Houston  Sipes

Houston Sipes


What is browser fingerprinting?

Web tracking is the practice by which websites and third-party companies collect information about users’ online activity. The basis of tracking is the accurate identification of users – you are detected and identified even when you’re just passing through a random website that you are not signed in to. The conventional solution to implement identification and tracking is saving web cookies to the user’s browser.

How does cookie-based tracking work?

Imagine that user Alice visits an online store and puts a T-shirt in her basket. At this moment, Alice’s user ID and the T-shirt’s product ID is saved to the browser as a cookie, enabling that Alice’s basket contents are known at the checkout page. Alternatively, it is enough to save only the user ID to the browser if the user ID/product ID pair is saved in the online store’s database.

The previous scenario sounds pretty normal, but cookies can be used for tracking purposes too. Imagine that Alice reads about antidepressants on a medical website. Then a third-party advertising company that has control over a small section of the website puts a cookie in Alice’s browser and records that she has read about product XY at time T. Assume that Alice visits a totally unrelated website that is also in contract with the same advertising company. Her previous activity can be tracked through the cookie, and as an unpleasant surprise, antidepressant ads pop up on the unrelated website.

The previous example shows why the application of third-party cookies is considered a questionable practice that violates users’ privacy. Major browsers have already started to take action against this practice. Safari blocks third-party cookies by default since 2017. Firefox has also done this since 2019, and Chrome plans to join them too.

Cookies can be blocked – what’s next?

As cookie-based tracking becomes more difficult, the tracking business is moving toward different techniques such as browser fingerprinting. The idea behind browser fingerprinting is to collect information about the browser and its environment for the purpose of identification. These attributes include the browser type and version, operating system, language, time zone, active plugins, installed fonts, screen resolution, CPU class, device memory and various other settings. The attributes are concatenated into a long string, and the fingerprint is defined as a hash value of the string.

One might ask how unique these browser fingerprints are. It turns out that they tend to be unique in the majority of cases. Curious readers can check it for their own browser at amiunique.org. If a browser fingerprint happens to be non-unique, it can probably be made unique by combining it with the device’s IP address. In other words, browser fingerprints are capable of fully or partially identifying users when cookies are turned off.

Browser fingerprinting uncovered

In order to catch real-life browser fingerprinting in action, let’s analyze some websites. Specifically, I will use Incognito mode Chrome so that all extensions are turned off. Although I try to present reproducible experiments, keep in mind that browser fingerprinting can be browser- or location-dependent, or it can be turned on only for a random subset of IP addresses. Also, the fingerprinter scripts sometimes get a version update. Therefore, 100-percent reproducibility cannot be guaranteed.

Having that said, let’s open the website mobile.de. The browser’s developer tools contain a performance analyzer that reveals which JavaScript functions have been called after loading the website. If we search “fingerprint” in the call tree, an interesting function call pops up:

browser fingerprinting call tree

The script is loaded from https://script.ioam.de/iam.js. Here is the source code of the function:

browser fingerprinting script

#what is... #privacy #web security #security

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What is browser fingerprinting?
Zakary  Goyette

Zakary Goyette


These are the Top 5 Browsers for Privacy and Security

Anonymity on the internet has been in a steady state of decline. In the interest of reversing that trend, this is a list of the top five browsers for privacy and security. While it should be noted that nothing published on the internet is perfectly private or secure, these are the browsers that will do the most to get you close.

The issue

Modern digital marketing agencies, eCommerce sites, and ISPs use cookies to show ads or monetize your browsing data without permission. If there’s a buck to be made, someone will make it.

But anonymous browsing can act as some sort of cover. Not complete cover, however, but more than it’s more than nothing. To enhance your privacy and security while browsing the web, consider these five browsers.

Tor Browser :

Tor is fully open-sourced and great for anonymous web browsing. It protects against snooping on web browsing activity. Nowadays a lot of ads agencies use this technique to serve you what they believe to be perfectly tantalizing ad content.

Tor is a cross-platform web browser, which means it supports platforms like Windows, macOS, Linu and more. It can also be used as via a USB device and configured to a user’s specifications. While many say it’s a browser designed for hackers, it can also be used by those who simply value their privacy.

Tor hides your IP, which means your physical location is unavailable to those looking for where you’re searching what. It also helps users get around restrictions used by governments looking to block what can be accessed within their borders.


  • An open-source browser
  • Committed to privacy
  • Comes with .onion browser extension for extra security
  • Shields IP addresses from websites
  • Uses strong server relays


  • Slower than regular browsers
  • Doesn’t block malware
  • Tells websites Tor is in use

#security #privacy #browsers #privacy-browsers #browsers-for-security #tor #secure-browsers

Ethen Ellen


AOL Emails Not Loading Problems (+1-888-857-5157) in Chrome Browser

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AOL Mail is one of the free email services that includes calendar management and task management. If your AOL Emails Not Loading Problems in Chrome Browser, try these troubleshooting steps which is mention below. In this post, we are trying to describe the reason behind AOL email not loading and how to resolve AOL mail loading issues.

3 Reason Behind AOL Emails Not Loading Problems

Reason #1. Whenever you are unable to receive the new emails into your computer. You should log into your AOL mail account and go to the settings and click on filter settings. Now check the account settings, if you find any filter. you need to click on delete. After deleting the settings, you should send a mail to yourself. Let’s see if you are receiving it now or not.

