Kubernetes: NGINX/PHP-FPM graceful shutdown and 502 errors. In the Graceful shutdown in Kubernetes is not always trivial and on the Stackoveflow in the Nginx / PHP FPM graceful stop. So graceful question is a note that FPM's master and this can lead to the 502 as well. That during downscaling clients get 502 errors.
We have a PHP application running with Kubernetes in pods with two dedicated containers — NGINX и PHP-FPM.
The problem is that during downscaling clients get 502 errors. E.g. when a pod is stopping, its containers can not correctly close existing connections.
So, in this post, we will take a closer look at the pods’ termination process in general, and NGINX and PHP-FPM containers in particular.
Testing will be performed on the AWS Elastic Kubernetes Service by the Yandex.Tank utility.
Ingress resource will create an AWS Application Load Balancer with the AWS ALB Ingress Controller.
So, let’s take an overview of the pods’ stopping and termination process.
Basically, a pod is a set of processes running on a Kubernetes WorkerNode, which are stopped by standard IPC (Inter-Process Communication) signals.
To give the pod the ability to finish all its operations, a container runtime at first ties softly stop it (graceful shutdown) by sending a
SIGTERM signal to a PID 1 in each container of this pod (see docker stop). Also, a cluster starts counting a grace period before force kill this pod by sending a
SIGTERM can be overridden by using the
STOPSIGNAL in an image used to spin up a container.
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