React Tutorial

React Tutorial


React Tutorial for Beginners - DOM Elements

DOM Elements

React implements a browser-independent DOM system for performance and cross-browser compatibility. We took the opportunity to clean up a few rough edges in browser DOM implementations.

In React, all DOM properties and attributes (including event handlers) should be camelCased. For example, the HTML attribute tabindex corresponds to the attribute tabIndex in React. The exception is aria-* and data-* attributes, which should be lowercased. For example, you can keep aria-label as aria-label.

Differences In Attributes

There are a number of attributes that work differently between React and HTML:


The checked attribute is supported by <input> components of type checkbox or radio. You can use it to set whether the component is checked. This is useful for building controlled components. defaultChecked is the uncontrolled equivalent, which sets whether the component is checked when it is first mounted.


To specify a CSS class, use the className attribute. This applies to all regular DOM and SVG elements like <div>, <a>, and others.

If you use React with Web Components (which is uncommon), use the class attribute instead.


dangerouslySetInnerHTML is React’s replacement for using innerHTML in the browser DOM. In general, setting HTML from code is risky because it’s easy to inadvertently expose your users to a cross-site scripting (XSS) attack. So, you can set HTML directly from React, but you have to type out dangerouslySetInnerHTML and pass an object with a __html key, to remind yourself that it’s dangerous. For example:

function createMarkup() {
  return {__html: 'First &middot; Second'};

function MyComponent() {
  return <div dangerouslySetInnerHTML={createMarkup()} />;


Since for is a reserved word in JavaScript, React elements use htmlFor instead.


The onChange event behaves as you would expect it to: whenever a form field is changed, this event is fired. We intentionally do not use the existing browser behavior because onChange is a misnomer for its behavior and React relies on this event to handle user input in real time.


If you want to mark an <option> as selected, reference the value of that option in the value of its <select> instead. Check out “The select Tag” for detailed instructions.



Some examples in the documentation use style for convenience, but using the **style** attribute as the primary means of styling elements is generally not recommended. In most cases, className should be used to reference classes defined in an external CSS stylesheet. style is most often used in React applications to add dynamically-computed styles at render time. See also FAQ: Styling and CSS.

The style attribute accepts a JavaScript object with camelCased properties rather than a CSS string. This is consistent with the DOM style JavaScript property, is more efficient, and prevents XSS security holes. For example:

const divStyle = {
  color: 'blue',
  backgroundImage: 'url(' + imgUrl + ')',

function HelloWorldComponent() {
  return <div style={divStyle}>Hello World!</div>;

Note that styles are not autoprefixed. To support older browsers, you need to supply corresponding style properties:

const divStyle = {
  WebkitTransition: 'all', // note the capital 'W' here
  msTransition: 'all' // 'ms' is the only lowercase vendor prefix

function ComponentWithTransition() {
  return <div style={divStyle}>This should work cross-browser</div>;

Style keys are camelCased in order to be consistent with accessing the properties on DOM nodes from JS (e.g. Vendor prefixes other than ms should begin with a capital letter. This is why WebkitTransition has an uppercase “W”.

React will automatically append a “px” suffix to certain numeric inline style properties. If you want to use units other than “px”, specify the value as a string with the desired unit. For example:

// Result style: '10px'
<div style={{ height: 10 }}>
  Hello World!

// Result style: '10%'
<div style={{ height: '10%' }}>
  Hello World!

Not all style properties are converted to pixel strings though. Certain ones remain unitless (eg zoom, order, flex). A complete list of unitless properties can be seen here.


Normally, there is a warning when an element with children is also marked as contentEditable, because it won’t work. This attribute suppresses that warning. Don’t use this unless you are building a library like Draft.js that manages contentEditable manually.


If you use server-side React rendering, normally there is a warning when the server and the client render different content. However, in some rare cases, it is very hard or impossible to guarantee an exact match. For example, timestamps are expected to differ on the server and on the client.

If you set suppressHydrationWarning to true, React will not warn you about mismatches in the attributes and the content of that element. It only works one level deep, and is intended to be used as an escape hatch. Don’t overuse it. You can read more about hydration in the ReactDOM.hydrate() documentation.


The value attribute is supported by <input>, <select> and <textarea> components. You can use it to set the value of the component. This is useful for building controlled components. defaultValue is the uncontrolled equivalent, which sets the value of the component when it is first mounted.

All Supported HTML Attributes

As of React 16, any standard or custom DOM attributes are fully supported.

React has always provided a JavaScript-centric API to the DOM. Since React components often take both custom and DOM-related props, React uses the camelCase convention just like the DOM APIs:

<div tabIndex="-1" />      // Just like node.tabIndex DOM API
<div className="Button" /> // Just like node.className DOM API
<input readOnly={true} />  // Just like node.readOnly DOM API

These props work similarly to the corresponding HTML attributes, with the exception of the special cases documented above.