Reason #2. If you do not find any filters into your emails, you should check the block list settings, maybe you have blocked the new emails from senders. That’s why you are not receiving any new emails. so, you should immediately go ahead and check it.

Reason #3. If you are unable to receive the new emails into your phone or computer. I would like to suggest you to check the server settings. Most of the time, people are facing such kind of problem due to the incorrect server settings. So, you should check them properly and if you find something wrong over there. You need to remove the account from your computer or phone and then reconfigure it. It will start working fine.

How to Resolve AOL Emails Not Loading Problems in Chrome Browser

If Your AOL Emails Not Loading Problems in Chrome Browser then you can go and find a help to resolve this issue. To get through this problem, follow the instructions below:

Solution 1: Clear browsing data on Chrome

  • On your computer, launch the Google Chrome browser after assuring that you have a stable Internet connection.
  • Close all the browser tabs (if any) and open a new blank tab.
  • Click the Customize and control Google Chrome icon at the top-right corner and select the More tools option from the drop-down list.
  • In the pop-up window, navigate to the top-left corner and click the clear browsing data tab beneath History.
  • When you are asked to choose the time limit, choose the Time
  • After choosing all the data, click the Clear data button to remove all your Chrome browsing data.
  • Once you have removed all the browsing data, sign in to your AOL Mail.
  • If your AOL Mail is still not loading on Chrome, move on to the next solution.

Solution 2: Reset web settings

  • On your Chrome browser, stop all the running tabs and start a blank tab.
  • Navigate to the top-right corner of the tab and click the Customize and control Google Chrome icon (three vertical dots).
  • Click on Settings from the drop-down list.
  • Navigate to the bottom of the Settings page and click Advanced.
  • Click the Reset Settings tab twice underneath Reset and clean up.
  • Now, your Chrome browser will be restored to factory defaults.
  • Restart your Chrome browser and navigate to the official AOL site.
  • Enter the correct login credentials in the essential field and try signing in to your AOL email account.
    If AOL Mail is still not loading on Chrome, contact our technical support team by clicking the Call button available on this page for remote assistance.
    After this, if you are unable to resolve AOL emails loading problems in chrome browser, don’t be panic. Email Expert 24*7 team is here to resolve all AOL mail issues as soon as possible. Just Dial Customer Care Toll-Free Number: +1-888-857-5157 and get instant help. Our technical team’s services are available- 24x7.

Source: https://email-expert247.blogspot.com/2021/01/aol-emails-not-loading-problems-1-888.html

#aol mail not loading problems in chrome browser #aol email not loading problems in chrome browser #aol not loading problems in chrome browser #aol mail not loading issues in chrome browser #aol email not loading issues in chrome browser

Ron  Cartwright

Ron Cartwright


New Browser from CCleaner: Hot Or Not?

If you are thinking of browsing the Internet privately and securely on your Windows computer then its time you rethink about your web browser.

Do you think incognito mode really helps you?

It does, but up to a certain level only. Moreover, what about your Autofill data?

Don’t you think that’s getting compromised by dangerous malware attacks?

If you are tired of all these issues and need a single solution then I present you a safe and secure browser, called CCleaner. There are some other programs better than ccleaner for PC cleaning but let’s take a look on its browser.

In this article I am going to go over the complete CCleaner browser review. It is one of the best browser cleaner for windows 10 with multiple advanced features.

CCleaner Browser Review

Piriform has released the CCleaner browser which is a Chromium-based web browser. Since, Chromium is open source.

It is very similar to how Google Chrome looks like which is also a Chromium based web browser.

Note: At the time of writing this article, the application is only available for Windows 7, 8, 8.1 and 10.

Browser Installation

For completing this web browser’s review, we will start from the installation part.

You will need to go to official website and download ccleaner browser. After downloading the setup file, run it and you should see the installation setup window.

#browsers #web-browser #review #internet #google #google-chrome #ad-blocking #web-browsers

How to Check User Browser is Supported or Not in jQuery

Today in this post i will show you How to Check User Browser is Supported or Not in jQuery.

Some time latest features are not supported in many browser like internet explorer,safari, google chrome etc,So in this post i will show you How to Detect User Browser and using this How to Check User Browser is Supported or Not in jQuery.

Read More : How to Check User Browser is Supported or Not in jQuery


Read Also : How to Create Multi Language Website in Laravel


#how to check user browser is supported or not in jquery #browser #jquery #how to detect user browser #chrome #safari

A Beginner’s Guide to Automated Cross-Browser Compatibility Testing

Benefits of Automated Cross-Browser Compatibility Testing

There are countless benefits of implementing a proper strategy for automated cross-browser compatibility testing for all your web applications or websites. Let’s dive deeper into the most crucial advantages

  • Seamless User Experience, Build’s Compatibility, and Quality Assurance
  • Mitigate Risks Early at Speed
  • Shorten Release Cycle and Ship Code Faster
  • Cost Efficiency, Time Efficiency, Test coverage, and Accuracy

Such a varying combination of browsers, devices, OS, and screen-resolutions provide better test coverage for your application. Automated cross-browser compatibility testing naturally helps avoid human-errors, thus availing better accuracy too.

#testing #beginners #automated cross-browser #browsers #cross-browser compatibility testing