Which should I learn: Python or PHP?

Python Vs PHP: What's the Difference?

Python Vs PHP: What's the Difference?

In this post, you'll see the difference between PHP and Python, from which you choose the language that's right for you.

Originally published at https://www.guru99.com
Python Vs PHP: What's the Difference?

In this tutorial, you will learn:

  • What is Python?
  • What is PHP?
  • Why Python?
  • Why PHP?
  • History of Python
  • History of PHP
  • Python vs. PHP
  • Features of Python
  • Feature of PHP
What is Python?

Python is a high level object-oriented, programming language. It has built-in data structures, combined with dynamic typing & binding which makes it an ideal choice for rapid application development. Python also offers support for modules and packages, which allows system modularity and code reuse.

It is one of the fastest programming languages as it requires very few lines of code. Its emphasis is on readability and simplicity, which make it a great choice for beginners.

What is PHP?

PHP stands for Hypertext Pre-processor. It is a server-side scripting language. It is used to develop a dynamic website or web application. PHP can easily integrate with all major web servers on all major operating systems.

PHP is the widely-used, free, and efficient option to competitors such as Microsoft's ASP. Non-technical users can easily learn a few useful tricks to make their web pages easier to manage, and more useful.

Why Python?

Stackoverflow Python vs. PHP tags

Here, are certain reasons why you should select Python:

  • Compared with the code of other language python code is easy to write and debug. Therefore, its source code is relatively easy to maintain.
  • Python is a portable language so it can run on a wide variety of Operating systems and platforms.
  • Python comes with many prebuilt libraries which makes your development task easily.
  • Python helps you to make complex programming simpler. As it internally deals with memory addresses, garbage collection.
  • Python provides an interactive shell which helps you to test the things before it's actual implementation.
  • Python offers database interfaces to all major commercial DBMS system.
  • Python supports GUI applications and has as a framework for Web. Example: tkmter, WXPython, Django.
Why PHP?

Here, are prime reasons why you should select PHP:

  • PHP runs on various platforms like Windows, Unix, Linux, Mac OS X, etc.
  • PHP is compatible with almost Apaches, IIS servers
  • PHP is easy to learn which runs efficiently on the server side
  • PHP is free to download from its official website www.php.net
History of Python

Google Trends Python Vs. PHP

  • Python s first conceived in the late 1980s, but its implementation started only in December 1989
  • It was invented in the Netherlands, by Guido van Rossum.
  • Rossum published the first version of Python (0.9.0) in February 199
  • t was derived from ABC programming language which is a general-purpose programming language.
  • Nowadays Python is maintained by a core development team although Rossum still plays a vital role in directing it's progress
History of PHP
  • PHP was started as a Perl hack in 1995 by Rasmus Lerdorf
  • It was rewritten again in 1997 and released as PHP2.0 with a new passer engine by Zeev Suraski and Gutmans.
  • PHP 2 transformed the language into a Server-side scripting language.
  • PHP 3 (1998) added support for ODBC(Open Database Connectivity) multiple platform support and email protocols are added
  • PHP 4 version which was released in the year 2000 has become an independent component of the web server for added efficiency.
  • PHP 5 which was released in the year 2004 adds Zend Engine II with object-oriented programming, robust XML support.
Python vs. PHP

Features of Python
  • Easy to learn, read and maintain
  • It can run on various hardware platforms & using the same interface.
  • You can include low-level modules to the Python interpreter.
  • Python offers an ideal structure and support for large programs.
  • Python offers support for automatic garbage collection.
  • It supports for an interactive mode of testing and debugging.
  • It offers high-level dynamic data types and also supports dynamic type checking.
  • Python language can be integrated with Java, C, and C++ programming code.
Features of PHP
  • Database Integration Supports many databases, such as Oracle, MySQL, etc.
  • It is easy to use, compare to another scripting language
  • It is faster than another scripting language, e.g., ASP and JSP
  • Open source means you don't need to pay for using PHP; you can freely download and use it
  • PHP has some predefined error reporting constants to generate an error notice or warning
  • PHP offers access logging by creating the summary of recent accesses of the user.
What is better?

