Azure Key Vault Security Explained in Plain English (AZ-500, AZ-400, 100 Days of IaC)

This is concise, hands-on, end-to-end coverage of securing Azure Key Vault instance and contents, DevOps integration, and other info for MSFT AZ-500 and AZ-400 exam candidates and followers of our “100 Days of infrastructure-as-Code in Azure”. Enjoy!

You can find all the code, tutorials , and code transcript at https://github.com/starkfell/100DaysOfIaC/blob/master/articles/day.104.secure.azure.key.vault.md

Topics:
3:23 - Create Azure Key Vault
5:55 - Certificate management
12:23 - Securing the AKV instance (management plane)
14:23 - Create service principal and grant access
17:31 - RBAC roles Azure Key Vault
19:00 - Securing AKV contents with access policies (data plane)
22:33 - Access Policy Templates
25:28 - Managed Identities
26:38 - Azure Pipeline integration
31:15 - Software delete and purge protection in AKV

Resource Scheduler in the Azure Marketplace
https://azuremarketplace.microsoft.com/en-us/marketplace/apps/lumagatena.resourcescheduler?tab=Overview

#azure key vault #azure

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Azure Key Vault Security Explained in Plain English (AZ-500, AZ-400, 100 Days of IaC)

Azure Key Vault Security Explained in Plain English (AZ-500, AZ-400, 100 Days of IaC)

This is concise, hands-on, end-to-end coverage of securing Azure Key Vault instance and contents, DevOps integration, and other info for MSFT AZ-500 and AZ-400 exam candidates and followers of our “100 Days of infrastructure-as-Code in Azure”. Enjoy!

You can find all the code, tutorials , and code transcript at https://github.com/starkfell/100DaysOfIaC/blob/master/articles/day.104.secure.azure.key.vault.md

Topics:
3:23 - Create Azure Key Vault
5:55 - Certificate management
12:23 - Securing the AKV instance (management plane)
14:23 - Create service principal and grant access
17:31 - RBAC roles Azure Key Vault
19:00 - Securing AKV contents with access policies (data plane)
22:33 - Access Policy Templates
25:28 - Managed Identities
26:38 - Azure Pipeline integration
31:15 - Software delete and purge protection in AKV

Resource Scheduler in the Azure Marketplace
https://azuremarketplace.microsoft.com/en-us/marketplace/apps/lumagatena.resourcescheduler?tab=Overview

#azure key vault #azure

Osborne  Durgan

Osborne Durgan

1591268870

Use Azure Key Vault for Secrets in Azure DevOps Pipelines

This blog shows how Azure Key Vault can be used in an Azure DevOps Pipeline build. By using Azure Key Vault to handle all your secrets or certificates, no secrets need to be saved to code, files, or other storage for the initial secrets required in a solution.

#azure #devops #azure cli #azure key vault #key vault

Shawn  Durgan

Shawn Durgan

1602776460

Implement Azure AD Client credentials flow using Client Certificates for service APIs

This post shows how to implement an Azure client credential flows to access an API for a service-to-service connection. No user is involved in this flow. A client certificate (Private Key JWT authentication) is used to get the access token and the token is used to access the API which is then used and validated in the API. Azure Key Vault is used to create and provide the client certificate.

Code: https://github.com/damienbod/AzureADAuthRazorUiServiceApiCertificate

Create a client certificate in Azure Key Vault

A self signed certificate with a key size of at least 2048 and key type RSA is used to validate the client requesting the access token. In your Azure Vault create a new certificate.

Download the .cer file which contains the public key. This will be uploaded to the Azure App Registration.

Setup the Azure App Registration for the Service API

A new Azure App Registration can be created for the Service API. This API will use a client certificate to request access tokens. The public key of the certificate needs to be added to the registration. In the Certificates & Secrets, upload the .cer file which was downloaded from the Key Vault.

No user is involved in the client credentials flow. In Azure, scopes cannot be used because consent is required to use scopes (Azure specific). Two roles are added to the access token for the application access and these roles can then be validated in the API. Open the **Manifest **and update the “appRoles” to include the required roles. The **allowedMemberTypes **should be Application.

