 1595500395

# NumPy Bitwise Operators with Examples

NumPy includes a package to perform bitwise operations on the array elements. These NumPy bitwise operators perform bit by bit operations. It performs the function of two-bit values to produce a new value. There are functions to convert the elements into their binary representation and then apply operations on the bits. #### NumPy Bitwise Operators

This is a specific package that applies bitwise operations on the binary format of elements. These functions compare the binary value of elements and then produce output. There are 6 basic bitwise operations available in NumPy

1. bitwise_and()- It calculates the bit-wise AND operation between two array elements.

2. bitwise_or()- It calculates the bit-wise OR operation between two array elements.

3. invert()- It calculates the bit-wise NOT operation between two array elements.

4. bitwise_xor()- It calculates the bit-wise OR operation between two array elements.

5. left_shift()- This operator shifts the bits of the binary representation of the element towards left.

6. right_shift()- This operator shifts the bits of the binary representation of the element towards the right.

#### 1. Bitwise AND operator

The function performs bitwise AND on two array elements. The bitwise function performs an operation on the corresponding bits of the binary representation of the operands i.e. elements. The output of the operation depends on the AND truth table. If both the corresponding values are 1 only then the output will be 1, otherwise 0. Here 1 can also is equivalent to True and 0 as False. Hence the result will be True only if both the values are True, otherwise, it will result to be False.

#numpy tutorials #numpy binary operators #numpy bitwise operators #numpy

## Buddha Community  1595500395

## NumPy Bitwise Operators with Examples

NumPy includes a package to perform bitwise operations on the array elements. These NumPy bitwise operators perform bit by bit operations. It performs the function of two-bit values to produce a new value. There are functions to convert the elements into their binary representation and then apply operations on the bits. #### NumPy Bitwise Operators

This is a specific package that applies bitwise operations on the binary format of elements. These functions compare the binary value of elements and then produce output. There are 6 basic bitwise operations available in NumPy

1. bitwise_and()- It calculates the bit-wise AND operation between two array elements.

2. bitwise_or()- It calculates the bit-wise OR operation between two array elements.

3. invert()- It calculates the bit-wise NOT operation between two array elements.

4. bitwise_xor()- It calculates the bit-wise OR operation between two array elements.

5. left_shift()- This operator shifts the bits of the binary representation of the element towards left.

6. right_shift()- This operator shifts the bits of the binary representation of the element towards the right.

#### 1. Bitwise AND operator

The function performs bitwise AND on two array elements. The bitwise function performs an operation on the corresponding bits of the binary representation of the operands i.e. elements. The output of the operation depends on the AND truth table. If both the corresponding values are 1 only then the output will be 1, otherwise 0. Here 1 can also is equivalent to True and 0 as False. Hence the result will be True only if both the values are True, otherwise, it will result to be False.

#numpy tutorials #numpy binary operators #numpy bitwise operators #numpy 1595235240

## NumPy Applications - Uses of Numpy

In this Numpy tutorial, we will learn Numpy applications.

NumPy is a basic level external library in Python used for complex mathematical operations. NumPy overcomes slower executions with the use of multi-dimensional array objects. It has built-in functions for manipulating arrays. We can convert different algorithms to can into functions for applying on arrays.NumPy has applications that are not only limited to itself. It is a very diverse library and has a wide range of applications in other sectors. Numpy can be put to use along with Data Science, Data Analysis and Machine Learning. It is also a base for other python libraries. These libraries use the functionalities in NumPy to increase their capabilities. #### 1. An alternative for lists and arrays in Python

Arrays in Numpy are equivalent to lists in python. Like lists in python, the Numpy arrays are homogenous sets of elements. The most important feature of NumPy arrays is they are homogenous in nature. This differentiates them from python arrays. It maintains uniformity for mathematical operations that would not be possible with heterogeneous elements. Another benefit of using NumPy arrays is there are a large number of functions that are applicable to these arrays. These functions could not be performed when applied to python arrays due to their heterogeneous nature.

#### 2. NumPy maintains minimal memory

Arrays in NumPy are objects. Python deletes and creates these objects continually, as per the requirements. Hence, the memory allocation is less as compared to Python lists. NumPy has features to avoid memory wastage in the data buffer. It consists of functions like copies, view, and indexing that helps in saving a lot of memory. Indexing helps to return the view of the original array, that implements reuse of the data. It also specifies the data type of the elements which leads to code optimization.

