How to Remove Images, Containers, and Volumes with Docker?

How to Remove Images, Containers, and Volumes with Docker?

This Docker tutorial covers some of the common commands used to remove images, containers, and volumes with Docker. Docker gives you all the tools you need to clean up your system from the command line. This cheat sheet-style guide provides a quick reference to commands that are useful for freeing disk space and keeping your system organized by removing unused Docker images, containers, and volumes.

A Docker Cheat Sheet

Introduction

Docker makes it easy to wrap your applications and services in containers so you can run them anywhere. As you work with Docker, however, it’s also easy to accumulate an excessive number of unused images, containers, and data volumes that clutter the output and consume disk space.

Docker gives you all the tools you need to clean up your system from the command line. This cheat sheet-style guide provides a quick reference to commands that are useful for freeing disk space and keeping your system organized by removing unused Docker images, containers, and volumes.

How to Use This Guide:

  • This guide is in cheat sheet format with self-contained command-line snippets
  • Jump to any section that is relevant to the task you are trying to complete.

The command substitution syntax, command $(command), used in the commands is available in many popular shells such as bash, zsh, and Windows Powershell.

Purging All Unused or Dangling Images, Containers, Volumes, and Networks

Docker provides a single command that will clean up any resources — images, containers, volumes, and networks — that are dangling (not associated with a container):

docker system prune

To additionally remove any stopped containers and all unused images (not just dangling images), add the -a flag to the command:

docker system prune -a

Removing Docker Images

Remove one or more specific images

Use the docker images command with the -a flag to locate the ID of the images you want to remove. This will show you every image, including intermediate image layers. When you’ve located the images you want to delete, you can pass their ID or tag to docker rmi:

List:

docker images -a

Remove:

docker rmi Image Image

Remove dangling images

Docker images consist of multiple layers. Dangling images are layers that have no relationship to any tagged images. They no longer serve a purpose and consume disk space. They can be located by adding the filter flag, -f with a value of dangling=true to the docker images command. When you’re sure you want to delete them, you can use the docker images purge command:

Note: If you build an image without tagging it, the image will appear on the list of dangling images because it has no association with a tagged image. You can avoid this situation by providing a tag when you build, and you can retroactively tag an images with the docker tag command.

List:

docker images -f dangling=true

Remove:

docker images purge

Removing images according to a pattern

You can find all the images that match a pattern using a combination of docker images and grep. Once you’re satisfied, you can delete them by using awk to pass the IDs to docker rmi. Note that these utilities are not supplied by Docker and are not necessarily available on all systems:

List:

docker images -a |  grep "pattern"

Remove:

docker images -a | grep "pattern" | awk '{print $3}' | xargs docker rmi

Remove all images

All the Docker images on a system can be listed by adding -a to the docker images command. Once you’re sure you want to delete them all, you can add the -q flag to pass the Image ID to docker rmi:

List:

docker images -a

Remove:

docker rmi $(docker images -a -q)

Removing Containers

Remove one or more specific containers

Use the docker ps command with the -a flag to locate the name or ID of the containers you want to remove:

List:

docker ps -a

Remove:

docker rm ID_or_Name ID_or_Name

Remove a container upon exit

If you know when you’re creating a container that you won’t want to keep it around once you’re done, you can run docker run --rm to automatically delete it when it exits.

Run and Remove:

docker run --rm image_name

Remove all exited containers

You can locate containers using docker ps -a and filter them by their status: created, restarting, running, paused, or exited. To review the list of exited containers, use the -f flag to filter based on status. When you’ve verified you want to remove those containers, using -q to pass the IDs to the docker rm command.

List:

docker ps -a -f status=exited

Remove:

docker rm $(docker ps -a -f status=exited -q)

Remove containers using more than one filter

Docker filters can be combined by repeating the filter flag with an additional value. This results in a list of containers that meet either condition. For example, if you want to delete all containers marked as either Created (a state which can result when you run a container with an invalid command) or Exited, you can use two filters:

List:

docker ps -a -f status=exited -f status=created

Remove:

docker rm $(docker ps -a -f status=exited -f status=created -q)

Remove containers according to a pattern

You can find all the containers that match a pattern using a combination of docker ps and grep. When you’re satisfied that you have the list you want to delete, you can use awk and xargs to supply the ID to docker rmi. Note that these utilities are not supplied by Docker and not necessarily available on all systems:

