Ethical Hacking: Introducing Kali Linux

Ethical Hacking: Introducing Kali Linux

Kali Linux is a purpose built security operating system with a large variety of popular penetration testing tools. Ethical Hacking: Introducing Kali Linux

Kali Linux is a purpose built security operating system with a large variety of popular penetration testing tools. It is an open source project that is maintained and funded by Offensive Security. In addition to Kali Linux, Offensive Security also maintains the Exploit Database.

I’m going to guide you through a Kali Linux installation using Virtual Box. The first step is to download and install Virtual Box for your operating system.

You will then want to make your way to the Kali Linux download page and download the latest “Kali Linux 64-Bit (Installer)” ISO. Be warned it can take a while as the current version is 3.7G.

Open Virtual Box and click on the New button.

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On this page you need to supply the following:

  • Name — the name of your virtual machine

  • Machine Folder — the location of where your virtual machine will be created

  • *Type *— Linux

  • Version — Other Linux (64-bit)

  • *Memory *— I used 8192MB but it’s really up to you.

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All you have to do here is specify how large your virtual machine should be. I used 30 GB. You could allocate less but I wouldn’t really want to go lower than 10 GB.

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You will arrive back at the main Virtual Box page. Right-click on your Kali virtual machine and go to Settings.

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This step is optional but under “General”, then “Advanced” I usually set the “Shared Clipboard” and the “Drag’n’Drop” to “Bidirectional”.

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The next step is under “Storage”, select your DVD drive, and next to “Optical Drive” click on the blue disc. Then “Choose a disk file” and select your new Kali ISO.

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This step is optional but I find sometimes on my Mac enabling audio in Virtual Box causes the virtual machine not to boot. I don’t use the audio in my virtual machines so I disable it.

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I recommend changing your “Attached to:” from “NAT” to “Bridged Adapter”. If all connections would be outbound then “NAT” would be fine. I want to be able to serve external services like “DVWA” so allowing the virtual machine to assign its own IP address is preferable. You would do the same with NAT by opening up mappings but it is a pain so I wouldn’t recommend it.

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