the truth is that they have been used for a long time since several libraries had implemented them to solve their needs in a more elegant way.

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The Promise object represents the eventual completion or failure of an asynchronous operation and its resulting value.

#programming #coding #javascript-promise #promises #javascript