Originally published by Jan de Mooij at https://hacks.mozilla.org
The new Baseline Interpreter has resulted in performance improvements, memory usage reductions and code simplifications. Here’s how we got there:
Firefox has an interpreter written in C++ and multiple JIT tiers:
Ion JIT code for a function can be ‘deoptimized’ and thrown away for various reasons, for example when the function is called with a new argument type. This is called a bailout. When a bailout happens, execution continues in the Baseline code until the next Ion compilation.
Until Firefox 70, the execution pipeline for a very hot function looked like this:
Although this works pretty well, we ran into the following problems with the first part of the pipeline (C++ Interpreter and Baseline JIT):
We needed type information from the Baseline JIT to enable the more optimized tiers, and we wanted to use JIT compilation for runtime speed. However, the modern web has such large codebases that even the relatively fast Baseline JIT Compiler spent a lot of time compiling. To address this, Firefox 70 adds a new tier called the Baseline Interpreter to the pipeline:
The Baseline Interpreter sits between the C++ interpreter and the Baseline JIT and has elements from both. It executes all bytecode instructions with a fixed interpreter loop (like the C++ interpreter). In addition, it uses Inline Caches to improve performance and collect type information (like the Baseline JIT).
Generating an interpreter isn’t a new idea. However, we found a nice new way to do it by reusing most of the Baseline JIT Compiler code. The Baseline JIT is a template JIT, meaning each bytecode instruction is compiled to a mostly fixed sequence of machine instructions. We generate those sequences into an interpreter loop instead.
As mentioned above, the Baseline JIT uses Inline Caches (ICs) both to make it fast and to help Ion compilation. To get type information, the Ion JIT compiler can inspect the Baseline ICs.
Because we wanted the Baseline Interpreter to use exactly the same Inline Caches and type information as the Baseline JIT, we added a new data structure called JitScript. JitScript contains all type information and IC data structures used by both the Baseline Interpreter and JIT.
The diagram below shows what this looks like in memory. Each arrow is a pointer in C++. Initially, the function just has a JSScript with the bytecode that can be interpreted by the C++ interpreter. After a few calls/iterations we create the JitScript, attach it to the JSScript and can now run the script in the Baseline Interpreter.
As the code gets warmer we may also create the BaselineScript (Baseline JIT code) and then the IonScript (Ion JIT code).
Note that the Baseline JIT data for a function is now just the machine code. We’ve moved all the inline caches and profiling data into JitScript.
The Baseline Interpreter uses the same frame layout as the Baseline JIT, but we’ve added some interpreter-specific fields to the frame. For example, the bytecode PC (program counter), a pointer to the bytecode instruction we are currently executing, is not updated explicitly in Baseline JIT code. It can be determined from the return address if needed, but the Baseline Interpreter has to store it in the frame.
Sharing the frame layout like this has a lot of advantages. We’ve made almost no changes to C++ and IC code to support Baseline Interpreter frames—they’re just like Baseline JIT frames. Furthermore, When the script is warm enough for Baseline JIT compilation, switching from Baseline Interpreter code to Baseline JIT code is a matter of jumping from the interpreter code into JIT code.
Because the Baseline Interpreter and JIT are so similar, a lot of the code generation code can be shared too. To do this, we added a templated
BaselineCodeGen base class with two derived classes:
BaselineCompiler: used by the Baseline JIT to compile a script’s bytecode to machine code.
BaselineInterpreterGenerator: used to generate the Baseline Interpreter code.
The base class has a Handler C++ template argument that can be used to specialize behavior for either the Baseline Interpreter or JIT. A lot of Baseline JIT code can be shared this way. For example, the implementation of the
JSOP_GETPROP bytecode instruction (for a property access like
emitNextIC helper method that’s specialized for either Interpreter or JIT mode.
With all these pieces in place, we were able to implement the
BaselineInterpreterGenerator class to generate the Baseline Interpreter! It generates a threaded interpreter loop: The code for each bytecode instruction is followed by an indirect jump to the next bytecode instruction.
