Next PWA | Zero Config PWA Plugin for Next.js

Next PWA

Zero Config PWA Plugin for Next.js

This plugin is powered by workbox and other good stuff.

πŸ‘‹ Share your awesome PWA project πŸ‘‰ here

Features

  • 0️⃣ Zero config for registering and generating service worker
  • ✨ Optimized precache and runtime cache
  • πŸ’― Maximize lighthouse score
  • 🎈 Easy to understand examples
  • πŸ“΄ Completely offline support with fallbacks example πŸ†•
  • πŸ“¦ Use workbox and workbox-window v6
  • πŸͺ Work with cookies out of the box
  • πŸ”‰ Default range requests for audios and videos
  • β˜• No custom server needed for Next.js 9+ example
  • πŸ”§ Handle PWA lifecycle events opt-in example
  • πŸ“ Custom worker to run extra code with code splitting and typescript support example
  • πŸ“œ Public environment variables available in custom worker as usual
  • 🐞 Debug service worker with confidence in development mode without caching
  • 🌏 Internationalization (a.k.a I18N) with next-i18next example
  • πŸ›  Configurable by the same workbox configuration options for GenerateSW and InjectManifest
  • πŸš€ Spin up a GitPod and try out examples in rocket speed
  • ⚑ Support blitz.js (simply add to blitz.config.js)
  • πŸ”© (Experimental) precaching .module.js when next.config.js has experimental.modern set to true

NOTE 1 - next-pwa version 2.0.0+ should only work with next.js 9.1+, and static files should only be served through public directory. This will make things simpler.

NOTE 2 - If you encounter error TypeError: Cannot read property **'javascript' of undefined** during build, please consider upgrade to webpack5 in next.config.js.

Install

If you are new to next.js or react.js at all, you may want to first checkout learn next.js or next.js document. Then start from a simple example or progressive-web-app example in next.js repository.

yarn add next-pwa

Basic Usage

Step 1: withPWA

Update or create next.config.js with

const withPWA = require('next-pwa')

module.exports = withPWA({
  pwa: {
    dest: 'public'
  }
})

After running next build, this will generate two files in your public: workbox-*.js and sw.js, which will automatically be served statically.

If you are using Next.js version 9 or newer, then skip the options below and move on to Step 2.

If you are using Next.js older than version 9, you'll need to pick an option below before continuing to Step 2.

Option 1: Host Static Files

Copy files to your static file hosting server, so that they are accessible from the following paths: https://yourdomain.com/sw.js and https://yourdomain.com/workbox-*.js.

One example is using Firebase hosting service to host those files statically. You can automate the copy step using scripts in your deployment workflow.

For security reasons, you must host these files directly from your domain. If the content is delivered using a redirect, the browser will refuse to run the service worker.

Option 2: Use Custom Server

When an HTTP request is received, test if those files are requested, then return those static files.

Example server.js

const { createServer } = require('http')
const { join } = require('path')
const { parse } = require('url')
const next = require('next')

const app = next({ dev: process.env.NODE_ENV !== 'production' })
const handle = app.getRequestHandler()

app.prepare()
  .then(() => {
    createServer((req, res) => {
      const parsedUrl = parse(req.url, true)
      const { pathname } = parsedUrl
      
      if (pathname === '/sw.js' || /^\/(workbox|worker|fallback)-\w+\.js$/.test(pathname)) {
        const filePath = join(__dirname, '.next', pathname)
        app.serveStatic(req, res, filePath)
      } else {
        handle(req, res, parsedUrl)
      }
    })
    .listen(3000, () => {
      console.log(`> Ready on http://localhost:${3000}`)
    })
  })

The following setup has nothing to do with next-pwa plugin, and you probably have already set them up. If not, go ahead and set them up.

Step 2: Add Manifest File (Example)

Create a manifest.json file in your public folder:

{
  "name": "PWA App",
  "short_name": "App",
  "icons": [
    {
      "src": "/icons/android-chrome-192x192.png",
      "sizes": "192x192",
      "type": "image/png",
      "purpose": "any maskable"
    },
    {
      "src": "/icons/android-chrome-384x384.png",
      "sizes": "384x384",
      "type": "image/png"
    },
    {
      "src": "/icons/icon-512x512.png",
      "sizes": "512x512",
      "type": "image/png"
    }
  ],
  "theme_color": "#FFFFFF",
  "background_color": "#FFFFFF",
  "start_url": "/",
  "display": "standalone",
  "orientation": "portrait"
}

Step 3: Add Head Meta (Example)

Add the following into _document.jsx or _app.tsx, in <Head>:

<meta name='application-name' content='PWA App' />
<meta name='apple-mobile-web-app-capable' content='yes' />
<meta name='apple-mobile-web-app-status-bar-style' content='default' />
<meta name='apple-mobile-web-app-title' content='PWA App' />
<meta name='description' content='Best PWA App in the world' />
<meta name='format-detection' content='telephone=no' />
<meta name='mobile-web-app-capable' content='yes' />
<meta name='msapplication-config' content='/icons/browserconfig.xml' />
<meta name='msapplication-TileColor' content='#2B5797' />
<meta name='msapplication-tap-highlight' content='no' />
<meta name='theme-color' content='#000000' />

<link rel='apple-touch-icon' href='/icons/touch-icon-iphone.png' />
<link rel='apple-touch-icon' sizes='152x152' href='/icons/touch-icon-ipad.png' />
<link rel='apple-touch-icon' sizes='180x180' href='/icons/touch-icon-iphone-retina.png' />
<link rel='apple-touch-icon' sizes='167x167' href='/icons/touch-icon-ipad-retina.png' />

<link rel='icon' type='image/png' sizes='32x32' href='/icons/favicon-32x32.png' />
<link rel='icon' type='image/png' sizes='16x16' href='/icons/favicon-16x16.png' />
<link rel='manifest' href='/manifest.json' />
<link rel='mask-icon' href='/icons/safari-pinned-tab.svg' color='#5bbad5' />
<link rel='shortcut icon' href='/favicon.ico' />
<link rel='stylesheet' href='https://fonts.googleapis.com/css?family=Roboto:300,400,500' />
     
<meta name='twitter:card' content='summary' />
<meta name='twitter:url' content='https://yourdomain.com' />
<meta name='twitter:title' content='PWA App' />
<meta name='twitter:description' content='Best PWA App in the world' />
<meta name='twitter:image' content='https://yourdomain.com/icons/android-chrome-192x192.png' />
<meta name='twitter:creator' content='@DavidWShadow' />
<meta property='og:type' content='website' />
<meta property='og:title' content='PWA App' />
<meta property='og:description' content='Best PWA App in the world' />
<meta property='og:site_name' content='PWA App' />
<meta property='og:url' content='https://yourdomain.com' />
<meta property='og:image' content='https://yourdomain.com/icons/apple-touch-icon.png' />

<!-- apple splash screen images -->
<!--
<link rel='apple-touch-startup-image' href='/images/apple_splash_2048.png' sizes='2048x2732' />
<link rel='apple-touch-startup-image' href='/images/apple_splash_1668.png' sizes='1668x2224' />
<link rel='apple-touch-startup-image' href='/images/apple_splash_1536.png' sizes='1536x2048' />
<link rel='apple-touch-startup-image' href='/images/apple_splash_1125.png' sizes='1125x2436' />
<link rel='apple-touch-startup-image' href='/images/apple_splash_1242.png' sizes='1242x2208' />
<link rel='apple-touch-startup-image' href='/images/apple_splash_750.png' sizes='750x1334' />
<link rel='apple-touch-startup-image' href='/images/apple_splash_640.png' sizes='640x1136' />
-->

Tip: Put the viewport head meta tag into _app.js rather than in _document.js if you need it.

<meta name='viewport' content='minimum-scale=1, initial-scale=1, width=device-width, shrink-to-fit=no, user-scalable=no, viewport-fit=cover' />

Offline Fallbacks

Offline fallbacks are useful when the fetch failed from both cache and network, a precached resource is served instead of present an error from browser.

To get started simply add a /_offline page such as pages/_offline.js or pages/_offline.jsx or pages/_offline.ts or pages/_offline.tsx. Then you are all set! When the user is offline, all pages which are not cached will fallback to '/_offline'.

Use this example to see it in action

next-pwa helps you precache those resources on the first load, then inject a fallback handler to handlerDidError plugin to all runtimeCaching configs, so that precached resources are served when fetch failed.

You can also setup precacheFallback.fallbackURL in your runtimeCaching config entry to implement similar functionality. The difference is that above method is based on the resource type, this method is based matched url pattern. If this config is set in the runtimeCaching config entry, resource type based fallback will be disabled automatically for this particular url pattern to avoid conflict.

Configuration

There are options you can use to customize the behavior of this plugin by adding pwa object in the next config in next.config.js:

const withPWA = require('next-pwa')

module.exports = withPWA({
  pwa: {
    dest: 'public',
    // disable: process.env.NODE_ENV === 'development',
    // register: true,
    // scope: '/app',
    // sw: 'service-worker.js',
    //...
  }
})

Available Options

  • disable: boolean - whether to disable pwa feature as a whole
    • default: false
    • set disable: false, so that it will generate service worker in both dev and prod
    • set disable: true to completely disable PWA
    • if you don't need to debug service worker in dev, you can set disable: process.env.NODE_ENV === 'development'
  • register: boolean - whether to let this plugin register service worker for you
    • default to true
    • set to false when you want to handle register service worker yourself, this could be done in componentDidMount of your root app. you can consider the register.js as an example.
  • scope: string - url scope for pwa
    • default: basePath in next.config.js or /
    • set to /app so that path under /app will be PWA while others are not
  • sw: string - service worker script file name
    • default: /sw.js
    • set to another file name if you want to customize the output file name
  • runtimeCaching - caching strategies (array or callback function)
    • default: see the Runtime Caching section for the default configuration
    • accepts an array of cache entry objects, please follow the structure here
    • Note: the order of the array matters. The first rule that matches is effective. Therefore, please ALWAYS put rules with larger scope behind the rules with a smaller and specific scope.
  • publicExcludes - an array of glob pattern strings to exclude files in the public folder from being precached.
    • default: ['!noprecache/**/*'] - this means that the default behavior will precache all the files inside your public folder but files inside /public/noprecache folder. You can simply put files inside that folder to not precache them without config this.
    • example: ['!img/super-large-image.jpg', '!fonts/not-used-fonts.otf']
  • buildExcludes - an array of extra pattern or function to exclude files from being precached in .next/static (or your custom build) folder
    • default: []
    • example: [/chunks\/images\/.*$/] - Don't precache files under .next/static/chunks/images (Highly recommend this to work with next-optimized-images plugin)
    • doc: Array of (string, RegExp, or function()). One or more specifiers used to exclude assets from the precache manifest. This is interpreted following the same rules as Webpack's standard exclude option.
  • cacheStartUrl - whether to cache start url
  • dynamicStartUrl - if your start url returns different HTML document under different state (such as logged in vs. not logged in), this should be set to true.
    • default: true
    • effective when cacheStartUrl set to true
    • recommend: set to false if your start url always returns same HTML document, then start url will be precached, this will help to speed up first load.
  • dynamicStartUrlRedirect - if your start url redirect to another route such as /login, it's recommended to setup this redirected url for the best user experience.
    • default: undefined
    • effective when dynamicStartUrlRedirect set to true
  • fallbacks - config precached routes to fallback when both cache and network not available to serve resources.
    • if you just need a offline fallback page, simply create a /_offline page such as pages/_offline.js and you are all set, no configuration necessary
    • default: object
      • fallbacks.document - fallback route for document (page), default to /_offline if you created that page
      • fallbacks.image - fallback route for image, default to none
      • fallbacks.audio - fallback route for audio, default to none
      • fallbacks.video - fallback route for video, default to none
      • fallbacks.font - fallback route for font, default to none
  • cacheOnFrontEndNav - enable additional route cache when navigate between pages with next/link on front end. Checkout this example for some context about why this is implemented.
    • default: false
    • note: this improve user experience on special use cases but it also adds some overhead because additional network call, I suggest you consider this as a trade off.
  • subdomainPrefix: string - url prefix to allow hosting static files on a subdomain
    • default: "" - i.e. default with no prefix
    • example: /subdomain if the app is hosted on example.com/subdomain
    • deprecated, use basePath instead
  • reloadOnOnline - changes the behaviour of the app when the device detects that it has gone back "online" and has a network connection. Indicate if the app should call location.reload() to refresh the app.
    • default: true
  • customWorkerDir - customize the directory where next-pwa looks for a custom worker implementation to add to the service worker generated by workbox. For more information, check out the custom worker example.
    • default: worker