#### 3. Using NumPy for multi-dimensional arrays

We can also create multi-dimensional arrays in NumPy.These arrays have multiple rows and columns. These arrays have more than one column that makes these multi-dimensional. Multi-dimensional array implements the creation of matrices. These matrices are easy to work with. With the use of matrices the code also becomes memory efficient. We have a matrix module to perform various operations on these matrices.

#### 4. Mathematical operations with NumPy

Working with NumPy also includes easy to use functions for mathematical computations on the array data set. We have many modules for performing basic and special mathematical functions in NumPy. There are functions for Linear Algebra, bitwise operations, Fourier transform, arithmetic operations, string operations, etc.

#numpy tutorials #applications of numpy #numpy applications #uses of numpy #numpy 1595235180

## NumPy Features - Why we should use Numpy?

Welcome to DataFlair!!! In this tutorial, we will learn Numpy Features and its importance.

NumPy is a library for the Python programming language, adding support for large, multi-dimensional arrays and matrices, along with a large collection of high-level mathematical functions to operate on these arrays

NumPy (Numerical Python) is an open-source core Python library for scientific computations. It is a general-purpose array and matrices processing package. Python is slower as compared to Fortran and other languages to perform looping. To overcome this we use NumPy that converts monotonous code into the compiled form. #### NumPy Features

These are the important features of NumPy:

#### 1. High-performance N-dimensional array object

This is the most important feature of the NumPy library. It is the homogeneous array object. We perform all the operations on the array elements. The arrays in NumPy can be one dimensional or multidimensional.

#### a. One dimensional array

The one-dimensional array is an array consisting of a single row or column. The elements of the array are of homogeneous nature.

#### b. Multidimensional array

In this case, we have various rows and columns. We consider each column as a dimension. The structure is similar to an excel sheet. The elements are homogenous.

#### 2. It contains tools for integrating code from C/C++ and Fortran

We can use the functions in NumPy to work with code written in other languages. We can hence integrate the functionalities available in various programming languages. This helps implement inter-platform functions.

#numpy tutorials #features of numpy #numpy features #why use numpy #numpy 1598366820

## How to Implement Bitwise Operations On Images Using OpenCV?

OpenCV is an image processing library created by intel which includes various packages and several functions in it. OpenCV is used to solve many problems in computer vision and machine learning applications and due to its large community, it is getting updated day by day. OpenCV can be implemented in C++, Python, Java programming languages, and different platforms like Linux, Windows, macOS.

In this article, we will demonstrate one of the interesting applications of OpenCV in performing bitwise operations on images.

• Bitwise Operators in Computer Vision
• Bitwise AND
• Bitwise OR
• Bitwise NOT
• Bitwise XOR

#### Bitwise Operators in Computer Vision

Bitwise operations can be used in image manipulations. These bitwise techniques are used in many computer vision applications like for creating masks of the image, adding watermarks to the image and it is possible to create a new image using these bitwise operators. These operations work on the individual pixels in the image to give accurate results compared with other morphing techniques in OpenCV.

Using the below code snippet, we will create two images – image1, image2 as input images on which the bitwise operations will be performed.

`import numpy as np`

`import cv2`

`from google.colab.patches import cv2_imshow`

`image1 = np.zeros((400, 400), dtype="uint8")`

`cv2.rectangle(image1, (100, 100), (250, 250), 255, -1)`

`cv2_imshow(image1)`

`image2 = np.zeros((400, 400), dtype="uint8")`

`cv2.circle(image2, (150, 150), 90, 255, -1)`

`cv2_imshow(image2)`

#developers corner #bitwise and #bitwise not #bitwise or #bitwise xor #opencv image processing 1619565060

## Ternary operator in Python?

1. Ternary Operator in Python

What is a ternary operator: The ternary operator is a conditional expression that means this is a comparison operator and results come on a true or false condition and it is the shortest way to writing an if-else statement. It is a condition in a single line replacing the multiline if-else code.

syntax : condition ? value_if_true : value_if_false

condition: A boolean expression evaluates true or false

value_if_true: a value to be assigned if the expression is evaluated to true.

value_if_false: A value to be assigned if the expression is evaluated to false.

How to use ternary operator in python here are some examples of Python ternary operator if-else.

Brief description of examples we have to take two variables a and b. The value of a is 10 and b is 20. find the minimum number using a ternary operator with one line of code. ( **min = a if a < b else b ) **. if a less than b then print a otherwise print b and second examples are the same as first and the third example is check number is even or odd.

#python #python ternary operator #ternary operator #ternary operator in if-else #ternary operator in python #ternary operator with dict #ternary operator with lambda