Even after comparing both of these languages, selecting one is an undoubtedly difficult task because PHP and Python both are good on their way. Python is the gateway to machine learning codes. On the other side, PHP is used for server-side scripting and web development. 

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Further reading

Python Tutorial - Python GUI Programming - Python GUI Examples (Tkinter Tutorial)

Python Programming Tutorial - Full Course for Beginners

8 Awesome PHP Web Scraping Libraries and Tools

PHP vs. Node.js

Python vs Java: Understand Object Oriented Programming


10 Reasons Why Python Beats PHP for Web Development

10 Reasons Why Python Beats PHP for Web Development

Python has been watch a steep upward trend in the last two years. In backend development, PHP and Python web development are two among the most trendy choices that profession, as well as developers, make.

Preferring Python for web development in place of PHP is not a difficult task, but there are some reasons which advise a developer to pick the former one. In this blog, we will look at those logic which makes python an excellent programming language than PHP.

How does Python Compare to PHP?

PHP has relished for a long time, and maybe it still is, here are some swift rise of Python and the proposals that it can be a better language than PHP.

1.Thought Out Design

Even if PHP is completely workable but it is not delicate as a language. Any developer who has a good knowledge in creating software can make a good software in PHP. But, there are some conditions in PHP.

Python has the architecture that helps make it a well-thought-out, well-designed and robust language. PHP, on the other hand, seems not to be so well-thought-out.For a developer who is trained classically, Python gets a lot of things right in terms of being a robust programming language, and also one that’s easier to grasp and use.

2.Ease to Learn

It is easy to work with both PHP and Python. And both are quite well-documented.But,if you are a developer, you should consider what is likely to create the maximum value for you in the long term. You would obviously want to work with a language with which you can form a deep, rich, and long-lasting relationship.

when you are an experienced developer, you need to think about the future of that specific language. You should work with a language with which you can establish a strong relationship and harness the maximum advantage.

3.Framework

Frameworks make developers’ lives clear by offering them a structure for application development. Python provides just that mainly with Django,Flask etc. In PHP are Kohana, Symfony, CodeIgniter, and Zend.

Python frameworks are considered, Django is the clear winner. It is easy to use, secure, and fast. New developers choose Django, specifically for its shorter development time and ease of setup.

4.Contributes Itself More Precise

PHP is largely documented and follows a classic way. Alternatively, Python makes use of quite strict indentation applications. Python is not just more precise than PHP, but also more precise than most other programming languages.

5.Simpler Syntax

Python’s syntax is simpler,it becomes easy to write a code in Python. When you write anything in Python, it looks so elegant and this might be another reason why python scores over PHP.

6.Easily Available Tools

Python provides a powerful debugger called PDB (Python Debugger). PDB is well documented and is easy to use, even for the beginners. PHP also offers a debugger package called X Debug, which is great. The only margin by which Python wins is that it requires fewer debugging tools than PHP.

7. Package Management

Package management does exist in PHP, but there probably aren’t any code bases using it to the extent that PIP (a tool for installation and management of Python packages) does.It enables you to install, uninstall, upgrade, and use a broad range of sources for internal and external libraries.

8.Lambdas Provided by Python Offer an Advantage over PHP

The Lambdas flow easily within Python and are simple to create. So, Python developers like to use Lambdas when these are applicable for the business.

Before, ‘create_function’only was possible in PHP, which was not absolutely a substitute for the Lambdas in Python.

9.Python is More Versatile than PHP

Python website development is not the only one use case we’re looking at, Machine learning, data science, image processing, and desktop and mobile application development, are only a few other Python use cases. PHP, on the other hand, may be used for other purposes than web development, but it is intended precisely for creating web pages, and that is what it does the best.

10.Support and Community

Python has come to be perceived as “cooler” than PHP in terms of its versatility, modernity, simplicity, elegance, and ease of use. Since Python has such vast use cases like development, scripting, scientific application, and so forth, an enormous community has come to develop around it.