Some of the DOM attributes supported by React include:

accept acceptCharset accessKey action allowFullScreen alt async autoComplete
autoFocus autoPlay capture cellPadding cellSpacing challenge charSet checked
cite classID className colSpan cols content contentEditable contextMenu controls
controlsList coords crossOrigin data dateTime default defer dir disabled
download draggable encType form formAction formEncType formMethod formNoValidate
formTarget frameBorder headers height hidden high href hrefLang htmlFor
httpEquiv icon id inputMode integrity is keyParams keyType kind label lang list
loop low manifest marginHeight marginWidth max maxLength media mediaGroup method
min minLength multiple muted name noValidate nonce open optimum pattern
placeholder poster preload profile radioGroup readOnly rel required reversed
role rowSpan rows sandbox scope scoped scrolling seamless selected shape size
sizes span spellCheck src srcDoc srcLang srcSet start step style summary
tabIndex target title type useMap value width wmode wrap

Similarly, all SVG attributes are fully supported:

accentHeight accumulate additive alignmentBaseline allowReorder alphabetic
amplitude arabicForm ascent attributeName attributeType autoReverse azimuth
baseFrequency baseProfile baselineShift bbox begin bias by calcMode capHeight
clip clipPath clipPathUnits clipRule colorInterpolation
colorInterpolationFilters colorProfile colorRendering contentScriptType
contentStyleType cursor cx cy d decelerate descent diffuseConstant direction
display divisor dominantBaseline dur dx dy edgeMode elevation enableBackground
end exponent externalResourcesRequired fill fillOpacity fillRule filter
filterRes filterUnits floodColor floodOpacity focusable fontFamily fontSize
fontSizeAdjust fontStretch fontStyle fontVariant fontWeight format from fx fy
g1 g2 glyphName glyphOrientationHorizontal glyphOrientationVertical glyphRef
gradientTransform gradientUnits hanging horizAdvX horizOriginX ideographic
imageRendering in in2 intercept k k1 k2 k3 k4 kernelMatrix kernelUnitLength
kerning keyPoints keySplines keyTimes lengthAdjust letterSpacing lightingColor
limitingConeAngle local markerEnd markerHeight markerMid markerStart
markerUnits markerWidth mask maskContentUnits maskUnits mathematical mode
numOctaves offset opacity operator order orient orientation origin overflow
overlinePosition overlineThickness paintOrder panose1 pathLength
patternContentUnits patternTransform patternUnits pointerEvents points
pointsAtX pointsAtY pointsAtZ preserveAlpha preserveAspectRatio primitiveUnits
r radius refX refY renderingIntent repeatCount repeatDur requiredExtensions
requiredFeatures restart result rotate rx ry scale seed shapeRendering slope
spacing specularConstant specularExponent speed spreadMethod startOffset
stdDeviation stemh stemv stitchTiles stopColor stopOpacity
strikethroughPosition strikethroughThickness string stroke strokeDasharray
strokeDashoffset strokeLinecap strokeLinejoin strokeMiterlimit strokeOpacity
strokeWidth surfaceScale systemLanguage tableValues targetX targetY textAnchor
textDecoration textLength textRendering to transform u1 u2 underlinePosition
underlineThickness unicode unicodeBidi unicodeRange unitsPerEm vAlphabetic
vHanging vIdeographic vMathematical values vectorEffect version vertAdvY
vertOriginX vertOriginY viewBox viewTarget visibility widths wordSpacing
writingMode x x1 x2 xChannelSelector xHeight xlinkActuate xlinkArcrole
xlinkHref xlinkRole xlinkShow xlinkTitle xlinkType xmlns xmlnsXlink xmlBase
xmlLang xmlSpace y y1 y2 yChannelSelector z zoomAndPan

You may also use custom attributes as long as they’re fully lowercase.

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React Tutorial for Beginners - DOM Elements
Autumn  Blick

Autumn Blick


How native is React Native? | React Native vs Native App Development

If you are undertaking a mobile app development for your start-up or enterprise, you are likely wondering whether to use React Native. As a popular development framework, React Native helps you to develop near-native mobile apps. However, you are probably also wondering how close you can get to a native app by using React Native. How native is React Native?

In the article, we discuss the similarities between native mobile development and development using React Native. We also touch upon where they differ and how to bridge the gaps. Read on.

A brief introduction to React Native

Let’s briefly set the context first. We will briefly touch upon what React Native is and how it differs from earlier hybrid frameworks.

React Native is a popular JavaScript framework that Facebook has created. You can use this open-source framework to code natively rendering Android and iOS mobile apps. You can use it to develop web apps too.

Facebook has developed React Native based on React, its JavaScript library. The first release of React Native came in March 2015. At the time of writing this article, the latest stable release of React Native is 0.62.0, and it was released in March 2020.

