Serverless Node TypeScript

Serverless Node TypeScript

Serverless Node TypeScript is a starter kit to write serverless applications by using the Serverless Framework in Node.js and TypeScript. An Apollo GraphQL server and a REST endpoint come configured out of the box

Serverless Node TypeScript

Serverless Node TypeScript is a starter kit to write serverless applications in Node.js and TypeScript and deploying them by using the Serverless Framework. It comes with several configurations set up out of the box, such as MongoDB, a GraphQL API server, a REST endpoint and Domain Events via AWS SNS.

Introduction

Serverless Node TypeScript is a starter kit for serverless applications written in TypeScript and using the Serverless Framework to bundle the Lambda functions.

The application is structured with Domain-Driven Design in mind.

It comes with the following features out of the box:

Requirements

  • Node.js 12.x
  • NPM / Yarn
  • An AWS Account with proper permissions
  • Docker

Installation

First, edit the application name in the name field of the package.json file.

Then run npm install or yarn install.

Running the Application locally

To run the application locally, just run npm run offline.

Deploying the Application locally to Localstack

Motivations

When interacting with other AWS services such as SNS, SQS or S3, running the application offline is not enough to check that all binding we specified in the serverless.yml file are working as expected.

A way to check whether the application would behave like expected once deployed to AWS, without really deploying it, is to deploy it locally by using Localstack.

How to deploy locally

In order to deploy the application locally you need to:

  1. Create a local Docker network via docker network create aws-nodejs
  2. Run Localstack via docker compose by running docker-compose up (TMPDIR=/private$TMPDIR docker-compose up in MacOs)
  3. Deploy the application locally via npm run deploy-local
  4. Connect via HTTP client (eg. using Postman) to the deployed url http://localhost:4567/restapis/<CODE>/local/_user_request_/hello where <CODE> is found in the endpoints section of the console output given by serverless in step 3. Eg. if the output contains
endpoints:
  http://localhost:4567/restapis/trcki9mhws/local/_user_request_

then <CODE> is trcki9mhws. The <CODE> changes after every local deployment!

Caveats and limitations

Deleting the Application or re-deploying

Due to limitations to Localstack, the best way to re-deploy the application effectively is to first stop and start Docker Compose and then deploying the application again.

Network name

The network name used in step 1 can be customised as preferred. However, change it accordingly also in the docker-compose.yaml file under networks.default.external.name and in LAMBDA_DOCKER_NETWORK.

Custom Authorizers

At the moment, Lambda Authorizers are completely ignored by Localstack.

Connecting to other AWS services from inside the application

Due to how Docker Compose works, in order to connect to the AWS services hosted in the Localstack container, all calls to these services need to the redirected manually to http://localstack:XXXX (instead than http://localhost:XXXX).

For SNS, this is done at the very top of the handler.ts file, by setting the SNS_ENDPOINT env variable.

If willing to use other services, for example S3, you'll need to manually set the endpoint option key to point to http://localstack:4572.

Environment variables

  • NODE_ENV : Set the environment name, not used in the code
  • ENV : Set the environment name, this is the variable used throughout the code and set via the Serverless CLI
  • MONGO_URI : Set the complete MongoDB connection string. Default mongodb://localhost:27017/sls-node-ts-<ENV>}, where <ENV> in the ENV env variable value
  • REGION : AWS region, default eu-west-1
  • SEND_DOMAIN_EVENTS : if set to true, the application will effectively emit the Domain Events of the related Aggregate to its AWS SNS topic. Default is undefined
  • SNS_ENDPOINT : in non staging or production environments, you can send Domain Events to a local implementation of AWS SNS. Default is http://localhost:4575, i.e. the local url for the Localstack implementation

Deployment

The deployment is handled by the Serverless Framework.

In order to deploy to a staging environment, run npm run deploy-staging. Instead, to deploy to a production environment, run npm run deploy-production.

To completely remove the deployed application, run npm run remove-staging or npm run remove-production.

Features

Authentication

Authentication is handled via Lambda Authorizers, easily configurable via Serverless Framework.