For example, on x64 we currently generate the following machine code to interpret
JSOP_ZERO (bytecode instruction to push a zero value on the stack):
// Push Int32Value(0).
movabsq $-0x7800000000000, %r11
// Increment bytecode pc register.
addq $0x1, %r14
// Patchable NOP for debugger support.
// Load the next opcode.
movzbl (%r14), %ecx
// Jump to interpreter code for the next instruction.
leaq 0x432e(%rip), %rbx
When we enabled the Baseline Interpreter in Firefox Nightly (version 70) back in July, we increased the Baseline JIT warm-up threshold from 10 to 100. The warm-up count is determined by counting the number of calls to the function + the number of loop iterations so far. The Baseline Interpreter has a threshold of 10, same as the old Baseline JIT threshold. This means that the Baseline JIT has a lot less code to compile.
After this landed in Firefox Nightly our performance testing infrastructure detected several improvements:
Note that we’ve landed more performance improvements since this first landed.
To measure how the Baseline Interpreter’s performance compares to the C++ Interpreter and the Baseline JIT, I ran Speedometer and Google Docs on Windows 10 64-bit on Mozilla’s Try server and enabled the tiers one by one. (The following numbers reflect the best of 7 runs.):
On Google Docs we see that the Baseline Interpreter is much faster than just the C++ Interpreter. Enabling the Baseline JIT too makes the page load only a little bit faster.
On the Speedometer benchmark we get noticeably better results when we enable the Baseline JIT tier. The Baseline Interpreter does again much better than just the C++ Interpreter:
We think these numbers are great: the Baseline Interpreter is much faster than the C++ Interpreter and its start-up time (JitScript allocation) is much faster than Baseline JIT compilation (at least 10 times faster).
After this all landed and stuck, we were able to simplify the Baseline JIT and Ion code by taking advantage of the Baseline Interpreter.
For example, deoptimization bailouts from Ion now resume in the Baseline Interpreter instead of in the Baseline JIT. The interpreter can re-enter Baseline JIT code at the next loop iteration in the JS code. Resuming in the interpreter is much easier than resuming in the middle of Baseline JIT code. We now have to record less metadata for Baseline JIT code, so Baseline JIT compilation got faster too. Similarly, we were able to remove a lot of complicated code for debugger support and exception handling.
With the Baseline Interpreter in place, it should now be possible to move Baseline JIT compilation off-thread. We will be working on that in the coming months, and we anticipate more performance improvements in this area.
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☞ Vue JS 2 - The Complete Guide (incl. Vue Router & Vuex)
As October ushers in the tail-end of the year, we are pushing Firefox 82 out the door. This time around we finally enable support for the Media Session API, provide some new CSS pseudo-selector behaviours, close some security loopholes involving the
Window.name property, and provide inspection for server-sent events in our developer tools.
This blog post provides merely a set of highlights; for all the details, check out the following:
Server-sent events allow for an inversion of the traditional client-initiated web request model, with a server sending new data to a web page at any time by pushing messages. In this release we’ve added the ability to inspect server-sent events and their message contents using the Network Monitor.
You can go to the Network Monitor, select the file that is sending the server-sent events, and view the received messages in the Response tab on the right-hand panel.
For more information, check out our Inspecting server-sent events guide.
Now let’s look at the web platform additions we’ve got in store in 82.
The Media Session API enables two main sets of functionality:
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The Firefox Devtools team, along with our community of code contributors, have been working hard to pack Firefox 72 full of improvements. This post introduces the watchpoints feature that’s available right now in Firefox Developer Edition! Keep reading to get up to speed on watchpoints and how to use them.
#debugging #developer tools #featured article #firefox #firefox releases #breakpoints #debugger #debugger for firefox #firefox devtools #firefox visual studio code extension #watchpoints
If you look at the backend technology used by today’s most popular apps there is one thing you would find common among them and that is the use of NodeJS Framework. Yes, the NodeJS framework is that effective and successful.
If you wish to have a strong backend for efficient app performance then have NodeJS at the backend.
WebClues Infotech offers different levels of experienced and expert professionals for your app development needs. So hire a dedicated NodeJS developer from WebClues Infotech with your experience requirement and expertise.