Other Options

next-pwa uses workbox-webpack-plugin, other options which could also be put in pwa object can be found ON THE DOCUMENTATION for GenerateSW and InjectManifest. If you specify swSrc, InjectManifest plugin will be used, otherwise GenerateSW will be used to generate service worker.

Runtime Caching

next-pwa uses a default runtime cache.js

There is a great chance you may want to customize your own runtime caching rules. Please feel free to copy the default cache.js file and customize the rules as you like. Don't forget to inject the configurations into your pwa config in next.config.js.

Here is the document on how to write runtime caching configurations, including background sync and broadcast update features and more!

Tips

  1. Common UX pattern to ask user to reload when new service worker is installed
  2. Use a convention like {command: 'doSomething', message: ''} object when postMessage to service worker. So that on the listener, it could do multiple different tasks using if...else....
  3. When you are debugging service worker, constantly clean application cache to reduce some flaky errors.
  4. If you are redirecting the user to another route, please note workbox by default only cache response with 200 HTTP status, if you really want to cache redirected page for the route, you can specify it in runtimeCaching such as options.cacheableResponse.statuses=[200,302].
  5. When debugging issues, you may want to format your generated sw.js file to figure out what's really going on.
  6. Force next-pwa to generate worker box production build by specify the option mode: 'production' in your pwa section of next.config.js. Though next-pwa automatically generate the worker box development build during development (by running next) and worker box production build during production (by running next build and next start). You may still want to force it to production build even during development of your web app for following reason:
    1. Reduce logging noise due to production build doesn't include logging.
    2. Improve performance a bit due to production build is optimized and minified.
  7. If you just want to disable worker box logging while keeping development build during development, simply put self.__WB_DISABLE_DEV_LOGS = true in your worker/index.js (create one if you don't have one).
  8. It is common developers have to use userAgent string to determine if users are using Safari/iOS/MacOS or some other platform, ua-parser-js library is a good friend for that purpose.

Reference

  1. Google Workbox
  2. ServiceWorker, MessageChannel, & postMessage by NicolΓ‘s Bevacqua
  3. The Service Worker Lifecycle
  4. 6 Tips to make your iOS PWA feel like a native app
  5. Make Your PWA Available on Google Play Store

Fun PWA Projects

  1. Experience SAMSUNG on an iPhone - must open on an iPhone to start
  2. App Scope - like an app store for PWA
  3. PWA Directory
  4. PWA Builder - Alternative way to build awesome PWA

Download Details:
Author: shadowwalker
Source Code: https://github.com/shadowwalker/next-pwa
License: MIT license

#nextjs #react #javascript #pwa

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Buddha Community

Next PWA | Zero Config PWA Plugin for Next.js

NBB: Ad-hoc CLJS Scripting on Node.js

Nbb

Not babashka. Node.js babashka!?

Ad-hoc CLJS scripting on Node.js.

Status

Experimental. Please report issues here.

Goals and features

Nbb's main goal is to make it easy to get started with ad hoc CLJS scripting on Node.js.

Additional goals and features are:

  • Fast startup without relying on a custom version of Node.js.
  • Small artifact (current size is around 1.2MB).
  • First class macros.
  • Support building small TUI apps using Reagent.
  • Complement babashka with libraries from the Node.js ecosystem.

Requirements

Nbb requires Node.js v12 or newer.

How does this tool work?

CLJS code is evaluated through SCI, the same interpreter that powers babashka. Because SCI works with advanced compilation, the bundle size, especially when combined with other dependencies, is smaller than what you get with self-hosted CLJS. That makes startup faster. The trade-off is that execution is less performant and that only a subset of CLJS is available (e.g. no deftype, yet).

Usage

Install nbb from NPM:

$ npm install nbb -g

Omit -g for a local install.

Try out an expression:

$ nbb -e '(+ 1 2 3)'
6

And then install some other NPM libraries to use in the script. E.g.:

$ npm install csv-parse shelljs zx

Create a script which uses the NPM libraries:

(ns script
  (:require ["csv-parse/lib/sync$default" :as csv-parse]
            ["fs" :as fs]
            ["path" :as path]
            ["shelljs$default" :as sh]
            ["term-size$default" :as term-size]
            ["zx$default" :as zx]
            ["zx$fs" :as zxfs]
            [nbb.core :refer [*file*]]))

(prn (path/resolve "."))

(prn (term-size))

(println (count (str (fs/readFileSync *file*))))

(prn (sh/ls "."))

(prn (csv-parse "foo,bar"))

(prn (zxfs/existsSync *file*))

(zx/$ #js ["ls"])

Call the script:

$ nbb script.cljs
"/private/tmp/test-script"
#js {:columns 216, :rows 47}
510
#js ["node_modules" "package-lock.json" "package.json" "script.cljs"]
#js [#js ["foo" "bar"]]
true
$ ls
node_modules
package-lock.json
package.json
script.cljs

Macros

Nbb has first class support for macros: you can define them right inside your .cljs file, like you are used to from JVM Clojure. Consider the plet macro to make working with promises more palatable:

(defmacro plet
  [bindings & body]
  (let [binding-pairs (reverse (partition 2 bindings))
        body (cons 'do body)]
    (reduce (fn [body [sym expr]]
              (let [expr (list '.resolve 'js/Promise expr)]
                (list '.then expr (list 'clojure.core/fn (vector sym)
                                        body))))
            body
            binding-pairs)))

Using this macro we can look async code more like sync code. Consider this puppeteer example:

(-> (.launch puppeteer)
      (.then (fn [browser]
               (-> (.newPage browser)
                   (.then (fn [page]
                            (-> (.goto page "https://clojure.org")
                                (.then #(.screenshot page #js{:path "screenshot.png"}))
                                (.catch #(js/console.log %))
                                (.then #(.close browser)))))))))

Using plet this becomes:

(plet [browser (.launch puppeteer)
       page (.newPage browser)
       _ (.goto page "https://clojure.org")
       _ (-> (.screenshot page #js{:path "screenshot.png"})
             (.catch #(js/console.log %)))]
      (.close browser))

See the puppeteer example for the full code.

Since v0.0.36, nbb includes promesa which is a library to deal with promises. The above plet macro is similar to promesa.core/let.

Startup time

$ time nbb -e '(+ 1 2 3)'
6
nbb -e '(+ 1 2 3)'   0.17s  user 0.02s system 109% cpu 0.168 total

The baseline startup time for a script is about 170ms seconds on my laptop. When invoked via npx this adds another 300ms or so, so for faster startup, either use a globally installed nbb or use $(npm bin)/nbb script.cljs to bypass npx.

Dependencies

NPM dependencies

Nbb does not depend on any NPM dependencies. All NPM libraries loaded by a script are resolved relative to that script. When using the Reagent module, React is resolved in the same way as any other NPM library.

Classpath

To load .cljs files from local paths or dependencies, you can use the --classpath argument. The current dir is added to the classpath automatically. So if there is a file foo/bar.cljs relative to your current dir, then you can load it via (:require [foo.bar :as fb]). Note that nbb uses the same naming conventions for namespaces and directories as other Clojure tools: foo-bar in the namespace name becomes foo_bar in the directory name.

To load dependencies from the Clojure ecosystem, you can use the Clojure CLI or babashka to download them and produce a classpath:

$ classpath="$(clojure -A:nbb -Spath -Sdeps '{:aliases {:nbb {:replace-deps {com.github.seancorfield/honeysql {:git/tag "v2.0.0-rc5" :git/sha "01c3a55"}}}}}')"

and then feed it to the --classpath argument:

$ nbb --classpath "$classpath" -e "(require '[honey.sql :as sql]) (sql/format {:select :foo :from :bar :where [:= :baz 2]})"
["SELECT foo FROM bar WHERE baz = ?" 2]

Currently nbb only reads from directories, not jar files, so you are encouraged to use git libs. Support for .jar files will be added later.

Current file

The name of the file that is currently being executed is available via nbb.core/*file* or on the metadata of vars:

(ns foo
  (:require [nbb.core :refer [*file*]]))

(prn *file*) ;; "/private/tmp/foo.cljs"

(defn f [])
(prn (:file (meta #'f))) ;; "/private/tmp/foo.cljs"

Reagent

Nbb includes reagent.core which will be lazily loaded when required. You can use this together with ink to create a TUI application:

$ npm install ink

ink-demo.cljs:

(ns ink-demo
  (:require ["ink" :refer [render Text]]
            [reagent.core :as r]))

(defonce state (r/atom 0))

(doseq [n (range 1 11)]
  (js/setTimeout #(swap! state inc) (* n 500)))

(defn hello []
  [:> Text {:color "green"} "Hello, world! " @state])

(render (r/as-element [hello]))

Promesa

Working with callbacks and promises can become tedious. Since nbb v0.0.36 the promesa.core namespace is included with the let and do! macros. An example:

(ns prom
  (:require [promesa.core :as p]))

(defn sleep [ms]
  (js/Promise.
   (fn [resolve _]
     (js/setTimeout resolve ms))))

(defn do-stuff
  []
  (p/do!
   (println "Doing stuff which takes a while")
   (sleep 1000)
   1))

(p/let [a (do-stuff)
        b (inc a)
        c (do-stuff)
        d (+ b c)]
  (prn d))
$ nbb prom.cljs
Doing stuff which takes a while
Doing stuff which takes a while
3

Also see API docs.