Although relatively new, React Native has acquired a high degree of popularity. The “Stack Overflow Developer Survey 2019” report identifies it as the 8th most loved framework. Facebook, Walmart, and Bloomberg are some of the top companies that use React Native.

The popularity of React Native comes from its advantages. Some of its advantages are as follows:

  • Performance: It delivers optimal performance.
  • Cross-platform development: You can develop both Android and iOS apps with it. The reuse of code expedites development and reduces costs.
  • UI design: React Native enables you to design simple and responsive UI for your mobile app.
  • 3rd party plugins: This framework supports 3rd party plugins.
  • Developer community: A vibrant community of developers support React Native.

Why React Native is fundamentally different from earlier hybrid frameworks

Are you wondering whether React Native is just another of those hybrid frameworks like Ionic or Cordova? It’s not! React Native is fundamentally different from these earlier hybrid frameworks.

React Native is very close to native. Consider the following aspects as described on the React Native website:

  • Access to many native platforms features: The primitives of React Native render to native platform UI. This means that your React Native app will use many native platform APIs as native apps would do.
  • Near-native user experience: React Native provides several native components, and these are platform agnostic.
  • The ease of accessing native APIs: React Native uses a declarative UI paradigm. This enables React Native to interact easily with native platform APIs since React Native wraps existing native code.

Due to these factors, React Native offers many more advantages compared to those earlier hybrid frameworks. We now review them.

#android app #frontend #ios app #mobile app development #benefits of react native #is react native good for mobile app development #native vs #pros and cons of react native #react mobile development #react native development #react native experience #react native framework #react native ios vs android #react native pros and cons #react native vs android #react native vs native #react native vs native performance #react vs native #why react native #why use react native

Jeromy  Lowe

Jeromy Lowe


Data Visualization in R with ggplot2: A Beginner Tutorial

A famous general is thought to have said, “A good sketch is better than a long speech.” That advice may have come from the battlefield, but it’s applicable in lots of other areas — including data science. “Sketching” out our data by visualizing it using ggplot2 in R is more impactful than simply describing the trends we find.

This is why we visualize data. We visualize data because it’s easier to learn from something that we can see rather than read. And thankfully for data analysts and data scientists who use R, there’s a tidyverse package called ggplot2 that makes data visualization a snap!

In this blog post, we’ll learn how to take some data and produce a visualization using R. To work through it, it’s best if you already have an understanding of R programming syntax, but you don’t need to be an expert or have any prior experience working with ggplot2

#data science tutorials #beginner #ggplot2 #r #r tutorial #r tutorials #rstats #tutorial #tutorials

Kaustav Hazra


 Component Life Cycle in React

Every component in React goes through a lifecycle of events. You can think is of going through a cycle of birth, growth, and death the same as the picture below.

The phases are:

  • Initialization — Starting the journey of your component
  • Mounting — Birth of your component
  • Update — Growth of your component
  • Unmount — Death of your component

1. Initialization

This is the phase in which the component is going to start its journey. The developer has to define the props and initial state of the component. This is usually done inside the constructor method (see below to understand the initialization phase better).

#react #react-lifecycle-method #react-course #react-for-beginner #react-js-tutorials

Karine  Crooks

Karine Crooks


React Hello World: Your First React App

The best way to learn React is to re-create Hello World but for React. Let’s learn all there is to know about building a simple Hello World app in React!

What We’re Building

This tutorial will thoroughly explain everything there is to know about creating a new React app in the quickest way possible. If you’re someone who wants to learn how to spin up a brand new React app, then this tutorial is for you.

I’ve summarized the most important details for each step under each of the headings so you can spend less reading and more coding.

Generate a New React App Using Create React App

  • Create React App (CRA) is a tool to create a blank React app using a single terminal command.
  • CRA is maintained by the core React team.

Configuring a _modern _React app from scratch can be quite intricate, and requires a fair amount of research and tinkering with build tools such as Webpack, or compilers like Babel.

Who has time for that? It’s 2019, so we want to spend more time coding and less time configuring!

Therefore, the best way to do that in the React world is to use the absolutely fantastic Create React App tool.

Open up your terminal and run the following command:


npx create-react-app hello-world

This generates all of the files, folders, and libraries we need, as well as automatically configuring all of the pieces together so that we can jump right into writing React components!

The success screen after scaffolding a new React app with Create React App. Let’s get hacking some React components together!

Once Create React App has finished downloading all of the required packages, modules and scripts, it will configure webpack and you’ll end up with a new folder named after what we decided to call our React project. In our case, hello-world.

Open up the hello-world directory in your favorite IDE and navigate to it in your terminal. To do that, run the following command to jump in to our Hello World React app’s directory.


cd hello-world

#tutorials #beginner react tutorials #react #react app #javascript