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Throughout the most recent couple of years, Node.js moved to backend development as well. Designers need to utilize a similar tech stack for the whole web project without learning another language for server-side development. Node.js is a device that adjusts JS usefulness and syntax to the backend.
Of late, organizations have been effectively changing from their backend tech stacks to Node.js. LinkedIn picked Node.js over Ruby on Rails since it took care of expanding responsibility better and decreased the quantity of servers by multiple times. PayPal and Netflix did something comparative, just they had a goal to change their design to microservices. We should investigate the motivations to pick Node.JS for web application development and when we are planning to hire node js developers.
Alongside prevalence, Node.js additionally acquired the fundamental JS benefits:
In addition, it’s a piece of a well known MEAN tech stack (the blend of MongoDB, Express.js, Angular, and Node.js — four tools that handle all vital parts of web application development).
In the event that you have JS designers in your group, it will be simpler for them to learn JS-based Node than a totally new dialect. What’s more, the front-end and back-end codebase will be basically the same, simple to peruse, and keep up — in light of the fact that they are both JS-based.
There’s another motivation behind why Node.js got famous so rapidly. The environment suits well the idea of microservice development (spilling stone monument usefulness into handfuls or many more modest administrations).
Microservices need to speak with one another rapidly — and Node.js is probably the quickest device in information handling. Among the fundamental Node.js benefits for programming development are its non-obstructing algorithms.
Node.js measures a few demands all at once without trusting that the first will be concluded. Many microservices can send messages to one another, and they will be gotten and addressed all the while.
Node.js was worked in view of adaptability — its name really says it. The environment permits numerous hubs to run all the while and speak with one another. Here’s the reason Node.js adaptability is better than other web backend development arrangements.
Node.js has a module that is liable for load adjusting for each running CPU center. This is one of numerous Node.js module benefits: you can run various hubs all at once, and the environment will naturally adjust the responsibility.
Node.js permits even apportioning: you can part your application into various situations. You show various forms of the application to different clients, in light of their age, interests, area, language, and so on. This builds personalization and diminishes responsibility. Hub accomplishes this with kid measures — tasks that rapidly speak with one another and share a similar root.
What’s more, Node’s non-hindering solicitation handling framework adds to fast, letting applications measure a great many solicitations.
Numerous designers consider nonconcurrent to be one of the two impediments and benefits of Node.js web application development. In Node, at whatever point the capacity is executed, the code consequently sends a callback. As the quantity of capacities develops, so does the number of callbacks — and you end up in a circumstance known as the callback damnation.
In any case, Node.js offers an exit plan. You can utilize systems that will plan capacities and sort through callbacks. Systems will associate comparable capacities consequently — so you can track down an essential component via search or in an envelope. At that point, there’s no compelling reason to look through callbacks.
So, these are some of the top benefits of Nodejs in web application development. This is how Nodejs is contributing a lot to the field of web application development.
I hope now you are totally aware of the whole process of how Nodejs is really important for your web project. If you are looking to hire a node js development company in India then I would suggest that you take a little consultancy too whenever you call.
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Did you know!
And one such framework is Vue.Js. It is used to build simple projects and can also be advanced to create sophisticated apps using state-of-the-art tools. Beyond that, some other solid reasons give Vuejs a thumbs up for responsive web application development.
Want to know them? Then follow this blog until the end. Through this article, I will describe all the reasons and benefits of Vue js development. So, stay tuned.
The recent version is Vue.js 2.6, and is the second most preferred framework according to Stack Overflow Developer Survey 2019.
Every Vue.js development company is widely using the framework across the world for responsive web application development. It is centered around the view layer, provides a lot of functionality for the view layer, and builds single-page web applications.
• Approximately 427k to 693k sites are built with Vue js, according to Wappalyzer and BuiltWith statistics of June 2020.
• High-speed run-time performance
• Vue.Js uses a virtual DOM.
• The main focus is on the core library, while the collaborating libraries handle other features such as global state management and routing.
• Vue.JS provides responsive visual components.