Js-interop

Since nbb v0.0.75 applied-science/js-interop is available:

(ns example
  (:require [applied-science.js-interop :as j]))

(def o (j/lit {:a 1 :b 2 :c {:d 1}}))

(prn (j/select-keys o [:a :b])) ;; #js {:a 1, :b 2}
(prn (j/get-in o [:c :d])) ;; 1

Most of this library is supported in nbb, except the following:

  • destructuring using :syms
  • property access using .-x notation. In nbb, you must use keywords.

See the example of what is currently supported.

Examples

See the examples directory for small examples.

Also check out these projects built with nbb:

API

See API documentation.

Migrating to shadow-cljs

See this gist on how to convert an nbb script or project to shadow-cljs.

Build

Prequisites:

  • babashka >= 0.4.0
  • Clojure CLI >= 1.10.3.933
  • Node.js 16.5.0 (lower version may work, but this is the one I used to build)

To build:

  • Clone and cd into this repo
  • bb release

Run bb tasks for more project-related tasks.

Download Details:
Author: borkdude
Download Link: Download The Source Code
Official Website: https://github.com/borkdude/nbb 
License: EPL-1.0

#node #javascript

Eva  Murphy

Eva Murphy

1625674200

Google analytics Setup with Next JS, React JS using Router Events - 14

In this video, we are going to implement Google Analytics to our Next JS application. Tracking page views of an application is very important.

Google analytics will allow us to track analytics information.

Frontend: https://github.com/amitavroy/video-reviews
API: https://github.com/amitavdevzone/video-review-api
App link: https://video-reviews.vercel.app

You can find me on:
Twitter: https://twitter.com/amitavroy7​
Discord: https://discord.gg/Em4nuvQk

#next js #js #react js #react #next #google analytics

Asset Sync: Synchronises Assets Between Rails and S3

Asset Sync

Synchronises Assets between Rails and S3.

Asset Sync is built to run with the new Rails Asset Pipeline feature introduced in Rails 3.1. After you run bundle exec rake assets:precompile your assets will be synchronised to your S3 bucket, optionally deleting unused files and only uploading the files it needs to.

This was initially built and is intended to work on Heroku but can work on any platform.

Upgrading?

Upgraded from 1.x? Read UPGRADING.md

Installation

Since 2.x, Asset Sync depends on gem fog-core instead of fog.
This is due to fog is including many unused storage provider gems as its dependencies.

Asset Sync has no idea about what provider will be used,
so you are responsible for bundling the right gem for the provider to be used.

In your Gemfile:

gem "asset_sync"
gem "fog-aws"

Or, to use Azure Blob storage, configure as this.

gem "asset_sync"
gem "gitlab-fog-azure-rm"

# This gem seems unmaintianed
# gem "fog-azure-rm"

To use Backblaze B2, insert these.

gem "asset_sync"
gem "fog-backblaze"

Extended Installation (Faster sync with turbosprockets)

It's possible to improve asset:precompile time if you are using Rails 3.2.x the main source of which being compilation of non-digest assets.

turbo-sprockets-rails3 solves this by only compiling digest assets. Thus cutting compile time in half.

NOTE: It will be deprecated in Rails 4 as sprockets-rails has been extracted out of Rails and will only compile digest assets by default.

Configuration

Rails

Configure config/environments/production.rb to use Amazon S3 as the asset host and ensure precompiling is enabled.

  #config/environments/production.rb
  config.action_controller.asset_host = "//#{ENV['FOG_DIRECTORY']}.s3.amazonaws.com"

Or, to use Google Storage Cloud, configure as this.

  #config/environments/production.rb
  config.action_controller.asset_host = "//#{ENV['FOG_DIRECTORY']}.storage.googleapis.com"

Or, to use Azure Blob storage, configure as this.

  #config/environments/production.rb
  config.action_controller.asset_host = "//#{ENV['AZURE_STORAGE_ACCOUNT_NAME']}.blob.core.windows.net/#{ENV['FOG_DIRECTORY']}"

Or, to use Backblaze B2, configure as this.

  #config/environments/production.rb
  config.action_controller.asset_host = "//f000.backblazeb2.com/file/#{ENV['FOG_DIRECTORY']}"

On HTTPS: the exclusion of any protocol in the asset host declaration above will allow browsers to choose the transport mechanism on the fly. So if your application is available under both HTTP and HTTPS the assets will be served to match.

The only caveat with this is that your S3 bucket name must not contain any periods so, mydomain.com.s3.amazonaws.com for example would not work under HTTPS as SSL certificates from Amazon would interpret our bucket name as not a subdomain of s3.amazonaws.com, but a multi level subdomain. To avoid this don't use a period in your subdomain or switch to the other style of S3 URL.

  config.action_controller.asset_host = "//s3.amazonaws.com/#{ENV['FOG_DIRECTORY']}"

Or, to use Google Storage Cloud, configure as this.

  config.action_controller.asset_host = "//storage.googleapis.com/#{ENV['FOG_DIRECTORY']}"

Or, to use Azure Blob storage, configure as this.

  #config/environments/production.rb
  config.action_controller.asset_host = "//#{ENV['AZURE_STORAGE_ACCOUNT_NAME']}.blob.core.windows.net/#{ENV['FOG_DIRECTORY']}"

On non default S3 bucket region: If your bucket is set to a region that is not the default US Standard (us-east-1) you must use the first style of url //#{ENV['FOG_DIRECTORY']}.s3.amazonaws.com or amazon will return a 301 permanently moved when assets are requested. Note the caveat above about bucket names and periods.

If you wish to have your assets sync to a sub-folder of your bucket instead of into the root add the following to your production.rb file

  # store assets in a 'folder' instead of bucket root
  config.assets.prefix = "/production/assets"

Also, ensure the following are defined (in production.rb or application.rb)

  • config.assets.digest is set to true.
  • config.assets.enabled is set to true.

Additionally, if you depend on any configuration that is setup in your initializers you will need to ensure that

  • config.assets.initialize_on_precompile is set to true

AssetSync

AssetSync supports the following methods of configuration.

Using the Built-in Initializer is the default method and is supposed to be used with environment variables. It's the recommended approach for deployments on Heroku.

If you need more control over configuration you will want to use a custom rails initializer.

Configuration using a YAML file (a common strategy for Capistrano deployments) is also supported.

The recommend way to configure asset_sync is by using environment variables however it's up to you, it will work fine if you hard code them too. The main reason why using environment variables is recommended is so your access keys are not checked into version control.

Built-in Initializer (Environment Variables)

The Built-in Initializer will configure AssetSync based on the contents of your environment variables.

Add your configuration details to heroku

heroku config:add AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID=xxxx
heroku config:add AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY=xxxx
heroku config:add FOG_DIRECTORY=xxxx
heroku config:add FOG_PROVIDER=AWS
# and optionally:
heroku config:add FOG_REGION=eu-west-1
heroku config:add ASSET_SYNC_GZIP_COMPRESSION=true
heroku config:add ASSET_SYNC_MANIFEST=true
heroku config:add ASSET_SYNC_EXISTING_REMOTE_FILES=keep

Or add to a traditional unix system

export AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID=xxxx
export AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY=xxxx
export FOG_DIRECTORY=xxxx

Rackspace configuration is also supported

heroku config:add RACKSPACE_USERNAME=xxxx
heroku config:add RACKSPACE_API_KEY=xxxx
heroku config:add FOG_DIRECTORY=xxxx
heroku config:add FOG_PROVIDER=Rackspace

Google Storage Cloud configuration is supported as well. The preferred option is using the GCS JSON API which requires that you create an appropriate service account, generate the signatures and make them accessible to asset sync at the prescribed location

heroku config:add FOG_PROVIDER=Google
heroku config:add GOOGLE_PROJECT=xxxx
heroku config:add GOOGLE_JSON_KEY_LOCATION=xxxx
heroku config:add FOG_DIRECTORY=xxxx

If using the S3 API the following config is required

heroku config:add FOG_PROVIDER=Google
heroku config:add GOOGLE_STORAGE_ACCESS_KEY_ID=xxxx
heroku config:add GOOGLE_STORAGE_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY=xxxx
heroku config:add FOG_DIRECTORY=xxxx

The Built-in Initializer also sets the AssetSync default for existing_remote_files to keep.

Custom Rails Initializer (config/initializers/asset_sync.rb)

If you want to enable some of the advanced configuration options you will want to create your own initializer.

Run the included Rake task to generate a starting point.

rails g asset_sync:install --provider=Rackspace
rails g asset_sync:install --provider=AWS
rails g asset_sync:install --provider=AzureRM
rails g asset_sync:install --provider=Backblaze

The generator will create a Rails initializer at config/initializers/asset_sync.rb.

AssetSync.configure do |config|
  config.fog_provider = 'AWS'
  config.fog_directory = ENV['FOG_DIRECTORY']
  config.aws_access_key_id = ENV['AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID']
  config.aws_secret_access_key = ENV['AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY']
  config.aws_session_token = ENV['AWS_SESSION_TOKEN'] if ENV.key?('AWS_SESSION_TOKEN')

  # Don't delete files from the store
  # config.existing_remote_files = 'keep'
  #
  # Increase upload performance by configuring your region
  # config.fog_region = 'eu-west-1'
  #
  # Set `public` option when uploading file depending on value,
  # Setting to "default" makes asset sync skip setting the option
  # Possible values: true, false, "default" (default: true)
  # config.fog_public = true
  #
  # Change AWS signature version. Default is 4
  # config.aws_signature_version = 4
  #
  # Change canned ACL of uploaded object. Default is unset. Will override fog_public if set.
  # Choose from: private | public-read | public-read-write | aws-exec-read |
  #              authenticated-read | bucket-owner-read | bucket-owner-full-control 
  # config.aws_acl = nil 
  #
  # Change host option in fog (only if you need to)
  # config.fog_host = 's3.amazonaws.com'
  #
  # Change port option in fog (only if you need to)
  # config.fog_port = "9000"
  #
  # Use http instead of https.
  # config.fog_scheme = 'http'
  #
  # Automatically replace files with their equivalent gzip compressed version
  # config.gzip_compression = true
  #
  # Use the Rails generated 'manifest.yml' file to produce the list of files to
  # upload instead of searching the assets directory.
  # config.manifest = true
  #
  # Upload the manifest file also.
  # config.include_manifest = false
  #
  # Upload files concurrently
  # config.concurrent_uploads = false
  #
  # Number of threads when concurrent_uploads is enabled
  # config.concurrent_uploads_max_threads = 10
  #
  # Path to cache file to skip scanning remote
  # config.remote_file_list_cache_file_path = './.asset_sync_remote_file_list_cache.json'
  #
  # Fail silently.  Useful for environments such as Heroku
  # config.fail_silently = true
  #
  # Log silently. Default is `true`. But you can set it to false if more logging message are preferred.
  # Logging messages are sent to `STDOUT` when `log_silently` is falsy
  # config.log_silently = true
  #
  # Allow custom assets to be cacheable. Note: The base filename will be matched
  # If you have an asset with name `app.0b1a4cd3.js`, only `app.0b1a4cd3` will need to be matched
  # only one of `cache_asset_regexp` or `cache_asset_regexps` is allowed.
  # config.cache_asset_regexp = /\.[a-f0-9]{8}$/i
  # config.cache_asset_regexps = [ /\.[a-f0-9]{8}$/i, /\.[a-f0-9]{20}$/i ]
end

