Docker Internals | Understanding Docker #02

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Docker Internals | Understanding Docker #02
Iliana  Welch

Iliana Welch

1595249460

Docker Explained: Docker Architecture | Docker Registries

Following the second video about Docker basics, in this video, I explain Docker architecture and explain the different building blocks of the docker engine; docker client, API, Docker Daemon. I also explain what a docker registry is and I finish the video with a demo explaining and illustrating how to use Docker hub

In this video lesson you will learn:

  • What is Docker Host
  • What is Docker Engine
  • Learn about Docker Architecture
  • Learn about Docker client and Docker Daemon
  • Docker Hub and Registries
  • Simple demo to understand using images from registries

#docker #docker hub #docker host #docker engine #docker architecture #api

August  Murray

August Murray

1615016400

Docker: Installing Docker and Understanding basic docker commands

Now since we have understood the basic architecture of Docker in my previous tutorial titled Docker: Understanding Docker Architecture and Components, lets now learn how to install Docker and run some basic commands.

Pre-requisites

  1. For our demonstration, we will be using centos-07.
  2. We will be using 1 machine for our lab with the below IP details:

192.168.33.61 docker.unixlab.com

3. The memory should be at least 2 GB and there should be at least 2 core CPU.

Understanding Basic docker commands:

The First thing we are going to do is to run the **“docker run hello-world” **command.

This command tries to find the “hello-world” image locally and if not found, it then downloads an image from the docker hub and runs the container out of this image.

#automation #containerization #docker-container #docker #docker-image

Docker Architecture Overview & Docker Components [For Beginners]

If you have recently come across the world of containers, it’s probably not a bad idea to understand the underlying elements that work together to offer containerisation benefits. But before that, there’s a question that you may ask. What problem do containers solve?

After building an application in a typical development lifecycle, the developer sends it to the tester for testing purposes. However, since the development and testing environments are different, the code fails to work.

Now, predominantly, there are two solutions to this – either you use a Virtual Machine or a containerised environment such as Docker. In the good old times, organisations used to deploy VMs for running multiple applications.

So, why did they started adopting containerisation over VMs? In this article, we will provide detailed explanations of all such questions.

#docker containers #docker engine #docker #docker architecture

August  Murray

August Murray

1615023900

Docker: Manage Data in Docker -Understanding “Docker Volumes” and “Bind Mounts”

Introduction

By Design, Docker containers don’t hold persistent data. Any data you write inside the docker’s writable layer is no longer available once the container is stopped. It can be difficult to get the data out of the container if another process needs it.

Also, a container’s writable layer is tightly coupled to the host machine where the container is running. You can’t easily move the data somewhere else.

Docker has two options for containers to store files in the host machine, so that the files are persisted even after the container stops: volumes, and bind mounts.

  • Volumes are stored in a part of the host filesystem which is managed by Docker (/var/lib/docker/volumes/ on Linux). Non-Docker processes should not modify this part of the filesystem. Volumes are the best way to persist data in Docker.
  • Bind mounts may be stored anywhere on the host system. They may even be important system files or directories. Non-Docker processes on the Docker host or a Docker container can modify them at any time.

Let’s understand them in detail one by one.

#docker-container #docker #docker-volume #containerization

Docker manifest - A peek into image's manifest.json files

docker manifest – An experimental feature !

The image manifest provides a configuration and a set of layers for a container image.

This is an experimental feature. To enable this feature in the Docker CLI, one can edit the config.json file found in ~/.docker/config.json like :

{
        "auths": {
                "https://index.docker.io/v1/": {
                        "auth": "XXXXXXX"
                }
        },
        "HttpHeaders": {
                "User-Agent": "Docker-Client/19.03.8 (linux)"
        },
        "experimental": "enabled",
        "debug": true
}

What is ‘docker manifest’ ?

The docker manifest command does not work independently to perform any action. In order to work with the docker manifest or manifest list, we use sub-commands along with it. This manifest sub-command can enable us to interact with the image manifests. Furthermore, it also gives information about the OS and the architecture, that a particular image was built for.

A single manifest comprises of information about an image, it’s size, the layers and digest.

A manifest list is a list of image layers (manifests) that are, created by specifying one or more image names. It can then be used in the same way as an image name in docker pull and docker run commands.

Commands to get started with :

After enabling this feature, one would be able to access the following command :

docker-manifest-enter image description here

These commands are easy to use. It basically avoids the need for pulling and running and then testing the images locally, from a docker registry.

Next, to inspect an image manifest, follow this syntax,

 docker manifest inspect image-name

enter image description here

.

#devops #docker #devops #docker #docker learning #docker-image