#app service #asp.net core #aspnet5 #azure key vault #7523 #azpacr #azure #azure app registration #client credentials #jwt #key vault #microsoft.identity.client #microsoft.identity.web #oauth #oauth2 #private key jwt authentication #rfc7523

Wilford  Pagac

Wilford Pagac

1596789120

Best Custom Web & Mobile App Development Company

Everything around us has become smart, like smart infrastructures, smart cities, autonomous vehicles, to name a few. The innovation of smart devices makes it possible to achieve these heights in science and technology. But, data is vulnerable, there is a risk of attack by cybercriminals. To get started, let’s know about IoT devices.

What are IoT devices?

The Internet Of Things(IoT) is a system that interrelates computer devices like sensors, software, and actuators, digital machines, etc. They are linked together with particular objects that work through the internet and transfer data over devices without humans interference.

Famous examples are Amazon Alexa, Apple SIRI, Interconnected baby monitors, video doorbells, and smart thermostats.

How could your IoT devices be vulnerable?

When technologies grow and evolve, risks are also on the high stakes. Ransomware attacks are on the continuous increase; securing data has become the top priority.

When you think your smart home won’t fudge a thing against cybercriminals, you should also know that they are vulnerable. When cybercriminals access our smart voice speakers like Amazon Alexa or Apple Siri, it becomes easy for them to steal your data.

Cybersecurity report 2020 says popular hacking forums expose 770 million email addresses and 21 million unique passwords, 620 million accounts have been compromised from 16 hacked websites.

The attacks are likely to increase every year. To help you secure your data of IoT devices, here are some best tips you can implement.

Tips to secure your IoT devices

1. Change Default Router Name

Your router has the default name of make and model. When we stick with the manufacturer name, attackers can quickly identify our make and model. So give the router name different from your addresses, without giving away personal information.

2. Know your connected network and connected devices

If your devices are connected to the internet, these connections are vulnerable to cyber attacks when your devices don’t have the proper security. Almost every web interface is equipped with multiple devices, so it’s hard to track the device. But, it’s crucial to stay aware of them.

3. Change default usernames and passwords

When we use the default usernames and passwords, it is attackable. Because the cybercriminals possibly know the default passwords come with IoT devices. So use strong passwords to access our IoT devices.

4. Manage strong, Unique passwords for your IoT devices and accounts

Use strong or unique passwords that are easily assumed, such as ‘123456’ or ‘password1234’ to protect your accounts. Give strong and complex passwords formed by combinations of alphabets, numeric, and not easily bypassed symbols.

Also, change passwords for multiple accounts and change them regularly to avoid attacks. We can also set several attempts to wrong passwords to set locking the account to safeguard from the hackers.

5. Do not use Public WI-FI Networks

Are you try to keep an eye on your IoT devices through your mobile devices in different locations. I recommend you not to use the public WI-FI network to access them. Because they are easily accessible through for everyone, you are still in a hurry to access, use VPN that gives them protection against cyber-attacks, giving them privacy and security features, for example, using Express VPN.

6. Establish firewalls to discover the vulnerabilities

There are software and firewalls like intrusion detection system/intrusion prevention system in the market. This will be useful to screen and analyze the wire traffic of a network. You can identify the security weakness by the firewall scanners within the network structure. Use these firewalls to get rid of unwanted security issues and vulnerabilities.

7. Reconfigure your device settings

Every smart device comes with the insecure default settings, and sometimes we are not able to change these default settings configurations. These conditions need to be assessed and need to reconfigure the default settings.

8. Authenticate the IoT applications

Nowadays, every smart app offers authentication to secure the accounts. There are many types of authentication methods like single-factor authentication, two-step authentication, and multi-factor authentication. Use any one of these to send a one time password (OTP) to verify the user who logs in the smart device to keep our accounts from falling into the wrong hands.

9. Update the device software up to date

Every smart device manufacturer releases updates to fix bugs in their software. These security patches help us to improve our protection of the device. Also, update the software on the smartphone, which we are used to monitoring the IoT devices to avoid vulnerabilities.

10. Track the smartphones and keep them safe

When we connect the smart home to the smartphone and control them via smartphone, you need to keep them safe. If you miss the phone almost, every personal information is at risk to the cybercriminals. But sometimes it happens by accident, makes sure that you can clear all the data remotely.