YAML (config/asset_sync.yml)

Run the included Rake task to generate a starting point.

rails g asset_sync:install --use-yml --provider=Rackspace
rails g asset_sync:install --use-yml --provider=AWS
rails g asset_sync:install --use-yml --provider=AzureRM
rails g asset_sync:install --use-yml --provider=Backblaze

The generator will create a YAML file at config/asset_sync.yml.

defaults: &defaults
  fog_provider: "AWS"
  fog_directory: "rails-app-assets"
  aws_access_key_id: "<%= ENV['AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID'] %>"
  aws_secret_access_key: "<%= ENV['AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY'] %>"

  # To use AWS reduced redundancy storage.
  # aws_reduced_redundancy: true
  #
  # You may need to specify what region your storage bucket is in
  # fog_region: "eu-west-1"
  #
  # Change AWS signature version. Default is 4
  # aws_signature_version: 4
  #
  # Change canned ACL of uploaded object. Default is unset. Will override fog_public if set.
  # Choose from: private | public-read | public-read-write | aws-exec-read |
  #              authenticated-read | bucket-owner-read | bucket-owner-full-control 
  # aws_acl: null
  #
  # Change host option in fog (only if you need to)
  # fog_host: "s3.amazonaws.com"
  #
  # Use http instead of https. Default should be "https" (at least for fog-aws)
  # fog_scheme: "http"

  existing_remote_files: keep # Existing pre-compiled assets on S3 will be kept
  # To delete existing remote files.
  # existing_remote_files: delete
  # To ignore existing remote files and overwrite.
  # existing_remote_files: ignore
  # Automatically replace files with their equivalent gzip compressed version
  # gzip_compression: true
  # Fail silently.  Useful for environments such as Heroku
  # fail_silently: true
  # Always upload. Useful if you want to overwrite specific remote assets regardless of their existence
  #  eg: Static files in public often reference non-fingerprinted application.css
  #  note: You will still need to expire them from the CDN's edge cache locations
  # always_upload: ['application.js', 'application.css', !ruby/regexp '/application-/\d{32}\.css/']
  # Ignored files. Useful if there are some files that are created dynamically on the server and you don't want to upload on deploy.
  # ignored_files: ['ignore_me.js', !ruby/regexp '/ignore_some/\d{32}\.css/']
  # Allow custom assets to be cacheable. Note: The base filename will be matched
  # If you have an asset with name "app.0b1a4cd3.js", only "app.0b1a4cd3" will need to be matched
  # cache_asset_regexps: ['cache_me.js', !ruby/regexp '/cache_some\.\d{8}\.css/']

development:
  <<: *defaults

test:
  <<: *defaults

production:
  <<: *defaults

Available Configuration Options

Most AssetSync configuration can be modified directly using environment variables with the Built-in initializer. e.g.

AssetSync.config.fog_provider == ENV['FOG_PROVIDER']

Simply upcase the ruby attribute names to get the equivalent environment variable to set. The only exception to that rule are the internal AssetSync config variables, they must be prepended with ASSET_SYNC_* e.g.

AssetSync.config.gzip_compression == ENV['ASSET_SYNC_GZIP_COMPRESSION']

AssetSync (optional)

  • existing_remote_files: ('keep', 'delete', 'ignore') what to do with previously precompiled files. default: 'keep'
  • gzip_compression: (true, false) when enabled, will automatically replace files that have a gzip compressed equivalent with the compressed version. default: 'false'
  • manifest: (true, false) when enabled, will use the manifest.yml generated by Rails to get the list of local files to upload. experimental. default: 'false'
  • include_manifest: (true, false) when enabled, will upload the manifest.yml generated by Rails. default: 'false'
  • concurrent_uploads: (true, false) when enabled, will upload the files in different Threads, this greatly improves the upload speed. default: 'false'
  • concurrent_uploads_max_threads: when concurrent_uploads is enabled, this determines the number of threads that will be created. default: 10
  • remote_file_list_cache_file_path: if present, use this path to cache remote file list to skip scanning remote default: nil
  • enabled: (true, false) when false, will disable asset sync. default: 'true' (enabled)
  • ignored_files: an array of files to ignore e.g. ['ignore_me.js', %r(ignore_some/\d{32}\.css)] Useful if there are some files that are created dynamically on the server and you don't want to upload on deploy default: []
  • cache_asset_regexps: an array of files to add cache headers e.g. ['cache_me.js', %r(cache_some\.\d{8}\.css)] Useful if there are some files that are added to sprockets assets list and need to be set as 'Cacheable' on uploaded server. Only rails compiled regexp is matched internally default: []

Config Method add_local_file_paths

Adding local files by providing a block:

AssetSync.configure do |config|
  # The block should return an array of file paths
  config.add_local_file_paths do
    # Any code that returns paths of local asset files to be uploaded
    # Like Webpacker
    public_root = Rails.root.join("public")
    Dir.chdir(public_root) do
      packs_dir = Webpacker.config.public_output_path.relative_path_from(public_root)
      Dir[File.join(packs_dir, '/**/**')]
    end
  end
end

The blocks are run when local files are being scanned and uploaded

Config Method file_ext_to_mime_type_overrides

It's reported that mime-types 3.x returns application/ecmascript instead of application/javascript
Such change of mime type might cause some CDN to disable asset compression
So this gem has defined a default override for file ext js to be mapped to application/javascript by default

To customize the overrides:

AssetSync.configure do |config|
  # Clear the default overrides
  config.file_ext_to_mime_type_overrides.clear

  # Add/Edit overrides
  # Will call `#to_s` for inputs
  config.file_ext_to_mime_type_overrides.add(:js, :"application/x-javascript")
end

The blocks are run when local files are being scanned and uploaded

Fog (Required)

  • fog_provider: your storage provider AWS (S3) or Rackspace (Cloud Files) or Google (Google Storage) or AzureRM (Azure Blob) or Backblaze (Backblaze B2)
  • fog_directory: your bucket name

Fog (Optional)

  • fog_region: the region your storage bucket is in e.g. eu-west-1 (AWS), ord (Rackspace), japanwest (Azure Blob)
  • fog_path_style: To use buckets with dot in names, check fog/fog#2381 (comment)

AWS

  • aws_access_key_id: your Amazon S3 access key
  • aws_secret_access_key: your Amazon S3 access secret
  • aws_acl: set canned ACL of uploaded object, will override fog_public if set

Rackspace

  • rackspace_username: your Rackspace username
  • rackspace_api_key: your Rackspace API Key.

Google Storage

When using the JSON API

  • google_project: your Google Cloud Project name where the Google Cloud Storage bucket resides
  • google_json_key_location: path to the location of the service account key. The service account key must be a JSON type key

When using the S3 API

  • google_storage_access_key_id: your Google Storage access key
  • google_storage_secret_access_key: your Google Storage access secret

Azure Blob

  • azure_storage_account_name: your Azure Blob access key
  • azure_storage_access_key: your Azure Blob access secret

Backblaze B2

  • b2_key_id: Your Backblaze B2 key ID
  • b2_key_token: Your Backblaze B2 key token
  • b2_bucket_id: Your Backblaze B2 bucket ID

Rackspace (Optional)

  • rackspace_auth_url: Rackspace auth URL, for Rackspace London use: https://lon.identity.api.rackspacecloud.com/v2.0

Amazon S3 Multiple Region Support

If you are using anything other than the US buckets with S3 then you'll want to set the region. For example with an EU bucket you could set the following environment variable.

heroku config:add FOG_REGION=eu-west-1

Or via a custom initializer

AssetSync.configure do |config|
  # ...
  config.fog_region = 'eu-west-1'
end

Or via YAML

production:  # ...  fog_region: 'eu-west-1'

Amazon (AWS) IAM Users

Amazon has switched to the more secure IAM User security policy model. When generating a user & policy for asset_sync you must ensure the policy has the following permissions, or you'll see the error:

Expected(200) <=> Actual(403 Forbidden)

IAM User Policy Example with minimum require permissions (replace bucket_name with your bucket):

{
  "Statement": [
    {
      "Action": "s3:ListBucket",
      "Effect": "Allow",
      "Resource": "arn:aws:s3:::bucket_name"
    },
    {
      "Action": "s3:PutObject*",
      "Effect": "Allow",
      "Resource": "arn:aws:s3:::bucket_name/*"
    }
  ]
}

If you want to use IAM roles you must set config.aws_iam_roles = true in your initializers.

AssetSync.configure do |config|
  # ...
  config.aws_iam_roles = true
end

Automatic gzip compression

With the gzip_compression option enabled, when uploading your assets. If a file has a gzip compressed equivalent we will replace that asset with the compressed version and sets the correct headers for S3 to serve it. For example, if you have a file master.css and it was compressed to master.css.gz we will upload the .gz file to S3 in place of the uncompressed file.

If the compressed file is actually larger than the uncompressed file we will ignore this rule and upload the standard uncompressed version.

Fail Silently

With the fail_silently option enabled, when running rake assets:precompile AssetSync will never throw an error due to missing configuration variables.

With the new user_env_compile feature of Heroku (see above), this is no longer required or recommended. Yet was added for the following reasons:

With Rails 3.1 on the Heroku cedar stack, the deployment process automatically runs rake assets:precompile. If you are using ENV variable style configuration. Due to the methods with which Heroku compile slugs, there will be an error raised by asset_sync as the environment is not available. This causes heroku to install the rails31_enable_runtime_asset_compilation plugin which is not necessary when using asset_sync and also massively slows down the first incoming requests to your app.

To prevent this part of the deploy from failing (asset_sync raising a config error), but carry on as normal set fail_silently to true in your configuration and ensure to run heroku run rake assets:precompile after deploy.

Rake Task

A rake task is included within the asset_sync gem to perform the sync:

  namespace :assets do
    desc "Synchronize assets to S3"
    task :sync => :environment do
      AssetSync.sync
    end
  end

If AssetSync.config.run_on_precompile is true (default), then assets will be uploaded to S3 automatically after the assets:precompile rake task is invoked:

  if Rake::Task.task_defined?("assets:precompile:nondigest")
    Rake::Task["assets:precompile:nondigest"].enhance do
      Rake::Task["assets:sync"].invoke if defined?(AssetSync) && AssetSync.config.run_on_precompile
    end
  else
    Rake::Task["assets:precompile"].enhance do
      Rake::Task["assets:sync"].invoke if defined?(AssetSync) && AssetSync.config.run_on_precompile
    end
  end

You can disable this behavior by setting AssetSync.config.run_on_precompile = false.