Vue js development has certain benefits, which will encourage you to use it in your projects. For example, Vue.js is similar to Angular and React in many aspects, and it continues to enjoy increasing popularity compared to other frameworks.
The framework is only 20 kilobytes in size, making it easy for you to download files instantly. Vue.js easily beats other frameworks when it comes to loading times and usage.
Take a look at the compelling advantages of using Vue.Js for web app development.
Vue.Js is popular because it allows you to integrate Vue.js into other frameworks such as React, enabling you to customize the project as per your needs and requirements.
It helps you build apps with Vue.js from scratch and introduce Vue.js elements into their existing apps. Due to its ease of integration, Vue.js is becoming a popular choice for web development as it can be used with various existing web applications.
You can feel free to include Vue.js CDN and start using it. Most third-party Vue components and libraries are additionally accessible and supported with the Vue.js CDN.
You don't need to set up node and npm to start using Vue.js. This implies that it helps develop new web applications, just like modifying previous applications.
One of the main reasons for the growing popularity of Vue.Js is that the framework is straightforward to understand for individuals. This means that you can easily add Vue.Js to your web projects.
Also, Vue.Js has a well-defined architecture for storing your data with life-cycle and custom methods. Vue.Js also provides additional features such as watchers, directives, and computed properties, making it extremely easy to build modern apps and web applications with ease.
Another significant advantage of using the Vue.Js framework is that it makes it easy to build small and large-scale web applications in the shortest amount of time.
The VueJS ecosystem is vibrant and well-defined, allowing Vue.Js development company to switch users to VueJS over other frameworks for web app development.
Without spending hours, you can easily find solutions to your problems. Furthermore, VueJs lets you choose only the building blocks you need.
Although the main focus of Vue is the view layer, with the help of Vue Router, Vue Test Utils, Vuex, and Vue CLI, you can find solutions and recommendations for frequently occurring problems.
The problems fall into these categories, and hence it becomes easy for programmers to get started with coding right away and not waste time figuring out how to use these tools.
The Vue ecosystem is easy to customize and scales between a library and a framework. Compared to other frameworks, its development speed is excellent, and it can also integrate different projects. This is the reason why most website development companies also prefer the Vue.Js ecosystem over others.
Another significant benefit of using Vue.Js is that it makes it easier for developers to work with tools like templating engines, CSS preprocessors, and type checking tools like TypeScript.
Vue.Js is an excellent option for you because it encourages two-way communication. This has become possible with the MVVM architecture to handle HTML blocks. In this way, Vue.Js is very similar to Angular.Js, making it easier to handle HTML blocks as well.
With Vue.Js, two-way data binding is straightforward. This means that any changes made by the developer to the UI are passed to the data, and the changes made to the data are reflected in the UI.
This is also one reason why Vue.Js is also known as reactive because it can react to changes made to the data. This sets it apart from other libraries such as React.Js, which are designed to support only one-way communication.
One essential thing is well-defined documentation that helps you understand the required mechanism and build your application with ease. It shows all the options offered by the framework and related best practice examples.
Vue has excellent docs, and its API references are one of the best in the industry. They are well written, clear, and accessible in dealing with everything you need to know to build a Vue application.
Besides, the documentation at Vue.js is constantly improved and updated. It also includes a simple introductory guide and an excellent overview of the API. Perhaps, this is one of the most detailed documentation available for this type of language.
Support for the platform is impressive. In 2018, support continued to impress as every question was answered diligently. Over 6,200 problems were solved with an average resolution time of just six hours.
To support the community, there are frequent release cycles of updated information. Furthermore, the community continues to grow and develop with backend support from developers.
VueJS is an incredible choice for responsive web app development. Since it is lightweight and user-friendly, it builds a fast and integrated web application. The capabilities and potential of VueJS for web app development are extensive.
While Vuejs is simple to get started with, using it to build scalable web apps requires professionalism. Hence, you can approach a top Vue js development company in India to develop high-performing web apps.
Equipped with all the above features, it doesn't matter whether you want to build a small concept app or a full-fledged web app; Vue.Js is the most performant you can rely on.
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