Python is a high-level object-oriented programming language with dynamic semantics developed by Dutchman Guido van Russom in 1991. Its high-level data structures along with the dynamic binding and dynamic typing make it ideal for Rapid Application Development and connecting existing components. Python scripting language is simple, and its syntax is easy to learn.
It emphasizes readability and has a low cost of maintenance. Python supports package and module based programming, encouraging code reuse. The extensive standard library and the Python interpreter are available in binary or source form free of cost.
Python can be used to build a vast range of applications including software, web applications, graphical user interface, network programming, and many more. Cuong Do, software architect of Google opines that “Python allows us to produce maintainable features in record times, with a minimum of developers”. TIOBE Index and PYPL Index have ranked Python scripting language as one the most popular languages in 2019, giving it the first and third position, respectively.
According to a survey by Python Software Foundation, 84% of programmers used Python as their primary language in 2019, up 5% from 79% in 2017.
Some of the top global companies that use Python are Wikipedia, NASA, Google, Quora, IBM, Yahoo, Instagram, and Pinterest. It is the scripting language for web applications. It can automate a set of tasks to make it more efficient. Hence Python is used in programs within a web browser, operating system shells and games.
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