Sinatra/Rack Support

You can use the gem with any Rack application, but you must specify two additional options; prefix and public_path.

AssetSync.configure do |config|
  config.fog_provider = 'AWS'
  config.fog_directory = ENV['FOG_DIRECTORY']
  config.aws_access_key_id = ENV['AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID']
  config.aws_secret_access_key = ENV['AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY']
  config.prefix = 'assets'
  # Can be a `Pathname` or `String`
  # Will be converted into an `Pathname`
  # If relative, will be converted into an absolute path
  # via `::Rails.root` or `::Dir.pwd`
  config.public_path = Pathname('./public')
end

Then manually call AssetSync.sync at the end of your asset precompilation task.

namespace :assets do
  desc 'Precompile assets'
  task :precompile do
    target = Pathname('./public/assets')
    manifest = Sprockets::Manifest.new(sprockets, './public/assets/manifest.json')

    sprockets.each_logical_path do |logical_path|
      if (!File.extname(logical_path).in?(['.js', '.css']) || logical_path =~ /application\.(css|js)$/) && asset = sprockets.find_asset(logical_path)
        filename = target.join(logical_path)
        FileUtils.mkpath(filename.dirname)
        puts "Write asset: #{filename}"
        asset.write_to(filename)
        manifest.compile(logical_path)
      end
    end

    AssetSync.sync
  end
end

Webpacker (> 2.0) support

  1. Add webpacker files and disable run_on_precompile:
AssetSync.configure do |config|
  # Disable automatic run on precompile in order to attach to webpacker rake task
  config.run_on_precompile = false
  # The block should return an array of file paths
  config.add_local_file_paths do
    # Support webpacker assets
    public_root = Rails.root.join("public")
    Dir.chdir(public_root) do
      packs_dir = Webpacker.config.public_output_path.relative_path_from(public_root)
      Dir[File.join(packs_dir, '/**/**')]
    end
  end
end
  1. Add a asset_sync.rake in your lib/tasks directory that enhances the correct task, otherwise asset_sync runs before webpacker:compile does:
if defined?(AssetSync)
  Rake::Task['webpacker:compile'].enhance do
    Rake::Task["assets:sync"].invoke
  end
end

Caveat

By adding local files outside the normal Rails assets directory, the uploading part works, however checking that the asset was previously uploaded is not working because asset_sync is only fetching the files in the assets directory on the remote bucket. This will mean additional time used to upload the same assets again on every precompilation.

Running the specs

Make sure you have a .env file with these details:-

# for AWS provider
AWS_ACCESS_KEY_ID=<yourkeyid>
AWS_SECRET_ACCESS_KEY=<yoursecretkey>
FOG_DIRECTORY=<yourbucket>
FOG_REGION=<youbucketregion>

# for AzureRM provider
AZURE_STORAGE_ACCOUNT_NAME=<youraccountname>
AZURE_STORAGE_ACCESS_KEY=<youraccesskey>
FOG_DIRECTORY=<yourcontainer>
FOG_REGION=<yourcontainerregion>

Make sure the bucket has read/write permissions. Then to run the tests:-

foreman run rake

Todo

  1. Add some before and after filters for deleting and uploading
  2. Support more cloud storage providers
  3. Better test coverage
  4. Add rake tasks to clean old assets from a bucket

Credits

Inspired by:

License

MIT License. Copyright 2011-2013 Rumble Labs Ltd. rumblelabs.com


Author: AssetSync
Source code: https://github.com/AssetSync/asset_sync
License:

#ruby   #ruby-on-rails 

Perl Critic: The Leading Static analyzer for Perl

BUILD STATUS

NAME

Perl::Critic - Critique Perl source code for best-practices.

SYNOPSIS

use Perl::Critic;
my $file = shift;
my $critic = Perl::Critic->new();
my @violations = $critic->critique($file);
print @violations;

DESCRIPTION

Perl::Critic is an extensible framework for creating and applying coding standards to Perl source code. Essentially, it is a static source code analysis engine. Perl::Critic is distributed with a number of Perl::Critic::Policy modules that attempt to enforce various coding guidelines. Most Policy modules are based on Damian Conway's book Perl Best Practices. However, Perl::Critic is not limited to PBP and will even support Policies that contradict Conway. You can enable, disable, and customize those Polices through the Perl::Critic interface. You can also create new Policy modules that suit your own tastes.

For a command-line interface to Perl::Critic, see the documentation for perlcritic. If you want to integrate Perl::Critic with your build process, Test::Perl::Critic provides an interface that is suitable for test programs. Also, Test::Perl::Critic::Progressive is useful for gradually applying coding standards to legacy code. For the ultimate convenience (at the expense of some flexibility) see the criticism pragma.

If you'd like to try Perl::Critic without installing anything, there is a web-service available at http://perlcritic.com. The web-service does not yet support all the configuration features that are available in the native Perl::Critic API, but it should give you a good idea of what it does.

Also, ActivePerl includes a very slick graphical interface to Perl-Critic called perlcritic-gui. You can get a free community edition of ActivePerl from http://www.activestate.com.

PREREQUISITES

Perl::Critic runs on Perl back to Perl 5.6.1. It relies on the PPI module to do the heavy work of parsing Perl.

INTERFACE SUPPORT

The Perl::Critic module is considered to be a public class. Any changes to its interface will go through a deprecation cycle.

CONSTRUCTOR

new( [ -profile => $FILE, -severity => $N, -theme => $string, -include => \@PATTERNS, -exclude => \@PATTERNS, -top => $N, -only => $B, -profile-strictness => $PROFILE_STRICTNESS_{WARN|FATAL|QUIET}, -force => $B, -verbose => $N ], -color => $B, -pager => $string, -allow-unsafe => $B, -criticism-fatal => $B)

new()

Returns a reference to a new Perl::Critic object. Most arguments are just passed directly into Perl::Critic::Config, but I have described them here as well. The default value for all arguments can be defined in your .perlcriticrc file. See the "CONFIGURATION" section for more information about that. All arguments are optional key-value pairs as follows:

-profile is a path to a configuration file. If $FILE is not defined, Perl::Critic::Config attempts to find a .perlcriticrc configuration file in the current directory, and then in your home directory. Alternatively, you can set the PERLCRITIC environment variable to point to a file in another location. If a configuration file can't be found, or if $FILE is an empty string, then all Policies will be loaded with their default configuration. See "CONFIGURATION" for more information.

-severity is the minimum severity level. Only Policy modules that have a severity greater than $N will be applied. Severity values are integers ranging from 1 (least severe violations) to 5 (most severe violations). The default is 5. For a given -profile, decreasing the -severity will usually reveal more Policy violations. You can set the default value for this option in your .perlcriticrc file. Users can redefine the severity level for any Policy in their .perlcriticrc file. See "CONFIGURATION" for more information.

If it is difficult for you to remember whether severity "5" is the most or least restrictive level, then you can use one of these named values:

  SEVERITY NAME   ...is equivalent to...   SEVERITY NUMBER
  --------------------------------------------------------
  -severity => 'gentle'                     -severity => 5
  -severity => 'stern'                      -severity => 4
  -severity => 'harsh'                      -severity => 3
  -severity => 'cruel'                      -severity => 2
  -severity => 'brutal'                     -severity => 1

The names reflect how severely the code is criticized: a gentle criticism reports only the most severe violations, and so on down to a brutal criticism which reports even the most minor violations.

-theme is special expression that determines which Policies to apply based on their respective themes. For example, the following would load only Policies that have a 'bugs' AND 'pbp' theme:

  my $critic = Perl::Critic->new( -theme => 'bugs && pbp' );

Unless the -severity option is explicitly given, setting -theme silently causes the -severity to be set to 1. You can set the default value for this option in your .perlcriticrc file. See the "POLICY THEMES" section for more information about themes.

-include is a reference to a list of string @PATTERNS. Policy modules that match at least one m/$PATTERN/ixms will always be loaded, irrespective of all other settings. For example:

  my $critic = Perl::Critic->new(-include => ['layout'], -severity => 4);

This would cause Perl::Critic to apply all the CodeLayout::* Policy modules even though they have a severity level that is less than 4. You can set the default value for this option in your .perlcriticrc file. You can also use -include in conjunction with the -exclude option. Note that -exclude takes precedence over -include when a Policy matches both patterns.

-exclude is a reference to a list of string @PATTERNS. Policy modules that match at least one m/$PATTERN/ixms will not be loaded, irrespective of all other settings. For example:

  my $critic = Perl::Critic->new(-exclude => ['strict'], -severity => 1);

This would cause Perl::Critic to not apply the RequireUseStrict and ProhibitNoStrict Policy modules even though they have a severity level that is greater than 1. You can set the default value for this option in your .perlcriticrc file. You can also use -exclude in conjunction with the -include option. Note that -exclude takes precedence over -include when a Policy matches both patterns.

-single-policy is a string PATTERN. Only one policy that matches m/$PATTERN/ixms will be used. Policies that do not match will be excluded. This option has precedence over the -severity, -theme, -include, -exclude, and -only options. You can set the default value for this option in your .perlcriticrc file.

-top is the maximum number of Violations to return when ranked by their severity levels. This must be a positive integer. Violations are still returned in the order that they occur within the file. Unless the -severity option is explicitly given, setting -top silently causes the -severity to be set to 1. You can set the default value for this option in your .perlcriticrc file.

-only is a boolean value. If set to a true value, Perl::Critic will only choose from Policies that are mentioned in the user's profile. If set to a false value (which is the default), then Perl::Critic chooses from all the Policies that it finds at your site. You can set the default value for this option in your .perlcriticrc file.

-profile-strictness is an enumerated value, one of "$PROFILE_STRICTNESS_WARN" in Perl::Critic::Utils::Constants (the default), "$PROFILE_STRICTNESS_FATAL" in Perl::Critic::Utils::Constants, and "$PROFILE_STRICTNESS_QUIET" in Perl::Critic::Utils::Constants. If set to "$PROFILE_STRICTNESS_FATAL" in Perl::Critic::Utils::Constants, Perl::Critic will make certain warnings about problems found in a .perlcriticrc or file specified via the -profile option fatal. For example, Perl::Critic normally only warns about profiles referring to non-existent Policies, but this value makes this situation fatal. Correspondingly, "$PROFILE_STRICTNESS_QUIET" in Perl::Critic::Utils::Constants makes Perl::Critic shut up about these things.

-force is a boolean value that controls whether Perl::Critic observes the magical "## no critic" annotations in your code. If set to a true value, Perl::Critic will analyze all code. If set to a false value (which is the default) Perl::Critic will ignore code that is tagged with these annotations. See "BENDING THE RULES" for more information. You can set the default value for this option in your .perlcriticrc file.