In practice, before starting our Lambda function, the Lambda Authorizer in src/api/authorizer/index.ts will run. Inside it, custom code can be added, for example, to check or introspect an input Authorization Token.

Apollo Server (GraphQL)

Serverless Node TypeScript comes with an Apollo Server configured out of the box.

The default endpoint is /graphql and you can use a [GraphQL Introspector] to see the available Queries and Mutations.

For example, the following Query lists the available Users:

query fetchUsers {
  getUsers {
    _id
    createdAt
    email
    username
  }
}

and the following Mutation creates a new User:

mutation CreateNewUser {
  createUser(userData: {
      email: "[email protected]"
      username: "Test6"
  }) {
    _id
    createdAt
    email
    username
  }
}

CORS

CORS is setup out of the box, allowing access from all websites, by setting the Access-Control-Allow-Origin header equal to '*'.

In order to customise the CORS response, check the Middy CORS middleware. and the handler.ts file.

Furthermore, in order to properly use CORS with lambda authorizers, their headers must be configured manually in the serverless.yml file.

Domain Events

Serverless Node TypeScript is configured to emit Domain Events to AWS SNS out of the box. In order to enable this feature, set the SEND_DOMAIN_EVENTS environment variable to true (default is undefined).

Following DDD, each Aggregate must emit its events to its own topic. Hence the User aggregate has its own topic configured in the src/config/index.ts file.

The serverless.yml file takes care about

  1. Creating the SNS topic, under resources;
  2. Giving to the Lambdas the permissions to publish events to the topic, in the iamRoleStatements section.

In order to develop locally, the other environments other than staging and development the events will be send to a local implementation of AWS SNS, running on http://localhost:4575. This is the default URL of Localstack.

The local endpoint can be customized via the SNS_ENDPOINT environment variable.

For topic naming conventions, take a look at this article.

Error Messages

All error messages have the following format:

{
    "code": (string),
    "error": (string),
    "hasError": 1,
    "statusCode":  (number)
}

Monitoring

Monitoring Serverless applications is generally harder than usual. For this reason new tools are needed. Amazon developed AWS X-Ray to improve the monitoring of the flow of the events in a serverless environment. This provides useful information about the events that trigger the lambdas and other services.

In order to enable X-Ray, simply set the tracing.apiGateway and tracing.lambda keys to true in the serverless.yml file,

MongoDB

MongoDB is the chosen default database. The connection string can be configured by setting the MONGO_URI env variable.

The default connection string is mongodb://localhost:27017/sls-node-ts-<ENV>, where <ENV> in the ENV env variable. In order to change it, head to the src/infrastructure/mongo/index.ts file.

Secrets

In the staging and production environments, secrets are fetched from AWS Secrets Manager and saved into local environment variables.

A single JSON formatted Secret per environment must be created, named sls-node-ts/<ENV> (where <ENV> is either staging or production). Each secret per environment must contain all the necessary key value pairs in the format <env variable>: <Secret Name>, eg.

{
  "MONGO_URI": "<THE MONGODB CONNECTION STRING>"
}

and they will be injected as environment variable in the application.

In order to create, for example, the new secret for the staging environment containing, for example, the MongoDB connection string, which must be supplied through the MONGO_URI environment variable, perform the following steps:

  1. Head over the AWS Console in the Secrets Manager service
  2. In the menu on the left, select Secrets
  3. Click to the Store a new secret button
  4. Select Other type of secrets
  5. In the Specify the key/value pairs to be stored in this secret section, enter MONGO_URI as key and your full Mongo URI as value. Then click Next
  6. In the Secret name field, enter sls-node-ts/staging and click Next to complete the creation

(!) The name of the secret (in the above example sls-node-ts/staging) is bound to the application name, the one defined in the name field of the package.json.

Testing

Run npm test to run the tests or npm run watch-test to run the tests with the watcher.

Contribution Guidelines

Pull requests are welcome.

Download Details:

Author: micheleangioni

Source Code: https://github.com/micheleangioni/sls-node-ts

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