However, securing smart devices is essential in the world of data. There are still cybercriminals bypassing the securities. So make sure to do the safety measures to avoid our accounts falling out into the wrong hands. I hope these steps will help you all to secure your IoT devices.

If you have any, feel free to share them in the comments! I’d love to know them.

Are you looking for more? Subscribe to weekly newsletters that can help your stay updated IoT application developments.

#iot #enterprise iot security #how iot can be used to enhance security #how to improve iot security #how to protect iot devices from hackers #how to secure iot devices #iot security #iot security devices #iot security offerings #iot security technologies iot security plus #iot vulnerable devices #risk based iot security program

Martin  Soit

Martin Soit

1582181893

Using Azure Key Vault for Securing Azure Function Apps

What is Azure Key Vault?

The Azure Key Vault that is provided by Microsoft is a cloud management service that allows the user to encrypt their sensitive information by using keys that are protected by hardware security modules. Generally, Azure Key Vault is a tool that can be used to secure the keys by storing and certificates. We can use them from the Vault when needed. For securing our information like password, connection string in a secure way we can use Azure Key Vault. A vault is a logical group of secrets.

By the way, anybody with the Azure Subscription can create and use key vaults. It can be implemented and managed by the organization’s administrator to manage the services. Let’s say for an example: An Administrator can create a vault for the organization to store the keys and operational tasks like

  • Creating or importing a key.
  • Revoking or deleting a key.
  • Authorizing the users to access the key vault so that users are managed to use the keys from the vault.
  • Configuring Key usage.
  • Monitoring Keys usage.

An important point I would like to mention is the secret keys can be protected by software or FIPS 140-2 level 2 validated HSMs.

Prerequisites

  • Active Azure Login Subscription.
  • Visual Studio 2017 or Later.

Use of Azure Key Vault

  • The Azure Key Vault helps the organizations/ users to solve the listed problems.
  • Secret Management- The Vault can be used to securely store the tokens, passwords, etc.
  • Certificate Management- The key vault is a service that manages and deploys public and private socket layers (SSL/TLS) certificates and internal connected resources.
  • Key Management- The Key Vault can be used as a management solution in which the vault makes a way of creating and controlling the encryption keys used to encrypt the data.
  • By following the steps below, we can be able to secure Azure Function app with the help of setting the Azure Key Vault.

Step 1

Sign in to the online Microsoft Azure Portal.

Step 2

From the Azure portal menu, or from the Home page, select Create a resource. In the Search box, enter Key Vault. From the results list, choose Key Vault. On the Key Vault section, choose to Create.

Now we need to provide some of the basic requirements for creating the key vaults like

  • Providing a Key vault Name.
  • Select the region for which the key vault to be created.
  • Select the pricing tier to standard and leave the other options to be a default and finally select >> Review + create.

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Step 3

Now we need to select the Access Policy and leave the rest values to be in default and select >> Review + Create.

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Step 4

Select >> Create for creating an Azure Key Vault and it can take few minutes for setting up and the Azure Key Vault will be created.

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Step 5

Select >> Secrets from the left side menu and click >> Generate/ Import and copy the secret identifier to the clipboard so that it can be used later.

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Step 6

Create a Function App and for creating an Azure Function App you can refer to the following link.

Select the Function App >> and select Identity from the platform features.

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Step 7

Copy the Object ID using copy board and it can be used later

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Step 8

Now Select >> Access Policies from the Key Vault and we can see current Access Policies, select >> Add Access Policy and fill the values and select >> Add.

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Step 9

Now switch back again to function app and select >> Configuration in platform features and copy the value to the clipboard so that we can use it later and Click >> Ok.

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After that the application setting will be added

Step 10

Open Visual Studio 2019 or 2017, Click >> New project and select >> Function App

Replace the following application setting value inside of it and publish the code.

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So that we can check in the Azure portal, copy your newly deployed function and after put in URL with a browser.

Summary

In this article, we discussed how to create secure the Azure Function Apps using the Azure Key Vault.

#azure #Key Vault #security #devops