-verbose can be a positive integer (from 1 to 11), or a literal format specification. See Perl::Critic::Violation for an explanation of format specifications. You can set the default value for this option in your .perlcriticrc file.

-unsafe directs Perl::Critic to allow the use of Policies that are marked as "unsafe" by the author. Such policies may compile untrusted code or do other nefarious things.

-color and -pager are not used by Perl::Critic but is provided for the benefit of perlcritic.

-criticism-fatal is not used by Perl::Critic but is provided for the benefit of criticism.

-color-severity-highest, -color-severity-high, -color-severity- medium, -color-severity-low, and -color-severity-lowest are not used by Perl::Critic, but are provided for the benefit of perlcritic. Each is set to the Term::ANSIColor color specification to be used to display violations of the corresponding severity.

-files-with-violations and -files-without-violations are not used by Perl::Critic, but are provided for the benefit of perlcritic, to cause only the relevant filenames to be displayed.

METHODS

critique( $source_code )

Runs the $source_code through the Perl::Critic engine using all the Policies that have been loaded into this engine. If $source_code is a scalar reference, then it is treated as a string of actual Perl code. If $source_code is a reference to an instance of PPI::Document, then that instance is used directly. Otherwise, it is treated as a path to a local file containing Perl code. This method returns a list of Perl::Critic::Violation objects for each violation of the loaded Policies. The list is sorted in the order that the Violations appear in the code. If there are no violations, this method returns an empty list.

add_policy( -policy => $policy_name, -params => \%param_hash )

Creates a Policy object and loads it into this Critic. If the object cannot be instantiated, it will throw a fatal exception. Otherwise, it returns a reference to this Critic.

-policy is the name of a Perl::Critic::Policy subclass module. The 'Perl::Critic::Policy' portion of the name can be omitted for brevity. This argument is required.

-params is an optional reference to a hash of Policy parameters. The contents of this hash reference will be passed into to the constructor of the Policy module. See the documentation in the relevant Policy module for a description of the arguments it supports.

policies()

Returns a list containing references to all the Policy objects that have been loaded into this engine. Objects will be in the order that they were loaded.

config()

Returns the Perl::Critic::Config object that was created for or given to this Critic.

statistics()

Returns the Perl::Critic::Statistics object that was created for this Critic. The Statistics object accumulates data for all files that are analyzed by this Critic.

FUNCTIONAL INTERFACE

For those folks who prefer to have a functional interface, The critique method can be exported on request and called as a static function. If the first argument is a hashref, its contents are used to construct a new Perl::Critic object internally. The keys of that hash should be the same as those supported by the Perl::Critic::new() method. Here are some examples:

use Perl::Critic qw(critique);

# Use default parameters...
@violations = critique( $some_file );

# Use custom parameters...
@violations = critique( {-severity => 2}, $some_file );

# As a one-liner
%> perl -MPerl::Critic=critique -e 'print critique(shift)' some_file.pm

None of the other object-methods are currently supported as static functions. Sorry.

CONFIGURATION

Most of the settings for Perl::Critic and each of the Policy modules can be controlled by a configuration file. The default configuration file is called .perlcriticrc. Perl::Critic will look for this file in the current directory first, and then in your home directory. Alternatively, you can set the PERLCRITIC environment variable to explicitly point to a different file in another location. If none of these files exist, and the -profile option is not given to the constructor, then all the modules that are found in the Perl::Critic::Policy namespace will be loaded with their default configuration.

The format of the configuration file is a series of INI-style blocks that contain key-value pairs separated by '='. Comments should start with '#' and can be placed on a separate line or after the name-value pairs if you desire.

Default settings for Perl::Critic itself can be set before the first named block. For example, putting any or all of these at the top of your configuration file will set the default value for the corresponding constructor argument.

severity  = 3                                     #Integer or named level
only      = 1                                     #Zero or One
force     = 0                                     #Zero or One
verbose   = 4                                     #Integer or format spec
top       = 50                                    #A positive integer
theme     = (pbp || security) && bugs             #A theme expression
include   = NamingConventions ClassHierarchies    #Space-delimited list
exclude   = Variables  Modules::RequirePackage    #Space-delimited list
criticism-fatal = 1                               #Zero or One
color     = 1                                     #Zero or One
allow-unsafe = 1                                  #Zero or One
pager     = less                                  #pager to pipe output to

The remainder of the configuration file is a series of blocks like this:

[Perl::Critic::Policy::Category::PolicyName]
severity = 1
set_themes = foo bar
add_themes = baz
maximum_violations_per_document = 57
arg1 = value1
arg2 = value2

Perl::Critic::Policy::Category::PolicyName is the full name of a module that implements the policy. The Policy modules distributed with Perl::Critic have been grouped into categories according to the table of contents in Damian Conway's book Perl Best Practices. For brevity, you can omit the 'Perl::Critic::Policy' part of the module name.

severity is the level of importance you wish to assign to the Policy. All Policy modules are defined with a default severity value ranging from 1 (least severe) to 5 (most severe). However, you may disagree with the default severity and choose to give it a higher or lower severity, based on your own coding philosophy. You can set the severity to an integer from 1 to 5, or use one of the equivalent names:

SEVERITY NAME ...is equivalent to... SEVERITY NUMBER
----------------------------------------------------
gentle                                             5
stern                                              4
harsh                                              3
cruel                                              2
brutal                                             1

The names reflect how severely the code is criticized: a gentle criticism reports only the most severe violations, and so on down to a brutal criticism which reports even the most minor violations.

set_themes sets the theme for the Policy and overrides its default theme. The argument is a string of one or more whitespace-delimited alphanumeric words. Themes are case-insensitive. See "POLICY THEMES" for more information.

add_themes appends to the default themes for this Policy. The argument is a string of one or more whitespace-delimited words. Themes are case- insensitive. See "POLICY THEMES" for more information.

maximum_violations_per_document limits the number of Violations the Policy will return for a given document. Some Policies have a default limit; see the documentation for the individual Policies to see whether there is one. To force a Policy to not have a limit, specify "no_limit" or the empty string for the value of this parameter.

The remaining key-value pairs are configuration parameters that will be passed into the constructor for that Policy. The constructors for most Policy objects do not support arguments, and those that do should have reasonable defaults. See the documentation on the appropriate Policy module for more details.

Instead of redefining the severity for a given Policy, you can completely disable a Policy by prepending a '-' to the name of the module in your configuration file. In this manner, the Policy will never be loaded, regardless of the -severity given to the Perl::Critic constructor.

A simple configuration might look like this:

#--------------------------------------------------------------
# I think these are really important, so always load them

[TestingAndDebugging::RequireUseStrict]
severity = 5

[TestingAndDebugging::RequireUseWarnings]
severity = 5

#--------------------------------------------------------------
# I think these are less important, so only load when asked

[Variables::ProhibitPackageVars]
severity = 2

[ControlStructures::ProhibitPostfixControls]
allow = if unless  # My custom configuration
severity = cruel   # Same as "severity = 2"

#--------------------------------------------------------------
# Give these policies a custom theme.  I can activate just
# these policies by saying `perlcritic -theme larry`

[Modules::RequireFilenameMatchesPackage]
add_themes = larry

[TestingAndDebugging::RequireTestLables]
add_themes = larry curly moe

#--------------------------------------------------------------
# I do not agree with these at all, so never load them

[-NamingConventions::Capitalization]
[-ValuesAndExpressions::ProhibitMagicNumbers]

#--------------------------------------------------------------
# For all other Policies, I accept the default severity,
# so no additional configuration is required for them.

For additional configuration examples, see the perlcriticrc file that is included in this examples directory of this distribution.

Damian Conway's own Perl::Critic configuration is also included in this distribution as examples/perlcriticrc-conway.

THE POLICIES

A large number of Policy modules are distributed with Perl::Critic. They are described briefly in the companion document Perl::Critic::PolicySummary and in more detail in the individual modules themselves. Say "perlcritic -doc PATTERN" to see the perldoc for all Policy modules that match the regex m/PATTERN/ixms

There are a number of distributions of additional policies on CPAN. If Perl::Critic doesn't contain a policy that you want, some one may have already written it. See the "SEE ALSO" section below for a list of some of these distributions.

POLICY THEMES

Each Policy is defined with one or more "themes". Themes can be used to create arbitrary groups of Policies. They are intended to provide an alternative mechanism for selecting your preferred set of Policies. For example, you may wish disable a certain subset of Policies when analyzing test programs. Conversely, you may wish to enable only a specific subset of Policies when analyzing modules.

The Policies that ship with Perl::Critic have been broken into the following themes. This is just our attempt to provide some basic logical groupings. You are free to invent new themes that suit your needs.

THEME             DESCRIPTION
--------------------------------------------------------------------------
core              All policies that ship with Perl::Critic
pbp               Policies that come directly from "Perl Best Practices"
bugs              Policies that that prevent or reveal bugs
certrec           Policies that CERT recommends
certrule          Policies that CERT considers rules
maintenance       Policies that affect the long-term health of the code
cosmetic          Policies that only have a superficial effect
complexity        Policies that specifically relate to code complexity
security          Policies that relate to security issues
tests             Policies that are specific to test programs

Any Policy may fit into multiple themes. Say "perlcritic -list" to get a listing of all available Policies and the themes that are associated with each one. You can also change the theme for any Policy in your .perlcriticrc file. See the "CONFIGURATION" section for more information about that.

Using the -theme option, you can create an arbitrarily complex rule that determines which Policies will be loaded. Precedence is the same as regular Perl code, and you can use parentheses to enforce precedence as well. Supported operators are:

Operator    Alternative    Example
-----------------------------------------------------------------
&&          and            'pbp && core'
||          or             'pbp || (bugs && security)'
!           not            'pbp && ! (portability || complexity)'

Theme names are case-insensitive. If the -theme is set to an empty string, then it evaluates as true all Policies.

BENDING THE RULES

Perl::Critic takes a hard-line approach to your code: either you comply or you don't. In the real world, it is not always practical (nor even possible) to fully comply with coding standards. In such cases, it is wise to show that you are knowingly violating the standards and that you have a Damn Good Reason (DGR) for doing so.

To help with those situations, you can direct Perl::Critic to ignore certain lines or blocks of code by using annotations:

require 'LegacyLibaray1.pl';  ## no critic
require 'LegacyLibrary2.pl';  ## no critic

for my $element (@list) {

    ## no critic

    $foo = "";               #Violates 'ProhibitEmptyQuotes'
    $barf = bar() if $foo;   #Violates 'ProhibitPostfixControls'
    #Some more evil code...

    ## use critic

    #Some good code...
    do_something($_);
}

The "## no critic" annotations direct Perl::Critic to ignore the remaining lines of code until a "## use critic" annotation is found. If the "## no critic" annotation is on the same line as a code statement, then only that line of code is overlooked. To direct perlcritic to ignore the "## no critic" annotations, use the --force option.