List:

docker ps -a |  grep "pattern”

Remove:

docker ps -a | grep "pattern" | awk '{print $3}' | xargs docker rmi

Stop and remove all containers

You can review the containers on your system with docker ps. Adding the -a flag will show all containers. When you’re sure you want to delete them, you can add the -q flag to supply the IDs to the docker stop and docker rm commands:

List:

docker ps -a

Remove:

docker stop $(docker ps -a -q)
docker rm $(docker ps -a -q)

Removing Volumes

Remove one or more specific volumes - Docker 1.9 and later

Use the docker volume ls command to locate the volume name or names you wish to delete. Then you can remove one or more volumes with the docker volume rm command:

List:

docker volume ls

Remove:

docker volume rm volume_name volume_name

Remove dangling volumes - Docker 1.9 and later

Since the point of volumes is to exist independent from containers, when a container is removed, a volume is not automatically removed at the same time. When a volume exists and is no longer connected to any containers, it’s called a dangling volume. To locate them to confirm you want to remove them, you can use the docker volume ls command with a filter to limit the results to dangling volumes. When you’re satisfied with the list, you can remove them all with docker volume prune:

List:

docker volume ls -f dangling=true

Remove:

docker volume prune

Remove a container and its volume

If you created an unnamed volume, it can be deleted at the same time as the container with the -v flag. Note that this only works with unnamed volumes. When the container is successfully removed, its ID is displayed. Note that no reference is made to the removal of the volume. If it is unnamed, it is silently removed from the system. If it is named, it silently stays present.

Remove:

docker rm -v container_name

Conclusion

This guide covers some of the common commands used to remove images, containers, and volumes with Docker. There are many other combinations and flags that can be used with each. For a comprehensive guide to what’s available, see the Docker documentation for docker system prune, docker rmi, docker rm and docker volume rm. If there are common cleanup tasks you’d like to see in the guide, please ask or make suggestions in the comments.

Originally published by Melissa Anderson at https://www.digitalocean.com

WordPress in Docker. Part 1: Dockerization

WordPress in Docker. Part 1: Dockerization

This entry-level guide will tell you why and how to Dockerize your WordPress projects.

This entry-level guide will tell you why and how to Dockerize your WordPress projects.

List all containers in Docker(Docker command)

List all containers in Docker(Docker command)

We can get a list of all containers in docker using `docker container list` or `docker ps` commands.

We can get a list of all containers in docker using docker container list or docker ps commands.

List Docker Containers

To list down docker containers we can use below two commands

  • docker container list
  • docker ps

docker container ls command introduced in docker 1.13 version. In older versions we have to use docker ps command.

List all Containers in docker, using docker ls command

The below command returns a list of all containers in docker.

docker container list -all

or

docker container ls -all

List all containers in docker, using docker ps command

In older version of docker we can use docker ps command to list all containers in docker.

$ docker ps -all

or

$ docker ps -a

List all Running docker containers

The default docker container ls command shows all running docker containers.

$ docker container list

or

$ docker container ls

or

To get list of all running docker containers use the below command

$ docker ps

List all stopped docker containers command

To get list of all stopped containers in docker use the below commands

$ docker container list -f "status=exited"

or

$ docker container ls -f "status=exited"

or you can use docker ps command

$ docker ps -f "status=exited"

List all latest created docker containers

To list out all latest created containers in docker use the below command.

$ docker container list --latest

Show n last created docker containers

To display n last created containers in docker use the below command.

$ docker container list --last=n

What is Docker | Docker Tutorial for Beginners

What is Docker | Docker Tutorial for Beginners

This DevOps Docker Tutorial on what is docker will help you understand how to use Docker Hub, Docker Images, Docker Container & Docker Compose. This tutorial explains Docker's working Architecture and Docker Engine in detail.

This Docker tutorial also includes a Hands-On session around Docker by the end of which you will learn to pull a centos Docker Image and spin your own Docker Container. You will also see how to launch multiple docker containers using Docker Compose. Finally, it will also tell you the role Docker plays in the DevOps life-cycle.

The Hands-On session is performed on an Ubuntu-64bit machine in which Docker is installed.