How to Use Address Sanitizer To Debug C++ Code

In this video, I will show you how to use address sanitizer to debug your C++ code and detect memory leaks, memory corruption bugs, and undefined behavior in your programs. I will also describe how Address Sanitizer works and how to use it in G++ and Bazel.

Chapters:

- Introduction 00:00
- Examples of memory misuse 00:55
- What is Address Sanitizer? 1:47
- What kind of bugs does address sanitizer detect? 2:44
- How does address sanitizer work? 3:15
- How can you enable address sanitizer? 5:19
- Enabling address sanitizer in G++: 5:45
- Enabling address sanitizer in Bazel: 6:13
- Examples of bugs that can be detected by address sanitizer: 6:41
- When should you use address sanitizer? 16:58
- Limitations of address sanitizer: 17:19

#cpluplus 

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How to Use Address Sanitizer To Debug C++ Code
Tyrique  Littel

Tyrique Littel

1604008800

Static Code Analysis: What It Is? How to Use It?

Static code analysis refers to the technique of approximating the runtime behavior of a program. In other words, it is the process of predicting the output of a program without actually executing it.

Lately, however, the term “Static Code Analysis” is more commonly used to refer to one of the applications of this technique rather than the technique itself — program comprehension — understanding the program and detecting issues in it (anything from syntax errors to type mismatches, performance hogs likely bugs, security loopholes, etc.). This is the usage we’d be referring to throughout this post.

“The refinement of techniques for the prompt discovery of error serves as well as any other as a hallmark of what we mean by science.”

  • J. Robert Oppenheimer

Outline

We cover a lot of ground in this post. The aim is to build an understanding of static code analysis and to equip you with the basic theory, and the right tools so that you can write analyzers on your own.

We start our journey with laying down the essential parts of the pipeline which a compiler follows to understand what a piece of code does. We learn where to tap points in this pipeline to plug in our analyzers and extract meaningful information. In the latter half, we get our feet wet, and write four such static analyzers, completely from scratch, in Python.

Note that although the ideas here are discussed in light of Python, static code analyzers across all programming languages are carved out along similar lines. We chose Python because of the availability of an easy to use ast module, and wide adoption of the language itself.

How does it all work?

Before a computer can finally “understand” and execute a piece of code, it goes through a series of complicated transformations:

static analysis workflow

As you can see in the diagram (go ahead, zoom it!), the static analyzers feed on the output of these stages. To be able to better understand the static analysis techniques, let’s look at each of these steps in some more detail:

Scanning

The first thing that a compiler does when trying to understand a piece of code is to break it down into smaller chunks, also known as tokens. Tokens are akin to what words are in a language.

A token might consist of either a single character, like (, or literals (like integers, strings, e.g., 7Bob, etc.), or reserved keywords of that language (e.g, def in Python). Characters which do not contribute towards the semantics of a program, like trailing whitespace, comments, etc. are often discarded by the scanner.

Python provides the tokenize module in its standard library to let you play around with tokens:

Python

1

import io

2

import tokenize

3

4

code = b"color = input('Enter your favourite color: ')"

5

6

for token in tokenize.tokenize(io.BytesIO(code).readline):

7

    print(token)

Python

1

TokenInfo(type=62 (ENCODING),  string='utf-8')

2

TokenInfo(type=1  (NAME),      string='color')

3

TokenInfo(type=54 (OP),        string='=')

4

TokenInfo(type=1  (NAME),      string='input')

5

TokenInfo(type=54 (OP),        string='(')

6

TokenInfo(type=3  (STRING),    string="'Enter your favourite color: '")

7

TokenInfo(type=54 (OP),        string=')')

8

TokenInfo(type=4  (NEWLINE),   string='')

9

TokenInfo(type=0  (ENDMARKER), string='')

(Note that for the sake of readability, I’ve omitted a few columns from the result above — metadata like starting index, ending index, a copy of the line on which a token occurs, etc.)

#code quality #code review #static analysis #static code analysis #code analysis #static analysis tools #code review tips #static code analyzer #static code analysis tool #static analyzer

Lina  Biyinzika

Lina Biyinzika

1620283705

How to Run and Debug C / C++ Code via VSCode

By the end of this guide, you’d be able to run, debug, and get IntelliSense for C/C++ files in VSCode. Though, this guide is focused on the Windows platform but can be extended to Mac and Linux with some minor changes.

I extensively used C & C++ in my competitive programming years and wanted better support for debugging & IntelliSense. The only options available were Dev-C++ (outdated) and the original “Mammoth” Visual Studio. Lately, I found VSCode and fell in love with it (first love was Atom). I tweaked it around and set it up as a complete IDE For small C, C++ projects especially geared towards competitive programming.

#vscode #cpp #c++ #c #debugging #programming #c-programming

Pass method as parameter using C# | Delegates in C# | C# Bangla Tutorial | Advanced C#

https://youtu.be/GfcTSJf5Rc8

#oop in c# #object oriented programming in c# #object oriented concept in c# #learn oop concept #advance c# #pass method as parameter using c#

Ari  Bogisich

Ari Bogisich

1589816580

Using isdigit() in C/C++

In this article, we’ll take a look at using the isdigit() function in C/C++. This is a very simple way to check if any value is a digit or not. Let’s look at how to use this function, using some simple examples.

#c programming #c++ #c #c#

Ari  Bogisich

Ari Bogisich

1590565090

A Guide to using the strdup() function in C/C++

In this article, we’ll take a look at using the strdup() function in C/C++.

The strdup() function is very useful if you want to duplicate the contents of a string onto another string.

Let’s see how we can utilize this function, using some simple examples.

#c programming #c++ #c #c#