A bare "## no critic" annotation disables all the active Policies. If you wish to disable only specific Policies, add a list of Policy names as arguments, just as you would for the "no strict" or "no warnings" pragmas. For example, this would disable the ProhibitEmptyQuotes and ProhibitPostfixControls policies until the end of the block or until the next "## use critic" annotation (whichever comes first):

## no critic (EmptyQuotes, PostfixControls)

# Now exempt from ValuesAndExpressions::ProhibitEmptyQuotes
$foo = "";

# Now exempt ControlStructures::ProhibitPostfixControls
$barf = bar() if $foo;

# Still subjected to ValuesAndExpression::RequireNumberSeparators
$long_int = 10000000000;

Since the Policy names are matched against the "## no critic" arguments as regular expressions, you can abbreviate the Policy names or disable an entire family of Policies in one shot like this:

## no critic (NamingConventions)

# Now exempt from NamingConventions::Capitalization
my $camelHumpVar = 'foo';

# Now exempt from NamingConventions::Capitalization
sub camelHumpSub {}

The argument list must be enclosed in parentheses or brackets and must contain one or more comma-separated barewords (e.g. don't use quotes). The "## no critic" annotations can be nested, and Policies named by an inner annotation will be disabled along with those already disabled an outer annotation.

Some Policies like Subroutines::ProhibitExcessComplexity apply to an entire block of code. In those cases, the "## no critic" annotation must appear on the line where the violation is reported. For example:

sub complicated_function {  ## no critic (ProhibitExcessComplexity)
    # Your code here...
}

Policies such as Documentation::RequirePodSections apply to the entire document, in which case violations are reported at line 1.

Use this feature wisely. "## no critic" annotations should be used in the smallest possible scope, or only on individual lines of code. And you should always be as specific as possible about which Policies you want to disable (i.e. never use a bare "## no critic"). If Perl::Critic complains about your code, try and find a compliant solution before resorting to this feature.

THE Perl::Critic PHILOSOPHY

Coding standards are deeply personal and highly subjective. The goal of Perl::Critic is to help you write code that conforms with a set of best practices. Our primary goal is not to dictate what those practices are, but rather, to implement the practices discovered by others. Ultimately, you make the rules -- Perl::Critic is merely a tool for encouraging consistency. If there is a policy that you think is important or that we have overlooked, we would be very grateful for contributions, or you can simply load your own private set of policies into Perl::Critic.

EXTENDING THE CRITIC

The modular design of Perl::Critic is intended to facilitate the addition of new Policies. You'll need to have some understanding of PPI, but most Policy modules are pretty straightforward and only require about 20 lines of code. Please see the Perl::Critic::DEVELOPER file included in this distribution for a step-by-step demonstration of how to create new Policy modules.

If you develop any new Policy modules, feel free to send them to <team@perlcritic.com> and I'll be happy to consider putting them into the Perl::Critic distribution. Or if you would like to work on the Perl::Critic project directly, you can fork our repository at https://github.com/Perl-Critic/Perl-Critic.git.

The Perl::Critic team is also available for hire. If your organization has its own coding standards, we can create custom Policies to enforce your local guidelines. Or if your code base is prone to a particular defect pattern, we can design Policies that will help you catch those costly defects before they go into production. To discuss your needs with the Perl::Critic team, just contact <team@perlcritic.com>.

PREREQUISITES

Perl::Critic requires the following modules:

B::Keywords

Config::Tiny

Exception::Class

File::Spec

File::Spec::Unix

File::Which

IO::String

List::SomeUtils

List::Util

Module::Pluggable

Perl::Tidy

Pod::Spell

PPI

Pod::PlainText

Pod::Select

Pod::Usage

Readonly

Scalar::Util

String::Format

Task::Weaken

Term::ANSIColor

Text::ParseWords

version

CONTACTING THE DEVELOPMENT TEAM

You are encouraged to subscribe to the public mailing list at https://groups.google.com/d/forum/perl-critic. At least one member of the development team is usually hanging around in irc://irc.perl.org/#perlcritic and you can follow Perl::Critic on Twitter, at https://twitter.com/perlcritic.

SEE ALSO

There are a number of distributions of additional Policies available. A few are listed here:

Perl::Critic::More

Perl::Critic::Bangs

Perl::Critic::Lax

Perl::Critic::StricterSubs

Perl::Critic::Swift

Perl::Critic::Tics

These distributions enable you to use Perl::Critic in your unit tests:

Test::Perl::Critic

Test::Perl::Critic::Progressive

There is also a distribution that will install all the Perl::Critic related modules known to the development team:

Task::Perl::Critic

BUGS

Scrutinizing Perl code is hard for humans, let alone machines. If you find any bugs, particularly false-positives or false-negatives from a Perl::Critic::Policy, please submit them at https://github.com/Perl-Critic/Perl-Critic/issues. Thanks.

CREDITS

Adam Kennedy - For creating PPI, the heart and soul of Perl::Critic.

Damian Conway - For writing Perl Best Practices, finally :)

Chris Dolan - For contributing the best features and Policy modules.

Andy Lester - Wise sage and master of all-things-testing.

Elliot Shank - The self-proclaimed quality freak.

Giuseppe Maxia - For all the great ideas and positive encouragement.

and Sharon, my wife - For putting up with my all-night code sessions.

Thanks also to the Perl Foundation for providing a grant to support Chris Dolan's project to implement twenty PBP policies. http://www.perlfoundation.org/april_1_2007_new_grant_awards

Thanks also to this incomplete laundry list of folks who have contributed to Perl::Critic in some way: Gregory Oschwald, Mike O'Regan, Tom Hukins, Omer Gazit, Evan Zacks, Paul Howarth, Sawyer X, Christian Walde, Dave Rolsky, Jakub Wilk, Roy Ivy III, Oliver Trosien, Glenn Fowler, Matt Creenan, Alex Balhatchet, Sebastian Paaske Tørholm, Stuart A Johnston, Dan Book, Steven Humphrey, James Raspass, Nick Tonkin, Harrison Katz, Douglas Sims, Mark Fowler, Alan Berndt, Neil Bowers, Sergey Romanov, Gabor Szabo, Graham Knop, Mike Eldridge, David Steinbrunner, Kirk Kimmel, Guillaume Aubert, Dave Cross, Anirvan Chatterjee, Todd Rinaldo, Graham Ollis, Karen Etheridge, Jonas Brømsø, Olaf Alders, Jim Keenan, Slaven Rezić, Szymon Nieznański.

AUTHOR

Jeffrey Ryan Thalhammer jeff@imaginative-software.com

COPYRIGHT

Copyright (c) 2005-2018 Imaginative Software Systems. All rights reserved.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself. The full text of this license can be found in the LICENSE file included with this module.


Download Details:

Author: Perl-Critic
Source Code: https://github.com/Perl-Critic/Perl-Critic

License: View license

#perl 

Next PWA | Zero Config PWA Plugin for Next.js

Next PWA

Zero Config PWA Plugin for Next.js

This plugin is powered by workbox and other good stuff.

πŸ‘‹ Share your awesome PWA project πŸ‘‰ here

Features

  • 0️⃣ Zero config for registering and generating service worker
  • ✨ Optimized precache and runtime cache
  • πŸ’― Maximize lighthouse score
  • 🎈 Easy to understand examples
  • πŸ“΄ Completely offline support with fallbacks example πŸ†•
  • πŸ“¦ Use workbox and workbox-window v6
  • πŸͺ Work with cookies out of the box
  • πŸ”‰ Default range requests for audios and videos
  • β˜• No custom server needed for Next.js 9+ example
  • πŸ”§ Handle PWA lifecycle events opt-in example
  • πŸ“ Custom worker to run extra code with code splitting and typescript support example
  • πŸ“œ Public environment variables available in custom worker as usual
  • 🐞 Debug service worker with confidence in development mode without caching
  • 🌏 Internationalization (a.k.a I18N) with next-i18next example
  • πŸ›  Configurable by the same workbox configuration options for GenerateSW and InjectManifest
  • πŸš€ Spin up a GitPod and try out examples in rocket speed
  • ⚑ Support blitz.js (simply add to blitz.config.js)
  • πŸ”© (Experimental) precaching .module.js when next.config.js has experimental.modern set to true

NOTE 1 - next-pwa version 2.0.0+ should only work with next.js 9.1+, and static files should only be served through public directory. This will make things simpler.

NOTE 2 - If you encounter error TypeError: Cannot read property **'javascript' of undefined** during build, please consider upgrade to webpack5 in next.config.js.

Install

If you are new to next.js or react.js at all, you may want to first checkout learn next.js or next.js document. Then start from a simple example or progressive-web-app example in next.js repository.

yarn add next-pwa

Basic Usage

Step 1: withPWA

Update or create next.config.js with

const withPWA = require('next-pwa')

module.exports = withPWA({
  pwa: {
    dest: 'public'
  }
})

After running next build, this will generate two files in your public: workbox-*.js and sw.js, which will automatically be served statically.

If you are using Next.js version 9 or newer, then skip the options below and move on to Step 2.

If you are using Next.js older than version 9, you'll need to pick an option below before continuing to Step 2.

Option 1: Host Static Files

Copy files to your static file hosting server, so that they are accessible from the following paths: https://yourdomain.com/sw.js and https://yourdomain.com/workbox-*.js.

One example is using Firebase hosting service to host those files statically. You can automate the copy step using scripts in your deployment workflow.

For security reasons, you must host these files directly from your domain. If the content is delivered using a redirect, the browser will refuse to run the service worker.

Option 2: Use Custom Server

When an HTTP request is received, test if those files are requested, then return those static files.

Example server.js

const { createServer } = require('http')
const { join } = require('path')
const { parse } = require('url')
const next = require('next')

const app = next({ dev: process.env.NODE_ENV !== 'production' })
const handle = app.getRequestHandler()

app.prepare()
  .then(() => {
    createServer((req, res) => {
      const parsedUrl = parse(req.url, true)
      const { pathname } = parsedUrl
      
      if (pathname === '/sw.js' || /^\/(workbox|worker|fallback)-\w+\.js$/.test(pathname)) {
        const filePath = join(__dirname, '.next', pathname)
        app.serveStatic(req, res, filePath)
      } else {
        handle(req, res, parsedUrl)
      }
    })
    .listen(3000, () => {
      console.log(`> Ready on http://localhost:${3000}`)
    })
  })

The following setup has nothing to do with next-pwa plugin, and you probably have already set them up. If not, go ahead and set them up.

Step 2: Add Manifest File (Example)

Create a manifest.json file in your public folder:

{
  "name": "PWA App",
  "short_name": "App",
  "icons": [
    {
      "src": "/icons/android-chrome-192x192.png",
      "sizes": "192x192",
      "type": "image/png",
      "purpose": "any maskable"
    },
    {
      "src": "/icons/android-chrome-384x384.png",
      "sizes": "384x384",
      "type": "image/png"
    },
    {
      "src": "/icons/icon-512x512.png",
      "sizes": "512x512",
      "type": "image/png"
    }
  ],
  "theme_color": "#FFFFFF",
  "background_color": "#FFFFFF",
  "start_url": "/",
  "display": "standalone",
  "orientation": "portrait"
}

Step 3: Add Head Meta (Example)

Add the following into _document.jsx or _app.tsx, in <Head>:

<meta name='application-name' content='PWA App' />
<meta name='apple-mobile-web-app-capable' content='yes' />
<meta name='apple-mobile-web-app-status-bar-style' content='default' />
<meta name='apple-mobile-web-app-title' content='PWA App' />
<meta name='description' content='Best PWA App in the world' />
<meta name='format-detection' content='telephone=no' />
<meta name='mobile-web-app-capable' content='yes' />
<meta name='msapplication-config' content='/icons/browserconfig.xml' />
<meta name='msapplication-TileColor' content='#2B5797' />
<meta name='msapplication-tap-highlight' content='no' />
<meta name='theme-color' content='#000000' />

<link rel='apple-touch-icon' href='/icons/touch-icon-iphone.png' />
<link rel='apple-touch-icon' sizes='152x152' href='/icons/touch-icon-ipad.png' />
<link rel='apple-touch-icon' sizes='180x180' href='/icons/touch-icon-iphone-retina.png' />
<link rel='apple-touch-icon' sizes='167x167' href='/icons/touch-icon-ipad-retina.png' />

<link rel='icon' type='image/png' sizes='32x32' href='/icons/favicon-32x32.png' />
<link rel='icon' type='image/png' sizes='16x16' href='/icons/favicon-16x16.png' />
<link rel='manifest' href='/manifest.json' />
<link rel='mask-icon' href='/icons/safari-pinned-tab.svg' color='#5bbad5' />
<link rel='shortcut icon' href='/favicon.ico' />
<link rel='stylesheet' href='https://fonts.googleapis.com/css?family=Roboto:300,400,500' />
     
<meta name='twitter:card' content='summary' />
<meta name='twitter:url' content='https://yourdomain.com' />
<meta name='twitter:title' content='PWA App' />
<meta name='twitter:description' content='Best PWA App in the world' />
<meta name='twitter:image' content='https://yourdomain.com/icons/android-chrome-192x192.png' />
<meta name='twitter:creator' content='@DavidWShadow' />
<meta property='og:type' content='website' />
<meta property='og:title' content='PWA App' />
<meta property='og:description' content='Best PWA App in the world' />
<meta property='og:site_name' content='PWA App' />
<meta property='og:url' content='https://yourdomain.com' />
<meta property='og:image' content='https://yourdomain.com/icons/apple-touch-icon.png' />

<!-- apple splash screen images -->
<!--
<link rel='apple-touch-startup-image' href='/images/apple_splash_2048.png' sizes='2048x2732' />
<link rel='apple-touch-startup-image' href='/images/apple_splash_1668.png' sizes='1668x2224' />
<link rel='apple-touch-startup-image' href='/images/apple_splash_1536.png' sizes='1536x2048' />
<link rel='apple-touch-startup-image' href='/images/apple_splash_1125.png' sizes='1125x2436' />
<link rel='apple-touch-startup-image' href='/images/apple_splash_1242.png' sizes='1242x2208' />
<link rel='apple-touch-startup-image' href='/images/apple_splash_750.png' sizes='750x1334' />
<link rel='apple-touch-startup-image' href='/images/apple_splash_640.png' sizes='640x1136' />
-->

Tip: Put the viewport head meta tag into _app.js rather than in _document.js if you need it.

<meta name='viewport' content='minimum-scale=1, initial-scale=1, width=device-width, shrink-to-fit=no, user-scalable=no, viewport-fit=cover' />

Offline Fallbacks

Offline fallbacks are useful when the fetch failed from both cache and network, a precached resource is served instead of present an error from browser.

To get started simply add a /_offline page such as pages/_offline.js or pages/_offline.jsx or pages/_offline.ts or pages/_offline.tsx. Then you are all set! When the user is offline, all pages which are not cached will fallback to '/_offline'.

Use this example to see it in action

next-pwa helps you precache those resources on the first load, then inject a fallback handler to handlerDidError plugin to all runtimeCaching configs, so that precached resources are served when fetch failed.

You can also setup precacheFallback.fallbackURL in your runtimeCaching config entry to implement similar functionality. The difference is that above method is based on the resource type, this method is based matched url pattern. If this config is set in the runtimeCaching config entry, resource type based fallback will be disabled automatically for this particular url pattern to avoid conflict.

Configuration

There are options you can use to customize the behavior of this plugin by adding pwa object in the next config in next.config.js:

const withPWA = require('next-pwa')

module.exports = withPWA({
  pwa: {
    dest: 'public',
    // disable: process.env.NODE_ENV === 'development',
    // register: true,
    // scope: '/app',
    // sw: 'service-worker.js',
    //...
  }
})

Available Options

  • disable: boolean - whether to disable pwa feature as a whole
    • default: false
    • set disable: false, so that it will generate service worker in both dev and prod
    • set disable: true to completely disable PWA
    • if you don't need to debug service worker in dev, you can set disable: process.env.NODE_ENV === 'development'
  • register: boolean - whether to let this plugin register service worker for you
    • default to true
    • set to false when you want to handle register service worker yourself, this could be done in componentDidMount of your root app. you can consider the register.js as an example.
  • scope: string - url scope for pwa
    • default: basePath in next.config.js or /
    • set to /app so that path under /app will be PWA while others are not
  • sw: string - service worker script file name
    • default: /sw.js
    • set to another file name if you want to customize the output file name
  • runtimeCaching - caching strategies (array or callback function)
    • default: see the Runtime Caching section for the default configuration
    • accepts an array of cache entry objects, please follow the structure here
    • Note: the order of the array matters. The first rule that matches is effective. Therefore, please ALWAYS put rules with larger scope behind the rules with a smaller and specific scope.
  • publicExcludes - an array of glob pattern strings to exclude files in the public folder from being precached.
    • default: ['!noprecache/**/*'] - this means that the default behavior will precache all the files inside your public folder but files inside /public/noprecache folder. You can simply put files inside that folder to not precache them without config this.
    • example: ['!img/super-large-image.jpg', '!fonts/not-used-fonts.otf']
  • buildExcludes - an array of extra pattern or function to exclude files from being precached in .next/static (or your custom build) folder
    • default: []
    • example: [/chunks\/images\/.*$/] - Don't precache files under .next/static/chunks/images (Highly recommend this to work with next-optimized-images plugin)
    • doc: Array of (string, RegExp, or function()). One or more specifiers used to exclude assets from the precache manifest. This is interpreted following the same rules as Webpack's standard exclude option.
  • cacheStartUrl - whether to cache start url
  • dynamicStartUrl - if your start url returns different HTML document under different state (such as logged in vs. not logged in), this should be set to true.
    • default: true
    • effective when cacheStartUrl set to true
    • recommend: set to false if your start url always returns same HTML document, then start url will be precached, this will help to speed up first load.
  • dynamicStartUrlRedirect - if your start url redirect to another route such as /login, it's recommended to setup this redirected url for the best user experience.
    • default: undefined
    • effective when dynamicStartUrlRedirect set to true
  • fallbacks - config precached routes to fallback when both cache and network not available to serve resources.
    • if you just need a offline fallback page, simply create a /_offline page such as pages/_offline.js and you are all set, no configuration necessary
    • default: object
      • fallbacks.document - fallback route for document (page), default to /_offline if you created that page
      • fallbacks.image - fallback route for image, default to none
      • fallbacks.audio - fallback route for audio, default to none
      • fallbacks.video - fallback route for video, default to none
      • fallbacks.font - fallback route for font, default to none
  • cacheOnFrontEndNav - enable additional route cache when navigate between pages with next/link on front end. Checkout this example for some context about why this is implemented.
    • default: false
    • note: this improve user experience on special use cases but it also adds some overhead because additional network call, I suggest you consider this as a trade off.
  • subdomainPrefix: string - url prefix to allow hosting static files on a subdomain
    • default: "" - i.e. default with no prefix
    • example: /subdomain if the app is hosted on example.com/subdomain
    • deprecated, use basePath instead
  • reloadOnOnline - changes the behaviour of the app when the device detects that it has gone back "online" and has a network connection. Indicate if the app should call location.reload() to refresh the app.
    • default: true
  • customWorkerDir - customize the directory where next-pwa looks for a custom worker implementation to add to the service worker generated by workbox. For more information, check out the custom worker example.
    • default: worker

Other Options

next-pwa uses workbox-webpack-plugin, other options which could also be put in pwa object can be found ON THE DOCUMENTATION for GenerateSW and InjectManifest. If you specify swSrc, InjectManifest plugin will be used, otherwise GenerateSW will be used to generate service worker.

Runtime Caching

next-pwa uses a default runtime cache.js

There is a great chance you may want to customize your own runtime caching rules. Please feel free to copy the default cache.js file and customize the rules as you like. Don't forget to inject the configurations into your pwa config in next.config.js.

Here is the document on how to write runtime caching configurations, including background sync and broadcast update features and more!

Tips

  1. Common UX pattern to ask user to reload when new service worker is installed
  2. Use a convention like {command: 'doSomething', message: ''} object when postMessage to service worker. So that on the listener, it could do multiple different tasks using if...else....
  3. When you are debugging service worker, constantly clean application cache to reduce some flaky errors.
  4. If you are redirecting the user to another route, please note workbox by default only cache response with 200 HTTP status, if you really want to cache redirected page for the route, you can specify it in runtimeCaching such as options.cacheableResponse.statuses=[200,302].
  5. When debugging issues, you may want to format your generated sw.js file to figure out what's really going on.
  6. Force next-pwa to generate worker box production build by specify the option mode: 'production' in your pwa section of next.config.js. Though next-pwa automatically generate the worker box development build during development (by running next) and worker box production build during production (by running next build and next start). You may still want to force it to production build even during development of your web app for following reason:
    1. Reduce logging noise due to production build doesn't include logging.
    2. Improve performance a bit due to production build is optimized and minified.
  7. If you just want to disable worker box logging while keeping development build during development, simply put self.__WB_DISABLE_DEV_LOGS = true in your worker/index.js (create one if you don't have one).
  8. It is common developers have to use userAgent string to determine if users are using Safari/iOS/MacOS or some other platform, ua-parser-js library is a good friend for that purpose.

Reference

  1. Google Workbox
  2. ServiceWorker, MessageChannel, & postMessage by NicolΓ‘s Bevacqua
  3. The Service Worker Lifecycle
  4. 6 Tips to make your iOS PWA feel like a native app
  5. Make Your PWA Available on Google Play Store

Fun PWA Projects

  1. Experience SAMSUNG on an iPhone - must open on an iPhone to start
  2. App Scope - like an app store for PWA
  3. PWA Directory
  4. PWA Builder - Alternative way to build awesome PWA

Download Details:
Author: shadowwalker
Source Code: https://github.com/shadowwalker/next-pwa
License: MIT license

#nextjs #react #javascript #pwa